September, on this day
9 - Battle
of the Teutoburg Forest ends.
506 The bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde.
II Angelus kills Stephanus Hagiochristophorites and then appeals
to the people, resulting in the revolt which deposes Andronicus I
Comnenus and places Isaac on the throne of the Byzantine Empire.
1226 The Roman Catholic practice of perpetual adoration begins.
1297 Scottish hero William
Wallace defeats the English at Stirling Bridge
Civil War (1389–1392): the Teutonic Knights started a five-week
siege of Vilnius
1541 Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by indigenous warriors, lead by
1609 Expulsion order announced against the Moriscos of Valencia; beginning
of the expulsion of all Spain's Moriscos.
1609 Navigator Henry
Hudson discovers island of Manhattan
1649 English troops, commanded by Oliver Cromwell, besiege Drogheda
in Ireland. When the town is finally captured, most of the inhabitants
III Sobieski of Poland arrives on Kahlen Hill, leading to the
Battle of Vienna
1708 Charles XII of Sweden stops his march to conquer Moscow outside
Smolensk, marking the turning point in the Great Northern War. The
army is defeated nine months later in the battle of Poltava, and the
Swedish empire is no longer a major power.
1709 The Battle
of Malplaquet. An Anglo-Dutch-Austrian force, commanded by the
Duke of Marlborough, defeats the French in the last major land battle
of the War of Spanish Succession (1701-1714)
1714 Barcelona surrenders to Spanish and French Bourbon armies in
the War of the Spanish Succession.
1773 Benjamin Franklin writes "There never was a good war or
1776 British-American peace conference on Staten Island fails to stop
nascent American Revolution.
1777 American troops led by George Washington, are defeated by the
British at the Battle
of Brandywine Creek during the American War of Independence
1786 The Beginning of the Annapolis Convention.
1792 Hope Diamond is stolen along with other crown jewels when six
men broke into the house used to store the jewels.
1802 France annexed the Kingdom of Piedmont.
of Lake Champlain, NY; Americans defeat British
1830 Ecuador becomes a Republic within the Confederation of Colombia
1841 The start of the commuter age in southeast England when the London
to Brighton express train begins a regular service - taking 105 minutes
1847 Stephen Foster's well-known song, Oh! Susanna, is first performed
at a saloon in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
1853 1st electric telegraph in use, Merchant's Exchange to Pt Lobos
1855 The city of Sebastopol, the main naval base for the Russian fleet
on the Black Sea, is taken by by British and French troops during
the Crimean War
1857 The Mountain Meadows Massacre: Mormon settlers and Paiutes massacre
120 pioneers at Mountain Meadows, Utah.
1875 1st newspaper cartoon strip
1879 260 miners die in an explosion at the Prince of Wales Colliery,
at Abercare, Wales
1881 Triple landslides bury Elm, Switz
1888 Death of the Argentine politician Domingo
Sarmiento, after whom the Latin American Teacher's Day was chosen.
1891 The Jewish
Colonization Association is established by Baron Maurice de Hirsch.
World Parliament of Religions conference held.
1895 In England, the prestigious FA Cup trophy is stolen from football
outfitters William Shillock of Birmingham. 68 years later an 83 year
old man confesses he'd melted it down to make counterfeit halfcrown
1897 After months of pursuit, generals of Menelik II of Ethiopia capture
Gaki Sherocho, the last king of Kaffa, bringing an end to that ancient
1903 First race is held at The Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin.
It is the oldest major speedway in the world.
1906 Mahatma Gandhi coins the term Satyagraha
to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.
1914 In America, W.C Handy publishes his 'St
Louis Blues' which has since been recorded more than100 times
1914 Australia invades New Britain, defeating a German contingent
1915 The Pennsylvania Railroad begins electrified commuter rail service
between Paoli and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, using overhead AC trolley
wires for power.
1916 The Quebec
Bridge's central span collapses, killing 11 men. The bridge initially
collapsed in toto on August 29, 1907.
