27th October, on this day
the Great is said to have received his famous Vision
of the Cross.
625 Honorius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
710 Saracen invasion of Sardinia.
939 Edmund I succeeds Athelstan as King of England.
1275 Traditional founding of the city of Amsterdam.
1492 Explorer and navigator Christopher Columbus discovers Cuba
1524 Italian Wars: The French troops lay siege to Pavia.
1553 Condemned as a heretic, Michael Servetus is burned at the stake just outside Geneva.
1644 Second Battle of Newbury in the English Civil War.
1682 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is founded.
1787 Federalist letters start appearing in NY newspapers
1795 Treaty of San Lorenzo, provides free navigation of Mississippi and establishes the boundaries between Spanish colonies and the U.S.
1806 Napoleon Bonaparte's French forces occupy Berlin
1807 France and Spain sign the Treaty of Fontainebleau - agreeing to conquer Portugal
1810 US annexes West Florida from Spain
1838 Missouri governor Lilburn Boggs issues the Extermination Order, which orders all Mormons to leave the state or be exterminated.
1858 In US, RH Macy & Co opens 1st store, (6th Ave-NYC) Gross receipts $1106
1867 Italian revolutionary leader Guiseppe Garibaldi begins his march on Rome
1870 Marshal François Achille Bazaine surrenders to Prussian forces at Metz along with 140,000 French soldiers in one of the biggest French defeats of the Franco-Prussian War.
1871 Boss Tweed (William Macy Tweed), Democratic leader of Tammany Hall, arrested after NY Times exposed his corruption
1880 Theodore Roosevelt marries Alice Lee, on his 22nd birthday
1886 Musical fantasy "Night on Bald Mountain," performed in Russia
1893 Hurricane hits coast between Savannah, Ga and Charleston, SC
1904 New York officially opens the first section of its subway (underground railway)
1916 Battle of Segale : Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasus V, is defeated by Fitawrari abte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zauditu.
1916 1st published reference to "jazz" appears (Variety)
1919 Axeman of New Orleans claims last victim
1920 League of Nations moves headquarters in Geneva
1922 A referendum in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) votes against joining the Union of South Africa
1924 The Uzbek SSR forms
1925 Water skis patented by Fred Waller
1936 In England, American Wallis Simpson, the future Duchess of Windsor, is granted a divorce, from her second husband Ernest, in Ipswich, leaving her free to marry King Edward VIII
1938 DuPont announces its new synthetic fiber will be called "nylon"
1941 Chicago Daily Tribune editorialsze there will not be war with Japan
1948 Israel recaptures Nizzanim in the Negev
1948 Léopold Sédar Senghor founds the Senegalese Democratic Bloc (BDS).
1953 British nuclear test Totem 2 is detonated at Emu Field, South Australia.
1954 B O Davis Jr becomes 1st black general in USAF
1954 Walt Disney's 1st TV show, "Disneyland," premieres on ABC
1958 Iskander Mirza, the first President of Pakistan, is deposed in a bloodless coup d'état by General Ayub Khan, who was appointed the enforcer of martial law by Mirza 20 days earlier.
1959 Rare Pacific hurricane kills 2,000 in Western Mexico
1961 1st Saturn launch vehicle makes an unmanned flight test
1961 Outer Mongolia and Mauritania become the 102nd and 103rd members of UN
1962 Major Rudolph Anderson of the United States Air Force became the only direct human casualty of the Cuban Missile Crisis when his U-2 reconnaissance airplane was shot down in Cuba by a Soviet-supplied SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missile.
1962 The plane of Enrico Mattei, Italian industry's most relevant figure, crashes in mysterious circumstances.
1964 Ronald Reagan delivers a speech on behalf of Republican candidate for president, Barry Goldwater. The speech launched his political career and came to be known as "A Time for Choosing".
