3rd September, on this day

36 BC - In the battle of Naulochus, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, admiral of Octavian, defeats Sextus Pompeius, son of Pompey, thus ending Pompeian resistance to the Second Triumvirate.
301 San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world's oldest republic still in existence, is founded by Saint Marinus.
590 St Gregory I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1189 England's King Richard I (the Lion-Hearted) crowned in Westminster
1260 The Mamluks defeat the Mongols at the Battle of Ain Jalut in Palestine, marking their first decisive defeat and the point of maximum expansion of the Mongol Empire.
1650 Third English Civil War: Battle of Dunbar (1650)
1651 Battle of Worcester during the English Civil War. Defeat for the Royalist supporters of Charles II by the Parliamentary army commanded by Oliver Cromwell
1666 The Royal Exchange burnt down in the Great Fire of London
1752 This day never happened nor the next 10 as England adopts Gregorian Calendar. People riot thinking the govt stole 11 days of their lives
1777 Battle of Cooch's Bridge takes place near Newark, Delaware.
1783 Treaty of Paris signed (ending the US Revolutionary War)
1783 Britian finally recognises the United States of America by signing the Treaty of Paris which officially ends the American War of Independence
1791 The French National Assembly passes the French Constitution - formerly making France a constitutional monarchy
1798 Weeklong battle of St. George's Caye begun between Spanish and British off the coast of Belize.
1826 USS Vincennes leaves NY to become 1st warship to circumnavigate globe
1826 In Moscow, Nicholas I is crowned Tsar of Russia
1833 NY Sun begins publishing (1st daily newspaper)
1838 Dressed in a sailor's uniform and carrying identification papers provided by a Free Black seaman, future abolitionist Frederick Douglass boards a train in Maryland on his way to freedom from slavery.
1852 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Stockholm
1855 Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under American General William S. Harney avenge the Grattan Massacre by attacking a Sioux village, killing 100 men, women, and children.
1861 Confederate forces enter Kentucky, thus ending its neutrality
1865 Army commander in SC orders Freedmen's Bureau to stop seizing land
1870 Franco-Prussian War: the Siege of Metz begins, which will result in a decisive Prussian victory on October 23.
1874 The congress of the state of México elevates Naucalpan to the category of Villa, with the title of "Villa de Juárez".
1878 Over 640 die when the crowded pleasure boat Princess Alice collides with the Bywell Castle in the River Thames.

1879 Afghan troops massacre the British legation in Kabul - leading to the British invasion of Afghanistan
1891 Cottonpickers organize union and stage strike in Texas
1895 In US, 1st pro football game played (Latrobe, Penn)
1900 British annex Natal (South Africa)
1904 St Louis Olympics close
1912 World's 1st cannery opens in England to supply food to the navy
1914 Cardinal Giacome della Chiesa becomes Pope Benedict XV
1914 William, Prince of Albania leaves the country after just six months due to opposition to his rule.
1916 Allies turned back Germans in WW I's Battle of Verdun

1916 Captain Leefe Robinson becomes the first pilot to shoot down a Zeppelin airship - during a German air raid on London in World War I. The airship catches fire after being attacked and crashes at Cuffley in Hertfordshire. Robinson is later awarded the Victoria Cross
1918 5 soldiers hanged for alleged participation in Houston riot of 1917
1925 Dirigible "Shenandoah" crashed near Caldwell Ohio, 13 die
1929 Dow Jones Industrial Average reached all time high at the time (381.17), which was shortly followed by the Crash of 1929.
1930 5,000 people killed by a hurricane in the Dominican Republic capital, Santo Domingo
1933 Yevgeniy Abalakov reaches the highest point of the Soviet Union - Communism Peak (7495 m).
1934 Tunisia began its move for independence
1935 1st automobile to exceed 300 mph, Sir Malcolm Campbell (301.337 mph)
1939 Britain declares war on Germany. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Canada

1939 In Britain, the formation of the Citizens' Advice Bureau - established to help people understand and comply with new rules and regulations that are introduced at the start of World War II
1939 British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain forms an all-party War Cabinet with Winston Churchill as First Lord of the Admiralty
1940 1st showing of high definition colour TV
1940 US gives Britain 50 destroyers in exchange for Newfoundland base lease
1942 Uprising of the Jewish ghetto in Lakhva occurs.
1943 Mainland Italy is invaded by Allied forces for the first time in the war.
1944 Holocaust: Diarist Anne Frank and her family are placed on the last transport train from Westerbork to Auschwitz, arriving three days later

1944 Liberation of the Belgian capital, Brussels, during World War II
1945 Japanese forces in the Philippines surrender to Allies
1951 The first long-running American television soap opera, Search for Tomorrow, airs its first episode on the CBS network.
1954 The People's Liberation Army begin shelling the ROC-controlled islands of Quemoy.
1954 Pope Pius X canonized a saint

1962 Opening of the Trans-Canada Highway - a 4,800 mile road from St John's in Newfoundland in the east to Victoria, British Columbia in the west
1964 In US, Wilderness Act signed into law by President Lyndon B Johnson
1966 24th World SF Convention honors Gene Roddenberry

1966 British soldiers Captain John Ridgway and Sergeant Chay Blyth become the first Britons to row across the Atlantic
1967 In US, Final episode of "What's My Line?," hosted by John Charles Daly
1967 Nguyen Van Thieu elected pres of S Vietnam under a new constitution
1967 Sweden begins driving on right-hand side of road
1971 John Lennon leaves the UK for NYC, never to return
1971 Qatar regains complete independence from Britain
1971 Watergate team breaks into Daniel Ellsberg's doctor's office
1975 Chartered 707 crashes in Atlas Mts of Morocco, 188 die
1976 Viking 2 soft lands on Mars (Utopia), returns photos
1978 Crew of Soyuz 31 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 29
1978 Pope John Paul I officially installed as 264th supreme pontiff
1979 Hurricane David, a strong Atlantic storm kills over 1,000
1994 Sino-Soviet Split: Russia and the People's Republic of China agree to de-target their nuclear weapons against each other.
1995 eBay founded.

