September, on this day
480BC Greeks defeat
the Persians at the Battle
of Salamis to halt the Persian advance into Europe
of Blore Heath, the first major battle of the English Wars
of the Roses, is fought at Blore Heath in Staffordshire.
1529 The Siege
of Vienna begins as Suleiman I begins his attack on the city.
Paul Jones' "Bon
Homme Richard" defeats 'HMS Serepis' and another British
warship in the Battle
of Flamborough Head
1780 British Major
John Andre was apprehended as a spy, near Tarrytown, NY
of Assaye - British-Indian forces beat Maratha Army
and Clark return to St Louis from the Pacific Northwest
1818 Border demarcation markers for Moresnet
of Tripolitsa, Greece, massacre of 30.000 Turks.
1846 German Astronomer Johann
Galle discovers another planet - Neptune
1848 First commercial production of chewing gum by John Curtis on
a stove at his home in Bangor, Maine in the United States and marketed
as 'The State of Maine Pure Spruce Gum'
Emancipation is published in Northern Newspapers
1863 Confederate siege of Chattanooga begins
Grito de Lares proclaims Puerto Rico's independence (crushed by
1873 Tom Allen beats Mike McCale for Heavyweight Boxing title
steam motors tram 1st tried in Sydney Australia
Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine.
1889 Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) founded by
Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda.
1905 Norway and Sweden sign the "Karlstad
treaty", peacefully dissolving the Union between the two countries.
1912 The first silent comedy film starring the Keystone
Cops is released in America by Mack
Sennett - called 'Cohen Collects A Debt'
Seaport Construction Act passed by the Polish parliament.
1926 American boxer Gene
Tunney outpoints Jack Dempsey to win the world heavyweight title
1932 Kingdom of Hejaz
renamed Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
1938 Time capsule, to be opened in 6939, buried at World's Fair in
NYC (capsule contained a woman's hat, man's pipe and 1,100' of microfilm)
1940 During World War II, Britain intoduces two civilian awards for
bravery and gallentry - the George
Cross and the George
1941 The first gas murder experiments are conducted at Auschwitz.
1942 First day of the September Matanikau
action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps forces attack
Imperial Japanese Army units along the Matanikau River.
1949 Truman announces evidence of USSR's 1st nuclear device detonation
1952 1st closed circuit pay-TV telecast of a sports event
1952 Richard Nixon makes his "Checkers"
1952 Rocky Marciano KOs heavyweight champ Jersey Joe
Walcott in 13 for heavyweight boxing title
1961 1st movie to become a TV series -
How to Marry a Millionaire
1962 ABC's 1st colour TV series-The
Center for the Performing Arts in New York City opens with the
first building completed, Philharmonic Hall (now Avery Fisher Hall)
home of the New York Philharmonic.
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965/Second
Kashmir War between India and Pakistan over Kashmir ends after
the UN calls for a cease-fire
1969 The Chicago
Eight trial opens in Chicago.
1969 Northern Star starts rumor that Paul McCartney is dead
1972 Philippine President Ferdinand
Marcos announces over television and radio the implementation
of martial law and signs General Order No. 1 to establish a dictatorial
1973 Former Argentine President Juan Peron returns to power
1973 Juan Peron is re-elected President of Argentina after being ousted
from the position almost 18 years earlier
1974 In Britain, the BBC launches the world's first Ceefax
1976 Soyuz 22 returns to Earth
Ladd replaces Farrah
Fawcett on Charlie's
1978 100,000 cheering Egyptians welcome Sadat home from Camp David
1979 Jane Fonda and 200,000 attend anti-nuke rally in Battery Park,
Kitts and Nevis joins the United Nations.
Coetzee of South Africa becomes the first African boxing world
1986 England and Yorkshire batsman Geoff Boycott is controversially
sacked from Yorkshire Cricket Club after playing for the county side
for 24 years
1990 Saddam says he will destroy Israel
1997 In Saudi Arabia, British nurse Lucille McLauchlan is sentenced
to 500 lashes and eight years in jail for accessory to murder
1999 NASA announces that it has lost contact with the Mars
Flight 1 overruns the runway in Bangkok during a storm. While
some passengers only received minor injuries, it is still the worst
crash in Qantas's history to date.
2002 The first public version of the web browser Mozilla
Firefox ("Phoenix 0.1") is released.
2004 At least 1,070 in Haiti reported killed by floods due to Hurricane
2005 FBI killing of Filiberto
Ojeda on Plan Bonito Hormigueros, Puerto Rico.
which occurred on 23rd September:
484 -BC- Euripides
Greek playwright (Trojan Women)
63 -BC- Octavian (Augustus C‘sar) 1st Roman emperor (27 BC-14
1713 Ferdinand VI king of Spain (1746-59)
1745 John Sevier Tennessee, indian fighter (Gov/Rep-Tn)
1800 William H McGuffey educator (McGuffey Readers)
1805 Matthew Adams Stickney Rowley Mass, numismatist
1838 Victoria Chaflin Woodhull Ohio, feminist/reformer/free love/1st
female presidential candidate
1852 William Stewart Halsted established 1st US surgical school
1869 Edgar Lee Masters poet/novelist (Spoon River Anthology)
1869 Mary Church Terrell famous African
1870 John Lomax Miss, folk song collector/ethnomusicologist
1880 John Boyd Orr nutritionist, UN's FAO (Nobel 1949)
1889 Walter Lippmann NYC, journalist/political writer (Men of Destany)
1900 Louise Nevelson US, sculptor (Sky Cathedral)
1910 Elliot Roosevelt son of FDR
1910 Soulima Stravinsky Lausanne Switz, Russian pianist (Igor's son)
1917 Imry Nemeth Hungary, hammer thrower (Olympic-gold-1948)
1920 Mickey Rooney Bkln NY, actor (Bill, Andy Hardy, Sugar Babies)
1926 John Coltrane saxophonist (Round Midnight)
1930 Ray Charles Albany Ga, singer/pianist (Georgia)
1936 Sylvain Saudan skiier (60ø descent)
1938 Romy Schneider Vienna Austria, actress (Bloodline, Death Watch)
1943 Julio Iglesias singer (Of All the Girls I Loved Before)
1944 Loren J Shriver Iowa, Col USAF/astronaut (STS 51-C, STS-31, sk:46)
1945 Paul Petersen Glendale Calif, actor (Jeff Stone-Donna Reed Show)
1947 Mary Kay Place Tulsa Okla, actress/country singer (Mary Hartman!)
1949 Bruce Springsteen [Boss], Asbury NJ, rock musician (Born in the
1955 Patti Weaver WV, actress (Days of our Life, Gina-Young &
1956 Maren Jensen Arcadia Calif, actress (Athena-Battlestar Galactica)
1957 Sylvie Garant Montmagny Quebec, playmate (Nov, 1979)
1961 Elizabeth Pe¤a Havana Cuba, actress (La Bamba, Jacob's
1967 Harry Connick Jr singer (We Are in Love)
Deaths which occurred
on September 23rd:
1877 Urbain JJ Leverrier codiscoverer of Neptune, dies
1939 Sigmund Freud created psychoanalysis, dies at 83
1956 Earl Godwin newscaster (Meet the Veep), dies at 75
1972 Carl Frank actor (Uncle Gunnar-Mama), dies at 63
1974 Cliff Arquette comedian "Charlie Weaver", dies at 68
1982 Jimmy Wakely country western singer, dies of heart failure at
1985 Mickey Simpson actor, dies of a heart attack at 72