of Zama : defeat of Carthage and Hannibal
439 The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa.
1216 King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry.
1298 Rindfleish -140 Jews of Heilbron Germany are murdered
1453 The French recapture of Bordeaux brings the Hundred Years' War to a close, with the English retaining only Calais on French soil.
1466 The Thirteen Years' War ends with the Second Treaty of Thorn.
1469 Ferdinand II of Aragon marries Isabella I of Castile, a marriage that paves the way to the unification of Aragon and Castile into a single country, Spain.
1512 Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia).
1649 New Ross town, Co. Wexford, Ireland, surrenders to Oliver Cromwell.
1765 Stamp Act Congress met in NY, wrote declaration of rights and liberties
1781 The American War of Independence comes to an end when British commander Lord Cornwallis surrenders his 8,000 troops to George Washington at Yorktown, in Virginia after a three week seige
1812 Napoleon begins his retreat from Moscow
1813 The Battle of Leipzig concludes, giving Napoleon Bonaparte one of his worst defeats.
1818 US and Chicasaw Indians sign a treaty
1822 In Parnaíba; Simplício Dias da Silva, João Cândido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piauí.
1845 Wagner's opera Tannhauser performed for 1st time
1849 Elizabeth Blackwell became 1st woman in US to receive medical degree
1856 James Kelly and Jack Smith fight bareknuckle for 6h 15m in Melbourne
1859 Wilhelm Tempel discovers diffuse nebula around Pleid star Merope
1860 The first company to manufacture internal combustion engines is formed in Florence. The engines are designed by Eugenio Barsanti and Felice Matteucci
1864 Approx 25 Confederates make surprise attack on St Albans, Vermont from Canada
1864 Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Union beats back Conf attackers
1870 1st four blacks elected to House of Representatives
1872 The 630lb 'Holtermann Nugget' - the largest gold-bearing nugget ever found, is mined at Hill End in New South Wales, Australia
1873 Yale, Princeton, Columbia, and Rutgers universities draft the first code of American football rules.
1888 Moshav Gederah is attacked by the Arabs
1901 Santos-Dumont proves airship maneuverable by circling Eiffel Tower
1904 In USA, James Buchanan Duke unites several of his companies into the American Tobacco Company
1912 Italy takes possession of Tripoli, Libya from the Ottoman Empire.
1914 During World war I, trhe start of the First Battle of Ypres
1921 Portuguese Prime Minister António Granjo and other politicians are murdered in a Lisbon coup.
1926 In Russia, following the election of Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky and Grigory Zinoviev are expelled from the Politburo of the Communist Party
1933 Berlin Olympic Committee vote to introduce basketball in 1936
1933 Germany withdraws from the League of Nations.
1935 The League of Nations places economic sanctions on fascist Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia.
1936 H R Ekins of "NY World-Telegram" beats 2 other reporters in a race around the world on commercial flights, by 18 days
1943 Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.
1944 United States forces land in the Philippines.
1950 UN forces entered Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea
1951 President Harry S Truman formally ends state of war with Germany
1953 1st jet transcontinental nonstop scheduled service
1953 Singer Julius LaRosa is fired on TV by Arthur Godfrey
1954 First ascent of Cho Oyu
1960 France grants Mauritania independence
1960 Martin Luther King Jr arrested in Atlanta sit-in
1960 The US imposes an embargo on exports to Cuba
1963 In Britain, following the resignation of Harold MacMillan, new Conservative leader Sir Alec Douglas-Home becomes prime minister
1963 Beatles record "I Want to Hold Your Hand"
1967 Mariner 5 makes fly-by of Venus
1970 John Frazier kills Ohta's declares WW 3 has begun
1973 President Richard Nixon rejects an Appeals Court demand to turn over the Watergate tapes.
1974 Niue becomes self-govering colony of New Zealand
1976 Battle of Aishiya in Lebanon.
1976 The Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) is placed on the List of Endangered Species.
1977 Supersonic Concorde jet's 1st landing in NYC
1978 For the first time in Britain, the International Motor Show is held outside London. Its new home is the newly-completed National Exhibition Centre (NEC) near Birmingham
1982 Automaker John DeLorean arrested on cocaine charges (Not guilty)
1983 Maurice Bishop, Prime Minister of Grenada, is overthrown and executed in a military coup d'état led by Bernard Coard.
1986 USSR expells 5 US diplomats
1986 President Machel killed in air crash in Mozambique
1987 Black Monday. Millions of dollars are wiped off the value of shares on Wall Street and other financial markets around the world. Wall Street ends the day down 22% lower than the Wall Street Crash of 1929
1987 US warships destroy 2 Iranian oil platforms in Persian Gulf
1988 3 Americans win Nobel in physics; 3 W Germans win chemistry Nobel
1988 Britain bans broadcast interviews with IRA members
1988 Car bomb kills 7 Israelis, wounds 11 near Lebanon border
1988 S Afrian anti-apartheid leader Albertina Sisuluwins $100,000 Human Rights prize
1988 Senate passes bill curbing ads during children`s TV shows
1989 In Britain, the 'Guildford Four' have their convictions quashed after wrongly serving 14 years in prison for the IRA bombings at Guildford and Woolwich
1998 The Earth Liberation Front sets fire to the Vail Mountain ski resort in Vail, Colorado, causing $12 million in damage.
