9th September, on this day

701 St Sergius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1000 Battle of Svolder, a Viking Age battle.
1379 Treaty of Neuberg, splitting the Austrian Habsburg lands between the Habsburg Dukes Albert III and Leopold III.
1493 Battle of Krbava field, a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatian struggle against the Ottoman Empire invasion.
1513 In England, the Battle of Flodden Field is fought near Branxton in Northumberland. James IV of Scotland is defeated and killed by English troops commanded by Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey
1543 Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned "Queen of Scots" in the central Scottish town of Stirling.
1739 Slave revolt in Stono, SC led by Jemmy (25 whites killed)
1776 The Continental Congress in Philadelphia changes the name of the American nation from United Colonies to United States
1791 Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, is named for President George Washington.
1817 Alexander Lucius Twilight, probably 1st black to graduate from US college, receives BA degree at Middlebury College
1830 Charles Durant, 1st US aeronaut, flies a balloon from Castle Garden, NYC to Perth Amboy, NJ
1839 John Herschel takes the 1st glass plate photograph
1850 California becomes the 31st State of USA - admitted to the Union as a 'Free State'
1850 Territories of New Mexico and Utah created
1850 The Compromise of 1850 strips Texas of a third of its claimed territory (now parts of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Wyoming) in return for the U.S. federal government assuming $10 million of Texas's pre-annexation debt.
1862 Lee splits his army and sends Jackson to capture Harpers Ferry
1863 The Union Army enters Chattanooga, Tennessee.
1867 Luxembourg gains independence
1876 In Britain, the first greyhound race using a mechanical hare for the dogs to chase around the circuit
1892 Almalthea, 5th moon of Jupiter, discovered by EE Barnard at Lick
1908 Orville Wright makes 1st 1-hr airplane flight, Fort Myer, Va
1911 The launch of the first airmail service in England - between Hendon and Windsor
1912 J Verdrines becomes 1st to fly over 100 mph (107 mph/172 kph)
1914 The end of the First Battle of the Marne. German casualties are estimated at 800,000
1914 The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army
1922 Greek-Turkish war has ended with Turkish victory over the Greeks.
1923 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey, founds the Republican People's Party (CHP).
1924 Hanapepe Massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.
1926 In US, National Broadcasting Co created by the Radio Corporation of America
1942 World War II: incendiary bombs are dropped on Oregon in one of the few bombing raids made by Japan on the United States of America
1943 World War II: Allied troops, commanded by US Lieutenant General Mark Clark, land at Salerno in Italy
1944 Allied forces liberate Luxembourg
1944 Bulgaria liberated from Nazi control (often referred to as the invasion of Bulgaria by Russia)
1945 Japanese in S Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to Allies
1945 Second Sino-Japanese War: Japan formally surrenders to China
1947 First actual case of a computer bug being found: a moth lodges in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at Harvard University.
1948 People's Democratic Republic of Korea proclaimed
1950 In US, 1st use of TV laugh track-Hank McCune
1950 In Britain, the end of soap rationing - introduced in 1942
1956 Elvis Presley appears on national TV for 1st time in the Ed Sullivan Show
1957 Nashville's new Hattie Cotton Elementary School dynamited
1958 Race riots in London's Notting Hill Gate - with television crews accused of encouraging the rioting by staging reconstructions in the streets
1963 Landslide into Vaiont Dam emptys lake, kills 3-4,000 (Italy)
1963 Scottish driver Jim Clark becomes the world's youngest motor racing champion
1965 Tibet is made an autonomous region of China
1965 Hurricane Betsy makes its second landfall near New Orleans, Louisiana, leaving 76 dead and $1.42 billion ($10-12 billion in 2005 dollars) in damages, becoming the first hurricane to top $1 billion in unadjusted damages.
1966 John Lennon meets Yoko Ono at an avante-garde art exposition
1967 1st successful test flight of a Saturn V
1969 Allegheny 853 collides with Piper Cherokee above Indiana, kills 82
1970 A British airliner is hijacked by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and flown to Dawson's Field in Jordan.
1971 1,000 convicts seize Attica, NY prison
1971 John Lennon and Yoko Ono appear on the Dick Cavett Show (ABC-TV)
1971 John Lennon releases the "Imagine" album
1975 An 18 year Czech tennis player, Martina Navratilova, defects to the west and asks for political asylum in the United States of America
1975 Viking 2 launched toward orbit around Mars, soft landing
1977 1st TRS-80 computer sold
1979 Sid Bernstein offers $1 billion for a Beatle reunion
1979 Yusef Islam (Cat Stevens) weds Fouzia Ali at Kensington Mosque
1982 Conestoga 1, 1st private commercial rocket, makes suborbital flight
1983 Radio Shack announces their color computer 2 (the Coco2)
1983 Vitas Gerulatis bets his house that Martina Navratilova can't beat the 100th ranked male tennis player
1986 NYC jury indicts Gennadly Zakharov (Soviet UN employee) of spying
1987 Gary Hart admits to cheating on his wife on "Nightline"
1990 Bush and Gorbachev meet in Helsinki and urge Iraq to leave Kuwait
1991 Tajikstan gains independence from the Soviet Union.
1993 After years of conflict, Israel and the PLO, the Palestinian Liberation Organisation agree to officially recognise the other's existence
1995 Aged 59, the former British champion jockey Lester Piggott announces his retirement having won more than 5,000 races around the world
1997 Former South African President F.W. de Klerk, who was instrumental in scrapping his National Party's apartheid policy, retires from Parliament
2001 Ahmed Shah Massoud, leader of the Northern Alliance, is assassinated in Afghanistan.
2004 2004 Australian embassy bombing: A bomb explodes outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta, killing 10 people.

