8th October, on this day
314 Roman Emperor
is defeated by his colleague Constantine
I at the Battle
of Cibalae, and loses his European territories.
451 At Chalcedon,
a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor, the first session of the Council
of Chalcedon begins
Zvonimir is crowned king of Croatia
I of Aragon conquers Valencia and founds the Kingdom of Valencia.
standing on the Ugra river, a standoff between the forces of Akhmat
Khan, Khan of the Great
Horde, and the Grand Duke
Ivan III of Russia, which resulted in the retreat of the Tataro-Mongols
and eventual disintegration of the Horde
1573 End of the Spanish siege of Alkmaar,
first Dutch victory in Eighty
1582 Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this
day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1600 San Marino adopts its written constitution.
1604 The supernova called "Kepler's
nova" is 1st sighted
1775 In US, officers decide to bar slaves and free blacks from Continental
1818 2 English boxers are 1st to use padded gloves
1822 1st eruption of Galunggung
(Java) sends boiling sludge into valley
Rocket wins The
1856 The Second
Opium War between several western powers and China begins with
the Arrow Incident on the Pearl
1860 In US, telegraph line between LA and SF opens
of Perryville, Union forces under General Don
Carlos Buell halt the Confederate invasion of Kentucky by defeating
troops led by General
Braxton Bragg at Perryville, Kentucky.
1865 Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains
1871 Four major fires break out on the shores of Lake Michigan in
Chicago, Peshtigo, Wisconsin, Holland, Michigan, and Manistee, Michigan.
Chicago Fire is the most famous of these, having left nearly 100,000
people homeless, although the Peshtigo
Fire killed as many as 2,500 people making it the deadliest fire
in United States history.
1879 The Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle
of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel
Grau is killed in the encounter.
proclaimed British territory
1891 In Britain, the first official street collections for charity
in Manchester and Salford for 'Lifeboat
Myeongseong, the last empress of Korea, is assassinated and her
corpse burnt by the Japanese in Gyeongbok Palace.
1896 Dow Jones starts reporting an average of industrial stocks
1905 Charles Nessler first uses a permanent waving machine on a woman's
hair. The cost of the seven hour 'perm' is 10 guineas.
1906 Karl Nessler demonstrates 1st 'permanent wave' for hair, in London
1908 The children's classic, 'Wind
in the Willows' by Kenneth Grahame, is published for the first
Balkan War begins - Montenegro declares war against Turkey.
1918 Sgt Alvin
York single-handedly kills 25, captures 132 Germans
1925 In Britain, jockey Eileen Joel becomes the first woman to win
an open race - at Newmarket
1932 The Indian Air Force is established.
Hauptmann is indicted for murder of Lindbergh's son
Nelson marries Harriet Hilliard (Ozzie and Harriet)
1939 Germany annexes Western Poland
1941 During their invasion of the Soviet Union, Germany reaches the
Sea of Azov with the capture of Mariupol.
1944 The Battle
of Crucifix Hill, a World War II battle, occurs on Crucifix Hill
just outside of Aachen. Capt.
Bobbie Brown receives a Medal of Honor for his heroics in this
of Ozzie and Harriet" debut on CBS radio
1945 Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada
1952 At, Harrow, England, 2 trains collide with a derailed commuter
train, kills 112
1955 Worlds most powerful aircraft carrier, Saratoga
1957 Turkish and Syrian border guards exchange fire
1962 Algeria admitted as 109th member of the UN
scandal: Der Spiegel publishes the article "Bedingt abwehrbereit"
("Conditionally prepared for defense") about a NATO manoeuver
called "Fallex 62", which uncovered the sorry state of the
Bundeswehr (Germany's army) facing the communist threat from the east
at the time. The magazine was soon accused of treason.
1962 N Korea reports 100% election turnout, 100% vote for Workers'
1963 Sultan of Zanzibar cedes his mainland possessions to Kenya
1964 Ringo Starr takes and passes his driving test
1965 The official opening of one of London's tallest landmarks, the
Office Tower'. British prime minister Harold Wilson makes the
first telephone call
1967 Britain introduces the 'breathaliser'
- to check the alcohol levels of drivers. A driver in Somerset becomes
the first to be breathalised
1967 Guerrilla leader Che
Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia.
Sealords - United States and South Vietnamese forces launch a
new operation in the Mekong Delta.
1969 The opening rally of the Days
of Rage occurs, organized by the Weather
Underground in Chicago, Illinois.
1970 Soviet author Alexander I Solzhenitsyn
awarded Nobel Prize for Literature
1970 Vietnam War: In Paris, a Communist delegation rejects US President
Richard Nixon's October 7 peace proposal as "a maneuver to deceive
1971 John Lennon releases "Imagine"
1973 Britain's first legal commercial radio, LBC,
Kippur War: Gabi Amir's armored brigade attacks Egyptian occupied
positions on the Israeli side of the Suez Canal, in hope of driving
them away. The attack fails, and over 150 Israeli tanks are destroyed.
