is proclaimed Roman Emperor.
312 Battle of Milvian Bridge : Constantine I defeats Maxentius, becoming the sole Roman Emperor.
1061 Empress Agnes, acting as Regent for her son, brings about the election of Bishop Cadalus, the antipope Honorius II
1516 Battle of Yaunis Khan : Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mameluks near Gaza.
1531 Battle of Amba Sel : Imam Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi again defeats the army of Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia. The southern part of Ethiopia falls under Imam Ahmad's control.
1538 The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established.
1628 The Siege of La Rochelle, which had been ongoing for 14 months, ends with Huguenot surrender
1636 The founding of Harvard University, the first university in the United States of America. Its named after John Harvard , the English-born Puritan minister who bequeathed £779 and a 300 volume library
1664 The Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, is established.
1775 Durinf the American Revolutionary War a British proclamation forbids residents from leaving Boston.
1776 Battle of White Plains; Washington retreats to NJ
1790 New York gives up claims to Vermont for $30,000
1793 Eli Whitney applies for a patent on the cotton gin
1831 English chemist and physicist Michael Faraday demonstartes the first dynamo
1834 The Battle of Pinjarra occurs in the Swan River Colony in present-day Pinjarra, Western Australia. Between 14 and 40 Aborigines are killed by British colonists.
1836 Proclaimation of the Federation of Peru and Bolivia
1848 The first railroad in Spain - between Barcelona and Mataró - is opened.
1864 Second Battle of Fair Oaks ends - Union Army forces under General Ulysses S. Grant withdraw from Fair Oaks, Virginia, after failing to breach the Confederate defenses around Richmond, Virginia.
1886 Statue of Liberty, designed by Auguste Bartholdi, dedicated by Pres Grover Cleveland, it is celebrated by the 1st confetti (ticker tape) parade in NYC
1891 Quake strikes Mino-Owari, Japan kills 7,300
1893 Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 6 in B Minor, Pathétique, premiered in St. Petersburg, only nine days before the composer's death.
1900 After over 5 months the Paris Olympic games close
1904 St Louis police try a new investigation method-fingerprints
1914 American entrepreneur George Eastman announces his invention of a colour photograph process to be marketed by his Eastman Kodak Company
1918 Czechoslovakia is granted its independence from Austria-Hungary. Beginning of independent Czechoslovak state, after 300 years.
1918 The German fleet is immobilized when sailors mutiny en masse and disobey an order to leave port five times; 1,000 would ultimately be arrested.
1918 New Polish government in Western Galicia (Central Europe) is established.
1919 Volstead Act passed by Congress, start prohibition over Wilson's veto
1922 In US, 1st coast-to-coast radio broadcast of a football game
1922 Benito Mussolini takes control of Italy's government
1929 Black Monday, a day in the Wall Street Crash of 1929, which also saw major stock market upheaval.
1929 1st baby born in aircraft, Miami, Fl
1936 FDR rededicates Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary
1940 Italy invades Greece through Albania. This was the selected anniversary of Greece's entry into World War II. It is celebrated in Greece as Okhi Day
1942 2,000 Jewish children and 6,000 Jewish adults from Kraków are deported by Germans to Belzec death camp.
1942 SS directive orders all Jewish children's mittens and stockings to be sent from the death camps to the SS families.
1942 Train crashes into bus, killing 16 and injuring 20 (Detroit, Michigan)
1946 German rocket engineers begin work in USSR
1948 Swiss chemist Paul Müller is awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his discovery of the insecticidal properties of DDT.
1948 Flag of Israel is adopted
1949 In Britain, a glove puppet named 'Sooty' makes his first appearance on BBC television
1954 The modern Kingdom of the Netherlands is re-founded as a federal monarchy.
1958 Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, elected Pope, taking the name John XXIII
1958 In Britain, the State Opening of Parliament is televised for the first time
1962 Khrushchev orders withdrawal of missiles from Cuba, ending crisis
1962 The end of the 'Cuban Missile Crisis' when Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev orders Russian missiles on their way to specially-built rocket sites in Cuba to sail away and orders the bases, threatening the United States of America to be dismantled
1962 Opening of Britian's first urban motorway - the M62 around Manchester
1964 U.S. officials deny any involvement in bombing North Vietnam.
1965 Gateway Arch (630' (190m) high) completed in St Louis, Missouri
1965 Nostra Aetate : Pope Paul VI proclaims Jews not collectively guilty for crucifixion
1970 US/USSR sign an agreement to discuss joint space efforts
1970 The land speed record is set by Gary Gabelich in a rocket-powered automobile called the Blue Flame, fueled with natural gas.
1971 England becomes 6th nation to have a satellite (Prospero) in orbit
1971 John and Yoko record "Happy Xmas (War is Over)" in NYC
1971 In Britain, the House of Commons backs Conservative Prime Minister Edward Heath and, by a majority of 112, votes for Britain to apply to join the EEC - the European Economic Market
1977 TV's Rhoda gets married
1978 Donald Ritchie ran the fastest 100 Km ever, doing it in 7.2722
1982 Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) wins elections, leading to first Socialist government in Spain after death of Franco. Felipe Gonzalez becomes Prime Minister-elect.
