ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1066 The Battle of Hastings (or Battle of Senlac Hill) on the southern coast of England. An English army, commanded by King Harold, is defeated by the invasion force of William of Normandy. King Harold is killed and William'The Conqueror' is proclaimed King of England
1322 Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence.
1582 The implementation of the Gregorian calendar causes this day to not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1586 Mary Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth
1758 Seven Years' War: Austria defeats Prussia at the Battle of Hochkirk
1773 The first recorded Ministry of Education, the Komisja Edukacji Narodowej (Polish for Commission of National Education), is formed in Poland.
1773 American Revolutionary War: The United Kingdom's East India Company tea ships' cargo are burned at Annapolis, Maryland.
1789 George Washington proclaims the first Thanksgiving Day.
1805 Battle of Elchingen, France defeats Austria
1806 Battle of Auerstadt-French beat Prussians
1834 2nd black to obtain a US patent, Henry Blair, for a corn planter
1834 In Philadelphia, Whigs and Democrats stage a gun, stone and brick battle for control of a Moyamensing Township election, resulting in one death, several injuries, and the burning down of a block of buildings.
1840 Maronite leader Bashir II surrenders to the British forces and goes into exile in Malta
1843 British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy
1863 Battle of Bristoe Station - Confederate General Robert E. Lee forces fail to drive the Union Army out of Virginia.
1867 15th and last Tokugawa Shogun resigns in Japan
1880 Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists.
1884 American entrepreneur and inventor George Eastman patents photographic film
1888 Louis Le Prince films first motion picture: Roundhay Garden Scene.
1910 English aviator Claude Grahame-White lands his Farman biplane on Executive Avenue (now Pennsylvania Avenue) near the White House.
1912 US Presidential candidate Theodore Roosevelt is shot and wounded in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
1913 Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, Britain's worst pit disaster. 439 miners are killed in an explosion down a mine at Senghenydd in Glamorgan, South Wales
1916 Sophomore tackle and guard Paul Robeson is excluded from the Rutgers football team when Washington and Lee University refused to play against a black person.
1920 Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
1922 1st automated telephones - Pennsylvania exchange in NYC
1925 Anti-French uprising in Damascus (French inhabitants flee)
1926 The children's book Winnie-the-Pooh, by A.A. Milne, is first published.
1929 The world's largest airship, the R101, makes its maiden voyage
1933 Nazi Germany announces withdrawal from League of Nations
1934 "Lux Radio Theatre" premieres
1939 BMI (Broadcast Music Incorporated) formed
1939 The Royal Navy battleship, HMS Royal Oak, is torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine while at harbour in Scapa Flow, off the northern coast of Scotland - a liitle more than a month after the start of World War II. At least 800 British seamen are killed
1940 Balham tube disaster during the Blitz.
1942 A German U-boat sinks the ferry SS Caribou, killing 137.
1943 Prisoners at the Sobibor death camp in Poland revolt, resulting in the death of 11 SS. About half of the camp's 600 prisoners escape; about 50 survive the war.
1943 U.S. 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17 Flying Fortresses during an assault on Schweinfurt.
1944 Allied troops land in Corfu.
1944 German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel commits suicide rather than face trial for his part in an attempt to overthrow Hitler
1947 American pilot Chuck Yeagar, flying a Bell XI rocket plane in California, becomes the first man to break the 'sound barrier' by flying at more than 670 miles an hour
1949 Eleven leaders of the U.S. Communist Party are convicted, after a nine-month trial, of conspiring to advocate the violent overthrow of the U.S. government.
1949 Chinese Red Army occupies Canton (Guangzhou).
1950 Rev Sun Young Moon liberated from Hung Nam prison
1953 Ike promises to fire as Red any federal worker taking 5th amendment
1957 Queen Elizabeth II becomes the first Canadian monarch to open the Parliament of Canada with the Speech from the Throne.
