October, on this day
Saladin captures Jerusalem from the Crusaders
1263 The battle
of Largs fought between Norwegians and Scots.
Cartier discovers Montreal, Quebec.
of Kazan by Ivan
1608 Hans Lippershey offers Dutch goernment a new invention, the telescope
1608 Prototype of modern reflecting telescope completed by Hans
André, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary
War, is hanged as a spy by American forces.
Washington transmits the proposed Constitutional amendments (The
United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification.
Missionary Society forms in London
1833 NY Anti-Slavery Society formed
Texas Revolution begins with the Battle
of Gonzales: Mexican soldiers attempt to disarm the people of
Gonzales, Texas, but encounter stiff resistance from a hastily assembled
1836 At the end of a five year voyage, explorer Charles Darwin returns
to Britain having completed a survey of the coast of South America
pasilalinic-sympathetic compass is demonstrated but proves to
be a fake.
1853 Austrian law forbids Jews from owning land
of Saltville - Union forces attack Saltville, Virginia, but are
defeated by Confederate troops.
1870 The unified country of Italy selects Rome to be its capital
1889 In Colorado, Nicholas Creede
strikes it rich in silver during the last great silver boom of the
1900 In Britain, Keir
Hardie becomes the Labour Party's first Member of Parliament
1901 The Royal Navy launches its first submarine at Barrow
1909 Twickenham, in London, hosts its first rugby union match - between
1910 1st 2 aircraft collision (Milan, Italy)
1919 President Woodrow
Wilson suffers a stroke, leaving him partially paralysed
1924 The Geneva
Protocol is adopted as a means to strengthen the League of Nations.
Logie Baird performers first test of the working television system.
1925 The first of London's now traditional red buses - with roofed-in
upper decks goes into service after the lifting of restrictions that
had prevented such buses being used in the capital city
1935 Italy invades Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
1936 1st alcohol power plant established, Atchison, Kansas
1937 FDR visits Grand Coulee Dam construction site in Washington State
massacre: Arabs murder 20 Jews.
1940 The cruise liner, the 'Empress
of Britain', en route to Canada with British children being evacuated
during World War II, is sunk by a German submarine in the Atlantic.
British warships manage to rescue most of the 634 crew and passengers
1941 Six Parisian synagogues are bombed
1941 In Operation
Typhoon, Germany begins an all-out offensive against Moscow.
1942 In a freak accident, British liner 'Queen Mary' rams and sinks
an escort cruiser off the coast of Ireland - at least 300 crew are
1942 1st self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction demonstrated, Chicago
1944 Nazi troops end the Warsaw
1946 1st network soap opera-Faraway
1950 The comic strip "Peanuts"
1st appears, in 9 newspapers
1953 A photograph of William Pettit, wanted for murder, is shown on
BBC TV at the request of the police - the first time in Britain that
television is used to help find a wanted man
1954 Former French possession of Chandernagore made part of West Bengal
Hitchcock Presents" premiers
1956 1st atomic power clock exhibited-NYC
gains independence from France
Zone" premieres on CBS
1967 Grateful Dead members arrested by narcotic agents
1968 A peaceful student demonstration in Mexico City ends in the Tlatelolco
1970 Plane carrying Wichita State U football team crashes killing
1972 Aeroflot Il-18 crashes near Black Sea resort of Sochi, kills
1983 Welsh politician Neil
Kinnock is elected leader of the Labour Party in Britain
1984 3 cosmonauts return after a record 237 days in orbit
Miller, becomes 1st (former) FBI agent, charged with espionage
1986 Sikhs attempt to assassinate Indian Prime Minister Rajiv
1988 Police breakup domestic disturbance between Mike Tyson and Robin
Radio Berlin International's final transmission (links to Deutsche
Welles of West Germany); final song is "The End" by the
1990 A Chinese airline Boeing 737-247 is hijacked; after landing at
Guangzhou, it crashes into two airliners on the ground, killing 132
1992 The Carandiru
Massacre takes place after a riot in the Carandiru Penitentiary
in São Paulo, Brazil.
1996 The Electronic
Freedom of Information Act Amendments are signed by former U.S.
President Bill Clinton.
1996 An AeroPerú Boeing 757 crashes in Pacific Ocean shortly
after takeoff from Lima, Peru, killing 70.
1996 In Britain, Mandy Allwood loses the last five of the octuplets
she had been expecting after a 19 week pregnancy
2001 The NATO backs
US military strikes, following 9/11.
2002 The Beltway
sniper attacks begin, extending over three weeks.
Allen Boating Accident: The Ethan Allen tour boat capsizes on
Lake George in Upstate New York, killing twenty people.
