V ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1147 The Portuguese, under Afonso I, and Crusaders from England and Flanders conquer Lisbon after a four-month siege.
1147 Seljuk Turks defeat German crusaders under Conrad III at the Battle of Dorylaeum.
1315 Adam Banastre, Henry de Lea and William Bradshaw, led an attack on Liverpool Castle.
1415 In the 'Hundred Year's War', the English Army, under King Henry V, defeats a vastly superior French Army at the Battle of Agincourt
1616 Dutch sea-captain Dirk Hartog makes second recorded landfall by a European on Australian soil, at the later-named Dirk Hartog Island off the Western Australian coast.
1671 Giovanni Cassini discovers Iapetus, satellite of Saturn
1747 British fleet under Admiral Sir Edward Hawke defeats the French at the second battle of Cape Finisterre.
1760 George III ascends the British throne
1764 John Adams marries Abigail Smith (marriage lasts 54 years)
1812 US frigate United States captures British vessel Macedonian
1813 War of 1812 : Canadians and Mohawks defeat the Americans in the Battle of Chateauguay.
1828 The St Katharine Docks opened in London.
1839 In Britain, the first publication of Bradshaw's national railway timetable
1854 In the Crimean War, British commander Lord Cardigan leads the ill- fated 'Charge of the Light Brigade' against Russian gun emplacements during the Battle of Balaclava
1861 The Toronto Stock Exchange was created.
1874 Britain officially annexes the Fiji Islands in the South Pacific
1900 Britian annexes the former Boer South African Republic and renames it the Transvaal Colony
1903 Senate begins investigating Teapot Dome scandals of Harding admin
1909 In Manchuria, the murder of Prince Ito of Japan by a Korean fanatic. Japan imposes a dictatorship in Korea
1917 In Russia, the begining of the 'October Revolution'. Lenin and the Bolsheviks seize the Winter Palace in Petrograd and overthrow the provincial Government.
1918 Canadian steamship "Princess Sophia" hit a reef off Alaska, 398 die
1924 1st appearance of Little Orphan Annie comic strip
1924 The forged Zinoviev Letter is published in the Daily Mail, wrecking the British Labour Party's hopes of re-election.
1930 1st scheduled transcontinental air service began
1931 In New York, the opening of the George Washington Bridge between the island of Manhattan and New Jersey - the longest suspension bridge to have been built
1935 Hurricane-produced floods kill 2,000 in Jeremie and Jacmel Haiti
1936 The world's first radio 'request' programme is broadcast by a station in Berlin. Its called 'You Ask-We Play'
1936 Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini create the Rome-Berlin Axis.
1938 The Archbishop of Dubuque, Francis J. L. Beckman, denounces Swing music as "a degenerated musical system... turned loose to gnaw away at the moral fiber of young people", warning that it leads down a "primrose path to hell".
1944 Heinrich Himmler orders a crackdown on the Edelweiss Pirates, a loosely organized youth culture in Nazi Germany that had assisted army deserters and others to hide from the Third Reich.
1944 The USS Tang (SS-306) under Richard O'Kane (the top submarine captain of World War II) is sunk by the ship's own torpedo.
1944 The Romanian Army liberates Carei, the last Romanian city under Axis Powers' occupation. 1944 Japanese navy defeated at battle of Leyte Gulf
1945 Japanese surrender Taiwan to Gen Chiang Kai-shek
1951 In Britain, aged 26, Margaret Roberts (Thatcher) of the Conservative Party becomes the youngest candidate to stand at a general election. The Conservatives win a narrow overall majority but the future British Prime Minister fails to win the seat
1951 Peace talks aimed at ending Korean War resumed in Panmunjom
1956 West Germany officially declares former German leader Adolf Hitler is dead
1960 1st electronic wrist watch placed on sale, NYC
1961 In Britain, the first edition of the satirical magazine 'Private Eye'
1962 110th member of the UN admitted (Uganda)
1962 American author John Steinbeck awarded Nobel Prize in literature
1962 Adlai Stevenson demands USSR ambassador Zorin answer regarding Cuban missile bases saying "I am prepared to wait for my answer until hell freezes over"
1963 Beatles begin their 1st full foreign tour in Sweden
1965 Rolling Stones release "Get Off of My Cloud"
1968 Chicago recognizes Jean Baptiste Pointe de Sable as its 1st settler
1968 In Britain, Parliament passes the controversial Race Relations Bill
1968 Yoko Ono announces she is having John Lennon's baby
1970 The wreck of Confederate submarine Hunley was found off Charleston, South Carolina, by pioneer underwater archaeologist, Dr. E. Lee Spence, then just 22 years old. Hunley was the first submarine to sink a ship in warfare.
