30th September, on this day

1399 Henry IV is proclaimed King of England.
1452 1st book published, Johannes Guttenberg's Bible
1630 1st execution in America - J Billington hanged in Plymouth, MA
1659 Robinson Crusoe is shipwrecked (according to Defoe)
1744 France and Spain defeat the Kingdom of Sardinia at the Battle of Madonna dell'Olmo
1777 Congress, flees to York,Pa, as British forces advance
1781 During the War of American Independence, American Generals Washington and La Fayette begin the seige of Yorktown, Virginia garrisoned by 8,000 British troops
1791 Mozart's last opera "The Magic Flute" premiers in Vienna
1791 The National Constituent Assembly in Paris is dissolved; Parisians hail Maximilien Robespierre and Jérôme Pétion as incorruptible patriots
1813 Battle of Bárbula: Simón Bolívar defeats Santiago Bobadilla.
1840 In London, the foundation stone for Nelson's Column is laid in Trafalgar Square
1846 Anesthetic ether used for 1st time when Dr William T. G. Morton extracts a tooth
1857 US occupies Sand, Baker, Howland and Jarvis Is. south of Hawaii
1860 Britain's first tram service begins in Birkenhead, Merseyside.
1867 Midway Islands formally declared a US possession
1878 1st Portuguese immigrants arrive in Hawaii
1880 Henry Draper takes that 1st photograph of the Orion Nebula
1882 The world's first commercial hydroelectric power plant (later known as Appleton Edison Light Company) begins operation on the Fox River in Appleton, Wisconsin, United States.
1885 Bechuanaland becomes a British protectorate
1888 Jack the Ripper kills his third and fourth victims, Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes.
1895 France proclaims a protectorate over Madagascar
1898 City of NY established
1901 Hubert Cecil Booth patents the vacuum cleaner.
1928 Official announcement of the discovery of penicillin by Alexander Fleming
1928 Leon Vanderstuyft of Belgium cycles record 76 miles 604 yds in 1 hr
1929 Scottish engineer John Baird starts TV transmissions from BBC studios in London
1929 1st manned rocket plane flight (by auto maker Fritz von Opel)
1931 Start of "Die Voortrekkers" youth movement for Afrikaners in Bloemfontein, South Africa.
1933 American President Franklin D Roosevelt announces his 700 million dollar 'New Deal' to help America's poor
1935 FDR dedicates Boulder Dam (Hoover Dam)
1935 Gershwin's "Porgy and Bess" premiers in Boston
1936 Pinewood Film Studios opens near Iver, in Buckinghamshire, to provide Britian with a film studio to compete with America's Hollywood Studios in California
1938 On his return from meeting German leader Adolf Hitler at Munich, the British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain tells a crowd at Heston Airport in Middlesex: 'I believe it is peace in our time' and waves the agreement he has signed with Hitler. Britain and Germany are at war less than 12 months later
1938 Munich Agreement allows Germany to occupy the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia
1938 The League of Nations unanimously outlaws "intentional bombings of civilian populations".
1939 Britain first evacuates citizens in anticipation of war.
1939 General Wladyslaw Sikorski becomes commander-in-chief of the Polish Government in exile.
1939 Germany and Russia agree to partition Poland
1939 Indentity cards are issued in Britain
1941 3,721 Jews are buried alive at Babi Yar ravine (near Kiev) Ukraine
1944 Calais reoccupied by Allies
1945 Bourne End rail crash, Hertfordshire, England killed 43
1946 22 Nazi leaders found guilty of war crimes at Nuremberg, Von Ribbentrop and Goering sentenced to death by Nuremberg trial
1949 Berlin Airlift ends after 277,000 flights
1954 1st atomic-powered vessel, submarine Nautilus commissioned
1955 Film icon James Dean dies in a road accident, at age 24.
1960 Flintstones premiers (1st prime time animation show)
1962 Mexican-American labor leader César Chávez founds the United Farm Workers.
1962 James Meredith enters the University of Mississippi, defying segregation.
1965 General Suharto rises to power after an alleged coup by the Communist Party of Indonesia. In response, Suharto and his army massacre over a million of Indonesian suspected as communists.
1966 Botswana (Bechuanaland) gains independence from Britain
1967 In a bid to compete with 'pop pirates', the BBC's Radio One goes on the air for with disc jockey Tony Blackburn introducing the Breakfast Show. His first record is 'Flowers In The Rain' by The Move
1967 USSR's Kosmos 186 and 188 complete the 1st automatic docking
1968 1st Boeing 747 rolls out
1968 Supremes release "Love Child"
1970 Jordan makes a deal with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) for the release of the remaining hostages from the Dawson's Field hijackings.
1972 Passenger train derails killing 48 (Rust Stasi,e South Africa)
1975 5 drown in flash flood of sewer and water tunnel (Niagara Falls, NY)
1975 The Hughes (later McDonnell-Douglas, now Boeing) AH-64 Apache makes its first flight.
1977 Due to US budget cuts and dwindling power reserves, the Apollo program's ALSEP experiment packages left on the Moon are shut down.
1977 Philippine political prisoners, Eugenio Lopez, Jr. and Sergio Osmeña III successfully escaped from Fort Bonifacio Maximum Security Prison in the Philippines
1979 The Hong Kong MTR commenced service with the opening of its Modified Initial System (aka. Kwun Tong Line).
1980 Iran rejects a truce call from Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
1980 Ethernet specifications published by Xerox working with Intel and Digital Equipment Corporation.
1981 Seoul, South Korea is selected to host 1988 Summer Olympics
1986 Mordechai Vanunu, who revealed details of Israel covert nuclear program to British media, was kidnapped in Rome, Italy.
1986 US releases soviet spy Gennadi Zakharov
1988 Andrei A Gromyko retires
1988 IBM announces shipment of 3 millionth PS/2 personal computer
1989 NASA closes down tracking stations in Hawaii and Ascension
1991 Haitian President Jean-Bertand Aristide is ousted
1993 An earthquake hits India's Latur and Osmanabad district of Marathwada (Aurangabad division) in Maharashtra state leaving tens of thousands of people dead and many more homeless.
1996 Former Conservative Government minister Neil Hamilton decides to drop his 'cash-for-questions' libel action against British daily newspaper The Guardian
1997 Celebrated British 'showbiz couple' - actor/director Kenneth Branagh and actress Emma Thompson announce they are splitting up
1999 Japan's worst nuclear accident at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tokai-mura, northeast of Tokyo.
2004 The first images of a live giant squid in its natural habitat are taken 600 miles south of Tokyo.
2005 The Parliament of Catalonia passes with 120 plus votes and 15 against, the Project of New Catalan Statute of Autonomy, proclaiming in its article 1, "Catalonia is a nation".
2005 The controversial drawings of Muhammad are printed in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten
2006 The National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia adopted the Constitutional Act that proclaimed the new Constitution of Serbia