1967 Britain passes Abortion Act - allowing abortions to be performed legally for 'medical reasons'
1967 4 people from Baltimore pour blood on selective service records
1968 A mass demonstration by at least 250,000, ends outside the US Embassy in London demanding end to the war in Vietnam
1969 Ralph Nader sets up a consumer organization known as Nader's Raiders
1969 St Vincent and the Grenadines gains associated status with Britain
1971 Republic of the Congo becomes Republic of Za‹re
1978 Egypt's President Anwar Sadat and Israel's Prime Minister Menachem Begin are jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
1978 President Carter signs Hawkins-Humphrey full employment bill
1979 St Vincent and the Grenadines becomes independent of UK (Nat'l Day)
1979 Voluntary Euthanasia Society publishes how-to-do-it suicide guide
1980 Dave Gryllis sets world bicycle speed record of 94.37 kph
1980 In Northern Ireland, the start of a hunger-strike by Republican prisoners interned in the Maze Prison.
1981 The Soviet submarine U 137 runs aground on the east coast of Sweden.
1982 China announces its population at 1 billion people plus
1982 IBM ROM is capable of EGA graphics
1985 Thieves steal 9 paintings, including 5 Monet's and 2 Renoir's
1986 The United Kingdom government suddenly deregulates financial markets, leading to a total restructuring of the way in which they operate in the country, in an event now referred to as the Big Bang.
1987 South Korean voters overwhelmingly approved a new constitution
1988 "ET" released to home video (14 million presold)
1988 Larry Flynt paid hitman $1M to kill Hefner, Guccione and Sinatra
1991 Turkmenistan achieved independence from the Soviet Union.
1992 United States Navy radioman Allen R. Schindler, Jr. is brutally murdered by shipmates for being gay, precipitating first military, then national debate about gays in the military that resulted in the United States "Don't ask, don't tell" military policy
1994 Voting begins in Mozambique's first free election. Joaquim Chissans lis later declared the winner
1995 Latvia applies for membership in the European Union.
1995 Former Italian Prime Minister Bettino Craxi is condemned in absentia for corruption.
1997 October 27, 1997 mini-crash : Stock markets around the world crash because of fears of a global economic meltdown. The Dow Jones Industrial Average plummets 554.26 points to 7,161.15. For the first time, the New York Stock Exchange activated their "circuit breakers" twice during the day eventually making the controversial move of closing the Exchange early.
1998 In Britain, Welsh Secreatry Ron Davies resigns after what he describes as his 'inappropriate behaviour' late at night on Clapham Common, London which led to him being robbed at knife point
1999 Gunmen open fire in the Armenian Parliament, killing Prime Minister Vazgen Sargsyan, Parliament Chairman Karen Demirchyan, and 6 other members.
2002 The ITV Network aired a constant regional service for the last time in England and Wales, and LWT lost its identity completely. All companies (except UTV, Channel, Scottish TV & Grampian TV) formed the national ITV1 with regional references only before regional programmes.
2005 Riots begin in Paris after the deaths of two Muslim teenagers.
October 27th 2005
Iranian leader: Wipe out Israel
Detainees killed in Dutch blaze
Iraq scandal taints 2,000 firms
October 27th 2006
UN initiates arms trade agreement
Housing slump batters US economy
Paris riots haunt a year on
October 27th 2007
Heavy fighting in Somali capital
Pakistan militants behead guards
Biofuels 'crime against humanity'
October 27th 2008
Syria hits out at 'terrorist' US
5 China hostages 'killed in Sudan'
Niger ex-slave wins landmark case
October 27th 2009
Afghan bombs kill eight US troops
