September, on this day
490 BC - Phidippides
runs 1st marathon, seeking aid from Sparta vs Persia
44 BC - Pharaoh Cleopatra
VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy
44 BC - The first of Cicero’s
(oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them over
the next several months.
31 BC - A naval force, commanded by Mark
Anthony and including a squadron of ships supplied by Egyptian
Cleopatra, is defeated at the Battle
of Actium by Roman Legions under the command of Augustus Caesar
1649 The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces
of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.
1666 The Great
Fire of London begins in Pudding Lane. It ends on September 6th
at Pye Corner - the flames put out by rain. Although an enormous number
of properties are burnt (approx 13,000 buildings are destroyed), only
six people are killed
1752 The United Kingdom adopts the Gregorian
Calendar : last day of Julian calendar in Britain and British
1789 US Treasury Department established by Congress
1792 During what became known as the September
Massacres of the French Revolution, rampaging mobs slaughter three
Roman Catholic Church bishops, more than two hundred priests, and
prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.
1806 A side of Rossberg Peak collapses into Goldau Valleym Switzerland,
Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets
to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.
1843 In Britain, the publication of the first edition of the Economist
struggle Incident in Nanjing, China
1862 President Abraham Lincoln reluctantly restores Union General
B. McClellan to full command after General John Pope's disastrous
defeat at the Battle of Second Bull Run.
1864 During the American Civil War, Union forces commanded by General
Sherman, occupy Atlanta, Georgia
1865 End of the Second
Maori War in New Zealand
1866 The general assembly of Crete proclaims the abolition of Turkish
authority and union with Greece
of Sedan - Prussian forces take French Emperor Napoleon III and
100,000 of his soldiers prisoner.
1885 - In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who were struggling
to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions,
attack their Chinese fellow workers, killing 28, wounding 15, and
forcing several hundred more out of town.
1898 British troops, led by Lord
Kitchener, defeat the Sudanese at the Battle
of Omdurman and re-occupy the Sudanese capital , Khartoum
1901 US President Theodore Roosevelt makes his famous remark regarding
American foreign policy saying America should 'speak softly and carry
a big stick'
1906 Norwegian explorer Roald
Amundsen successfully finds and sails through the 'Northwest Passage'
across the northern coast of Canada
1916 In Northumberland, England, the last of the famous Blaydon
Races - immortalised in the traditional northeast folk song
1923 The first elections are held in the Irish
Free State following independence from Britain
Friml's "Rose Marie" opens to rave reviews in NYC
1925 The U.S. Zeppelin the USS
Shenandoah crashes, killing 14.
1930 French aviators Dieudonne
Coste and Maurice Bellonte complete the first non-stop flight
from Europe to the United States of America (37 hrs)
hurricane slams the Florida Keys killing 423
1936 1st transatlantic round-trip air flight
1939 Following the invasion of Poland, Freie
Stadt Danzig Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland) is annexed to Nazi Germany.
1939 On the eve of World War II, Britain introduces compulsary military
service for all men aged between 18 - 41
1944 Anne Frank (Diary
of Anne Frank), is sent to Auschwitz
1944 During WW II, George Bush ejects from a burning plane
1945 Proclaimation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam with Ho
Chi-Minh its first president
1945 The formal Japanese surrender to the Allies at the end of World
War II is signed on board the American battleship, the Missouri
1949 Fire in riverfront area kills 1,700 (Chungking, China)
1954 Hurricane Edna batters NE US, killing 20
1956 Collapse of a RR bridge under a train kills 120 (India)
1958 U.S. Air Force C-130A-II is shot down by fighters over Yerevan,
Armenia when it strays into Soviet airspace while conducting a sigint
mission. All crew lost.
1958 China's first television station opens in Peking
1963 Alabama Gov George
C Wallace prevents integration of Tuskegee HS
1963 CBS Evening News becomes U.S. network television's first half-hour
weeknight news broadcast, when the show is lengthened from 15 to 30
1967 The Principality
of Sealand is established, ruled by Prince Paddy Roy Bates.
1969 The first automatic teller machine in the United States is installed
in Rockville Center, New York.
1970 NASA announces
the cancellation of two Apollo missions to the Moon, Apollo 15 (the
designation was re-used by a later mission), and Apollo 19.
1974 The sailing boat Morning Cloud III, owned by British prime minister
Heath, sinks in a Force 9 gale in the English Channel. Two people
are killed - including Mr Heath's godson. The £50,000 boat is
later sold for scrap for less than £1,000.
Harrison marries Olivia
1978 Graham Salmon set the worlds record for 100 meters by a blind
1978 John McClain performs 180 outside loops in an airplane over Houston
Arlott, BBC radio commentator, best known for descriptive cricket
commentaries, retires after 35 years of broadcasting
Shamir (Herut) endorsed by Menachem Begin for Israelli PM
Evelyn Smith sentenced to 3 years for death of John
Trump takes out a full page NY Times ad lambasting Japan
1987 West German pilot Mathias
Rust, who flew a private plane from Helsinki Finland, to Moscow's
Red Square, goes on trial in Russia
Rights Now!" tour begins in Wembley
1989 Rev Al
Sharpton leads a civil rights march through Bensonhurst
unilaterally proclaimed as Soviet republic; the Soviet president Mikhail
Gorbachev declares the decision null and void.