2006 Five school girls are murdered by Charles
Carl Roberts in a shooting at an Amish
school in Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania before Roberts commits suicide.
2007 President Roh
Moo-hyun of South Korea walks across the Military
Demarcation Line into North Korea on his way to the second Inter-Korean
Summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Il.
which occurred on 2nd October:
1800 Nat Turner
Virginia, leader of major slave rebellion
1851 Ferdinand Foch believed to be responsible for Allies winning
1869 Mohandas K Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi), Porbandar Kathiawad India,
1871 Cordell Hull US Sec of State (1933-44), lowered tariffs (Nobel
1879 Wallace Stevens Reading Pa, poet (Ideas of Order)
1885 Ruth Bryan Rohde US, (Rep), minister to Denmark
1890 Julius "Groucho" Marx NYC, comedian (Marx Bros, You
Bet Your Life)
1891 H V Porter basketball pioneer, created fan shape backboard
1895 Bud Abbott Asbury Pk NJ, comedian (Abbott & Costello)
1899 Nat Turner famous African
19-- Avery Brooks Evansville Ind, actor (Hawk-Spenser for Hire)
19-- Betty Kennedy Roswell NM, actress (Andrea-Ladies' Man)
19-- Chip McAllister St Louis Mo, actor (Luther-Better Days)
19-- Lani O'Grady Walnut Creek Calif, actress (Mary-8 is Enough)
19-- Wesley Thompson Chicago Ill, actor (Wardell-He's the Mayor)
1904 Graham Greene England, prolific novelist (Brighton Rock)
1914 Charles Drake Bayside NYC, actor (Air Force, Glenn Miller Story)
1921 Robert Runcie archbishop of Canterbury
1928 Clay Felker St Louis, journalist (NY Herald Tribune, Esquire)
1928 Spanky McFarland actor (Little Rascals)
1929 Moses Gunn St Louis Mo, actor (Amityville II, Good Times, Shaft)
1932 Maury Wills baseball shortstop (LA Dodgers, NL MVP 1962)
1938 Rex Reed Ft Worth Tx, movie critic/actor (Myra Breckinridge)
1939 Yuri N Glazkov cosmonaut (Soyuz 24)
1945 Don McLean singer/songwriter (American Pie, Vincent)
1945 Neil Frances Tennant rocker (Pet Shop Boy-West End Girl)
1946 Roger Jett Maryland, actor (Smithereens)
1948 Donna Karan Forest Hills NY, fashion designer (Coty Award-1977)
1950 Persis Khambatta Bombay India, actress (Star Trek, Megaforce)
1951 Mike Rutherford rocker (Genesis-Against All Odds, Mike &
1951 Romina Power LA Calif, actress (Justine)
1951 Sting AKA Gordon Sumner, rocker (Police-Roxanne)/actor (Dune)
1952 George Meegen England, walked 19,019 miles from Argentina to
1954 Lorraine Bracco actress (Someone to Watch Over Me, Dream Team)
1957 Kimberly Herrin Santa Barbara Calif, playmate (March, 1981)
1960 Glenn Anderson Vancouver, NHL (Edmonton Oilers)
1961 Phil Oakey rocker (Human League-Human)
1961 Robbie Nevil rocker (A Place Like This)
1962 Esai Morales actor (Bad Boys, La Bamba)
1964 Sherry Arnett St Louis Mo, playmate (Jan, 1986)
1965 Jill Powell Jacksonville Fla, actress (Marcy-As The World Turns)
1970 Kelly Ripa actress (Hayley Vaughan-All My Children)
1971 "Tiffany" Renee Darwich Norwalk Cal, singer (I Think
We're Alone Now)
1991 Beau Grayson son of country singer Tanya Tucker
Deaths which occurred
on October 2nd:
322 -BC- Aristotle dies of indigestion
1264 Pope Urban IV (1261-64), dies (birth date unknown)
1678 Gen Wu San-kuei invited Manchus in China, dies trying to expell
1780 John Andre British major, hanged by Americans (spied with B Arnold,
dies at 30
1962 Frank Lovejoy actor (Man Against Crime, Meet McGraw), dies at
1973 Paavo "Flying Finn" Nurmi who won 6 Olympic gold medals,
1973 Paul Hartman actor (Bert-Petticoat Junction), dies at 68
1981 Hazel Scott singer/pianist (Hazel Scott), dies at 61
1985 George Savalas actor (Kojak), dies at 58
1985 Rock Hudson actor (MacMillian & Wife), dies at 59 of aids
1985 Sidney Clute actor (Lou Grant, Cagney & Lacey), dies at 69