2001 SIEV-X, an Indonesian fishing boat en-route to Christmas Island, carrying over 400 asylum seekers, sank in international waters with the loss of 353 people.
2003 Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II.
2004 Myanmar prime minister Khin Nyunt is ousted and placed under house arrest by the SPDC on charges of corruption.
2004 Care International aid worker Margaret Hassan is kidnapped in Iraq.
2005 Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.
2005 Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb.
2007 Philippines. Amidst corruption controversies hounding the Arroyo administration, a bomb explosion rocked Glorietta 2, a shopping mall in Makati, which killed 11 and injured more than 100 people.
October 19th 2005
Defiant Saddam pleads not guilty
Hurricane Wilma 'strongest ever'
Fresh bird flu outbreak in China
October 19th 2006
Bush accepts Iraq-Vietnam echoes
China economy applies the brakes
Many killed in Iraq bomb blasts
October 19th 2007
Attack on Bhutto convoy kills 130
Eight dead in Philippines blast
Ferry sinks off Indonesian island
October 19th 2008
Taleban kill many in bus attacks
China workers abducted in Sudan
Colin Powell backs Barack Obama
October 19th 2009
Karzai 'stripped of outright win'
Pakistan 'push into Taliban area'
Scientists announce planet bounty
Birthdates which occurred on October 19th:
1605 Sir Thomas Browne British
writer (Garden of Cyrus)
1784 John McLoughlin Hudson's Bay Co pioneer in Oregon Country
1784 Leigh Hunt British writer (Lord Byron)
1862 Auguste LumiŠre made 1st movie (Workers Leaving LumiŠre Factory)
1863 John Huston Finley Ill, editor (NY Times (1937-38))
1868 Bertha Landes 1st woman elected mayor of a major US city (Seattle)
1876 Mordecai (3 finger) Brown hall of fame pitcher
1882 Vincas Kreve-Mickievicius Lithuania, poet/philologist/playwright
1889 Uncle Art Satherly entertainer
1895 Lewis Mumford cultural historian/city planner/writer
1899 Miguel Asturias Guatemala, poet/novelist/diplomat (Nobel 1967)
1901 Arleigh A Burke US, admiral (WW II)
1909 Robert Beatty actor (Amorous Mr Pawn)
1910 Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar India, physicist (Nobel 1983)
1911 George Cates NYC, orch leader (Lawrence Welk Show)
1913 Jean Urruty France, Jai-Alai champion
1916 David Lewis Pitts Pa, actor (Edward Quartermaine-General Hospital)
1916 Emil Gilels Odessa Russia, pianist (Brussels Competition-1938)
1920 LaWanda Page Cleve Ohio, actress (Aunt Esther-Sanford & Sons)
1921 George Nader Pasadena Calif, actor (Robot Monster, Away All Boats)
1921 Gunnar Nordahl Sweden, soccer players (Olympic-gold-1948)
1922 Jack Anderson newspaper columnist (Wash Post)
1925 Bernard Hepton Bradford England, actor (6 Wives of Henry VIII)
1927 Piere Alechinsky Belgium, artist (Les Hautes herbes)
1928 Buff Cobb Florence Italy, actress (Masquerade Party)
1929 Balbir Singh India, field hockey player (Olympic-gold-1948-56)
1931 John Le Carr‚ England, spy novelist (Little Drummer Girl)
1932 Lloyd Haynes South Bend Indiana, actor (Pete Dixon-Room 222)
1932 Robert Reed Highland Park Ill, actor (Mike-Brady Bunch, Nurse)
1933 Wilfried Dietrich German FR, super-heavyweight (Olympic-gold-1960)
1936 Tony Lo Bianco Brooklyn NY, actor (Ann Jillian Story, Hizzoner!)
1937 Sean Garrison NYC, actor (Up Periscope, Splendor in the Grass)
1939 Benita Valente Delano Calif, soprano (Pamina-Die Zauberfl”te)
1940 Jerzy Kulej Poland, light welterweight boxer (Olympic-gold-1964, 68)
1945 Divine (Harris Glenn Milstead) film actor, born Towson, MD. USA
1945 John Lithgow actor (Harry & the Hendersons)
1955 Lonnie Shelton NBA forward (NY Knick, Seattle Supersonics)
1955 Pat Klous Hutchinson Ks, actress (Marcy-Flying High, Judy-Love Boat)
1956 Sue Barker tennis pro (French Open 1976)
1960 Jennifer Holiday singer/actress (Dream Girls)
1960 Woody rocker (Voice of the Beehive-Let it Bee)
1962 Evander Hollyfield Heavyweight boxing champ (1990- )
1965 Maria Lee Ostapiej La Mess Calif, Miss Calif-America (1991)
1966 Amy Linker Brooklyn NY, actress (Lewis & Clark, Lauren-Square Pegs)
1966 Anna Clark San Francisco Ca, playmate (Apr, 1987)
1966 Sinitta rocker (Omn Sinitta)
1967 Amy Carter Pres Carter's daughter/peace activist
Deaths which occurred on October 19th:
1964 Maurice Gosfield actor (Doberman-Phil Silvers Show), dies at 51
1978 Gig Young kills his bride of 3 weeks & then commits suicide at 64
1982 Jock Ewing dies in an aircrash on TV show "Dallas"
1983 Maurice Bishop prime minister of Grenada & others murdered in coup
Golden Link 1 On this day 19th October
Golden Link 2 On this day 19th October
Golden Link 3 On this day 19th October