1958 The U.S. conducts an underground nuclear weapon test at the Nevada Test Site.
1958 The District of Columbia Bar Association votes to accept black Americans as members.
1958 Malagasy Republic becomes autonomous republic in French Community
1960 Peace Corps 1st suggested by JFK
1962 Cuban Missile Crisis begins: A U-2 flight over Cuba takes photos of Soviet nuclear weapons being installed.
1964 Martin Luther King Jr wins Nobel Peace Prize
1964 In Russia, Premier Nikita Krushev resigns from office. Leonid Brezhnev becomes general secretary of the CPSU and leader of the Soviet Union
1967 Folk singer Joan Baez is arrested in a blockade of the military induction center in Oakland, California.
1968 27 soldiers are arrested at the Presidio in San Francisco for their peaceful protest of stockade conditions and the Vietnam War.
1968 The United States Department of Defense announces that the United States Army and United States Marines will be sending about 24,000 troops back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours.
1968 1st live telecast from a manned US spacecraft (Apollo 7)
1968 Gruener and Watson (US) set scuba depth record (133 m) in Bahamas
1968 A 6.8 earthquake wrecked the Australian town of Meckering, and also ruptured all major roads and railways nearby.
1968 The rebuilt Euston railway station in London is opened.
1969 Race riots in Springfield, Mass
1969 Ahead of the complete changeover to decimalisation, Britain scraps the 10 shilling note and introduces the 50 pence coin
1971 2 killed in Memphis racial disturbances
1971 The US spacecraft 'Mariner 9' transmits back to earth the first close up pictures of the surface of Mars
1973 Thailand's University Students protest for a democratic government; 77 are killed and 857 injured.
1975 President Ford escapes injury when his limousine is struck broadside
1976 Soyuz 23 carries 2 to Salyut 6, but returns without docking
1978 1st TV movie from a TV series-"Rescue from Gilligan's Island"
1979 The first Gay Rights March on Washington, D.C. demands "an end to all social, economic, judicial, and legal oppression of lesbian and gay people," draws 200,000 people.
1980 Bob Marley's last concert
1981 Vice President Hosni Mubarak is elected President of Egypt one week after Anwar Sadat was assassinated.
1982 U.S. President Ronald Reagan proclaims a War on Drugs.
1982 6,000 Unification church couples wed in Korea
1983 US Marine peacekeeper Sgt Allen Soifert killed by sniper in Beirut
1986 Concentration camp survivor Elie Wiesel wins Nobel Peace Prize
1986 The IOC decides to stagger the Winter and Summer Olympic schedule
1986 Tim Kides of West NY, NJ performs 25,000 leg raises in 11:57:15
1986 An historic moment for Queen Elizabeth II Queen as she becomes the first British monarch to walk along the Great Wall of China
1987 In Midland, Tx 1 year-old Jessica McClure falls 22' (7m) down a well
1990 Jeff Goldblum and wife Geena Davis file for divorce
1994 The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded jointly to the Israeli Prime Mnister Yitzhak Rabin; Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres and the Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) Yasser Arafat
1998 Eric Robert Rudolph is charged with 6 bombings including the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta, Georgia.