1919 US marines invade Honduras
1921 Nahalal, the
first moshav in Israel, is settled.
mandate of Palestine begins
1922 The Treaty
of Kars is ratified in Yerevan, Armenia.
1922 One of the Herald Sun of Melbourne, Australia's predecessor papers
The Sun News-Pictorial is founded.
ZR-1 (biggest active dirigible) flies over NY's tallest skyscraper,
the Woolworth Tower
1926 An assassination attempt on Benito Mussolini fails.
1930 Stomboli volcano (Sicily) throws 2-ton basaltic rocks 2 miles
Maranzano is murdered by Charles Luciano's hitmen.
1932 Franciszek Zwirko and Stanislaw Wigura, Polish Challenge 1932
winners, killed in a plane crash as their RWD 6 crashed into the ground
during a storm
1936 FDR dedicates Boulder Dam, now known as Hoover Dam
Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.
1940 Buckingham Palace is damaged during a German air raid.
1941 Ground broken for the construction of The Pentagon.
Lindbergh, charges "the British, the Jewish and the Roosevelt
administration" are trying to get the US into WW II
1941 FDR orders any Axis ship found in American waters be shot on
1943 German troops occupy Corsica and Kosovo-Metohija.
1943 Start of the liquidation of the Ghettos in Minsk and Lida by
1944 FDR and Churchill meet in Canada at the 2nd Quebec Conference
1944 The first allied troops of the U.S. Army cross the western border
of Nazi Germany.
1944 RAF bombing raid on Darmstadt
and the following firestorm kill 11,500.
1945 Liberation of the Japanese-run POW and civilian internee camp
at Batu Lintang, Kuching, Sarawak on the island of Borneo by Australian
9th Division forces. Over 2,000 prisoners, including women and children,
were due to be executed on September 15.
1946 1st mobile long-distance car-to-car telephone conversation
1950 1st typesetting machine to dispense with metal type exhibited
1950 33 die in a train crash in Coshocton, Ohio
Tracy TV show sparks uproar concerning violence
Chadwick becomes 1st woman to swim the English Channel from England
to France. It takes 16 hours and 19 minutes
1951 First performance of Stravinsky's 'The
Rake's Progress' in Venice
1952 West German Chancellor Adenauer
signs a reparation pact for Jews
1954 1st Miss America TV broadcast
1955 Dedication of the first Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ
of Latter-day Saints in Europe, the Bern Switzerland Temple.
1956 People to People International is founded by President Dwight
1960 Young Americans for Freedom meeting at home of William F. Buckley,
Jr. promulgates the Sharon Statement.
1960 The 17th Olympic games close in Rome
1961 Formation of the World Wildlife Fund.
1961 Hurricane Carla strikes the Texas coast as a Category 4 hurricane,
the strongest storm ever to hit the state.
1961 Bob Dylan's 1st NY performance
1962 British group 'The Beatles' record their first single 'Love Me
Do' at the Abbey Road Studios in north London
1964 George Harrison forms Mornyork Ltd music publishing company
1965 Beatles' "Help!," album goes to number 1 and stays
for 9 weeks
1965 The 1st Cavalry Division of the United States Army arrives in
1967 US Surveyor 5 makes 1st chemical analysis of lunar material
France Flight 1611 crashes off Nice, France, killing 89 passengers
and 6 crew.
1970 88 of the hostages from the Dawson's Field hijackings are released.
The remaining hostages, mostly Jews or Israeli citizens, are held
until September 25.
1970 The Ford Pinto
1971 The Egyptian
Constitution becomes official.
1972 The first transmission in Britain of the BBC TV quiz programme,
1973 A military junta, backed by the United States of America, overthrows
the elected Government in Chile
Air Lines Flight 212 crashes in Charlotte, North Carolina, killing
69 passengers and two crew. 978 U.S. President Jimmy Carter, President
Sadat of Egypt, and Prime Minister Begin of Israel met at Camp David
and agreed on a framework for peace between Israel and Egypt and a
comprehensive peace in the Middle East.
