12th September, on this day

490 BC - Athenians defeat 2nd Persian invasion of Greece at Marathon
1213 Albigensian Crusade: Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester, defeats Peter II of Aragon, at the Battle of Muret.
1229 The Aragonese army under the command of James I of Aragon disembarks at Santa Ponça, Majorca, with the purpose of conquering the island.
1440 Eton College in England is founded by King Henry
1609 English explorer Henry Hudson sails his ship 'Half Moon' into New York harbour and 150 miles further inland to Albany along the waterway now called Hudson River
1649 Drogheda, Ireland falls to Puritan troops; inhabitants massacred
1683 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - Several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire.
1695 NY Jews petition governor Dongan for religious liberties
1758 Charles Messier observes the Crab Nebula and begins catalog
1759 British soldiers captures the town of Quebec.
1776 Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission
1814 Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812
1846 Elizabeth Barrett elopes with Robert Browning.
1847 Mexican-American War: The Battle of Chapultepec begins. U.S. Army deserters in the Saint Patrick's Battalion who fought alongside the Mexican army are hanged en masse for treason by the order of General Winfield Scott.
1848 Switzerland became a Federal state.
1857 423 die when "SS Central America" sinks off Cape Romain SC
1878 An ancient Egyptian obelisk - a 68 feet high pillar of granite known as Cleopatra's Needle, is presented toBritain and erected on the embankment of the River Thames in London
1890 Salisbury, Rhodesia, is founded.
1897 Tirah Campaign: Battle of Saragarhi
1901 Arabs attack Gedara, Palestine
1910 The Los Angeles Police Department appoints the world's first police woman - former social worker Alice Stebbin Wells
1918 During WW I, US forces launch an attack on German-occupied St Mihiel
1920 7th Olympic games close in Antwerp, Belgium
1923 Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
1928 Katharine Hepburn's NY stage debut in "Night Hostess"
1933 Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction.
1934 Baltic Pact signed by Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia
1935 United States multi-millionaire Howard Hughes achieves the first of several aviation records - flying a plane of his own design at 352.46 mph
1938 Adolf Hitler demands autonomy for the Germans of the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.
1940 49 die and 200 injured when Hercules Powder Co plant explodes (NJ)
1940 In France, the discovery of the Lascaux Caves, containing many prehistoric wall paintings
1941 1st German ship in WW2 captured by US ship (Busko)
1942 RMS Laconia, carrying civilians, Allied soldiers and Italian POWs is torpedoed off the coast of West Africa and sinks.
1942 First day of the Battle of Edson's Ridge during the Guadalcanal campaign. U.S. Marines protecting Henderson Field on Guadalcanal are attacked by Imperial Japanese Army forces.
1943 Benito Mussolini, dictator of Italy, is rescued from house arrest on the Gran Sasso in Abruzzi, by German commando Otto Skorzeny.
1944 The liberation of Serbia from Nazi Germany and the Chetniks continues. Bajina Bašta in western Serbia is among those liberated cities.
1947 The U.S. Screen Actors Guild implements an anti-Communist loyalty oath.
1948 Invasion of the State of Hyderabad by the Indian Army on the day after the Pakistani leader Jinnah's death to limit damage control.
1953 American Senator John F.Kennedy - later to be elected US President - marries Jacqueline Lee Bouvier in Newport, Rhode Island
1953 Nikita Khrushchev becomes 1st Secretary of USSR Communist Party
1956 Black students enter and are barred from Clay Ky elementary school
1959 "Bonanza" premiers
1959 The first spacecraft from earth to land on another planet. A Russian craft, Luna 2, crash-lands on the moon
1964 Typhoon Gloria strikes Taiwan killing 330, with $17.5 million damage
1965 Hurricane Betsy strikes Florida and Louisiana kills 75
1966 "The Monkees," premier on NBC
1966 Gemini XI launched for 71-hour flight the penultimate mission of NASA's Gemini program
1970 Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman.
1970 Concorde, the world's first supersonic airliner, lands at Heathrow Airport in London for the first time to a barrage of complaints about the noise
1970 USSR launches Luna 16; returns samples from lunar Sea of Fertility
1974 Coup overthrows Emperor Haile Selassie in Ethiopia (National Day)
1977 South African black civil rights activist Steve Biko dies after six days in police detention in Port Elizabeth
1978 Situation comedy "Taxi" premiers on ABC television
1979 Indonesia is hit with an earthquake that measures 8.1 on the Richter scale.
1980 Military coup in Turkey
1983 Security guard Victor Gerena robs West Hartford company of $7 million
1983 USSR vetoes UN resolution deploring its shooting down of Korean plane
1984 Country singer Barbara Mandrell is badly injured in a car accident
1986 US professor Joseph Cicippio is kidnapped and held hostage in Beirut
1988 Gilbert, strongest hurricane ever (160 mph), devastates Jamaica
1990 US, England, France, USSR, East and West Germanys sign agreements allowing the 2 Germanys to merge
1992 NASA launches Space Shuttle Endeavour on STS-47 which marked the 50th shuttle mission. On board is Mae Carol Jemison, the first African-American woman in space.
1992 Abimael Guzmán, leader of the Shining Path, is captured by Peruvian special forces; shortly thereafter the rest of the Shining Path's leadership fell as well.
1994 Frank Eugene Corder crashes a Cessna 150 into the White House's south lawn, striking the West wing and killing himself.
2001 Article V of the NATO agreement is invoked for only the second time (the other being in Bosnia) in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks against the United States of America.
2003 The United Nations lifted sanctions against Libya after that country agreed to accept responsibility and recompense the families of victims in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.
2005 The red-green coalition, led by Jens Stoltenberg, wins the Norwegian parliamentary election, taking 87 of 169 seats in the parliament.
2005 Israel completes its withdrawal of all troops and settlers from the Gaza Strip.
2005 Hong Kong Disneyland opens in Penny's Bay, Lantau Island, Hong Kong.
2007 Shinzo Abe announced he resigns as Prime Minister of Japan.
2007 Former Philippine President Joseph Estrada was convicted for the crime of plunder

