7th September, on this day
1251 BC - A solar
eclipse on this date might mark the birth of legendary Heracles
at Thebes, Greece.
70 A Roman army under General Titus
occupies and plunders Jerusalem.
1191 Third Crusade:
of Arsuf - Richard I of England defeats Saladin at Arsuf.
1714 Signing of the Treaty of Baden between the Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI and France - ending the War
of Spanish Succession
1776 World's first submarine attack: the American submersible craft
Turtle attempts to attach a time bomb to the hull of British Admiral
Richard Howe's flagship HMS
Eagle in New York Harbor.
1812 After marching towards Moscow, the French Army of Napoleon Bonaparte
efeats the Russians at the Battle
of Borodino - just 70 miles from the city
1815 French General Michel Ney is executed for treason for aiding
Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Waterloo
Carl III of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway, in Trondheim.
1821 The Republic
of Gran Colombia (a federation covering much of present day Venezuela,
Colombia, Panama, and Ecuador) was established, with Simón
Bolívar as the founding President and Francisco de Paula Santander
as vice president.
1822 Brazil declares its independence from Portugal with Pedro
I named as the first Emperor of Brazil
1838 In Britain, Grace
Darling - the daughter of a lighthouse keeper, makes her famous
rescue of the crew of the 'Forfarshire' which is shipwrecked off theNorthumberland
1860 Italian revolutionary Guiseppe Garibaldi enters Naples during
the Italian War of Liberation against Austria. Francis II of Naples
flees the city
1863 Federal naval expedition arrives off Sabine Pass
1864 Atlanta, Georgia, is evacuated on orders of Union General William
1876 In Northfield, Minnesota, Jesse
James and the James-Younger
Gang attempt to rob the town's bank but are surrounded by an angry
mob and are nearly killed.
1880 Geo Ligowsky patents device to throw clay pigeons for trapshooters
1892 Boxer 'Gentleman' Jim Corbett beats John L Sullivan in the 21st
round in New Orleans to become the first heavyweight champion of the
world under Queensberry Rules - with boxers wearing gloves and each
round lasting just three minutes
1893 The Genoa
Cricket & Athletic Club, to become the first Italian football
club, is established by British expats.
1896 1st closed-circuit auto race, at Cranston, RI
1896 A. H. Whiting won 1st closed-circuit auto race held
1901 The signing of the Peace of Peking (Peking Protocol) ends the
which attempted to drive all foreigners out of China
Santos-Dumont flies his 14-bis aircraft at Bagatelle, France for
the first time successfully.
1907 Cunard Line's RMS
Lusitania sets sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England
to New York City.
1909 Eugene Lefebvre (1878-1909), while test piloting a new French-built
Wright biplane, crashes at Juvisy France when his controls jam. Lefebvre
dies, becoming the first 'pilot' in the world to lose his life in
a powered heavier-than-air craft.
1911 French poet Guillaume
Apollinaire is arrested and put in jail on suspicion of stealing
the Mona Lisa from the Louvre museum.
1915 Former cartoonist Johnny
Gruelle is given a patent for his Raggedy
1921 The first 'Miss America' beauty contest is held in Atlantic City,
New Jersey. It is won by Miss Margaret Gorman
1922 In Aydin, Turkey, independence of Aydin, from Greek occupation.
1927 The first fully electronic television system is achieved by
Philo Taylor Farnsworth.
1929 Steamer Kuru
capsizes and sinks on Lake Näsijärvi near Tampere in Finland.
136 lives were lost.
1936 The last surviving member of the thylacine
species, Benjamin, dies alone in her cage at the Hobart Zoo in Tasmania.
1936 Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam) begins operation
1940 German Air Force blitz London for 1st of 57 consecutive nights
of Craiova: Romania loses Southern Dobrudja to Bulgaria.
1942 Holocaust: 8,700 Jews of Kolomyia (western Ukraine) sent by German
Gestapo to death camp in Belzec.
