4th October, on this day

610 Heraclius arrives by ship from Africa at Constantinople, overthrows Byzantine Emperor Phocas and becomes Emperor.
1209 Otto IV is crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by Pope Innocent III.
1227 Assassination of Caliph al-Adil.
1363 End of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the Chinese rebel forces of Zhu Yuanzhang defeat that of his rival, Chen Youliang, in one of the largest naval battles in history.
1511 Formation of the Holy League of Ferdinand II of Aragon, the Papal States and the Republic of Venice against France.
1537 The first complete English-language Bible (the Matthew Bible) is printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale
1582 Last day of the Julian calendar in Italy, many Catholic countries. Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian Calendar. In Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain, October 4 of this year is followed directly by October 15
1636 The Swedish Army defeats the armies of Saxony and the Holy Roman Empire at the Battle of Wittstock
1636 1st code of law for Plymouth Colony
1648 Peter Stuyvesant establishes Americas 1st volunteer firemen
1693 Battle of Marsaglia: Piedmontese troops are defeated by the French.
1777 Battle of Germantown : Troops under George Washington are repelled by British troops under Sir William Howe
1779 The Fort Wilson Riot takes place.
1795 Napoleon Bonaparte first rises to national prominence with a "Whiff of Grapeshot", using cannon to suppress armed counter-revolutionary rioters threatening the French Legislature (National Convention). 824 Mexico becomes a republic
1824 Mexico adopts a new constitution and becomes a federal republic.
1830 Official declaration of independence for Belgium from Netherlands
1853 Crimean War: The Ottoman Empire declares war on Russia.
1862 Second Battle of Corinth ends. Union Major General William S. Rosecrans defeated a Confederate army
1864 New Orleans Tribune, first black daily newspaper, forms
1878 Opening of the first Chinese Embassy to be in Washington DC in the United States of America
1883 Orient Express' 1st run, linking Turkey to Europe by rail
1883 The Boys Brigade is founded in Glasgow
1895 The first U.S. Open Men's Golf Championship administered by the United States Golf Association is played at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island.
1910 Portugal becomes a republic, King Manuel II flees to England
1911 Britain's first escalators are introduced-connecting the District Line and Piccadilly Line platforms at Earl's Court underground station in London
1912 Nicaraguan General Zeledon, opponent of US occupation, is executed
1918 An explosion kills more than 100 and destroys the T.A. Gillespie Company Shell Loading Plant in Sayreville, New Jersey. Fires and explosions continue for three days forcing massive evacuations and spreading ordnance over a wide area, pieces of which are still being found in 2007.
1921 Riccardo Zanella becomes first elected president of Free State of Fiume
1923 Young Stribling held light-heavyweight boxing championship for the shortest amount of time (3 hrs). Referee overturns the decision
1927 Gutzon Borglum begins sculpting Mt. Rushmore
1931 The comic strip Dick Tracy by Chester Gould debuts
1940 Adolph Hitler and Benito Mussolini confer at Brenner Pass in the Alps
1943 U.S. captures Solomon Islands.
1944 During World War II, Allied forces land in Greece
1955 Rev Sun Young Moon leaves prison in Seoul
1957 USSR launches Sputnik I, the 1st artificial Earth satellite
1958 Transatlantic commercial jet passenger service began (BOAC)
1959 USSR Luna 3 sent back 1st photos of Moon's far side
1960 Eastern Air Lines Flight 375, a Lockheed L-188 Electra, crashes after a bird strike on takeoff from Boston's Logan International Airport, killing 62 of 72 on board.
1960 Courier 1B Launched; 1st active repeater satellite in orbit
1962 In Britain, an emerging pop group, 'The Beatles' release their first hit record 'Love Me Do'
1963 Gambia achieves full internal self-government
1964 3 cars of a commuter train derail in South Africa killing 81
1965 Pope Paul VI becomes the first Pope to visit the United States of America when he addresses the United Nations in New York
1965 USSR launches Luna 7; crash lands on Moon
1966 Lesotho (Basutoland) gains independence from Britain
1967 Omar Ali Saifuddin III of Brunei abdicates in favour of his son, His Majesty Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah.
1969 UN starts issuing postage stamps at Geneva headquarters
1970 Herbert Schmidtz makes highest parachute jump from a tower by leaping from a 1,984 ft TV mast in Tulsa, Oklahoma
1975 A Cessna 310Q airplane crashes over Wilmington, North Carolina, killing the pilot and severely injuring several pro wrestlers affiliated with the NWA's Mid-Atlantic promotion. One of the survivors is the legendary Ric Flair
1976 Official launch of the Intercity 125 High Speed Train (HST).
1978 Funeral services held for Pope John Paul I
1981 Pasakevi Kouna of Greece (9) is youngest international gymnastics participant
1983 British speed enthusiast Richard Noble sets a new land speed record of 633.5 miles an hour in his jet-powered car, Thrust II, in Nevada
1984 US government closes down due to budget problems
1985 Henry G Perry completes 157 day, 14,021 mile bicycle tour of Australia
1985 Shite Muslims claim to have killed hostage William Buckley 1991 The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty is opened for signature.
1992 The Rome General Peace Accords ends a 16 year civil war in Mozambique.
1992 El Al Flight 1862: an El Al Boeing 747-258F crashes into two apartment buildings in Amsterdam, killing 43 including 39 on the ground.
1993 Russian Constitutional Crisis: In Moscow, tanks bombard the White House, a government building that housed the Russian parliament, while demonstrators against President Boris Yeltsin rally outside.
1997 The second largest cash robbery in U.S. history occurs at the Charlotte, North Carolina office of Loomis, Fargo and Company. An FBI investigation eventually results in 24 convictions and the recovery of approximately 95% of the $17.3 million in cash which had been taken.
2001 Siberia Airlines Flight 1812: a Sibir Airlines Tupolev TU-154 crashes into the Black Sea after being struck by an errant Ukrainian S-200 missile. 78 people are killed.
2003 Maxim restaurant suicide bombing in Haifa, Israel: 21 Israelis, Jews and Arabs, are killed, and 51 others wounded.
2004 SpaceShipOne wins Ansari X Prize for private spaceflight.

