23rd September, on this day

480BC Greeks defeat the Persians at the Battle of Salamis to halt the Persian advance into Europe
1122 Concordat of Worms.
1459 Battle of Blore Heath, the first major battle of the English Wars of the Roses, is fought at Blore Heath in Staffordshire.
1529 The Siege of Vienna begins as Suleiman I begins his attack on the city.
1779 John Paul Jones' "Bon Homme Richard" defeats 'HMS Serepis' and another British warship in the Battle of Flamborough Head
1780 British Major John Andre was apprehended as a spy, near Tarrytown, NY
1803 Battle of Assaye - British-Indian forces beat Maratha Army
1806 Lewis and Clark return to St Louis from the Pacific Northwest
1818 Border demarcation markers for Moresnet formally installed.
1821 Fall of Tripolitsa, Greece, massacre of 30.000 Turks.
1846 German Astronomer Johann Galle discovers another planet - Neptune
1848 First commercial production of chewing gum by John Curtis on a stove at his home in Bangor, Maine in the United States and marketed as 'The State of Maine Pure Spruce Gum'
1862 Lincoln's Emancipation is published in Northern Newspapers
1863 Confederate siege of Chattanooga begins
1868 Grito de Lares proclaims Puerto Rico's independence (crushed by Spain)
1873 Tom Allen beats Mike McCale for Heavyweight Boxing title
1879 Baldwin steam motors tram 1st tried in Sydney Australia
1884 Herman Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine.
1889 Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda.
1905 Norway and Sweden sign the "Karlstad treaty", peacefully dissolving the Union between the two countries.
1912 The first silent comedy film starring the Keystone Cops is released in America by Mack Sennett - called 'Cohen Collects A Debt'
1922 Gdynia Seaport Construction Act passed by the Polish parliament.
1926 American boxer Gene Tunney outpoints Jack Dempsey to win the world heavyweight title in Philadelphia
1932 Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd renamed Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
1938 Time capsule, to be opened in 6939, buried at World's Fair in NYC (capsule contained a woman's hat, man's pipe and 1,100' of microfilm)
1940 During World War II, Britain intoduces two civilian awards for bravery and gallentry - the George Cross and the George Medal
1941 The first gas murder experiments are conducted at Auschwitz.
1942 First day of the September Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps forces attack Imperial Japanese Army units along the Matanikau River.
1949 Truman announces evidence of USSR's 1st nuclear device detonation
1952 1st closed circuit pay-TV telecast of a sports event
1952 Richard Nixon makes his "Checkers" speech
1952 Rocky Marciano KOs heavyweight champ Jersey Joe Walcott in 13 for heavyweight boxing title
1961 1st movie to become a TV series - How to Marry a Millionaire
1962 ABC's 1st colour TV series-The Jetsons
1962 Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in New York City opens with the first building completed, Philharmonic Hall (now Avery Fisher Hall) home of the New York Philharmonic.
1965 The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965/Second Kashmir War between India and Pakistan over Kashmir ends after the UN calls for a cease-fire
1969 The Chicago Eight trial opens in Chicago.
1969 Northern Star starts rumor that Paul McCartney is dead
1972 Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos announces over television and radio the implementation of martial law and signs General Order No. 1 to establish a dictatorial government
1973 Former Argentine President Juan Peron returns to power
1973 Juan Peron is re-elected President of Argentina after being ousted from the position almost 18 years earlier
1974 In Britain, the BBC launches the world's first Ceefax teletext service
1976 Ford-Carter TV debate
1976 Soyuz 22 returns to Earth
1977 Cheryl Ladd replaces Farrah Fawcett on Charlie's Angels
1978 100,000 cheering Egyptians welcome Sadat home from Camp David summit
1979 Jane Fonda and 200,000 attend anti-nuke rally in Battery Park, NYC
1983 Saint Kitts and Nevis joins the United Nations.
1983 Gerrie Coetzee of South Africa becomes the first African boxing world heavyweight champion.
1986 England and Yorkshire batsman Geoff Boycott is controversially sacked from Yorkshire Cricket Club after playing for the county side for 24 years
1990 Saddam says he will destroy Israel
1997 In Saudi Arabia, British nurse Lucille McLauchlan is sentenced to 500 lashes and eight years in jail for accessory to murder
1999 NASA announces that it has lost contact with the Mars Climate Orbiter.
1999 Qantas Flight 1 overruns the runway in Bangkok during a storm. While some passengers only received minor injuries, it is still the worst crash in Qantas's history to date.
2002 The first public version of the web browser Mozilla Firefox ("Phoenix 0.1") is released.
2004 At least 1,070 in Haiti reported killed by floods due to Hurricane Jeanne
2005 FBI killing of Filiberto Ojeda on Plan Bonito Hormigueros, Puerto Rico.

