27th September, on this day

489 Odoacer attacks Theodoric at the Battle of Verona, and is defeated again.
1290 Earthquake in Gulf of Chili China, reportedly kills 100,000
1331 The Battle of Plowce between the Kingdom of Poland and the Teutonic Order is fought.
1540 Society of Jesus (Jesuits) founded by Ignatius Loyola
1590 Pope Urban VII dies 13 days after being chosen as the Pope, making his reign the shortest papacy in history
1605 The armies of Sweden are utterly defeated by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the Battle of Kircholm
1777 Battle of Germantown; Washington defeated by the British
1779 John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Britain
1787 Constitution submitted to the states for ratification
1821 Mexican Empire declares its independence from Spain. Revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw
1822 Jean-François Champollion announces that he has deciphered the Rosetta stone.
1825 The world's first public passenger rail service begins - between Stockton and Darlington in the north of England
1854 Steamship Arctic sank with 300 people aboard
1863 Jo Shelby's calvery in action at Moffat's Station, Arkansas
1903 Wreck of the Old 97, a train crash made famous by the song of the same name.
1905 The physics journal Annalen der Physik published Albert Einstein's paper "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?", introducing the equation E=mc²
1905 1st published blues composition goes on sale, WC Handy's "Memphis Blues"
1910 1st test flight of a twin-engined airplance (France)
1916 Iyasu is proclaimed deposed as ruler of Ethiopia in a palace coup in favor of his aunt Zauditu.
1922 King Constantine I of Greece abdicates his throne in favor of his eldest son, King George II.
1928 US recognizes Nationalist Chinese government
1937 1st Santa Claus school opens (Albio,n NY)
1937 Balinese Tiger declared extinct.
1938 The 80,000 ton liner 'Queen Elizabeth' is launched at John Brown's Yard on Clydebank in Scotland by the Queen Mother
1939 Within three weeks of the start of World War II, the Polish capital Warsaw surrenders to overwhelming German forces
1940 The Tripartite Pact is signed in Berlin by Germany, Japan and Italy.
1940 Black leaders protest discrimination in US armed forces
1941 1st WW II liberty ship, freighter Patrick Henry, launched
1942 Glenn Miller and his Orchestra perform for the last time before Miller enters the US Army.
1942 Last day of the September Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps troops barely escape after being surrounded by Japanese forces near the Matanikau River.
1943 American singer Bing Crosby records the Christmas hit 'Jingle Bells'
1944 The Kassel Mission results in the largest loss by a USAAF group on any mission in WWII
1949 The first Plenary Session of the National People's Congress approves the design of the Flag of the People's Republic of China.
1950 Heavyweight champ Ezzard Charles defeats Joe Louis
1953 Typhoon destroys 1/3 of Nagoya Japan
1954 School integration begins in Wash DC and Baltimore Md public schools
1956 USAF Captain Milburn G. Apt becomes the first man to exceed Mach 3 while flying the Bell X-2. Shortly thereafter, the craft goes out of control and Captain Apt is killed.
1959 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev concludes his US visit
1959 Typhoon Vera, hits Japanese island of Honshu, kills nearly 5,000
1960 Bank Underground Station in London opens Europe's first travelator, or 'moving pavement'
1961 Sierre Leone becomes the 100th member of the UN
1962 US sells Israel, Hawk anti-aircraft missiles
1964 Warren Commission released, finding Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone
1967 British liner 'Queen Mary' docks at Southampton at the end of her last trans-Atlantic voyage
1968 The controversial rock musical 'Hair' - including a scene cast in the nude - opens at the Shaftesbury Theatre in London, the day after the lifting of strict censorship in the theatre
1973 Soyuz 12 carries 2 cosmonauts into Earth orbit (2 days)
1977 The 300 metre tall CKVR-TV transmission tower in Barrie, Ontario, Canada is hit by a light aircraft in a fog, causing it to collapse. All aboard the aircraft are killed.
1980 Marvin Hagler defeats Alan Minter to claim boxing's world Middleweight championship in London. They have to be escorted away by police after a riot forms.
1983 Richard Stallman announces the GNU project to develop a free Unix-like operating system.
1985 Hurricane Gloria's 130 MPH wind hits the Atlantic coast
1987 In golf, the Great Britain and European team retain the Ryder Cup after beating the United States for the first time on American soil
1988 Grand jury evidence shows Tawana Brawley fabricated rape story
1988 Lab tests reportedly show Shroud of Turin not Christ`s burial cloth
1988 The National League for Democracy, led by Aung San Suu Kyi is founded.
1989 Sony purchases Columbia Pictures for $3.4 billion cash
1990 A gunman holds 33 people (killing 1) hostage in Berkley, Calif
1990 Deposed emir of Kuwait address the UN General Assembly
1991 President Bush decides to end full-time B-52 bombers alert
1993 The Sukhumi massacre takes place in Abkhazia.
1994 The Estonia departs at 19:00. The Estonia disaster occurred next day between 00:55 to 01:50.
1995 Anger within the British Government by a European Court of Human Rights ruling which condemns the killing, by the British SAS, of three IRA terrorists in Gibraltar in 1988
1996 In Afghanistan, the Taliban capture the capital city Kabul after driving out President Burhanuddin Rabbani and executing former leader Mohammad Najibullah.
1996 The Julie N. tanker skip crashes into the Million Dollar Bridge in Portland, Maine spilling thousands of gallons of oil.
1997 Communications are suddenly lost with the Mars Pathfinder space probe.
2002 Timor-Leste (East Timor) joins the United Nations.
2003 Smart 1 satellite is launched.