1978 Bulgarian defector Georgi
Markov is stabbed with a poisoned umbrella by an unknown secret
agent in London. The poison brings on a coma and Markov dies four
1980 Voters approve the present Constitution of Chile.
1981 A small plane crashes into the Swing Auditorium in San Bernardino
damaging it beyond repair.
1982 The international forces, which were guaranteeing the safety
of Palestinian refugees following Israel's 1982 Invasion of Lebanon,
left Beirut. Five days later, several thousand refugees were massacred
in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps.
1982 39 sky-divers are killed in a helicopter crash in West Germany
1986 In Britain, 'Coronation
Street' actress Pat
Phoenix marries long-term friend Tony Booth in hospital
formally pleads guilty to security fraud
1989 The iron curtain opens between the communist Hungary and Austria.
From Hungary thousands of East Germans throng to Austria and West
1990 U.S. President George H. W. Bush delivers a nationally televised
speech in which he threatens the use of force to remove Iraqi soldiers
from Kuwait, which Iraq had recently invaded. He mentions the term
World Order" in this speech for the first time, which is
also named "Towards a New World Order".(full text of the
1991 "La Toya:
Growing Up in the Jackson Family" goes on sale
1991 14 die in a Continental Express commuter plane crash near Houston
Iniki, one of the most damaging hurricanes in United States history
, devastates the State of Hawaii, especially the islands of Kauai
Eugene Corder steals a Cessna plane, intending to crash it into
the White House.
1997 In a national referendum on devolution, the people of Scotland
vote 'Yes' to creating their own Parliament for the first time in
more than 300 years
1997 NASA's Mars
Global Surveyor reaches Mars.
1998 Opening ceremony for the 1998
Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Malaysia was the
first Asian country to host the games
1998 In America, Kenneth
Starr - the Independent Counsel appointed to report on the behaviour
of US President Bill Clinton - publishes his report - listing 11potential
2000 Activists protest against the World Economic Forum meeting in
hijacked planes crashed into the twin towers of the World Trade Center.
Thousands of people were killed by the impact, and by the dramatic,
and tragic collapse of the buildings. Many more are injured in an
almost simultaneous attack on the Pentagon in Washington DC. It is
the single largest terrorist attack that the world has ever known,
and sends shock waves across the world
2002 Through extreme and coordinated effort, The Pentagon is rededicated
after repairs are completed, exactly one year after the attack on
2003 Swedish foreign minister Anna
Lindh dies after being assaulted and fatally wounded on September
2003 The Cartagena
Protocol on Biosafety enters into effect.
2004 All passengers are killed when a helicopter crashes in the Aegean
Sea. Passengers include Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria and 16 others
(including journalists and bishops of the Greek Orthodox Church of
2005 The State of Israel completes its unilateral disengagement from
the Gaza Strip.
2007 Russia tests the largest conventional weapon ever, the Father
of all bombs.