1991 The United States recognizes the independence of the Baltic states:
Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
1996 A peace agreement is signed between the Government
of the Republic of the Philippines and the Moro
National Liberation Front in Malacañang Palace.
1996 British boxer Frank
Bruno achieves his dream of becoming world heavyweight champion
when he outpoints Oliver
McCall to win the WBC title at Wembley Stadium in London
1997 Six freelance photographers and a dispatch rider are jointly
charged with manslaughter following the car crash in Paris in which
Diana, Princess of Wales and Dodi
Al Fayed were killed.
1998 A year after her death, the children of Diana, Princess of Wales
- Prince William and Prince Harry - issue a joint statement saying
its time to let their mother ' rest in Peace
Flight 111 crashes near Peggys Cove, Nova Scotia. All 229 people
on board are killed.
1998 The UN's
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda finds Jean-Paul
Akayesu, the former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, guilty of
nine counts of genocide.
vows to step up aid
at bomber video
trial in October'
Britons killed in Afghanistan
pilgrims shot in Iraq
to press Iran on UN demands
army 'in control' of camp
'reaches key nuclear goal'
Korea 'to end nuclear work'
under state of emergency
counts cost of Gustav
survivors' in DR Congo crash
kills top Afghan official
earthquake hits Indonesia
target Mexico rehab centre
which occurred on 2nd September:
1838 Queen Lydia
Kamekeha Liliuokalani last queen of Hawaii (1891-93)
1839 Henry George land reformer/writer (Progress & Poverty)
1850 Albert Spaulding baseball player/founded Spaulding sports company
1850 Eugene Field author/journalist (Little Boy Blue)
1853 Wilhelm Ostwald Germany, physical chemist (Nobel 1909)
1856 Yang Hsiu-ch'ing commander in chief of the Taiping Rebellion
1866 Hiram Johnson (Gov-Progressive-Cal)
1884 Frank Laubach Benton Pa, educator, taught reading through phonetics
19-- Chuck McCann Bkln NY, comedian (Garry Moore Show, Van Dyke &
19-- Don Chastain Okla City, actor (Jim-Debbie Reynolds Show)
19-- Luis Avalos Havana Cuba, actor (Condo, E/R, I Had 3 Wives)
19-- Rosana Desoto San Jose Calif, actress (Diana-Redd Foxx Show)
1904 Set Svanholm V„steras Sweden, tenor (London Convent Garden
1904 Vera Vague [Barbara Jo Allen], NYC, actress (Follow the Leader)
1916 Dorothy May Bundy-Cheney winner of more than 141 US tennis titles
1916 Penny Santon Greenwich Village NY, actress (Roll Out, Matt Houston)
1917 Cleveland Amory Nahant Mass, conservationist/TV reviewer (TV
1918 Allen Drury author (Advise & Consent-1960 Pulitzer Prize)
1918 Martha Mitchell wife of Attorney General John Mitchell
1919 Marge Champion LA Calif, dancer (Marge & Gower Champion Show)
1925 Ronnie Stevens London England, actor (Rodney-Dick & the Duchess)
1927 Trudi Jochum-Beiser Austria, downhill skier (Olympic-gold-1952)
1931 Alan K Simpson (Sen-R-Wyo)
1936 Joan Kennedy 1st wife of Mass Senator, Ted
1937 Peter Ueberroth organized 1984 LA Olympics/baseball commissioner
1940 Beverly Sanders Hollywood Calif, actress (Lotsa Luck, CPO Sharkey)
1940 Jimmy Clanton Baton Rogue, La, rock vocalist (Just a Dream)
1943 Glenn Sather NHL coach (Edmonton Oiler)
1944 Claude Nicollier Vevey Switzerland, astronaut (STS 61-K, sk:
1948 Sharon Christa Corrigan McAuliffe teacher/astronaut (Challenger)
1948 Terry Bradshaw NFL QB (Pittsburgh Steelers)
1951 Mark Harmon Burbank Calif, actor (Dr Caldwell-St Elsewhere)
1951 Michael Gray Chicago Ill, actor (Ronnie-Brian Keith Show)
1952 Jimmy Connors tennis brat (US Open-78,82,83 Wimbledon-74,82)
1955 Linda Purl Greenwich Ct, actress (Gloria-Happy Days, Matlock)
1958 Marlene Janssen Rock Island Ill, playmate (Nov, 1982)
1960 Eric Dickerson Texas, NFL halfback (LA Rams, Indianapolis Colts)
1964 Keanu Reeves actor (Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure)
1969 Mark Brettschneider Cincinnati Oh, actor (Jason-One Life to Live)
Deaths which occurred
on September 2nd:
1547 Hernan Cortes Spanish general defeated Aztec Indians
1937 Baron Pierre de Coubertin revivor of Olympics, dies at 74
1970 Allan Walker actor/writer (Red Buttons Show), dies at 64
1982 Jay Novello actor, dies of cancer at 78
1982 Tom Baker actor, dies of a drug overdose at 42