23rd September 2005

Bus fire 'kills 24' Rita evacuees

Storm overcomes New Orleans levee

Terror code man gets 15-year term

23rd September 2006

Many die in Baghdad tanker bomb

Helicopter missing in Nepal

Probe into 'Bin Laden death' leak

23rd September 2007

Burma march 'largest in 20 years'

Israel set to free Palestinians

Italians missing in Afghanistan

23rd September 2008

Finnish college gunman kills 10

Bush chides Russia at UN

Paulson eyes rescue plan backing

23rd September 2009

India chimney collapse kills 22

Obama urges world to stand united

'Dirty war pilot' held in Spain

23rd September 2010

Birthdates which occurred on 23rd September:

484 -BC- Euripides Greek playwright (Trojan Women)
63 -BC- Octavian (Augustus C‘sar) 1st Roman emperor (27 BC-14 AD)
1713 Ferdinand VI king of Spain (1746-59)
1745 John Sevier Tennessee, indian fighter (Gov/Rep-Tn)
1800 William H McGuffey educator (McGuffey Readers)
1805 Matthew Adams Stickney Rowley Mass, numismatist
1838 Victoria Chaflin Woodhull Ohio, feminist/reformer/free love/1st female presidential candidate
1852 William Stewart Halsted established 1st US surgical school
1869 Edgar Lee Masters poet/novelist (Spoon River Anthology)
1869 Mary Church Terrell famous African
1870 John Lomax Miss, folk song collector/ethnomusicologist
1880 John Boyd Orr nutritionist, UN's FAO (Nobel 1949)
1889 Walter Lippmann NYC, journalist/political writer (Men of Destany)
1900 Louise Nevelson US, sculptor (Sky Cathedral)
1910 Elliot Roosevelt son of FDR
1910 Soulima Stravinsky Lausanne Switz, Russian pianist (Igor's son)
1917 Imry Nemeth Hungary, hammer thrower (Olympic-gold-1948)
1920 Mickey Rooney Bkln NY, actor (Bill, Andy Hardy, Sugar Babies)
1926 John Coltrane saxophonist (Round Midnight)
1930 Ray Charles Albany Ga, singer/pianist (Georgia)
1936 Sylvain Saudan skiier (60ø descent)
1938 Romy Schneider Vienna Austria, actress (Bloodline, Death Watch)
1943 Julio Iglesias singer (Of All the Girls I Loved Before)
1944 Loren J Shriver Iowa, Col USAF/astronaut (STS 51-C, STS-31, sk:46)
1945 Paul Petersen Glendale Calif, actor (Jeff Stone-Donna Reed Show)
1947 Mary Kay Place Tulsa Okla, actress/country singer (Mary Hartman!)
1949 Bruce Springsteen [Boss], Asbury NJ, rock musician (Born in the USA)
1955 Patti Weaver WV, actress (Days of our Life, Gina-Young & Restless)
1956 Maren Jensen Arcadia Calif, actress (Athena-Battlestar Galactica)
1957 Sylvie Garant Montmagny Quebec, playmate (Nov, 1979)
1961 Elizabeth Pe¤a Havana Cuba, actress (La Bamba, Jacob's Ladder)
1967 Harry Connick Jr singer (We Are in Love)


Deaths which occurred on September 23rd:
1877 Urbain JJ Leverrier codiscoverer of Neptune, dies
1939 Sigmund Freud created psychoanalysis, dies at 83
1956 Earl Godwin newscaster (Meet the Veep), dies at 75
1972 Carl Frank actor (Uncle Gunnar-Mama), dies at 63
1974 Cliff Arquette comedian "Charlie Weaver", dies at 68
1982 Jimmy Wakely country western singer, dies of heart failure at 68
1985 Mickey Simpson actor, dies of a heart attack at 72