National Bank collapses due to fraud and mismanagement; at the
time it was the largest bank failure in the history of the United
Warby set the world water speed record at 319.627 mph
1981 President Reagan greeted predecessors Jimmy Carter, Gerald R
Ford and Richard Nixon before sending them to Egypt for Anwar Sadat's
1982 Poland bans Solidarity
1988 Fire in Seattle's Space
Needle causes evacuation, $2,000 damage
1990 In Jerusalem, Israeli police kill 17 Palestinians and wound over
100 near the Dome
of the Rock mosque on the Temple Mount
1990 US doctors Joseph
E Murray and E
Donnall Thomas win Nobel Prize
1991 The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia
1996 The Sun newspaper admits that the picture it published allegedly
showing Diana, Princess of Wales with Captain James
Hewitt, had been a hoax
twin engine Cessna and Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) jetliner
collide in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan, Italy killing 118.
2001 U.S. President George
W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office
of Homeland Security.
2005 The Kashmir
earthquake hits parts of northern South Asia at 03:50 UTC.
die in South Asia quake
storm death toll soars
ice satellite feared lost
rages in Shia Iraqi town
Venezuela opposition rally
Trek sale stuns auctioneers
Pakistani troops 'missing'
executed in Afghanistan
gene work scoops Nobel Prize
banks cut interest rates
strikes Iraqi courthouse
raid Nigeria 'baby farm'
bomb strikes India embassy
'kill 17 Indian police'
disarmed in Nigeria
which occurred on 8th October:
1869 J Frank Duryea
inventor (1st auto built & operated in the US)
1872 John Cowper Powys British writer (Wood & Stone)
1873 Ejnar Hertzsprung Denmark, astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram)
1890 Eddie Rickenbacker aviator "Ace of Aces" (WW I)
1895 Juan Per¢n Argentine Pres (1946-55, 1973-74)
1895 King Zog I of Albania (1928-1939)
1897 Rouben Mamoulian movie director/author (Mark of Zorro, Applause)
19-- Michael Dudikoff Redondo Beach Calif, actor (Star of the Family)
19-- Roger Wilson New Orleans LA, actor (Daniel-7 Brides for 7 Brothers)
1903 Lina Radke Germany, 800m runner (Olympic-gold-1928)
1909 Bill Hewitt NFL end (Chicago Bears, Phila Eagles)
1913 Walter Schumann NYC, choral director (Ford Show)/composer (Rhenish)
1916 Spark Matsunaga (D-Ha-Sen)
1917 Danny Murtaugh baseball manager (Pittsburgh Pirates)
1920 Frank Herbert sci-fi writer (Dune)
1920 Maxie Herber Germany, figure skater pairs (Olympic-gold-1936)
1920 Ron Randell Sydney Australia, actor (Loves of Carmen, I am a
1924 Arkady Vorobyev Middle heavyweight (Olympic-gold-1956, 60)
1927 Gigi Durston Balt Md, singer (Sonny Kendis Show)
1927 Torbj”rn Falkanger Norway, took Olympic oath (1952)
1930 James Olsen actor (Andromeda Strain, The Spell)
1930 Toru Takemitsu Tokyo Japan, composer (Ki No Kyoko)
1934 J Carter Brown Providence RI, art director (Wash National Gallery)
1936 David Carradine Hollywood, actor (Kung-Fu, Boxcar Bertha, Young
1936 Rona Barrett NYC, gossip columnist (Tomorrow Show)
1938 Penny Pitou US, skier (Olympic-2 silvers-1960)
1939 Paul Hogan Australia, actor (Crocodile Dundee)
1941 Jesse Jackson (D) clergyman/presidential candidate
1943 Chevy Chase NYC, comedian/actor (SNL, Vacation, Fletch, Caddyshack)
1946 Aleksandr Gorshlov ice dancer (holds 6 titles)
1948 Sarah Purcell Richmond Ind, actress/TV hostess (Real People)
1949 Sigourney [Susan Alexandra] Weaver LA, actress (Alien, Working
1950 Robert "Kool" Bell rocker (Kool & the Gang-Joanna)
1951 Johnny Ramone LI, rock guitarist (Road to Ruin)
1955 Bill Elliott auto racer (Daytona-1978)
1956 Scott Michael Pellaton barefoot water ski champ
1956 Stephanie Zimbalist NYC, actress (Remington Steele, Centennial)
1957 James DePaiva actor (Max-One Life to Live)
1959 Tony Eason football quarterback (New England Patriots)
1979 [Gregory] Chad Petree Shawne Okla, rocker (PC Quest-Can You See)
Deaths which occurred
on October 8th:
1869 Franklin Pierce 14th president of US, dies in Concord, NH
1944 Wendell Lewis Willkie Republican politician, dies
1964 Dr Charles Hodge NYU professor (Answers for Americans), dies
1969 Eduardo Ciannelli actor (Waldo-Johnny Staccato), dies at 81
1978 Karl Swenson actor (Lara-Little House on the Prairie), dies at
1982 Fernando Lamas actor/director, dies at 67 of cancer
1983 Joan Hackett actress, dies of cancer at 49
1984 Frederick Brisson producer, dies at 71 after a stroke
1985 Leon Klinghoffer hijackers of Achille Lauro, throw him off the
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