October 14th 2005
Iraq Sunni party offices attacked
Bird flu in new Romania village
Quake rescue mission winds down
October 14th 2006
Russia warns on N Korea sanctions
Plague in Congo
Low-caste Hindus adopt new faith
'Guantanamo abuses' probed
October 14th 2007
Colombia mine collapse kills 24
Tourists die in Thai cave floods
China rules out West's democracy
October 14th 2008
US unveils $250bn banking rescue
China orders milk product recall
Chinese toy firms forced to close
October 14th 2009
Dow Jones breaks through 10,000
Baghdad gold market hit in attack
Russian MPs make election protest
---- Grover muppet (Sesame
1633 James II king of England (1685-88)
1644 William Penn English Quaker & founder of PA
1712 George Grenville British PM (1763-65)
1857 Elwood Haynes auto pioneer, built one of 1st US autos
1867 Masaoka Shiki Japan, haiku and tanka poet/diarist (Salt Water Ballads)
1869 Joseph Duveen England, art connoisseur (Elgin marbles)
1871 Alexander von Zemlinsky Vienna Austria, composer (Der Schneeman)
1873 Raymond C Ewry Indiana, polio victim who won 10 Olympic golds
1882 Eamon DeValera NY, Pres of Ireland (1937-48, 51-54, 57-59)
1888 Katherine Mansfield New Zealand writer (Aloe, Garden Party)
1890 Dwight D Eisenhower Denison, Tx (R) 34th Pres (1953-1961)
1894 e. e. cummings Cambridge Mass, poet (Tulips & Chimneys)
1896 Lillian Gish silent film/stage actress (Birth of a Nation)
1899 Alan Washbond US, 2-man bobsled (Olympic-gold-1932)
19-- Geoff Tate rocker (Queensr˜che-The WArning)
19-- Lee Lawson actress (Guiding Light)
19-- Rori King LA Calif, actress (Becky-I'm a Big Girl Now)
19-- Thomas Leopold Miami Fla, actor (Ted Knight Show, Steve Allen Show)
19-- Zakk Wylde rocker (Ozzy Osbourne)
1906 Benita Hume London England, actress (Vicky-The Halls of Ivy)
1906 Hannah Arendt Germany, historian (Origins of Totalitarianism)
1907 Pert Kelton Great Falls Mont, actress (Cavalcade of Stars)
1910 John Wooden basketball coach (UCLA-10 national championships)
1916 C Everett Koop surgeon general (1981-89)
1924 Robert Webber Santa Ana Calif, actor (79 Park Avenue)
1927 Roger Moore London England, actor (Alaskans, Maverick, Saint)
1928 Gary Graffman NYC, pianist (Leventritt Award)
1931 Rafael Puyana Bogota Colombia, baroque harpsichordist (NY debut 1957)
1935 La Monte Young Bern Idaho, composer (Compostion in 1990)
1938 John Dean III former White House counsel, Watergate figure
1939 Ralph Lauren fashion designer (Chaps)
1940 Cliff Richards [Harry Webb], England, rocker (Suddenly)
1940 Pat Finley Asheville NC, actress (Ellen Hartley-Bob Newhart Show)
1943 Lance Rentzel NFL receiver (Minn, LA)/ex-husband of Joey Heatherton
1943 Noreen Corcoran Quincy Mass, actress (Kelly-Bachelor Father)
1944 Udo Kier Germany, actor (Warhol Dracula, Warhol Frankenstein)
1946 Justin Hayward singer (Moody Blues-Nights in White Satin)
1947 Charlie Joiner Many La, NFL receiver (Houston, Cincinnati, San Diego)
1950 Sheila Young Ockerwitz US, 500m speed skater (Olympic-gold-1976)
1952 Harry Anderson Newport RI, actor (Judge Harry Stone-Night Court)
1952 Nikolai Adrianov USSR, gymnast (Olympic-4 gold/2 silver/bronze-1976)
1953 Greg Evigan South Amboy NJ, actor (BJ-BJ & the Bear)
1956 Beth Daniel Charleston SC, LPGA golfer (1980 player of the year)
1958 Thomas Dolby rocker (She Blinded Me With Science)
1959 A.J. Pero Staten Is, drummer (Twisted Sister-Not Gonna Take It)
1961 Melanie Wilson actress (Jennifer-Perfect Strangers)
1961 Mike Tramp Denmark, heavy metal rocker (White Lion-Mane Attraction)
1967 Arleen Sorkin actress (Day of Our Life, America's Funniest Videos)
Deaths which occurred on October 14th:
1944 Erwin Rommel German Field Marshall (WW II-Africa), dies at 52
1959 Errol Flynn actor, dies
1977 Bing Crosby dies of a heart attack at 74, in Madrid, Spain
1983 Paul Fix actor (Rifleman), dies at 82 of kidney failure
1986 Keenan Wynn actor (Dallas, Call to Glory, Last Precinct), dies at 70
1990 Leonard Bernstein composer (West Side Story), dies at 72
Golden Link 1 On this day 14th October
Golden Link 2 On this day 14th October
Golden Link 3 On this day 14th October