30th September 2005

Katrina police 'looted jewelry'

Bird flu 'could kill 150m people'

CIA agent case reporter in court

30th September 2006

Pakistan 'role in Mumbai attacks'

Suicide bomber strikes in Kabul

Wreckage of Brazil flight spotted

30th September 2007

Darfur attack kills peacekeepers

UN envoy sees top Burma dissident

Iran MPs condemn US 'terrorists'

30th September 2008

Scores die in India temple crush

Bush warning over bail-out delay

'Drug killings' hit Mexican city

30th September 2009

Dozens dead in Indonesian quake

Georgia 'started unjustified war'

First 'Clown' blasts into space

30th September 2010

Birthdates which occurred on 30th September:

1627 Robinson Crusoe according to Daniel Defoe
1870 Jean Perrin France, physicist, studied Brownian motion (Nobel 1926)
19-- Brian Forsythe rocker (Kix-Hot Wire)
19-- Deborah Mullowney actress (Capitol)
19-- Gary Cole actor (Jack-Midnight Caller)
19-- Susan Keith actress (Shana Vochek-Loving)
1908 David Oistrakh Odessa Russia, violinist/prof (Moscow Conservatory)
1912 Kenny Baker radio singer/actor (Star Wars, Empire Strikes Back)
1915 Lester Garfield Maddox (Gov-D-Ga)/restaurant owner
1917 Chung Hee Park general/pres of S Korea (1961-79), assassinated
1917 Yuri "Petrovich" Lyubimov USSR, director (Taganka)
1919 Patricia Neway Bkln NY, soprano (Consul, Maria Golovia)
1921 Deborah Kerr Helensburg Scotland, actress (King & I, Night of Iguana)
1924 Truman Capote a short short story writer (In Cold Blood)
1926 Robin Roberts Phillies pitcher, Hall of Famer (Won 28 in 1952)
1928 Elie Wiesel author (Souls on Fire), Nazi hunter (Nobel 1986)
1931 Angie Dickinson Kulm ND-best looking legs on a cop (Police Woman)
1932 Ben Cooper Hartford Ct, actor (Johnny Guitar, Rose Tattoo)
1934 Freddie King Gilmer Tx, blues singer (Hideaway)
1935 Jill Corey Avonmore Pa, singer (Your Hit Parade)
1935 Johnny Mathis singer (Chances are, 12th of Never)
1936 Jim Sasser (Sen-D-Tn)
1938 Salvatore Michael Caruana Mass, criminal (FBI Most Wanted List)
1939 Len Cariou actor (Four Seasons)
1942 Frankie Lymon NYC, rocker (& Teenagers-Why do Fools Fall in Love)
1942 Sture Pettersson Sweden, cyclist (Olympic-silver-1968)
1943 Jody Powell press mouthpiece to Jimmy Carter
1943 Marilyn McCoo Jersey City NJ, host/singer (Solid Gold, 5th Dimension)
1947 Marc Bolan London England, rocker (T-Rex-Bang a Gong)
1947 Rula Lenska St Neots England, actress (Friends from Europe are here)
1950 Victoria Tennant London England (All of Me, Chiefs, Winds of War)
1951 Catie Ball US, 100 m breast stroke swimmer (Olympic-4X4 gold-1968)
1953 Deborah Allen Memphis Tn, country singer (Jim Stafford Show)
1954 Barry Williams Santa Monica Calif, actor (Greg-Brady Bunch)
1954 Calvin Levels Cleveland Ohio, actor (Knightwatch)
1957 William Christian Wash DC, actor (Derek-All My Children)
1958 Christopher Cass Cold Spring Harbor NY, actor (Jack Forbes-Loving)
1959 Basia Trzetrzelevska Poland, jazz singer (Time & Life)
1959 Debrah Farentino actress (Hooperman, Equal Justice)
1961 Crystal Bernard Dallas, actress (Amy-It's a Living, Wings)
1962 Dave Magadan 1st baseman (NY Mets)
1976 Adita Linares Miami Fla, spanish actress
1977 Maia Brewton LA Calif, actress (Margaret-Lime Street)


Deaths which occurred on September 30th:
1955 James Dean killed in an auto collision at 24 near Cholame Calif
1959 John H Kliegl developer of the Klieg light, dies at 89
1978 Edgar Bergen ventriloquist (Charlie McCarthy), dies at 75
1983 Freddy Martin orch leader (started Merv Griffin), dies at 76
1983 William D Elliot actor (Bernie Loves Bridget, Adam 12), dies at 49
1988 Joachim Prinz author/Rabbi of Berlin (1926-37), dies at 86