4th October 2005

UN condemns Iraq charter change

French strike disrupts transport

Overturned New York boat was understaffed

4th October 2006

Iraq police barred over killings

Afghan clashes displace thousands

Nicaragua plans rival canal route

4th October 2007

Seventeen die in DR Congo crash

Call for lethal injection boycott

'Unknown' Peru Amazon tribe seen

4th October 2008

EU heads start bank crisis talks

Turkish troops killed in clashes

US kills 'senior Baghdad bomber'

4th October 2009

Heavy US losses in Afghan battle

Iran 'co-operation' draws praise

Key Nigeria oil rebel to disarm

Birthdates which occurred on 4th October:

1289 Louis X (the Stubborn) king of France (1314-16)
1626 Richard Cromwell lord protector of England (1658-59)
1822 Rutherford B Hayes (R) 19th pres (1877-81)
1850 John W McGraw (Gov-R-Wash) (1893-97)
1860 Sidney Paget illustrated Sherlock Holmes adventures
1861 Frederic Remington US, artist/sculptor of the American West
1880 Damon Runyon writer (Guys & Dolls-based on his work)
1889 John B Kelly Olympic champion rower/father of Grace Kelly
1892 Engelbert Dollfuss Austrian Fascist chancellor killed by Nazis
1894 Cliff Hall Brooklyn NY, actor (Crime Photographer)
1895 Buster Keaton actor (The Navigator, Steamboat Bill, Jr)
19-- Bill Fagerbakke actor (Dauber Dybinski-Coach)
19-- Brynn Thayer actress (One Life to Live)
19-- Christopher Stone Manchester NH, actor (Dave-Dallas, The Interns)
19-- Eric Kilpatrick St Louis Mo, actor (Curtis-White Shadow)
19-- Mary Lynn Blanks actress (As the World Turns)
19-- Meg Bennett actress (Young & Restless)
1917 Jan Murray Bronx NY, comedian (Treasure Hunt, Who Killed Teddy Bear)
1922 Malcolm Baldrige Conn, US Secretary of Commerce (1981-87)
1923 Charlton Heston actor (10 Commandments, Ben Hur, Planet of the Apes)
1929 Leroy Van Dyke Spring Fork Mo, country singer (Walk on By)
1931 Dick Tracy comic strip crimestopper
1932 Felicia Farr Westchester NY, actress (Charley Varrick, Kotch)
1934 Sam Huff NFL linebacker (NY Giants, Washington Redskins)
1935 Eddie Applegate Wyncote Pa, actor (Richard-Patty Duke Show)
1941 Jackie Collins London, author (Bitch, Stud)
1941 Lori Saunders Kansas City Mo (Petticoat Junction, Dusty Trails)
1943 Buddy Roemer (Gov-D-La)
1943 Owen Keir Davidson Australia, 4 time Wimbledon mix double champ
1944 Patti LaBelle singer (LaBelles-Lady Marmalade)
1945 Clifton Davis Chicago Ill, actor/singer (That's My Mama, Amen)
1946 Susan Sarandon [Tomaling], Jackson Hgts NY, actress (Bull Durham)
1949 Armand Assante NYC, actor (Private Benjamin, Unfaithfully Yours)
1960 Jennifer Anglin Adrian Mich, actress (Cheryl-General Hospital)
1961 David W Harper Abilene Tx, actor (Jim Bob-Waltons)
1989 Dakota Johnson son of Melanie Griffith & Don Johnson


Deaths which occurred on October 4th:
1904 Frederic Auguste Bertholdi French sculptor ("Statue of Liberty")
1962 John Lowry Mount Vernon NY, NYC builder, dies at 79
1966 Sherman Billingsley talk show host (Stork Club), dies at 66
1970 Janis Joplin rock singer, dies at 27
1972 Colin Gordon actor (John-The Baron), dies at 61
1976 Alexander Gray singer (This is Music), dies at 74
1991 Leonard C Odell wrote 7,000 Burma Shave poems, dies at 83

Golden Link 1/ On this day 4th October

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Golden Link 3/ On this day 4th October