7th September, on this day

1251 BC - A solar eclipse on this date might mark the birth of legendary Heracles at Thebes, Greece.
70 A Roman army under General Titus occupies and plunders Jerusalem.
1191 Third Crusade: Battle of Arsuf - Richard I of England defeats Saladin at Arsuf.
1714 Signing of the Treaty of Baden between the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI and France - ending the War of Spanish Succession
1776 World's first submarine attack: the American submersible craft Turtle attempts to attach a time bomb to the hull of British Admiral Richard Howe's flagship HMS Eagle in New York Harbor.
1812 After marching towards Moscow, the French Army of Napoleon Bonaparte efeats the Russians at the Battle of Borodino - just 70 miles from the city
1815 French General Michel Ney is executed for treason for aiding Napoleon Bonaparte at the Battle of Waterloo
1818 Carl III of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway, in Trondheim.
1821 The Republic of Gran Colombia (a federation covering much of present day Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, and Ecuador) was established, with Simón Bolívar as the founding President and Francisco de Paula Santander as vice president.
1822 Brazil declares its independence from Portugal with Pedro I named as the first Emperor of Brazil
1838 In Britain, Grace Darling - the daughter of a lighthouse keeper, makes her famous rescue of the crew of the 'Forfarshire' which is shipwrecked off theNorthumberland coast
1860 Italian revolutionary Guiseppe Garibaldi enters Naples during the Italian War of Liberation against Austria. Francis II of Naples flees the city
1863 Federal naval expedition arrives off Sabine Pass
1864 Atlanta, Georgia, is evacuated on orders of Union General William Tecumseh Sherman.
1876 In Northfield, Minnesota, Jesse James and the James-Younger Gang attempt to rob the town's bank but are surrounded by an angry mob and are nearly killed.
1880 Geo Ligowsky patents device to throw clay pigeons for trapshooters
1892 Boxer 'Gentleman' Jim Corbett beats John L Sullivan in the 21st round in New Orleans to become the first heavyweight champion of the world under Queensberry Rules - with boxers wearing gloves and each round lasting just three minutes
1893 The Genoa Cricket & Athletic Club, to become the first Italian football club, is established by British expats.
1896 1st closed-circuit auto race, at Cranston, RI
1896 A. H. Whiting won 1st closed-circuit auto race held
1901 The signing of the Peace of Peking (Peking Protocol) ends the Boxer Rebellion which attempted to drive all foreigners out of China
1906 Alberto Santos-Dumont flies his 14-bis aircraft at Bagatelle, France for the first time successfully.
1907 Cunard Line's RMS Lusitania sets sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
1909 Eugene Lefebvre (1878-1909), while test piloting a new French-built Wright biplane, crashes at Juvisy France when his controls jam. Lefebvre dies, becoming the first 'pilot' in the world to lose his life in a powered heavier-than-air craft.
1911 French poet Guillaume Apollinaire is arrested and put in jail on suspicion of stealing the Mona Lisa from the Louvre museum.
1915 Former cartoonist Johnny Gruelle is given a patent for his Raggedy Ann doll.
1921 The first 'Miss America' beauty contest is held in Atlantic City, New Jersey. It is won by Miss Margaret Gorman
1922 In Aydin, Turkey, independence of Aydin, from Greek occupation.
1927 The first fully electronic television system is achieved by Philo Taylor Farnsworth.
1929 Steamer Kuru capsizes and sinks on Lake Näsijärvi near Tampere in Finland. 136 lives were lost.
1936 The last surviving member of the thylacine species, Benjamin, dies alone in her cage at the Hobart Zoo in Tasmania.
