October, on this day
3761 BCE - The
epoch (origin) of the modern Hebrew
336 St Mark
ends his reign as Catholic Pope
of La Motta: Spanish troops under Ramón
de Cardona defeat the Venetians.
1542 Explorer Cabrillo
Catalina Island off California coast.
1571 Turkish fleet defeated by Spanish and Italians in Battle
1737 40 foot waves sink 20,000 small craft and kill 300,000 (Bengal,
III of Great Britain issues British
Royal Proclamation of 1763, closing aboriginal lands in North
America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlements.
1776 Crown Prince Paul
of Russia marries Sophie
Marie Dorothea of Württemberg.
1777 Americans beat Brits in 2nd
Battle of Saratoga and Battle of Bemis Hts
of Kings Mountain : British defeated by American militia near
Kings Mountain, SC
1799 The ship's bell is salvaged from the wreck of the 'Lutine'
which sank off the coast of Holland. It is later presented to shipping
insurers Lloyds of London. The Lutine Bell, has been rung ever since
to mark a marine disaster
1800 French corsair Surcouf,
commander of the 18-gun ship La Confiance, captures the english 38-gun
Kent inspiring the traditional french song Le Trente-et-un du mois
1806 English inventor
Ralph Wedgwood patents his 'carbon paper' invention
1816 1st double decked steamboat, the Washington, arrived in New Orleans
Fire, disaster in New Brunswick
Railway (1st chartered railway in US) begins operations
1828 The city of
Patras, Greece is liberated by the French expeditionary force
in Peloponnese under General
II becomes King of the Netherlands.
of Darbytown Road : the Confederate forces' attempt to regain
ground that had been lost around Richmond is thwarted.
"Wachusett" captures the C.S.S.
"Florida" Confederate raider ship while in port in Bahia,
Gambetta flees Paris in a balloon.
1871 In the United States, at least 250 are killed in the Great
Chicago Fire thought to have started in a barn when a cow upset
a lantern. The fire burns for almost 5 days
1879 Germany and Austria-Hungary sign the "Twofold Covenant"
and create the Dual
1886 Spain abolishes slavery in Cuba
1900 The term "orienteering"
is 1st used for an event
1908 The Meditteranean island of Crete proclaims its union with Greece
1919 Founding of the Dutch airline KLM
- the oldest existing airline
1920 For the first time, Oxford University in England admits women
for full degrees
1922 In Britain, the Prince of Wales makes the first royal broadcast
- on 2LO -11 days before the broadcaster changes its name to the British
Broadcasting Company (BBC).
1924 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees at Marble Bar, Australia
1931 1st infra-red photograph, Rochester, NY
1932 The London
Philharmonic Orchestra gives its first concert at the Queen's
Hall in London with Sir
Thomas Beecham conducting
1938 Germany demands all Jewish passports stamped with the letter
1940 During World War II, German troops occupy Romania
1940 The McCollum
memo proposes bringing the U.S. into the war in Europe by provoking
the Japanese to attack the United States.
1942 The October Matanikau
action on Guadalcanal begins as United States Marine Corps forces
attack Imperial Japanese Army units along the Matanikau
1944 Uprising at Birkenau
concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoria.
1946 On British radio, the first transmission of 'Woman's
Hour '- a daily programme of music, advice and entertainment for
those in the home. The first regular presenter is Joan Griffiths.
The programme also broadcasts the first episode of the thriller serial
'Dick Barton, Special Agent'
Democratic Republic (East Germany) formed from Russian occupation
1950 US forces invade Korea by crossing the 38th parallel
Bandstand" debuts on a local Philadelphia station.
1955 Beat poet Allen
Ginsberg reads his poem "Howl"
for the first time at a poetry reading in San Francisco.
1958 President of Pakistan
Iskander Mirza, with the support of General Ayub
Khan and the army, suspends
the 1956 constitution, imposes martial law, and cancels the elections
scheduled for January 1959
1958 US manned space-flight project renamed Project
side of Moon seen for 1st time, compliments of USSR's Luna
1962 U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya
F. Kennedy signs ratification for Partial
Test Ban Treaty.
Flora hits Haiti and Dominican Republic, kills 7,190
1965 50 mph gust carries 165 lb Robert Mitera's tee shot 447 yards
to score the world's longest straight hole-in-one in Omaha
1977 The adoption of the Fourth
opens on Broadway and runs for nearly 18 years before closing on September
Woodward, chosen as 1st woman on the Harlem Globetrotters
1986 The publication of the first edition of a new British daily newspaper,
1985 PLO terrorists seize Italian cruise liner Achille
1988 The launch of an international rescue mission after several grey
whales are discovered trapped under the ice in Alaska
1988 Latvian flag raised in Riga for 1st time since annexation by
1988 Robin Givens files for divorce after 8-month marriage to Mike
1989 Radio talk show host Larry
King weds Julie Alexander
1990 Israel begins handing out gas masks to its citizens
1991 Child star
Adam Rich arrested for stealing hypodermics
Great Flood of 1993 ends at St. Louis, Missouri, 103 days after
it began, as the Mississippi River falls below flood stage.