1995 Admiral of the Fleet, Lord Hill Norton, backs claims that the British Government is covering up evidence of a UFO sighting in the south of England in 1990
1997 A Vietnam Airlines Tupolev TU-134 crashes on approach into Phnom Penh airport, killing 64

1999 In the final report into the death of Diana,Princess of Wales, French judges blame the car crash in Paris in 1997 on the chauffeur, Henri Paul and dismiss all charges against the 9 freelance photographers who had been following the car on motorbikes
2004 The Beslan school massacre ends in the deaths of approximately 344 people, mostly teachers and children.

3rd September 2005

Troops ordered to hurricane zone

Fires rage amid rescue efforts

Grieving Beslan marks siege end

3rd September 2006

Iraq holds 'key al-Qaeda figure'

'Canadians die' in Afghan clash

Probe crashes into Moon's surface

3rd September 2007

Bush holds 'war council' in Iraq

UK Basra base exit 'not a defeat'

N Korea 'to come off terror list'

3rd September 2008

Afghan attack kills Canada troops

US gives $1bn to rebuild Georgia

Pakistan PM's motorcade attacked

3rd September 2009

New protests in western China

Gabon rampage after poll result

US halts aid over Honduras coup

3rd September 2010

Birthdates which occurred on 3rd September:

1596 Nicolo Amati Italy, violin maker (Stradivari & Guarneri)
1757 Charles X Versailles France, Duke of Prussia
1803 Prudence Crandall founded school for "young ladies of colour"
1811 John Humphrey Noyes Vt, found Oneida Community (Perfectionists)
1849 Sarah Orne Jewett Maine, author (Country of the Pointed Firs)
1856 Louis Henri Sullivan Boston Mass, father of modern US architecture
1860 Edward Albert Filene merchant, established US credit union movement
1866 Alain Locke famous African
19-- Lou Richards Terrytown TX, actor (Clark-Gloria)
19-- Mary Grace Canfield Rochester NY, actress (Ralph-Green Acres)
19-- Merritt Butrick Gainesville Fla, actor (Johnny-Square Pegs)
1905 Carl David Anderson NYC, physicist (1936 Nobel Prize for physics)
1907 Andrew Brewin Canada, lawyer/cofound New Democratic Party
1907 Dr Loren Eiseley professor of Anthropology (Animal Secrets)
1910 Dorothy Maynor Norfolk Va, soprano (founded Harlem School of Arts)
1913 Alan Ladd actor (Shane, Carpetbaggers, Boy on a Dolphin)
1914 Kitty Carlisle Hart New Orleans La, actress (Animal Crackers)
1917 Eddie "Brat" Stanky Phil Rizzuto's nemesis/2nd baseman (Dodgers)
1918 Helen Wagner Lubbock Tx, actress (Nancy-As The World Turns)
1923 Mort Walker cartoonist (Beetle Bailey)
1923 Terry Wilson Calif, actor (Bill-Wagon Train)
1926 Anne Jackson Penn, actress (Dirty Dingus Magee, Angel Levine)
1926 Irene Papas actress (Anne of Thousand Days, Guns of Navarone, Z)
1931 Mitzi Gaynor Chicago Ill, actress (South Pacific)
1932 Richard Tyler NYC, actor (Henry Aldrich-Aldrich Family)
1935 Eileen Brennan LA Calif, actress (Laugh-In, Pvt Benjamin)
1940 Pauline Collins London England, actress (Shirley Valentine)
1942 Al Jardine rocker (Beachboys-In My Room)
1944 Sherwood C "Woody" Spring Hartford Ct, Col USA/astronaut (STS 61B)
1944 Valerie Perrine Galveston Tx, actress (Steam Bath, Superman, Lenny)
1945 Mike Harrison keyboardist (Spooky Tooth-It's All About)
1956 Hans-Georg Beyer German DR, team handball player (Olympic-gold-1980)
1965 Charlie Sheen actor (Carlos Estevez), NYC, actor (Wall St, Platoon)
1971 Tonja Christenson Salt Lake City Utah, playmate (November, 1991)


Deaths which occurred on September 3rd:
1189 Rabbi Jacob of Orleans killed in anti Jewish riot in London England
1658 James I king of England (1603-25), dies at 92
1658 Oliver Cromwell the Lord Protector of England, dies at 59
1962 e. e. cummings poet, dies at 67
1969 Ho Chi Minh North Vietnamese president, dies
1970 Vince Lombardi football coach, dies in Washington DC at 57
1982 Michael Thoma actor (8 is Enough, Fame), dies at 55
1984 Arthur Schwartz actor, dies after a stroke at 83
1984 Duncan Renaldo actor (Cisco Kid), dies at 80
1990 David Acer Florida dentist, dies of AIDs after infecting 5 patients
1991 Frank Capra director (It's a Wonderful Life), dies at 94