12th September 2005

Bush sees New Orleans devastation

Palestinians celebrate Gaza exit

Disney launches new HK theme park

12th September 2006

Syrians foil US embassy bombing

Deadly stampede at Yemeni rally

Nato 'must boost Afghan numbers'

12th September 2007

Putin names next prime minister

Japanese prime minister resigns

Russia tests giant fuel-air bomb

12th September 2008

'Many killed' in Iraq car bombing

1,000s stranded by XL collapse

Palin makes US TV interview debut

12th September 2009

Deadly car bomb blast in Kashmir

Mugabe hails landmark EU meeting

French unease at telecom suicides

12th September 2010

Birthdates which occurred on 12th September:

1720 Frederick Philipse III NYC, land owner (Bronx, Westchester & Putnam)
1788 Alexander Campbell founded Disciples of Christ
1818 Richard Jordan Gatling US, inventor (hand-cranked machine gun)
1829 Charles Dudley Warner Mass, newspaperman/author (Being a Boy)
1852 HH Asquith (L) British PM (1908-16)
1871 Prince Friedrich of Liechtenstein, Romania
1880 Henry L Mencken Baltimore, Md, newspaperman/critic (Prejudices)
1888 Maurice Chevalier Paris, thanked heaven for little girls (Gigi)
1892 Alfred A Knopf US, publisher (1966 Alexander Hamilton Medal)
1894 Billy Gilbert Louisville Ky, (Great Dictator, His Gal Friday)
1898 Ben Shahn painter (1964 Arts & Letters)
19-- Bruce Mahler NYC, comedian (Fridays)
19-- Gianna Maria Canale Italy, actress (Go For Broke, Sword & Cross)
19-- Jeff McCracken Chicago Ill, actor (Bay City Blues, Hawaiian Heat)
1901 Ben Blue Montreal, actor (Accidental Family, Frank Sinatra Show)
1902 Margaret Hamilton Ohio, wicked witch of the west (Wizard of Oz)
1909 Spud Chandler baseball player (AL MVP 1943)
1913 Jesse Owens track star, spoiled Hitler's 1936 Olympics with 4 gold
1915 Billy Daniels Jacksonville Fla, singer (Billy Daniels Show)
1920 Irene Daily actress (Liz-Another World, Grissom Gang)
1921 Am¡lcar Cabral worked for independence of Portuguese Africa
1921 Frank McGee Monroe La, news anchor (NBC Evening News)
1921 Stanislaw Lem Poland, science-fiction writer (Solaris)
1924 Howard Curtis Nelson (Rep-R-Ut)
1925 Dickie Moore LA Calif, actor (Expert, Oliver Twist, Little Men)
1931 George Jones country singer (White Lightning, He Stopped Loving Her Today, I Don't Need Your Rockin' Chair)
1931 Ian Holm Ilford Essex England, actor (Himmler-Holocaust)
1934 Gunther Gebel-Williams lion tamer (Ringling Bros Circus)
1935 Richard H Hunt Chicago, sculptor (Pyramidal Construction)
1938 Tatiana Troyanos NYC, mezzo-soprano (Octavian-Der Rosenleavalier)
1940 Linda Gray Santa Monica Calif, actress (Sue Ellen Ewing-Dallas)
1940 Mickey Lolich Detroit Tiger pitcher (won 25 in 1971)
1940 Stephen J Solarz (Rep-D-NY)
1940 Susan Sennett Santa Monica Calif, actress (Big Bad Mama)
1943 Maria Muldaur Greenwich Village, NY, singer (Midnight at the Oasis)
1944 Barry White Galveston Tx, singer (Love's Theme)
1945 John Mauceri NYC, conductor (Wash DC Opera)
1945 Vern M Lindblad Seattle WA, Turkologist
1949 Irina Rodnina USSR, pairs figure skater (Olympic-gold-1972, 76, 80)
1951 Joe Pantoliano actor (The Finelli Boys)
1952 Gerry Beckley rock vocalist/guitarist (America-Daisy Jane)
1953 John Williams US, archer (Olympic-gold-1972)
1954 Peter Scolari New Rochelle NY, actor (Jerry-Newhart)
1955 Nina Blackwood Mass, actress/VJ (MTV, Solid Gold, Vice Squad)
1957 Rachel Ward Cornwell Manor England, actress (Thorn Birds)
1958 Wilfredo Benitez PR, boxer (world champ at 17y176d)
1977 James Louis McCartney son of Paul & Linda McCartney


Deaths which occurred on September 12th:
1953 Lewis Stone actor (Prisoner of Zenda), dies at 73 of a heart attack
1972 William Boyd cowboy (Hopalong Cassidy), dies at 77
1977 Steven Biko S African black student leader, dies in police custody
1980 Lillian Randolph actress (Roots, Amos n Andy), dies at 65
1986 Frank Nelson actor (Ralph-I Love Lucy, Jack Benny Show), dies at 75
1988 Alan Bible (Sen-D-Nev, 1954-74), dies at 78
1988 Lauris Norstad NATO commander/CEO Corning Fiberglass, dies at 71
1991 Regis Toomey actor (You're in the Army Now), dies at 93