1994 More than 60,000 Iraqi troops begin a '10 day deployment ' in
Southern Iraq near its border with Kuwait
2000 The last ever
competitive match at Wembley
Stadium is a 1-0 defeat of England to Germany and the last goal
was scored by Liverpool's Dietmar
Hammann. The match was Tony
Adams' 60th at Wembley setting the record for most appearances
at the stadium.
2001 The U.S.
invasion of Afghanistan starts with an air assault and covert
operations on the ground.
Davis is recalled as Governor of California, three years before
the official end of his office term. Film star Arnold
Schwarzenegger is elected Governor
Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicates.
which occurred on 7th October:
1728 Caesar Rodney
Delaware, patriot, signed Declaration of Independence
1746 William Billings Boston Mass, hymn composer (Rose of Sharon)
1849 James Whitcomb Riley US, poet (The Raggedy Man)
1866 Martha McChesney Berry US, founded Berry School for Children
1870 Uncle Dave Macon entertainer
1879 Joe Hill Jevla Sweden, organizer (IWW)/songwriter (Union Scab)/martyr
1879 Leon Trotsky Russian revolutionary leader/writer (Diary in Exile)
1885 Niels Bohr Denmark, physicist, expanded quantum physics (Nobel
1887 Jack Mulhall Wappinger Falls NY, actor (Ken Murray Show)
1888 Henry A Wallace (D/P) 33rd VP, Progressive pres candidate
1889 Clarence Muse Balt Md, actor (Sam-Casablanca)
1896 Elijah Muhammad famous African
1898 Alfred Wallenstein Chicago Illinois, conductor (Chic Symph 1922-29)
19-- Ann Curless singer (Expos‚-What You Don't Know)
19-- Jill Larson actress (Opal Cortlandt-All My Children)
19-- John Loprieno actor (Cord Roberts-One Life to Live)
19-- Joseph Sirola NYC, actor (Magician, Montefuscos)
19-- Melinda Fee LA Calif, actress (Dr Kate Westin-Invisible Man)
1901 Frank X Boucher Ottawa, All-star NHL center (Ottawa, NY Rangers)
1904 Chuck Klein Indianapolis In, Phila Phillies (43 HRs in 1929)
1905 Andy Devine [Jeremiah Schwartz], Flagstaff Az, actor (Andy's
1906 James E Webb head of NASA (1961-68)
1911 Vaughn Monroe Akron Oh, singer/orch leader (Vaughn Monroe Show)
1914 Alfred Drake singer/actor (Kiss Me Kate)
1914 Sarah Churchill actress (All Over Town, Royal Wedding)
1916 Walt W Rostow economist (Politics & Stages of Growth)
1917 Helmut Dantine Vienna Austria, actor (Shadow of the Cloak)
1917 June Allyson Bronx, actress (Till the Clouds Roll By, Vegas)
1919 Erik Elms„ter Sweden, 1st to compete in summer & winter
1919 Gabriel Dell Barbados, actor (Steve Allen Show)
1922 Martha Stewart Bardwell Ky, singer/actress (Daisy Kenyon, Doll
1926 Diana Lynn actress (Annapolis Story, Easy Come Easy Go)
1927 Al Martino Phila, singer (Here in My Heart)/actor (Godfather)
1931 Desmond Tutu Anglican Archbishop of S Afr (Nobel Peace Prize
1933 Paul B Price Cataret NJ, actor (Busting Loose)
1934 Willie Naulls NBA star (NY Knicks)
1935 Thomas M Keneally Australia, novelist (Blood Red Sister Rose)
1938 Robert Drivas Chicago, actor (Cool Hand Luke, Illustrated Man)
1943 Oliver North military man (contra hearings)
1951 John Cougar Mellencamp Seymour Indiana, rocker (Jack & Diane)
1952 Ludmila Tourischeva USSR, gymnast (Olympic-gold-1972)
1953 Christopher Norris NYC, actress (Summer of '42, Eat My Dust)
1954 Tico Torres drummer (Bon Jovi-You Give Love a Bad Name)
1955 Yo-Yo Ma Paris France, world famous Chinese cellist
1956 James Van Patten Brooklyn NY, actor (Bo-Chisholms)
1958 Kim Morris San Diego Ca, playmate (Mar, 1986)
1961 Judy Landers Phila, actress (Vega$, BJ & the Bear, Madame's
1974 Alexander Polinsky SF Calif, actor (Adam-Charles in Charge)
Deaths which occurred
on October 7th:
1849 Edgar Allen Poe poet, dies in Balt at 40
1959 Mario Lanza singer, dies at 38 of a heart attack
1988 Billy Daniels singer, dies of cancer at 73
1990 John "Cat" Thompson basketball hall of famer, dies
1991 Leo Durocher baseball coach/manager (Dodgers, Giants), dies at