2nd September, on this day

490 BC - Phidippides runs 1st marathon, seeking aid from Sparta vs Persia
44 BC - Pharaoh Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion.
44 BC - The first of Cicero’s Philippics (oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them over the next several months.
31 BC - A naval force, commanded by Mark Anthony and including a squadron of ships supplied by Egyptian Queen Cleopatra, is defeated at the Battle of Actium by Roman Legions under the command of Augustus Caesar
1649 The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.
1666 The Great Fire of London begins in Pudding Lane. It ends on September 6th at Pye Corner - the flames put out by rain. Although an enormous number of properties are burnt (approx 13,000 buildings are destroyed), only six people are killed
1752 The United Kingdom adopts the Gregorian Calendar : last day of Julian calendar in Britain and British colonies
1789 US Treasury Department established by Congress
1792 During what became known as the September Massacres of the French Revolution, rampaging mobs slaughter three Roman Catholic Church bishops, more than two hundred priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.
1806 A side of Rossberg Peak collapses into Goldau Valleym Switzerland, kills 500
1807 Royal Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.
1843 In Britain, the publication of the first edition of the Economist magazine
1856 Tianjing's struggle Incident in Nanjing, China
1862 President Abraham Lincoln reluctantly restores Union General George B. McClellan to full command after General John Pope's disastrous defeat at the Battle of Second Bull Run.
1864 During the American Civil War, Union forces commanded by General William Sherman, occupy Atlanta, Georgia
1865 End of the Second Maori War in New Zealand
1866 The general assembly of Crete proclaims the abolition of Turkish authority and union with Greece
1870 Franco-Prussian War: Battle of Sedan - Prussian forces take French Emperor Napoleon III and 100,000 of his soldiers prisoner.
1885 - In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who were struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town.
1898 British troops, led by Lord Kitchener, defeat the Sudanese at the Battle of Omdurman and re-occupy the Sudanese capital , Khartoum
1901 US President Theodore Roosevelt makes his famous remark regarding American foreign policy saying America should 'speak softly and carry a big stick'
1906 Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen successfully finds and sails through the 'Northwest Passage' across the northern coast of Canada
1916 In Northumberland, England, the last of the famous Blaydon Races - immortalised in the traditional northeast folk song
1923 The first elections are held in the Irish Free State following independence from Britain
1924 Rudolf Friml's "Rose Marie" opens to rave reviews in NYC
1925 The U.S. Zeppelin the USS Shenandoah crashes, killing 14.
1930 French aviators Dieudonne Coste and Maurice Bellonte complete the first non-stop flight from Europe to the United States of America (37 hrs)
1935 A hurricane slams the Florida Keys killing 423
1936 1st transatlantic round-trip air flight
1939 Following the invasion of Poland, Freie Stadt Danzig Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland) is annexed to Nazi Germany.
1939 On the eve of World War II, Britain introduces compulsary military service for all men aged between 18 - 41
1944 Anne Frank (Diary of Anne Frank), is sent to Auschwitz
1944 During WW II, George Bush ejects from a burning plane
1945 Proclaimation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam with Ho Chi-Minh its first president
1945 The formal Japanese surrender to the Allies at the end of World War II is signed on board the American battleship, the Missouri
1949 Fire in riverfront area kills 1,700 (Chungking, China)
1954 Hurricane Edna batters NE US, killing 20
1956 Collapse of a RR bridge under a train kills 120 (India)
1958 U.S. Air Force C-130A-II is shot down by fighters over Yerevan, Armenia when it strays into Soviet airspace while conducting a sigint mission. All crew lost.
1958 China's first television station opens in Peking
1963 Alabama Gov George C Wallace prevents integration of Tuskegee HS
1963 CBS Evening News becomes U.S. network television's first half-hour weeknight news broadcast, when the show is lengthened from 15 to 30 minutes
1967 The Principality of Sealand is established, ruled by Prince Paddy Roy Bates.
1969 The first automatic teller machine in the United States is installed in Rockville Center, New York.
1970 NASA announces the cancellation of two Apollo missions to the Moon, Apollo 15 (the designation was re-used by a later mission), and Apollo 19.
1974 The sailing boat Morning Cloud III, owned by British prime minister Edward Heath, sinks in a Force 9 gale in the English Channel. Two people are killed - including Mr Heath's godson. The £50,000 boat is later sold for scrap for less than £1,000.
1978 George Harrison marries Olivia
1978 Graham Salmon set the worlds record for 100 meters by a blind man
1978 John McClain performs 180 outside loops in an airplane over Houston
1980 John Arlott, BBC radio commentator, best known for descriptive cricket commentaries, retires after 35 years of broadcasting
1983 Yitzhak Shamir (Herut) endorsed by Menachem Begin for Israelli PM
1986 Cathy Evelyn Smith sentenced to 3 years for death of John Belushi
1987 Donald Trump takes out a full page NY Times ad lambasting Japan
1987 West German pilot Mathias Rust, who flew a private plane from Helsinki Finland, to Moscow's Red Square, goes on trial in Russia
1988 Amnesty International's "Human Rights Now!" tour begins in Wembley
1989 Rev Al Sharpton leads a civil rights march through Bensonhurst
1990 Transnistria unilaterally proclaimed as Soviet republic; the Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev declares the decision null and void.
1991 The United States recognizes the independence of the Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
1996 A peace agreement is signed between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Moro National Liberation Front in Malacañang Palace.
1996 British boxer Frank Bruno achieves his dream of becoming world heavyweight champion when he outpoints Oliver McCall to win the WBC title at Wembley Stadium in London
1997 Six freelance photographers and a dispatch rider are jointly charged with manslaughter following the car crash in Paris in which Diana, Princess of Wales and Dodi Al Fayed were killed.
1998 A year after her death, the children of Diana, Princess of Wales - Prince William and Prince Harry - issue a joint statement saying its time to let their mother ' rest in Peace
1998 Swissair Flight 111 crashes near Peggys Cove, Nova Scotia. All 229 people on board are killed.
1998 The UN's International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda finds Jean-Paul Akayesu, the former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, guilty of nine counts of genocide.

