637 Antioch surrenders to
the Muslim forces under Rashidun
Caliphate after the Battle
of Iron bridge.
701 John VI begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1137 Battle of Rignano between Ranulf of Apulia and Roger II of Sicily.
1270 The Eighth Crusade ends with the end of the siege of Tunis : the crusade could be regarded as a partial success
1340 Battle of Rio Salado : a battle of Portugal and Castile against Morocco and the Kingdom of Granada
1470 Henry VI of England is restored to the throne, having been deposed nine years earlier in 1461
1485 Henry VII of England founds the Yeoman of the Guard - 'Beefeaters' - to guard Royal Palaces in London
1501 Ballet of Chestnuts was a banquet held by Cesare Borgia in the Papal Palace where fifty prostitutes or courtesans were in attendance for the entertainment.
1502 Vasco da Gama returns to Calicut for the second time.
1580 English explorer Sir Francis Drake completes his circumnavigation of the world when his ship, the 'Golden Hind' arrives back at Plymouth on the south coast of England
1650 The Society of Friends becomes known as 'Quakers'. During a court case the founder of the Society, George Fox, tells the magistrate to ' quake and tremble at the word of God'
1831 In Southampton County, Virginia, escaped slave Nat Turner is captured and arrested for leading the bloodiest slave rebellion in United States history.
1863 Danish Prince Wilhelm arrives in Athens to assume his throne as George I, King of the Hellenes.
1864 Second war of Schleswig ends. Denmark renounces all claim to Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg, which come under Prussian and Austrian administration.
1864 Helena, Montana is founded after four prospectors discover gold at "Last Chance Gulch."
1888 1st ballpoint pen patented
1905 "October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties
1918 The Ottoman Empire signs an armistice with the Allies, ending the First World War in the Middle East.
1920 The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.
1922 Mussolini forms cabinet in Italy
1925 In his workshop in London, John Logie Baird achieves the transmission of the first television pictures using the head of a dummy. He then persaudes a 15 year old office boy, William Taynton, to sit in front of a camera - becoming the first live person captured on camera
1930 Turkey and Greece sign a treaty of friendship
1937 The end of the world is almost nigh when the 500,000-ton asteroid 'Hermes' shoots past the earth - closer than any before. It misses by 485,000 miles -in astronomical terms it is a close shave
1938 In America, the radio broadcast of Orsen Welles' adapatation of the HG Wells novel 'War of the Worlds' causes widespread panic - its realism convincing many listeners that 'beings' from another planet have landed on earth
1939 USSR and Germany agree on partitioning Poland
1941 Franklin Delano Roosevelt approves U.S. $1 billion in Lend-Lease aid to the Allied nations.
1941 1,500 Jews from Pidhaytsi (in western Ukraine) are sent by Nazis to Belzec extermination camp.
1941 USS Reuben James torpedoed by Germans, even though US is not in war
1944 Anne Frank (of Diary fame) is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen
1945 US government announces end of shoe rationing
1947 The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which is the foundation of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), is founded.
1948 20 die and 6,000 made ill by smog in Donora, Pennsylvania
1950 Pope Pius XII witnesses "The Miracle of the Sun" while at the Vatican.
1953 Dr Albert Schweitzer and Gen George C Marshall win Nobel Peace Prize
1953 U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally approves the top secret document National Security Council Paper No. 162/2, which states that the United States' arsenal of nuclear weapons must be maintained and expanded to counter the communist threat.
1954 US Defense Department announces elimination of all segregated regiments
1956 Israel captures Egyptian militay post at El-Thamad
1960 Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.
1961 Soviet Party Congress unanimously approves a resolution removing Josef Stalin's body from Lenin's tomb in Red Square
1961 Soviet Union tests a 58 megaton hydrogen bomb, Tsar Bomba - the largest, most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated
1965 Fireworks explosions kill 50 in Cartagena, Colombia
1965 Just miles from Da Nang, United States Marines repel an intense attack by wave after wave of Viet Cong forces, killing 56 guerrillas. Among the dead, a sketch of Marine positions was found on the body of a 13-year-old Vietnamese boy who sold drinks to the Marines the day before.
1967 USSR Kosmos 186 and 188 make 1st automatic docking and Venmera 13 launch
1970 In Vietnam, the worst monsoon to hit the area in six years causes large floods, kills 293, leaves 200,000 homeless and virtually halts the Vietnam War.
1972 Worst US rail accident in 14 years; 45 die in Chicago
1973 The Bosporus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus for the first time.
1974 The Rumble in the Jungle boxing match between Muhammad Ali and George Foreman takes place in Kinshasa, Zaire.
1975 Juan Carlos assumes power in Spain
1978 Laura Nickel and Curt Noll find 25th Mersenne prime
1980 NASA launches Flt Satcom-4
1980 El Salvador and Honduras sign a peace treaty to put the border dispute fought over in 1969's Football War before the International Court of Justice.