Karadzic 'led ethnic cleansing'
Scientologists convicted of fraud
Birthdates which occurred on October 27th:
1728 James Cook captain/explorer,
discovered Sandwich Islands
1782 Niccolo Paganini Genoa It, composer/violin virtuoso (Princess Lucca)
1811 Issac Merrit Singer inventor (1st practical home sewing machine)
1844 Klas Arnoldson Sweden, politician/pacifist (Nobel 1908)
1858 Theodore Roosevelt (R) 26th Pres (1901-09) (Nobel 1906)
1872 Emily Post authority on social behavior, writer (Etiquette)
1889 Enid Bagnold novelist (1956 Award of Merit)
19-- K.K. Downing rocker (Judas Priest-Breakin' the Law)
19-- Russ Anderson actor (One Life to Live)
19-- Ted Wass Lakewood Ohio, actor (Danny Dallas-Soap)
19-- Tina Johnson actress (Search for Tomorrow)
1910 Fred de Cordova film/TV producer (The Tonight Show)
1910 Jack Carson Manitoba Canada, actor (Star is Born, Mildred Pierce)
1911 Leif Erickson Calif, actor (Invaders from Mars, On the Waterfront)
1912 Conlon Nancarrow Texarkana Arkansas, composer (Soundings 4)
1914 Dylan Thomas Swansea, Wales, poet (Child's Christmas in Wales)
1917 Oliver Tambo leader of African National Congress
1918 Paul Dixon Earling Iowa, Ohio talk show host (Paul Dixon Show)
1918 Teresa Wright NYC, actress (Pride of the Yankees)
1920 Nanette Fabray San Diego Calif, actress (One Day at a Time)
1922 Ralph Kiner HR hitter (Pitts Pirates)/sportscaster (NY Mets)
1923 Roy Lichtenstein US, Pop art painter; painted comic book panels
1923 Ruby Dee Cleve Ohio, actress (Raisin in the Sun, Cat People)
1925 Jane Connell Oakland Calif, actress (Jane-Stanley, Bridget-Dumpling)
1925 Mary Kay Steans Glendale Calif, actress (Mary Kay & Johnny)
1926 HR Haldeman former White House Chief of Staff-Watergate figure
1927 Dominick Argento York Penn, composer (Colonel Jonathan the Saint)
1928 Kyle Rote football half-back (NY Giants 1951-61)
1930 Bill George NFL linebacker (Chicago Bears, LA Rams)
1932 Jean-Pierre Cassel Paris France, actor (The Trout)
1932 Sylvia Plath American poet (Bell Jar)
1933 Floyd Cramer La, country pianist (Last Date, On the Rebound)
1939 John Cleese comedian/actor (Monty Python, Fawlty Towers)
1940 Lee Greenwood country singer (God Bless the USA)
1945 Carrie Snodgress Park Ridge Ill, actress (Diary of Mad Housewife)
1946 Peter Martins
1946 Steven R Nagel Canton Ill, USAF/astr (STS 51-G, STS 61-A, STS 37)
1946 Terry J Hart Pittsburgh Penn, astronaut (STS 41C)
1947 Terry Anderson AP correspondant/US hostage held in Lebanon (1984-)
1951 Jayne Kennedy Wash DC, actress (Penitentiary)
1953 Michael A Baker Memphis Tenn, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 43)
1953 Peter Firth Bradford England, actor (Equus, Lifeforce, Tess)
1958 Hazell Dean rocker (Always Doesn't Mean Forever)
1958 Simon Le Bon rocker (Duran, Duran-Hungry Like the Wolf)
1963 Deborah Moore London England, actress (Danielle=-Day of Our Lives)
1963 Marla Maples Dalton Ga, model/Donald Trump's main squeeze
1968 Kata Karkkainen Helsinki Finland, playmate (Dec, 1988)
Deaths which occurred on October 27th:
1449 Ulugh Beg a USSR astronomer, dies at 56
1553 Michael Servetus Spanish physician burns at stake for heresy
1955 Clark Griffith baseball player/manager (NY Yankees), dies at 85
1962 Fatso Marco comedian (Milton Berle Show), dies at 56
1964 Sammee Tong actor (Bachelor Father, Mickey), dies at 63
1972 Lew Parker actor (Lou Marie-That Girl), dies a day before turning 65
1987 Jean H‚lion artist/author, dies at 83
1988 S.B. Fuller founder of Fuller products, dies at 83
1990 Elliott Roosevelt son of FDR, dies at 80
1990 Xavier Cugart bandlander, dies from heart failure at 90
1996 Morey Amsterdam actor/comedian (Dick Van Dyke Show) at 74
Golden Link 1 On this day 27th October
Golden Link 2 On this day 27th October
Golden Link 3 On this day 27th October