1943 Fire in decrepit old Gulf Hotel kills 45 (Houston, Texas)
1943 Italy surrenders to the Allies during World War II
1943 The German 17th Army begins its evacuation of the Kuban
River (Taman Peninsula) bridgehead in southern Russia and moves
across the Strait of Kerch to the Crimea. The move signals the beginning
of full retreat of German forces along the Eastern Front.
1945 Japanese forces on Wake Island, which they had held since December
of 1941, surrender to U.S. Marines.
1948 1st use of synthetic rubber in asphaltic concrete, Akron, Oh
Khrushchev becomes head of the Soviet Central Committee.
1963 1st US TV appearance of the Beatles (Big Night Out-ABC)
1965 China announces that it will reinforce its troops in the Indian
1965 Vietnam War: In a follow-up to August's Operation Starlight,
United States Marines and South Vietnamese forces initiate Operation
Piranha on the Batangan Peninsula.
1970 An anti-war rally is held at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, attended
by John Kerry, Jane Fonda and Donald Sutherland.
1970 Fighting between Arabic guerillas and government forces in Amman,
1970 Bill Shoemaker
sets record for most lifetime wins as a jockey (passing Johnny Longden).
1970 Donald Boyles sets record for highest paracute jump from a bridge,
by leaping off of the 1973 British racing driver Jackie Stewart becomes
world champion for the third consecutive year
1976 US courts find George Harrison guilty of plagarism (He's So Fine)
1977 The Torrijos-Carter
Treaties between Panama and the United States on the status of
the Panama Canal are signed. The US agrees to transfer control of
the canal to Panama at the end of the 20th century.
1978 While walking across Waterloo Bridge in London, Bulgarian dissident
is assassinated by Bulgarian secret police agent Francesco Giullino
by means of a ricin pellet fired from in a specially-designed umbrella.
1979 The Chrysler Corporation asks the United States government for
USD $1 billion to avoid bankruptcy.
1983 Drury Gallagher sets fastest swim around Manhattan (6h41m35s)
1986 Former Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet survives an
assassination attempt when left-wing oponents ambush his motorcade
with rockets and machine guns
1986 Bishop Desmond
Tutu is appointed Archbishop of Cape Town. The first black man
to become the head of South Africa's Anglicans
Ahad Mohmand, the first Afghan in space, returns aboard the Soviet
spacecraft Soyuz TM-5 after 9 days on the Mir space station.
1991 Brokered by the European Commission, peace talks to end the Yugoslav
Civil War get underway in The Hague, Netherlands
1994 In Berlin, the lowering of the US flag signals the end of the
American presencein the city since the end of World War II in 1945
1995 Riots in Tahitian capital of Papeete cause millions of pounds'
damage in protests against French underground nuclear testing on Murumoa
Island in the Pacific ocean
is founded by Larry
Page and Sergey
Brin, two students at Stanford University
1999 A 5.9 magnitude earthquake rocks Athens, rupturing a previously
unknown fault, killing 143, injuring more than 500, and leaving 50,000
Ivan, a Category 5 hurricane hitting Grenada, killing 39 and damaging
90% of its buildings.