1971 Roy Disney dedicates Walt Disney World
1971 Taiwan is expelled from the United Nations - which means the People's Republic of China is now prepared to agree to join
1972 The Washington Post reports that White House Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman was the fifth person to control a secret cash fund designed to finance illegal political sabotage and espionage during the 1972 presidential election campaign
1973 Chris Wills wins 1st National hang-gliding championship
1975 USSR's Venera 10 makes day-side Venus landing
1976 The new National Theatre on the South Bank in London, is officially opened
1976 Gov Wallace grants full pardon to Clarence Norris, last known survivor of 9 Scottsboro Boys who were convicted in 1931 rape
1977 Digital Equipment Corporation releases OpenVMS V1.0.
1978 Queen Elizabeth II opens the new Anglican Cathedral in Liverpool
1978 Israeli Cabinet approves "in principle," a draft compromise peace
1980 Proceedings on the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction conclude at The Hague.
1980 Barbra Streisand's "Guilty," album goes to number 1 for 3 weeks and her single "Woman In Love," goes to number 1 for 3 weeks
1983 At least 2,000 US Marines are involved in the invasion of Grenada
1985 Kosmos 1700 communications satellite placed in geostationary orbit
1986 International Red Cross ousted from South Africa
1988 ABC News reports on potbellied pygmy porkers' popularity as pets
1990 Evander Hollyfield KOs James "Buster" Douglas for HW boxing title
1991 Three months after the end of the Ten-Day War, the last soldier of the Yugoslav People's Army leaves the territory of the Republic of Slovenia.
1992 Lithuania holds a referendum on its first post-Soviet constitution.
1995 A commuter train slams into a school bus in Fox River Grove, Illinois, killing seven students.
1995 Fans gathered outside Buckingham Palace, sing 'Congratulations' after singer Cliff Richard formally receives his knighthood
1997 After a brief civil war which has driven President Pascal Lissouba out of Brazzaville, Denis Sassou-Nguesso proclaims himself the President of the Republic of the Congo.
2001 Windows XP first became available.
2004 Fidel Castro, Cuba's President, announces that transactions using the American Dollar will be banned by November 8.
2007 The first Airbus A380 passenger flight, operating for Singapore Airlines, with flight number SQ 380, flying scheduled service between Singapore and Sydney, Australia.
October 25th 2005
Iraq voters back new constitution
Africa Aids orphans 'may top 18m'
US civil rights icon Parks dies
October 25th 2006
Success in Iraq vital, says Bush
Ethiopia is 'technically at war'
Sudan 'is arming rebels' in Chad
October 25th 2007
Fatal attack on Pakistan troops
US imposes new sanctions on Iran
Major UN report
New A380 superjumbo
October 25th 2008
Kabul shooting leaves three dead
Darfur clashes displace thousands
Pakistan forces 'take key town'
October 25th 2009
Twin Baghdad blasts kill scores
UN team 'sees Iran nuclear site'
Somalis 'made to view executions
Birthdates which occurred on October 25th:
1759 Baron Grenville (Whig)
British PM (1806-07)
1800 Thomas Babington Macaulay England, poet/historian (Ivry, Naaseby)
1825 Johann Strauss (the younger) composer (Waltz King)
1838 Georges Bizet France, composer (Carmen)
1843 Gleb Uspensky Russia, author (Power of the Soil)
1869 John Heisman pioneering football coach/trophy namesake
1877 Henry Norris Russell astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram)
1881 Pablo Picasso Spain, artist (3 Dancers, Guernica)