flag lowered over Gaza
rioters 'meant to kill police'
remembers 9/11 five years on
al-Qaeda warning marks 9/11
Beirut protests greet Blair
injures dozens in Israel
bomb 'catastrophe' foiled
attack Iraq testimony
rivals agree unity deal
Korea 'builds new missile site'
Tunnel shut after blaze
marks 9/11 amid shooting scare
against Iran attack
arrests in Pakistan
which occurred on 11th September:
1835 Brig Gen William
Wirt Allen 1st Alabama Cavalry
1862 O Henry pen name of William Sidney Porter, short story writer
1877 Sir James Jeans England, physicist/mathematician/astronomer
1885 David Herbert "DH" Lawrence England, writer (Lady Chatterly's
1885 Eratstus Flaval Beadle publisher (Beadle's Dime Novels)
19-- Henderson Forsythe Macon, Mo, actor (As the World Turns)
19-- Julie Payne Terre Haute, actress (Wizards & Warriors, Duck
19-- Laura Sisk actress (Allison-Loving)
1902 Alice Tully Corning, NY, singer/patroness (Carnegie Hall)
1909 Anne Seymour Engld, actress (Gemini Affair, Empire, Tim Conway
1909 William Natcher (Rep-D-Ky)
1913 Bear Bryant keeps Crimson Tide winning (Alabama)
1915 Jack Fascinato Bevier Mo, pianist/orch leader (Kukla Fran &
1917 Ferdinand Marcos Philippines Pres (1965-86)
1922 Charles Evers civil rights leader (Amazing Grace)
1923 Alan Badel Manchester England, actor (Shogun)
1923 Betsy Drake fitness expert/actress (Every Girl Should be Married)
1924 Daniel Kahikina Akaka (Rep-D-Hawaii)
1924 Tom Landry NFL player (NY Giants), coach (Dallas Cowboys)
1926 Alfred Slote author (Love & Tennis, Omega Station)
1928 Earl Holliman La, actor (Police Woman, Tribes, Cry Panic)
1928 Reubin Askew (Gov-Fla)
1929 David S Broder Chicago Hgts Ill, journalist (1973 Pulitzer Prize)
1930 Cathryn Damon Seattle Wash, actress (Mary Campbell-Soap)
1932 Herbert "Sonny" Leon Callahan (Rep-R-Ala)
1932 Robert Packwood (Sen-R-Ore)
1932 Valentino Milan Italy, fashion designer (Jacqueline Kennedy Onasis)
1935 Gherman Titov USSR, 1st man to spend a day in space (Vostok 2)
1936 Charles Dierkop LaCrosse Wisc, actor (Det Pete Royster-Police
1937 Robert Crippen Beaumont Tx, Capt USN/astronaut (STS 1, 7, 41C,
1939 Lola Falana Camden NJ, singer (Liberation of LB Jones)
1940 Brian DePalma film director (Body Double, Dressed to Kill)
1942 Tom Dreesen comedian (Tim Ried's partner)
1945 Leo Kottke Athens Ga, guitarist (Ice Water, Greenhouse)
1949 Marty Liquori US, runner (AAU 3 mile-1979 (13:14.7))
1954 Reed Birney Alexandria Va, entertainer (Greatest Man in the World)
1957 Jon Moss rocker (Culture Club-Do You Really Want to Hurt Me)
1958 Mick Talbot rocker (Style Council-You're the Best Thing)
1960 Neal X rocker (Sigue Sigue Sputnik-Love Missile F-111)
1961 Virginia Madsen Chicago Ill, actress (Dune, Hot Spot, Class)
1962 Elizabeth Daily actress (Street Music)
1962 Kristy McNichol LA Calif, actress (Buddy-Family, Barbara-Empty
1963 Bonnie Gadusek Pittsburgh, tennis player (French Juniors 1981)
1967 Kendra Lee Ruwe Madison Idaho, Miss Idaho-America (1991)
Deaths which occurred
on September 11th:
1712 GD Cassini French astronomer, dies
1948 Quaid-i-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah dies
1959 Paul Douglas actor (Adventure Theater), dies at 52
1966 Charlie Cantor actor (Artie-Ray Bolger Show), dies at 68
1970 Chester Morris actor (Diagnosis: Unknown), dies at 69
1971 Nikita Khrushchev dies of a heart attack at 77
1971 Percy Helton actor (Homer-Beverly Hillbillies), dies at 77
1981 Frank McHugh actor (Dawn Patrol, Going My Way), dies at 83
1987 Lorne Greene actor (Bonanza, Battlestar Galactica), dies at 72
1988 George Alpert railroad executive, dies at 90
1988 Luis W Alvarez physicist (Nobel-1968), dies at 77
1988 Peter Tosh reggae singer shot dead at 43 in Jamacia