3rd October, on this day

2333 BC - The state of Gojoseon (Modern-day Korea) founded by Dangun Wanggeom during the reign of the Chinese Emperor Yao.
42 BC - First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight an indecisive battle with Caesar's assassins Brutus and Cassius.
1226 Death of St Francis of Assisi - founder of the Franciscan Order of monks
1264 Comet said to predict the death of Pope Urban IV is last seen
1283 Dafydd ap Gruffydd, prince of Gwynedd in Wales, becomes the first person executed by being hanged, drawn and quartered.
1430 Jews are expelled from Eger, Bohemia
1574 The Siege of Leiden is lifted by the Watergeuzen.
1683 The Qing Dynasty naval commander Shi Lang reaches Taiwan (under the Kingdom of Tungning) to receive the formal surrender of Zheng Keshuang and Liu Guoxuan after the Battle of Penghu.
1712 The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor.
1739 The Treaty of Nissa is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian-Turkish
War, 1736-39
1778 British Captain James Cook anchors in Alaska.
1789 Washington proclaims the 1st national Thanksgiving Day on Nov 26
1795 General Napoleon Bonaparte first rises to national prominence being named to defend the French National Convention against armed counter-revolutionary rioters threatening the three year old revolutionary government.
1811 In England, the first recorded women's county cricket match between Hampshire and Surrey at Newington
1849 American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death.
1862 Battle of Corinth 2, Miss
1863 Lincoln designates last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day
1873 Captain Jack and companions are hanged for their part in the Modoc War.
1888 First performance of Gilbert and Sullivan's 'The Yeoman of the Guard' at the Savoy Theatre in London
1906 SOS, popularly refered to as 'Save Our Souls', is established as the international distress signal, replacing the call sign CDQ - popularly interpreted as 'Come Damn Quick
1908 The Pravda newspaper founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna.
1913 US Federal Income Tax signed into law (at 1%)
1918 Boris becomes king of Bulgaria
1922 1st facsimile photo send over city telephone lines, Washington, DC
1928 French sub "Ondine" sinks returning to Toulon, drowning 42
1929 The individual kingdoms of Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia are brought together to become Yugoslavia
1929 Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes changes name to Yugoslavia
1932 Iraq gains independence from Britain.
1935 Italy invades Ethiopia under General de Bono.
1940 Former British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain resigns from Winston Churchill's coalition Government
1941 The aerosol is patented by L.D Goodhue and W.N Sullivan
1941 In New York, the premiere of the film 'The Maltese Falcon' starring Humphrey Bogart and directed by John Huston
1942 Launch of the 1st A-4/V-2 rocket to altitude of 53 miles (85 km) - the first man-made object to reach space
1945 World Federation of Trade Unions formed; CIO a member
1947 1st telescope lens 200" (508 cm) in diameter completed
1949 WERD, 1st black-owned radio station, opens in Atlanta
1950 1st black lead (Ethel Waters) on TV (Beulah)
1952 Britain detonates its first atomic bomb on the Monte Bello Islands off the coast of Western Australia
1952 1st video recording on magnetic tape, LA, Ca
1955 "Mickey Mouse Club" premieres
1956 The first appearance of the Russian Bolshoi Ballet at Covent Garden in London
1957 Allen Ginsberg's Howl and Other Poems is ruled not obscene.
1961 "Dick Van Dyke Show" premieres on CBS-TV
1962 Project Mercury: Sigma 7 launched from Cape Canaveral, with Astronaut Wally Schirra aboard for a six-orbit, nine-hour flight.
1964 First Buffalo Wings were made at the Anchor Bar in Buffalo, New York.
1967 William Knight sets X-15 speed rec of 7,297 KPH/4,534 MPH/Mach 6.72
1968 Military coup overthrows President Fernando Belaúnde Terry in Peru
1971 Billie Jean King became 1st female athlete to win $100,000
1972 Spaceflight 71-2 launched; 1st flexible substrate photovoltaic flown
1974 Bundy victim (?) Nancy Wilcox disappears in Salt Lake City, Utah
1974 Watergate trial begins
1981 Republican hunger-strikers at the H-block internment prison in Northern Ireland finally give up their protest after 8 months. During that time 10 of their fellow protesters died of starvation
1982 Record 11,763 start a 186 mile cross-country race near Stockholm
1985 Space Shuttle Atlantis flies its maiden voyage. (STS-51-J)
1986 TASCC, a superconducting cyclotron at the Chalk River Laboratories, was officially opened.
1986 Soviet Yankee-class sub sinks off NC, 3 die
1988 Lebanese kidnappers release Mithileshwar Singh (held for 30 months)
1989 Panamanian Defense Force attempted coup of Manuel Noriega fails
1990 Re-unification of Germany. The German Democratic Republic ceased to exist and its territory became part of the Federal Republic of Germany. East German citizens became part of the European Community, which later became the European Union. Now celebrated as German Unity Day.
1990 Florida record store owner Charles Freeman is found guilty of obscenity, for selling 2 Live Crew rap records
1993 The launch of Britain's first home shopping channel on television
1993 Battle of Mogadishu: In an attempt to capture officials of warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid's organisation in Mogadishu, Somalia, 18 US Soldiers and about 1,000 Somalis are killed in heavy fighting.
1995 O.J. Simpson found not guilty of the murders of his ex-wife Nicole and her friend Ronald Goldman.
2003 Roy Horn of Siegfried & Roy is attacked by one of the shows tigers, cancelling the show for good.