1936 Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam) begins operation
1940 German Air Force blitz London for 1st of 57 consecutive nights
1940 Treaty of Craiova: Romania loses Southern Dobrudja to Bulgaria.
1942 Holocaust: 8,700 Jews of Kolomyia (western Ukraine) sent by German Gestapo to death camp in Belzec.
1943 Fire in decrepit old Gulf Hotel kills 45 (Houston, Texas)
1943 Italy surrenders to the Allies during World War II
1943 The German 17th Army begins its evacuation of the Kuban River (Taman Peninsula) bridgehead in southern Russia and moves across the Strait of Kerch to the Crimea. The move signals the beginning of full retreat of German forces along the Eastern Front.
1945 Japanese forces on Wake Island, which they had held since December of 1941, surrender to U.S. Marines.
1948 1st use of synthetic rubber in asphaltic concrete, Akron, Oh
1953 Nikita Khrushchev becomes head of the Soviet Central Committee.
1963 1st US TV appearance of the Beatles (Big Night Out-ABC)
1965 China announces that it will reinforce its troops in the Indian border.
1965 Vietnam War: In a follow-up to August's Operation Starlight, United States Marines and South Vietnamese forces initiate Operation Piranha on the Batangan Peninsula.
1970 An anti-war rally is held at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, attended by John Kerry, Jane Fonda and Donald Sutherland.
1970 Fighting between Arabic guerillas and government forces in Amman, Jordan.
1970 Bill Shoemaker sets record for most lifetime wins as a jockey (passing Johnny Longden).
1970 Donald Boyles sets record for highest paracute jump from a bridge, by leaping off of the 1973 British racing driver Jackie Stewart becomes world champion for the third consecutive year
1976 US courts find George Harrison guilty of plagarism (He's So Fine
1977 The Torrijos-Carter Treaties between Panama and the United States on the status of the Panama Canal are signed. The US agrees to transfer control of the canal to Panama at the end of the 20th century.
1978 While walking across Waterloo Bridge in London, Bulgarian dissident Georgi Markov is assassinated by Bulgarian secret police agent Francesco Giullino by means of a ricin pellet fired from in a specially-designed umbrella.
1979 The Chrysler Corporation asks the United States government for USD $1 billion to avoid bankruptcy.
1983 Drury Gallagher sets fastest swim around Manhattan (6h41m35s)
1986 Former Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet survives an assassination attempt when left-wing oponents ambush his motorcade with rockets and machine guns
1986 Bishop Desmond Tutu is appointed Archbishop of Cape Town. The first black man to become the head of South Africa's Anglicans
1988 Abdul Ahad Mohmand, the first Afghan in space, returns aboard the Soviet spacecraft Soyuz TM-5 after 9 days on the Mir space station.
1991 Brokered by the European Commission, peace talks to end the Yugoslav Civil War get underway in The Hague, Netherlands
1994 In Berlin, the lowering of the US flag signals the end of the American presencein the city since the end of World War II in 1945
1995 Riots in Tahitian capital of Papeete cause millions of pounds' damage in protests against French underground nuclear testing on Murumoa Island in the Pacific ocean
1998 Google is founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two students at Stanford University
1999 A 5.9 magnitude earthquake rocks Athens, rupturing a previously unknown fault, killing 143, injuring more than 500, and leaving 50,000 people homeless.
2004 Hurricane Ivan, a Category 5 hurricane hitting Grenada, killing 39 and damaging 90% of its buildings.
2005 First presidential election was held in Egypt.