27th September 2005

State blamed over Katrina effort

Al Qaeda's No. 2 in Iraq killed

Ex-Concorde chief faces probe

27th September 2006

Bosnia Serb jailed for war crimes

British launch Iraq police purge

Zero-gravity surgery 'a success'

27th September 2007

Nine killed in Burmese protests

Rice urges climate change accord

Soweto shopping mall opens

27th September 2008

Syrian car bomb attack kills 17

Chinese astronaut walks in space

McCain and Obama spar in first debate

27th September 2009

Triumphant Merkel eyes new coalition

Philippines battles flood chaos

Venezuela summit criticises West

27th September 2010

Birthdates which occurred on 27th September:

1601 Louis XIII king of France (1610-43)
1657 Sophia regent of Russia (1682-89)
1722 Samuel Adams revolutionary rabble rouser/(Lt Gov-Mass, 1789-94)
1772 S…ndor Kisfaludy Hungary, poet/Austrian army (1793-1801)
1783 Agust¡n I de Iturbide emperor of Mexico (1822-23)
1792 George Cruikshank England, illustrator for Charles Dickens
1817 Hiram R Revels Fayetteville NC, 1st black US senator
1840 Alfred Thayer Mahan US, naval officer (Influence of Sea Power)
1840 Thomas Nast political cartoonist of late 1800s America
1858 Giuseppe Peano Italian mathematician, founder of symbolic logic
1875 Grazia Deledda Italy, novelist (Old Man of the Mtn-Nobel 1926)
1880 Jacques Thibaud Bordeaux France, violinist (Caf‚ Rogue)
1881 William Clothier 1st pres of tennis hall of fame
1895 George Raft NYC, actor (Each Dawn I Die, Scarface, Some Like It Hot)
1896 George Bender Cleveland, (Rep/Sen-R-Oh)
1896 Sam Ervin (D-Sen-NC), Watergate committee chairman
19-- Gail Edwards Coral Gables Fla, actress (Dot-It's a Living)
19-- John Shearin Charlotte NC, actor (Hunter, Flamingo Road)
19-- Peter Simon actor (Ed-Guiding Light)
1905 Ernest Baier Germany, figure skater (Olympic-gold-1936)
1917 Louis Auchincloss Lawrence NY, lawyer/novelist (Watchfires)
1918 Jame McCallion Glasgow Scotland, actor (Mi Taylor-National Velvet)
1918 Sir Martin Ryle Britain, radio astronomer, astronomer royal 1972-82
1919 Charles H Percy (Sen-R-Ill)
1920 William Conrad Louisville Ky, actor (Bullwinkle Show, Cannon)
1921 Mil¢s Jancs¢ V c Hungary, director (My Way Home)
1922 Arthur Penn Phila, director (Miracle Worker, Bonnie & Clyde)
1923 Mary McCarty Winfield Ks, actress/singer (Starch-Tra[pper John MD)
1926 Jayne Meadows Wu Chang China, Mrs Steve Allen, actr (Dark Delusion)