3rd October 2005

EU reaches deal on Turkey talks

Bombers' severed heads shown

Moon's shadow moves over Earth

3rd October 2006

Turkish plane seized in hijacking

N Korea warned over nuclear test

Nato names Afghan expansion date

3rd October 2007

Six dead in latest Gaza violence

N Korea agrees nuclear deadline

Australia in African refugee ban

3rd October 2008

House backs $700bn bail-out

Russians killed in Georgia blast

'US strike' hits Pakistan village

3rd October 2009

Ireland backs Lisbon Treaty

Soldiers killed in south Senegal

Aid workers released in Somalia

Birthdates which occurred on 3rd October:

1605 Li Tzu-ch'eng Chinese revolutionary, dethroned last Ming emperor
1728 Christian d'Oriola France, foils (Olympic-gold-1952, 56)
1800 George Bancroft historian (Hall of Fame)
1803 John Gorrie inventor (cold-air process of refrigeration)
1804 Townsend Harris 1st Western consul to reside in Japan
1814 Mikhail (Yurevich) Lermontov Russia, romantic poet/novelist (Demon)
1844 Sir Patrick Manson "Father of tropical medicine"
1854 William Crawford Gorgas US, Surgeon-Gen, help cure yellow fever
1859 Elenora Duse Italy, actress (Hedda Gabler)
1886 Henri Alain-Fournier French novelist (Le Grand Meaulnes)
1888 Carl von Ossietzky Germany, journalist, pacifist (Nobel 1935)
1899 Gertrude Berg Harlem NYC, actress (Molly Goldberg-The Goldbergs)
19-- Frank Hannon rock guitarist (Tesla-Psychotic Supper)
1900 Jay Irving NYC, cartoonist (Draw Me a Laugh)
1900 Thomas Wolfe American novelist (Look Homeward Angel)
1904 Charles Pedersen UK, biochemist (Nobel 1987)
1911 Michael Hordern England, actor (Friar Domingo-Shogun)
1923 Stanislaw Skrowaczewski Lwow Poland, conductor (Die Zauberfl”te)
1925 Gore Vidal writer/playwright (Myra Breckinridge, Lincoln)
1928 Erik Bruhn Copenhagen Denmark, dancer (Natl Ballet of Canada)
1934 Madlyn Rhue Wash DC, actress (Bracken's World, Executive Suite)
1935 Abdon Pamich Italy, 50K walker (Olympic-gold-1964)
1935 Charles M Duke Jr Charlotte NC, Brig Gen USAF/astronaut (Apol 16)
1936 Steve Reich NYC, composer (My Name is)
1937 Eli Jacobs baseball owner (Baltimore Orioles)
1938 Eddie Cochran Okla City, rocker (C'Mon Everybody)
1939 James Darren Phila, actor/singer (Gidget, Diamond Head)
1940 Jean Ratelle NHL center (NY Rangers, Boston Bruins)
1941 Chubby Checker singer (The Twist)
1945 Viktor Saneyev USSR, triple jumper (Olympic-3 gold/1 silv-1968-80)
1946 Bob Dotson St Louis Mo, newscaster (Primetime Sunday)
1947 Lindsey Buckingham rocker (Fleetwood Mac-Rumours, Tusk)
1950 Pamela Hensley Glendale Calif, actress (Buck Rogers in 25th Century)
1951 Dave Winfield baseball outfielder (NY Yankee)
1951 Kathryn D Sullivan Paterson NJ, PhD/astro (STS 41-G, 28, 31, 45)
1956 Hart Bochner actor (Supergirl, Die Hard)
1959 Jack Wagner rocker/actor (General Hospital, Santa Barbara)
1962 Tommy Lee Greece, rock drummer (Motley Cre), wed Heather Locklear
1963 Patrick Flatley Ontario, right winger (NY Islanders, Oly-4 gold-1988)
1969 Shane Butterworth actor (Timmy-Bad News Bears)


Deaths which occurred on October 3rd:
1656 Myles Standish Plymouth Colony leader, dies (birth date unknown)
1959 William Bishop actor (Steve-It's a Great Life), dies at 42
1965 Zachary Scott actor (Spotlight Playhouse), dies at 51
1979 Charles White artist, dies at 61 in Los Angeles
1979 Claudia Jennings playmate (Nov, 1969)/actress, dies at 29
1983 John K.M. McCaffery TV host (One Minute Please), dies at 69
1985 Charles Collingwood newscaster (Chronicles), dies at 68
1985 Maurice Copeland actor (Ralph-Those Young Charmings), dies at 74
1988 Franz Josef Strauss German FR min of defense (1956-62), dies at 73
1988 Generoso Pope Jr National Enquirer owner, dies at 61
1990 Stefano Casiraghi Princess Caroline of Monaco husband, dies at 30

Golden Link 1/ On this day 3rd October

Golden Link 2/ On this day 3rd October

Golden Link 3/ On this day 3rd October