9th September 2005

Powell criticises storm response

Week in pictures: 3-9 Sept

Baghdad airport closed to civilian traffic

9th September 2006

Afghan clashes 'kill 40 Taleban'

Taiwan leader faces mass protest

Pope makes 'personal' German trip

9th September 2007

Iraq carnage 'mastermind' killed

'Farc hostage' bodies recovered

Israeli 'neo-Nazi gang' arrested

9th September 2008

Bush reshuffles war zone troops

Heavy losses in Sri Lanka clash

'Africans to gain' from web plan

9th September 2009

Deadly capsize off Sierra Leone

Four die in Afghan rescue mission

New malaria 'poses human threat'

9th September 2010

Birthdates which occurred on 9th September:

1585 Cardinal A Jean de Plessicide de Richelieu Louis XIII chief minister
1754 William Bligh nasty ship's captain (HMS Bounty)
1828 Leo Tolstoy Russia, novelist (War & Peace, Anna Karenina)
1850 Harishchandra India, poet/dramatist/father of modern Hindi
1853 Frederick R Spofforth Australia, cricketer (Demon)
1868 Mary Austin Ill, feminist/nature writer (Land of Little Rain)
1877 Frank Chance baseball player/manager, Tinkers to Evers to Chance
1880 Viking Eggeling Sweden, artist/film maker (Diagonal Symphony)
1887 Alfred Landon (R-Ks) pres candidate (1932, 1936)
1890 Harland Sanders Kentucky Fried Chicken founder/colonel
1898 Frank (Fordham Flash) Frisch NYC, baseball player (NL MVP 1931)
1899 Neil Hamilton Lynn Mass, actor (Commisioner Gordon-Batman)
19-- Nick Ramus Seattle Wash, actor (Gus-Falcon Crest)
19-- Randy Stumpf Belleville Ill, actor (Joey Dee-Flatbush)
1900 James Hilton hotel magnate (Hilton Hotels)
1907 Pinky Tomlin Eureka Springs Ark, singer/actor (Tip-Waterfront)
1908 John Haeton US, bobsled (Olympic-silver-1928, 48)
1912 Kurt Sanderling Arys Germany, conductor (E Berlin Symph 1960-77)
1919 Jacques Marin Paris, actor (Herbie Goes to Monte Carlo)
1919 Jimmy "the Greek" Snyder gambler/sportscaster (lay you 5 to 1)
1924 Jane Greer Wash DC, actress (Prisoner of Zenda, Clown)
1924 Nino Bibbia Italy, bobsled (Olympic-gold-1948)
1925 Cliff Robertson La Jolla Calif, actor (Charly)/spokesman for AT&T
1932 Sylvia Miles NYC, actress (Midnight Cowboy, Farewell My Lovely)
1935 Chaim Topol Tel Aviv Israel, actor (Fiddler on the Roof)
1941 Les Braid England, bass (Swinging Blue Jeans-You're No Good)
1941 Otis Redding Georgia, rocker (Sitting on the Dock of the Bay)
1942 Inez Foxx Greensboro NC, rocker (Mockingbird, Hi Diddle Diddle)
1943 Roger Waters rocker (Pink Floyd-The Wall)
1946 Billy Preston singer/pianist, the 5th Beatle (David Brenner Show)
1947 Lynn Fitzgerald marathoner (ran 133 miles 939 yards in 24 hrs)
1949 Joe Theismann NFL QB (Redskins)
1949 John Curry England, figure skater (Olympic-gold-1976)
1950 Tom Wopat Lodi Wisc, actor (Luke Duke-Dukes of Hazzard)
1951 Michael Keaton Pitts Pa, actor (Gung Ho, Batman)
1951 Robert Desiderio Bronx NY, actor (Det Kennedy-Heart of the City)
1952 Angela Cartwright England (Make Room for Daddy, Lost in Space)
1952 Dave Stewart rocker (Eurythmics-Here Comes the Rain Again)
1966 Brenda Epperson actress (Ashley-Young & Restless)
1966 David Bennent Lausanne, actor (Tin Drum, Legend)
1969 Scott DeFreitas Newton Mass, actor (Andy Dixon-As the World Turns)


Deaths which occurred on September 9th:
1087 William I The Conqueror, King of England, & Duke of Normandy, dies
1817 Paul Cuffe entrepreneur/ civil rights activist, dies at 58
1962 Pat Rooney vaudevillian, dies at 82
1971 Billy Gilbert (Great Dictator, His Gal Friday), dies at 76
1975 John McGiver actor (Patty Duke Show, Jimmy Stewart Show), dies at 61
1976 Mao Tse-Tung Chinese communist party chairman (1949-76), dies at 82
1990 Samuel K Doe Liberian president, killed by rebels