1929 Sada Thompson Des Moines Ia, actress (Family, Pursuit of Happiness)
1930 Igor Kipnis Berlin Germany, harpsichordist/professor (Fairfield)
1933 Kathleen Nolan St Louis Mo, actress (Real McCoys, Janie, Broadside)
1934 Barbara Howar Nashville, reporter (Wash Post, Entertainment Tonight)
1934 Claude Jarman Jr Nashville Tn, actor (Rio Grande, Inside Straight)
1934 Dick Schaap sportscaster/author (Joe Namath's co-writer)
1934 Greg Morris Cleveland Ohio, actor (Mission Impossible, Vega$)
1934 Wilford Brimley Salt Lake City Utah, actor (Gus-Our House, Cocoon)
1935 Jerome Shipp US, basketball (Olympic-gold-1964)
1939 Kathy Whitworth golfer (AP Woman Athlete of the Year-1966)
1941 Don Cornelius TV show host (Soul Train)
1943 Randy Bachman Winnipeg, rocker (Bachman-Turner Overdrive-Roll On)
1945 Misha Dichter Shanghai China, pianist (Tchaikowsy 2nd prize-1966)
1947 A Martinez Glendale Calif, actor (Whiz Kids, Cruz-Santa Barbara)
1947 Cheryl Tiegs Minnesota, model's figure
1947 Liz Torres Bronx NY, actress (Phyllis, All in the Family)
1947 Meatloaf aka Marvin Lee Aday, Dallas, rocker (Bat Out of Hell)
1949 Mike Schmidt 3rd baseman & HR hitter (Phillies)
1949 Robb Weller TV host (Entertainment Tonight, Home Show)
1952 Del Russel Pasadena Calif, actor (Richard-Arnie)
1952 Dumitru Prunariu 1st Romanian space traveler (on board Soyuz 40)
1958 Shaun Cassidy LA Calif, actor/singer (Hardy Boys, Breaking Away)
1959 Beth Heiden Madison Wisc, 3000m speed skater (Olympic-bronze-1980)
1963 Caren Metschuck German DR, 100m butterfly swimmer (Olympic-gold-1980)
1970 Mark Caldero vocalist (Color Me Badd-I Want to Sex You Up)


Deaths which occurred on September 27th:
1660 St Vincent de Paul Vincentian Cong founder, dies
1870 Henry TP Comstock Canadian silver prospector, dies at 50
1956 Milburn Apt in X-2 rocket plane reaches 3370 kph, but, dies in crash
1956 Mildred "Babe" Didrickson Zaharias great female athlete, dies
1962 Francisco Brochado da Rocha PM of Brazil (1962), dies at 52
1965 Harry Reser orch leader (Sammy Kaye Show), dies at 69
1972 Rory Storm lead singer of Rory Storm & Hurricane, commits suicide
1979 Jimmy McCullough musician (Wings), dies of a drug overdose
1981 Robert Montgomery actor/dir (Robert Montgomery Presents), dies at 77
1984 John Facenda sportscaster (NFL Action), dies at 72
1985 Lloyd Nolan actor (Dr Chegley-Julia), dies of lung cancer at 83
1988 William V Shannon US ambassador to Ireland (1977-81), dies at 61