2nd September 2005

Bush vows to step up aid

Outrage at bomber video

Saddam trial in October'

2nd September 2006

14 Britons killed in Afghanistan

Asian pilgrims shot in Iraq

Annan to press Iran on UN demands

2nd September 2007

Lebanon army 'in control' of camp

Iran 'reaches key nuclear goal'

North Korea 'to end nuclear work'

2nd September 2008

Bangkok under state of emergency

Louisiana counts cost of Gustav

'No survivors' in DR Congo crash

2nd September 2009

Blast kills top Afghan official

Deadly earthquake hits Indonesia

Gunmen target Mexico rehab centre

2nd September 2010

Birthdates which occurred on 2nd September:

1838 Queen Lydia Kamekeha Liliuokalani last queen of Hawaii (1891-93)
1839 Henry George land reformer/writer (Progress & Poverty)
1850 Albert Spaulding baseball player/founded Spaulding sports company
1850 Eugene Field author/journalist (Little Boy Blue)
1853 Wilhelm Ostwald Germany, physical chemist (Nobel 1909)
1856 Yang Hsiu-ch'ing commander in chief of the Taiping Rebellion
1866 Hiram Johnson (Gov-Progressive-Cal)
1884 Frank Laubach Benton Pa, educator, taught reading through phonetics
19-- Chuck McCann Bkln NY, comedian (Garry Moore Show, Van Dyke & Company)
19-- Don Chastain Okla City, actor (Jim-Debbie Reynolds Show)
19-- Luis Avalos Havana Cuba, actor (Condo, E/R, I Had 3 Wives)
19-- Rosana Desoto San Jose Calif, actress (Diana-Redd Foxx Show)
1904 Set Svanholm V„steras Sweden, tenor (London Convent Garden 1948-57)
1904 Vera Vague [Barbara Jo Allen], NYC, actress (Follow the Leader)
1916 Dorothy May Bundy-Cheney winner of more than 141 US tennis titles
1916 Penny Santon Greenwich Village NY, actress (Roll Out, Matt Houston)
1917 Cleveland Amory Nahant Mass, conservationist/TV reviewer (TV Guide)
1918 Allen Drury author (Advise & Consent-1960 Pulitzer Prize)
1918 Martha Mitchell wife of Attorney General John Mitchell
1919 Marge Champion LA Calif, dancer (Marge & Gower Champion Show)
1925 Ronnie Stevens London England, actor (Rodney-Dick & the Duchess)
1927 Trudi Jochum-Beiser Austria, downhill skier (Olympic-gold-1952)
1931 Alan K Simpson (Sen-R-Wyo)
1936 Joan Kennedy 1st wife of Mass Senator, Ted
1937 Peter Ueberroth organized 1984 LA Olympics/baseball commissioner
1940 Beverly Sanders Hollywood Calif, actress (Lotsa Luck, CPO Sharkey)
1940 Jimmy Clanton Baton Rogue, La, rock vocalist (Just a Dream)
1943 Glenn Sather NHL coach (Edmonton Oiler)
1944 Claude Nicollier Vevey Switzerland, astronaut (STS 61-K, sk: 46)
1948 Sharon Christa Corrigan McAuliffe teacher/astronaut (Challenger)
1948 Terry Bradshaw NFL QB (Pittsburgh Steelers)
1951 Mark Harmon Burbank Calif, actor (Dr Caldwell-St Elsewhere)
1951 Michael Gray Chicago Ill, actor (Ronnie-Brian Keith Show)
1952 Jimmy Connors tennis brat (US Open-78,82,83 Wimbledon-74,82)
1955 Linda Purl Greenwich Ct, actress (Gloria-Happy Days, Matlock)
1958 Marlene Janssen Rock Island Ill, playmate (Nov, 1982)
1960 Eric Dickerson Texas, NFL halfback (LA Rams, Indianapolis Colts)
1964 Keanu Reeves actor (Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure)
1969 Mark Brettschneider Cincinnati Oh, actor (Jason-One Life to Live)


Deaths which occurred on September 2nd:
1547 Hernan Cortes Spanish general defeated Aztec Indians
1937 Baron Pierre de Coubertin revivor of Olympics, dies at 74
1970 Allan Walker actor/writer (Red Buttons Show), dies at 64
1982 Jay Novello actor, dies of cancer at 78
1982 Tom Baker actor, dies of a drug overdose at 42