ascends to the Roman throne
409 Vandals and Alans crossed the Pyrenees and appeared in Hispania.
1282 Nichiren Daishonin, founder of the Nichiren School of Buddhism, dies. His ashes are interred at Taisekiji Temple.
1307 Hundreds of Knights Templar in France are simultaneously arrested by agents of Phillip the Fair, to be later tortured into "admitting" heresy
1483 Rabbi Issac Abarbanel starts his exegesis on the Bible
1492 Christopher Columbus and his crew land in the Bahamas
1582 Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1773 The Whirlpool Galaxy was discovered by Charles Messier
1775 US Continental Congress orders construction of a naval fleet
1792 In Washington, the first US President George Washington, lays the cornerstone to the Executive Mansion which is to become 'The White House'
1812 Battle of Queenston Heights : As part of the Niagara campaign in Ontario, Canada, United States forces under General Stephen Van Rensselaer are repulsed from invading Canada by British and native troops led by Sir Isaac Brock.
1843 In New York City, Henry Jones and 11 others found B'nai B'rith (the oldest Jewish service organization in the world).
1845 A majority of voters in the Republic of Texas approve a proposed constitution, that if accepted by the U.S. Congress, will make Texas a U.S. state.
1860 1st aerial photo taken in US (from a balloon), Boston
1880 In southern Africa, the Boer republic of Transvaal declares its independence from Britain
1881 Revival of the Hebrew language as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and friends agree to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations.
1884 The London borough of Greenwich is adopted as the universal meridian of longitude from which all standard times throughout the world are calculated
1892 Edward Emerson Barnard discovers D/1892 T1 (Barnard 3), the first comet discovered by photographic means, on the night of October 13-14.
1894 In England, the first Merseyside 'derby' football match is played between Liverpool and Everton at Goodison Park. Everton win the game 3-0
1904 Psycho-analyst Sigmund Freud publishes his most famous work: 'The Interpretation of Dreams'
1909 In Spain, Francisco Ferrer Guardia, the leader of the militant anti-clericals, is executed. 1923: Ankara replaces Istanbul as the capital of Turkey
1917 The "Miracle of the Sun" is witnessed by an estimated 70,000 people in the Cova da Iria in Fátima, Portugal.
1918 Mehmed Talat Pasha and the Young Turk (C.U.P.) ministry resign and sign an armistice, ending Ottoman participation in World War I.
1919 Race riot at Elaine Arkansas
1923 Ankara replaces Istanbul as the capital of Turkey.
1924 In Britain, Labour Party leader Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first prime minister to make an election broadcast on BBC radio
1931 The Noel Coward musical 'Cavalcade' is first performed at the Drury Lane Theatre in London
1943 Italy declares war on former ally Germany
1944 US 1st army begins battle of Aachen
1944 During World War II, the Greek capital Athens is liberated by the Allies
1944 Riga, the capital of Latvia is seized by the Red Army
1946 France adopts the constitution of the Fourth Republic.
1953 Burglar alarm-ultrasonic or radio waves-patented-Samuel Bagno
1957 German Dem Rep recalls the East Mark and issues new currency
1958 Burial of Eugenio Pacelli, Pope Pius XII on the 41st anniversary of the "Miracle of the Sun".
1960 3rd presidential debate with Nixon in Hollywood and Kennedy in NY
1962 "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" opens on Broadway, with Uta Hagen
1963 "Beatlemania" is coined after the Beatles appear at the Palladium
1964 Voskhod 1 crew returns
1969 Soyuz 8 is launched
1970 Angela Davis arrested in NYC
1972 Aeroflot Il-62 crashes in large pond outside Moscow, 176 die
1972 Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 crashes in the Andes mountains, in between the borders of Argentina and Chile. By December 23, 1972 only 16 out of 45 people lived long enough to be rescued.
1976 A Bolivian Boeing 707 cargo jet crashes in Santa Cruz, Bolivia killing 100 (97, mostly children, killed on the ground).
1976 The first electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle was obtained by Dr. F.A. Murphy, now at U.C. Davis, who was then working at the C.D.C..
1977 The start of a 4-day seige after the hi-jacking of a Lufthansa jet which is forced to land at Mogadishu, the capital of the Somali Democratic Republic in Africa
1978 James Earl Ray, assassin of Martin Luther King weds Anna Sandhu
1978 Tiros N, US's 1st 3rd generation weather satellite, is launched
1980 Unprovoked slayings of 6 blacks in Buffalo, NY
1981 Vice President Hosni Mubarak elected president of Egypt
1982 IOC restores 2 gold medals from 1912 Olympics to Jim Thorpe
1983 Ameritech Mobile Communications (now AT&T) launched the first US cellular network in Chicago, Illinois.
1984 John Henry becomes 1st thoroughbred to win $6 million
1984 British darts player John Lowe achieves the first televised 9-dart 501 in a major event during the world matchplay championship quarter-finals at Slough in England
1987 1st military use of trained dolphins (US Navy in Persian Gulf)
1987 Costa Rican Pres Oscar Arias wins Nobel Peace Prize
1988 Concert at Masada ends Israel's 40th-anniversary festival
1988 The Roman Catholic Cardinal of Turin confirms reports that the famous 'Shroud of Turin' - said to have been used to wrap the body of Jesus Christ and bears the imprint of his face - has been scientifically dates to only as far back as the Middle Ages
1988 Queen Elizabeth II sues the British newspaper, The Sun, for breach of copyright after it prints one of her private photographs without permission
1990 End of the Lebanese war. Syrian forces launch an attack on the free areas of Lebanon removing General Michel Aoun from the presidential palace.