7th September 2005

Annan accepts oil-for-food lapses

Bush seeks to boost relief fund

Mayor orders mandatory evacuation

7th September 2006

Afghan force 'needs more troops'

US hands over Iraq army control

Euro-MPs want CIA jail answer

7th September 2007

'Embrace Islam' Bin Laden urges

Struggle to aid fleeing Congolese

Iran faces $2.65bn US bomb award

7th September 2008

US takes over key mortgage firms

Kandahar rocked by suicide blasts

Mudslides bury Philippines homes

7th September 2009

Anger at Israeli settlement plan

Three guilty of airline bomb plot

Sudanese 'trousers woman' jailed

7th September 2010

Birthdates which occurred on 7th September:

1533 Queen Elizabeth I England, (1558-1603) daughter of Henry VIII
1707 George-Louis Leclerc comte de Buffon, writer on natural history
1726 Fran‡ois-Andr‚ Philidor France, chess champion/musician
1829 August Kekule von Stradonitz discovered structure of benzene ring
1829 Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden US, geologist (Geograph Survey 1859-86)
1836 Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman British PM (L) (1905-08)
1860 Grandma (Anna Maria) Moses NY, primitive painter (Old Oaken Bucket)
1891 Roscoe Karns San Bernadino Calif, actor (Capt Shafer-Hennesey)
19-- Don Messick Buffalo NY, cartoon voice (Astro-Jetsons, Bamm Bamm)
19-- Pat Peterson actor (Michael-Knotts Landing)
1900 "Janet" Taylor Caldwell England, novelist (Melissa)
1908 Dr Michael E DeBakey artificial heart pioneer
1908 Paul Brown Norwalk Ohio, NFL hall of famer (Browns, Bengals)
1909 Elia Kazan Canstaninople Turkey, director (Streetcar Named Desire)
1910 John Shea US, 500m/1500m speed skater (Olympic-gold-1932)
1913 Anthony Quayle England, actor (Anne of 1000 Days, Lawrence of Arabia)
1914 James Van Allen discovered Van Allen radiation belts
1922 Art Ferrante pianist (Ferrante & Tachere-Exodus)
1923 Peter Lawford London England, actor (Mrs Miniver, The Thin Man)
1924 Daniel Inouye (Sen-D-Hi), chair of Iran-Contra hearings
1924 Leonard Rosenman Bkln NY, TV composer (Marcus Welby MD)
1929 John Milford Johnstown NY, actor (Lieutenant, Legend of Jesse James)
1929 T(homas) P(atrick) McKenna Ireland, actor (Rivals, Holocaust)
1930 Baudouin I king of Belgium (1951- )
1930 Sonny Rollins NYC, jazz saxophonist (Blue Room)
1934 Bill Giles Rochester NY, baseball owner (Phila Phillies)
1936 Buddy Holly singer (Peggy Sue, That'll Be the Day)
1937 John Phillip Law Hollywood, actor (Barbarella, Love Machine)
1939 S David Griggs Portland Oregon, astronaut (STS 51D, STS 33)
1942 Garrison Keillor humorist (Praire Home Companion)
1942 Richard Roundtree actor (Shaft, Earthquake)
1948 Susan Blakely Frankfurt Germany, actress (Rich Man Poor Man)
1949 Gloria Gaynor Newark NJ, disco singer (I Will Survive)
1950 Adriano Panatta Rome, tennis star (French 1976, Italian 1976)
1950 Chrissie Hynde Akron Oh, rocker (Pretenders-Mystery Achievement)
1950 Peggy Noonan author (What I Saw at the Revolution)
1951 Julie Kavner LA Calif, actress (Brenda-Rhoda, Tracy Ullman Show)
1953 Linda G Miller actress (Mississippi)
1954 Corbin Bernsen North Hollywood Calif, actor (Arnie Becker-LA Law)
1956 Michael J Feinstein pianist (Isn't It Romantic)
1957 Margot Chapman Hawaii, vocals (Starland Vocal Band-Afternoon Delight)
1957 Melvin Edward Mays one of FBI's most wanted
1960 David Steele rocker (Fine Young Cannibals-Drive Me Crazy)
1968 Kyle Stevens NJ, rock guitarist (Bang Tango-Dancin' on Coals)
1971 Henry Thomas actor (ET)
1985 Tatia Jayne Starkey Ringo's 1st grandchild


Deaths which occurred on September 7th:
1151 Geoffrey Plantagenet conquered Normandy, dies at 38
1655 Tristan l'Hermite French dramatist/poet, dies (birth date unknown)
1909 EugŠne Lefebvre dies test piloting a Wright A aircraft
1951 Maria Montez actress, dies at 31
1966 Al Kelly double talk comedian (Ernie Kovacs Show), dies at 67
1971 Spring Byington actress (Lily Ruskin-December Bride), dies at 84