1983 The first democratic elections in Argentina after seven years of military rule are held.
1985 Space Shuttle Challenger lifts off for mission STS-61-A, its final successful mission.
1987 In Japan, NEC releases the first 16-bit home entertainment system, the TurboGrafx-16, known as PC Engine.
1990 English and French tunnellers meet for the first time underneath the English Channel during the construction of the Channel Tunnel
1991 The Madrid Conference for Middle East peace talks opens.
1995 At Winchester Crown Court in Britain, Rosemary West, the wife of serial killer Frederick West, breaks her 20 month silience to plead her innocence over her husband's murders
1997 19 year old British au pair Louise Woodward, is found guilty by a court in America of murdering 8 month old Matthew Eappen
2002 British Digital terrestrial television (DTT) Service Freeview begins transmitting in parts of the United Kingdom.
2003 Wicked the Musical opened on Broadway at the George Gershwin Theatre.
2005 The rebuilt Dresden Frauenkirche (destroyed in the firebombing of Dresden during World War II) is reconsecrated after a thirteen-year rebuilding project.
October 30th 2005
Delhi bombs probe 'makes headway'
Paris suburb hit by more rioting
Gunmen target top Iraqi officials
October 30th 2006
Pakistan madrassa raid 'kills 80'
Climate change fight 'can't wait'
France moves to stop bus attacks
October 30th 2007
Fatal blast near Musharraf's HQ
Caribbean storm kills 20 people
Iraqi dam 'at risk of collapse'
October 30th 2008
Deadly blasts rock Indian state
Suicide attack at Afghan ministry
Urgent diplomacy in Congo crisis
October 30th 2009
EU strikes climate deal
9 survive Brazil jungle crash
Internet addresses set for change
Birthdates which occurred on October 30th:
1735 John Adams Braintree,
Mass (F) 2nd pres (1797-1801)
1751 Richard Brinsley Sheridan playwright (School for Scandal)
1821 Feodor Mikhailovich Dostoevski Russian novelist & short-story writer
1830 John S Bowen Major-General (Confederate)
1871 Paul Val‚ry France, poet/essayist/critic (La Jeune)
1873 Francisco Madero Mexico, revolutionary, president (1911-13)
1885 Ezra Pound Hailey, Idaho, poet (Cantos)
1887 Eduardo Ciannelli Italy, actor (Waldo-Johnny Staccato)
1893 Charles Atlas body builder
1896 Ruth Gordon Mass, actress (Rosemary's Baby, Harold & Maude)
19-- Danny Goldman NYC, actor (Nick-The Good Life)
19-- Kristina Malandro actress (Felicia Jones-General Hospital)
1907 Gy”rgy R nki Budapest Hungary, composer (H¢emberek)
1907 Renzo Cesana Rome Italy, TV host (First Date, Continental)
1914 Marion Ladewig Mich, bowler (9 time woman bowler of year 1950-63)
1917 Ruth Hussey Providence RI, actress (Another Thin Man, Phila Story)
1918 Ted Williams Red Sox hitter (AL MVP '46, '49; Trip Crown '42, '47)
1919 Jane Randolph singer, backup for Tony Orlando (Dawn)
1924 Hannelore Weygrand German FR, equestrian dressage (Oly-silver-1956)
1928 Ernest Flatt choreographer (Carol Burnett Show)
1928 William Campbell Newark NJ, actor (Jerry-Cannonball, Luke-Dynasty)
1931 Dick Gautier LA Calif, actor (Hymie-Get Smart, Mr Terrific)
1932 Louis Malle France, director (Atlantic City, Black Moon, Viva Maria)
1934 Hamilton Camp London, actor (Andrew-He & She)
1936 Jim Perry pitcher (Cy Young Award 1970)
1937 Claude Lelouch movie director (A Man & A Woman, Cat & Mouse, Bolero)
1939 Grace Slick Chicago, rock vocalist (Jefferson Airplane-White Rabbit)
1940 Ed Lauter Long Beach NY, actor (Sheriff Cain-BJ & the Bear)
1943 Joanna Shimkus Halifax NS, actress (Marriage of a Young Stockbroker)
1945 Henry Winkler NYC, actor (Fonz-Happy Days, Night Shift)
1946 Andrea Mitchell NYC, newscaster (NBC-TV, Summer Sunday USA)
1946 Lynne Marta Phila Pa, actress (Love American Style)
1946 Robert L "Hoot" Gibson Cooperstown NY, USN/ast (STS 41B, 61C, 27)
1950 Phil Chenier NBA guard (Wash Bullets)
1951 Harry Hamlin Pasadena Calif, actor (Michael Kuzak-LA Law)
1953 Kathleen Cody Bronx NY, actress (Charley & the Angel)
1954 JoAnne Russell Miami Fla, tennis player (Wibeldon Double 1977)
1965 Charnele Brown East Hampton NY, actress (Kim-A Different World)
1969 Brittany Gae Thompson Portland Oregon, Miss Oregon-America (1991)
Deaths which occurred on October 30th:
1626 Willebord van Roijen dutch mathematician, dies at 35
1893 Sir John Abbott PM of Canada (C) (1891-92), dies at 72
1968 Pert Kelton actress (Cavalcade of Stars), dies at 61
1972 Alan Roth orch leader (Milton Berle Show), dies at 68
1984 June Duprez actress, dies at 66
1984 Mario Gallo actor (Delvecchio), dies at 61
1985 Kirby Grant Hoon Jr., Butte Mont, actor (Sky King), dies in an auto accident at 74
1991 William Shea (Shea Stadium namesake), dies at 84
Golden Link 1 On this day 30th October
Golden Link 2 On this day 30th October
Golden Link 3 On this day 30th October