2005 First presidential election was held in Egypt.
accepts oil-for-food lapses
seeks to boost relief fund
orders mandatory evacuation
force 'needs more troops'
hands over Iraq army control
want CIA jail answer
Islam' Bin Laden urges
to aid fleeing Congolese
faces $2.65bn US bomb award
takes over key mortgage firms
rocked by suicide blasts
bury Philippines homes
at Israeli settlement plan
guilty of airline bomb plot
'trousers woman' jailed
which occurred on 7th September:
1533 Queen Elizabeth
I England, (1558-1603) daughter of Henry VIII
1707 George-Louis Leclerc comte de Buffon, writer on natural history
1726 Fran‡ois-Andr‚ Philidor France, chess champion/musician
1829 August Kekule von Stradonitz discovered structure of benzene
1829 Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden US, geologist (Geograph Survey 1859-86)
1836 Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman British PM (L) (1905-08)
1860 Grandma (Anna Maria) Moses NY, primitive painter (Old Oaken Bucket)
1891 Roscoe Karns San Bernadino Calif, actor (Capt Shafer-Hennesey)
19-- Don Messick Buffalo NY, cartoon voice (Astro-Jetsons, Bamm Bamm)
19-- Pat Peterson actor (Michael-Knotts Landing)
1900 "Janet" Taylor Caldwell England, novelist (Melissa)
1908 Dr Michael E DeBakey artificial heart pioneer
1908 Paul Brown Norwalk Ohio, NFL hall of famer (Browns, Bengals)
1909 Elia Kazan Canstaninople Turkey, director (Streetcar Named Desire)
1910 John Shea US, 500m/1500m speed skater (Olympic-gold-1932)
1913 Anthony Quayle England, actor (Anne of 1000 Days, Lawrence of
1914 James Van Allen discovered Van Allen radiation belts
1922 Art Ferrante pianist (Ferrante & Tachere-Exodus)
1923 Peter Lawford London England, actor (Mrs Miniver, The Thin Man)
1924 Daniel Inouye (Sen-D-Hi), chair of Iran-Contra hearings
1924 Leonard Rosenman Bkln NY, TV composer (Marcus Welby MD)
1929 John Milford Johnstown NY, actor (Lieutenant, Legend of Jesse
1929 T(homas) P(atrick) McKenna Ireland, actor (Rivals, Holocaust)
1930 Baudouin I king of Belgium (1951- )
1930 Sonny Rollins NYC, jazz saxophonist (Blue Room)
1934 Bill Giles Rochester NY, baseball owner (Phila Phillies)
1936 Buddy Holly singer (Peggy Sue, That'll Be the Day)
1937 John Phillip Law Hollywood, actor (Barbarella, Love Machine)
1939 S David Griggs Portland Oregon, astronaut (STS 51D, STS 33)
1942 Garrison Keillor humorist (Praire Home Companion)
1942 Richard Roundtree actor (Shaft, Earthquake)
1948 Susan Blakely Frankfurt Germany, actress (Rich Man Poor Man)
1949 Gloria Gaynor Newark NJ, disco singer (I Will Survive)
1950 Adriano Panatta Rome, tennis star (French 1976, Italian 1976)
1950 Chrissie Hynde Akron Oh, rocker (Pretenders-Mystery Achievement)
1950 Peggy Noonan author (What I Saw at the Revolution)
1951 Julie Kavner LA Calif, actress (Brenda-Rhoda, Tracy Ullman Show)
1953 Linda G Miller actress (Mississippi)
1954 Corbin Bernsen North Hollywood Calif, actor (Arnie Becker-LA
1956 Michael J Feinstein pianist (Isn't It Romantic)
1957 Margot Chapman Hawaii, vocals (Starland Vocal Band-Afternoon
1957 Melvin Edward Mays one of FBI's most wanted
1960 David Steele rocker (Fine Young Cannibals-Drive Me Crazy)
1968 Kyle Stevens NJ, rock guitarist (Bang Tango-Dancin' on Coals)
1971 Henry Thomas actor (ET)
1985 Tatia Jayne Starkey Ringo's 1st grandchild
Deaths which occurred
on September 7th:
1151 Geoffrey Plantagenet conquered Normandy, dies at 38
1655 Tristan l'Hermite French dramatist/poet, dies (birth date unknown)
1909 EugŠne Lefebvre dies test piloting a Wright A aircraft
1951 Maria Montez actress, dies at 31
1966 Al Kelly double talk comedian (Ernie Kovacs Show), dies at 67
1971 Spring Byington actress (Lily Ruskin-December Bride), dies at