1992 An Antonov An-124 operated by Antonov Airlines registered CCCP-82002, crashed near Kiev, Ukraine.
1993 Captured American Pilot Mike Durant is filmed in an interview in captivity by a CNN camera crew.
1996 British racing driver Damon Hill, driving a Williams, wins the Japanese Grand Prix to clinch his first (and only) World Championship
1999 The United States Senate rejects ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
October 13th 2005
Dozens die as Russian city raided
Turkey bird flu is deadly strain
Quake rescuers 'race against time'
October 13th 2006
'Saturday' UN vote on North Korea
Nobel for anti-poverty pioneers
Blair 'agrees' with UK Army chief
US sowing strife
October 13th 2007
Key activists arrested in Burma
Rice encourages Russian activists
UN concern over Sri Lanka rights
October 13th 2008
Europe acts to strengthen banks
US stocks soar after crisis talks
Krugman wins Nobel for economics
October 13th 2009
Iraqi town hit by suicide blast
Don't pressure Iran, says Russia
Sarkozy defends son's top-job bid
Birthdates which occurred on October 13th:
1769 Horace H Hayden cofounded
1st dental college
1853 Lillie Langtry [Jersey Lily], vaudevillian actress
1885 Harry Hershfield Cedar Rapids Iowa, cartoonist (Can You Top This?)
1889 Douglass Dumbrille Hamilton Ont, actor (Mr Deeds Goes to Town)
1890 Conrad Richter writer (The Light in the Forest)
1891 Irene Rich Buffalo NY, actress (Beau Brummell, Champ)
19-- Brian McGovern actor (Ryan's Hope)
19-- Harry Cody rocker (Shotgun Messiah-Second Coming)
19-- Jack Colvin Lyndon Ks, actor (Jack-Incredible Hulk)
19-- William Jordan Milan Indiana, actor (Project UFO, Beyond Westworld)
1902 Arna Bontemps Louisiana, black author (100 years of negro freedom)
1902 Franco Giorgetti Italy, cyclist (Olympic-gold-1920)
1909 Herblock (Herbert L Block) political cartoonist
1911 Ticker Freeman Paterson NJ, pianist (Dinah Shore Show)
1912 Hugo Weisgall Ivancice Moravia, composer (4 Impressions)
1915 Cornel Wilde actor (High Sierra, 5th Musketeer)
1917 Burr Tillstrom Chic Ill, puppeteer (Kukla, Fran & Ollie)
1917 Laraine Day Roosevelt Utah, actress (Dr Kildare, I've Got a Secret)
1920 Albert Hague Berlin Germany, actor (Mr Shorofsky-Fame)
1920 Nipsey Russell Atlanta Ga, comedian (Car 54, Barefoot in the Park)
1921 Harper MacKay Boston Mass, orch leader (NBC Follies)
1921 Yves Montand France, actor/singer (Z, Napoleon, Grand Prix)
1922 Alan Scott Haddonfield NJ, TV host/songwriter (Spin the Picture)
1924 Terry Gibbs Brooklyn NY, orch leader (Steve Allen Comedy Hour)
1925 Frank Gilroy American writer (Subject Was Roses)
1925 Lenny Bruce comedian, arrested on obscenity charges
1925 Margaret Thatcher (Tory) British PM (1979-90) Iron Lady
1927 Anita Kerr Memphis TN, singer (Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour)
1931 Ed Matthews Hall of Famer/Milwaukee Brave/HR hitter (512)
1936 Cliff Gorman Jamaica NY, actor (Boys in the Band, Angel)
1938 Jim McMullan Long Beach NY, actor (Dr McDaniel-Ben Casey)
1939 Melinda Dillon Hope Ark, actress (Close Encounters, Slap Shot)
1942 Pamela Tiffin Oklahoma City, actress (Viva Max!)
1942 Paul Simon Newark NJ, singer/actor (Kodachrome, 1 Trick Pony)
1946 Demond Wilson Valdosta Ga, actor (Sanford & Son, Baby I'm Back)
1946 Lacy J Dalton country singer (Blue Eyed Blues)
1948 Leona Mitchell Enid Okla, soprano (Musetta-La Boh‚me)
1949 Sammy Hagar singer-musician (Van Halen-Jump)
1959 Marie Osmond Ogden Ut, singer/actress (Paper Roses, Goin' Coconuts)
1960 Joey Belladonna heavy metal vocalist (Anthrax-Protest & Survive)
1961 Jerry Rice NFL receiver (SF 49ers)
1962 Kelly Preston Hawaii, actress (Mischief, Twins, A Tigers Tale)
1965 Cherelle rocker (Affair-First Bite)
1969 Cady McClain Burbank Calif, actress (Dixie Martin-All My Children)
Deaths which occurred on October 13th:
54 Claudius Roman Emperor, dies
---- Prince L Rwagasore of Burundi, murdered; Hero of the Nation Day
1601 Tycho Brahe greatest naked-eye observer, dies in Prague
1795 William Prescott American Revolutionary soldier, dies
1974 Ed Sullivan TV host (Ed Sullivan Show), dies at 73
1979 Clarence Muse actor (Sam-Casablanca), dies at 90
1988 Mike Venezia jockey, dies in 5th-race fall at Belmont Race Track, NY
1989 Jay Ward animator (Rocky & His Friends), dies at 69 of cancer
Golden Link 1 On this day 13th October
Golden Link 2 On this day 13th October
Golden Link 3 On this day 13th October