1985 Sandinista Daniel Ortega becomes president of Nicaragua and makes peace overtures to the United States; American policy continues to support the Contras in their revolt against the Nicaraguan government.
1986 The centennial of the Statue of Liberty's dedication is re-celebrated in New York Harbor.
1998 An Air China (Mainland China) jetliner is hijacked by disgruntled pilot Yuan Bin and flown to Taiwan.
2005 Plame affair : Lewis Libby, Vice-president Dick Cheney's chief of staff, is indicted in the Valerie Plame case. Libby resigns later that day.
2006 Funeral service for the peace of the executed at Bykivnia forest, outside of Kiev, Ukraine, with reburial of 817 Ukrainian civilians (out of some 100,000) executed by Bolsheviks at Bykivnia in 1930s – early 1940s.
2007 First NFL game played outside North America was played at Wembley Stadium
October 28th 2005
Iran leader defends Israel remark
US braces for CIA probe outcome
Indians flee approaching cyclone
October 28th 2006
Renewed violence hits Bangladesh
Nepal bus crash kills at least 42
Battle to control California fire
October 28th 2007
Iraq warns Turkey
Gap pulls 'child labour' clothing
Space rocks go under the hammer
Iraq Car bomb
October 28th 2008
Brown and Sarkozy in action call
Georgia denies war crimes claim
Iran 'opens naval base' near Gulf
October 28th 2009
Car bomb hits Peshawar
UN chief condemns Kabul killings
Nasa launches rocket successfully
Birthdates which occurred on October 28th:
1017 Henry III Holy Roman
1585 Cornelius Otto Jansen France, Roman Catholic reform leader
1810 Brig Gen Adley H Gladden La, killed at Shiloh
1818 Ivan Turgenev Russia, novelist/poet/playwright (Fathers & Sons)
1842 Anna Elizabeth Dickinson orator (Joan of Arc of the Civil War)
1846 Auguste Escoffier king of chefs & chef of kings
1896 Howard Hanson Wahoo Nebraska, composer/conductor (Nordic)
19-- Dennis Parker [Wade Nichols] actor/porno star (Edge of Night)
19-- Rose Alaio actor (Guiding Light)
1902 Elsa Lanchester Lewisham London, actress (Bride of Frankenstien)
1903 Evelyn Waugh London, author (Brideshead Revisited)
1907 Edith Head fashion designer (MGM)
1907 Lew Parker actor (Lou Marie-That Girl)
1910 Marie Dollinger Germany, dropped baton in 1936 Olympic sprint
1914 Dr Jonas Salk NYC, medical researcher, made polio a fear of the past
1926 Bowie Kuhn baseball commissioner (1969-1984)
1927 Cleo Laine Middlesex England, singer (Flesh to a Tiger)
1929 Dody Goodman Columbus Ohio, actress (Mary Hartman!, Max Duggan)
1929 Joan Plowright England, actress (Brimstone & Treacle)
1934 Jim Beatty track runner (1st sub 4 minute indoor mile)
1936 Charlie Daniels country music star (Devil Went Down to Georgia)
1937 Lenny Wilkins NBA player, coach (Seattle, Cleveland)
1939 Jane Alexander Mass, actress (The Betsy, Kramer vs Kramer)
1940 Gennadi M Strekalov cosmonaut (Soyuz T-3, T-8, T-11)
1944 Coluche France comedian/actor (My Best Friend's Girl)
1944 Dennis Franz Maywood Ill, actor (Norman Buntz-Hill Street Blues)
1945 Wayne Fontana Manchester England, rocker (Groovy Kind of Love)
1947 Tom Fitzsimmons SF Calif, actor (Franklin-The Paper Chase)
1948 Telma Hopkins Louisville, singer (Tony Orlando, Family Matters)
1949 Bruce Jenner US, decathalete (Olympic-gold-1976)
1952 Annie Potts Nashville TN, actress (Mary Jo-Designing Women)
1955 William Gates billionaire CEO (Microsoft)
1957 Stephen Morris rocker (New Order-Round & Round)
1959 Neville Henry rocker (Blow Monkeys-Wicked Ways)
1959 Walther Bauersfeld 1919 inventor (1st modern projection planetarium)
1960 Mark Derwin Park Forest Ill, actor (AC Mallet-Guiding Light)
1962 Daphne Zuniga actress (Gross Anatomy, Fly II, Spaceballs)
1963 Veronica Gamba Buenos Aires Arg, playmate (November, 1983)
1965 Jami Gertz Chicago, actress (Less the Zero, Crossroads, Solarbabies)
1966 Lauren Holly actress (All My Children)
1974 Leaf Phoenix PR, actor (Russkies, Space Camp)
Deaths which occurred on October 28th:
900 Alfred the Great English monarch, dies
1957 Anthony J Morabito co-owner of SF '49ers, dies while watching a game
1980 Leon Janney actor (Hawk), dies at 63
1987 Andr‚ Masson France, surrealist artist (Labyrinth), dies at 91
1991 John Korbal film historian (Marlene Dietrich), dies at 51
Golden Link 1 On this day 28th October
Golden Link 2 On this day 28th October
Golden Link 3 On this day 28th October