1884 Eduardo Barrios Chile, novelist (The Love-Crazed Boy)
1888 Richard E Byrd Virginia, admiral/polar explorer (1926)
19-- Asher Brauner Chicago, actor (Officer Donovan-B.A.D. Cats)
19-- John Leven rocker (Europe-The Final Countdown)
19-- Laura Malone actress (Another World)
19-- Marc L Taylor Houston Tx, actor (Conrad-House Calls)
19-- Matthias Jabs rock guitarist (Scorpions-Wind of Change)
19-- Paul Regina Brooklyn NY, actor (Joe-Joe & Valerie)
19-- Shelley Smith Princeton NJ, actress (Scruples, Associates)
1902 Henry Steele Commager Pitts Pa, historian (Atlas of the Civil War)
1909 Philleo Nash US Bureau of Indian Affairs (1961-67)
1909 Whit Bissel NYC, actor (Time Machine, General Kirk-Time Tunnel)
1912 Jack Kent Cooke NFL team owner (Washington Redskins)
1912 Minnie Pearl [Sarah Ophelia Colley] Tenn, (Grand Old Opry, Hee-Haw)
1914 John Berryman American poet (Friends & Associates)
1914 John Reed King Atlantic City NJ, TV host (Why?, Let's See)
1923 Bobby Thomson HR hitter (The Giants win the pennant)
1924 Billy Barty Millsboro Pa, 3'9" actor (Under the Rainbow, Foul Play)
1925 Yakov Rylskly USSR, sabre team (Olympic-bronze-1956)
1926 Biff McGuire New Haven Ct, actor (Serpico, Heart is Lonely Hunter)
1926 Galina Vishnevskaya Russia, soprano (Madama Butterfly)
1927 Barbara Cook Atlanta Ga, stage singer/actress (Music Man)
1927 Franklin "Bud" Held javelin world champ (1949, 51, 53-55)
1928 Jeanne Cooper Minneapolis, actress (Kay-Young & Restless)
1928 Marion Ross Albert Lea Mn, actress (Marion-Happy Days, Brooklyn Bridge)
1928 Anthony Franciosa NYC, actor (Long Hot Summer, Name of Game, Death Wish 3)
1931 Annie Girardot Paris France, actress (Gypsy, Jacko & Lise)
1935 Russell "Rusty" L Schweickart Neptune NJ, astronaut (Apollo 9)
1940 Bob Knight college basketball coach (Indiana, Olympic-gold-1984)
1941 Anne Tyler American writer (Accidental Tourist)
1941 Helen Reddy Melbourne Australia, singer (I Am Woman)
1944 Kathy "Taffy" Danoff Wash DC, vocalist (Starland Vocal Band)
1948 Dave Cowens NBA forward (Boston Celtics, Milwaukee Bucks)
1949 Brian Kerwin Chicago Ill, actor (Chisholms, King Kong Lives, Lobo)
1950 John Matuszak Milwaukee Wisc, NFLer (Raiders)/actor (Hollywood Beat)
1951 Ransom Wilson Tuscaloosa Alabama, flutist (Soliste NY)
1958 Kornelia Ender German DR, 100m/200m freestyle (Olympic-gold-1976)
1960 Scott Anthony Haneline Indianapolis, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
1960 Tom Eplin actor (Jake-Another World)
1963 Tracy Nelson Calif, actress (Glitter, Square Pegs, Father Dowling)
1965 Nick Thorpe rocker (Curiosity Killed the Cat-Keep Your Distance)
1967 Julia Roberts Smyma Georgia, actress (Mystic Pizza, Pretty Woman)
1968 Lisa Trusel Cal, actress (Lizette-Father Murphy, Days of our Lives)
Deaths which occurred on October 25th:
1400 Geofrey Chaucer author, dies in London
1892 Caroline Harrison Pres Benjamin Harrison's wife, dies at 60
1959 Bob Murphy TV host (RFD America), dies at 42
1961 Peter Jensen co-inventer (loud speaker), dies at 75
1964 Belle Montrose actress (Mrs Harrison-The Hathaways), dies at 78
1973 Abebe Bikila Ethiopian marathoner (Oly-gold 1960, 64), dies at 46
1985 Morton Downey singer (Star of the Family), dies at 83
1986 Forrest Tucker actor (O'Rourke-F Troop, Dusty Trail), dies at 67
1987 Cecil Brown news correspondant (CBS), dies at 80
1989 Mary McCarthy author (The Group), dies, at 77
1991 Bill Graham rock concert promoter (Filmore), dies at 60
Golden Link 1 On this day 25th October
Golden Link 2 On this day 25th October
Golden Link 3 On this day 25th October