11th October, on this day

1138 A massive earthquake struck Aleppo, Syria.
1531 Huldrych Zwingli is killed in battle with the Roman Catholic cantons of Switzerland.
1582 Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain, often causing widespread panic to the natives.
1614 Adriaen Block and 12 Amsterdam merchants petition the States General for exclusive trading rights in the New Netherland colony.
1634 The Burchardi flood — "the second Grote Mandrenke" killed around 15,000 men in North Friesland, Denmark and Germany.
1737 Earthquake kills 300,000 anddestroys most of Calcutta, India
1776 Battle of Valcour Island - On Lake Champlain Brig Gen Arnold's 15 American gunboats are defeated by the British but give Patriot forces enough time to prepare defences of New York City.
1797 British naval forces defeat Dutch off Camperdown, the Netherlands
1809 Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder's Stand.
1811 Inventor John Stevens' boat, the Juliana, begins operation as the first steam-powered ferry (service between New York, New York, and Hoboken, New Jersey)
1852 The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
1862 In the aftermath of the Battle of Antietam, Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart and his men loot Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, during a raid into the north.
1865 President Johnson paroles CSA VP Alexander Stephens
1865 Paul Bogle led hundreds of black men and women in a march in Jamaica, starting the Morant Bay rebellion
1886 Other than of a member of the Royal Family, Britain's first statue to honour a woman is erected in Walsall in the West Midlands. Its a statue in memory of Dorothy Pattison - known as Sister Dora
1890 In Washington, DC, the Daughters of the American Revolution is founded.
1890 1st 100 yard dash under 10 seconds (John Owens 9-4/5 secs, Wash DC)
1899 The start of the Boer War between the British Empire and the Republics of the Orange Free State and the Transvaal in southern Africa
1906 San Francisco public school board sparks United States diplomatic crisis with Japan by ordering Japanese students to be taught in racially segregated schools.
1910 Ex-president Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. president to fly in an airplane. He flew for four minutes with Arch Hoxsey in a plane built by the Wright Brothers at Kinloch Field (Lambert-St. Louis International Airport), St. Louis, Missouri.
1919 The beginning of in-flight catering when meals are served on a Handley-Page flying from London to Paris. Pre-packed lunch boxes cost 3 shillings (15p) each
1922 1st woman FBI "special investigator" appointed (Alaska Davidson)
1932 1st political telecast (Democratic National Committee) at CBS, NYC
1936 "Professor Quiz", 1st radio quiz show premieres
1941 Beginning of the National Liberation War of Macedonia.
1942 Battle of Cape Esperance - On the northwest coast of Guadalcanal, United States Navy ships intercept and defeat a Japanese fleet on their way to reinforce troops on the island.
1944 Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R
1945 Chinese civil war begins, Chiang Kai-Shek vs Mao Tse-Tung
1950 CBS's mechanical color system is the first to be licensed for broadcast by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission.
1954 First Indochina War: The Viet Minh take control of North Vietnam.
1956 Cricket's slow-scoring Test Match record is set when Australia score 80 and Pakistan 15 during a full day's play in Karachi
1958 2nd US Moon probe, Pioneer 1, reaches 113,810 km, falls back

1958 The first transmission of BBC TV's Saturday afternoon sports programme 'Grandstand'
1958 The start of the 'Space Race' proper as the Russians launch their first rocket to travel to the moon
1962 Second Vatican Council: Pope John XXIII convenes the first ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church in 92 years.
1967 Yoko Plus Me art exhibit opens in London (the me is John Lennon)
1968 Apollo 7 (Schirra, Eisele and Cunningham) made 163 orbits in 260 hours
1968 Panama revolts
1969 Soyuz 6 launched; Soyuz 7 and 8 follow in next 2 days
1972 Prison uprising at Washington DC jail
1973 Start of the Yom Kippur War in the Middle East
1975 "Saturday Night Live" premieres with guest host George Carlin
1977 Soyuz 25 returns to Earth
1978 Aristides Royo elected president of Panama
1979 Allan McLeod Cormack and Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield win Nobel Prize for medicine for developing the CAT scan
1980 The Russian spacecraft Salyut 6 finally returns safely to earth after its crew have been in space for a record 185 days
1981 Unknown rocker Prince opens for Rolling Stones at LA Coliseum s
1982 English ship Mary Rose, which sank during an engagement with France in 1545, raised at Portsmouth, England
1985 President Reagan bans importation of South African Krugerrands
1984 Aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger, astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan becomes the first American woman to perform a space walk.
1986 US President Ronald Reagan meets Russian Premier Mikhil Gorbachev in Reykjavik, Iceland for a summit. Negotiations on nuclear weapons end in failure
1987 200,000 gays march for civil rights in Washington
1990 Octavio Paz wins Nobel Prize for literature
1991 Anita Hill testifies Clarence Thomas sexually harrassed her
1998 A Congo Airlines Boeing 727 is shot down by rebels in Kindu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, killing 40 people.
2001 The Polaroid Corporation files for federal bankruptcy protection.
2002 A bomb attack in a shopping mall in Vantaa, Finland kills seven.

October 11th 2005

Weather hampers quake aid effort

Suicide bombs kill dozens in Iraq

Liberians queue for historic vote

October 11th 2006

Aircraft hits New York building

'Huge rise' in Iraqi death tolls

French train collision 'kills 12'

October 11th 2007

Armenia welcomes 'genocide' vote

US rights group sues Blackwater

Muslim scholars reach out to Pope

October 11th 2008

IMF warns of global 'meltdown'

Palin abused power, says probe

N Korea taken off US terror list

October 11th 2009

Trio of blasts strikes Iraqi city

Pakistan 'to strike at militants'

Russia economy 'to shrink 7.5%'

Birthdates which occurred on October 11th:

1782 Steen Steensen Blicher Denmk, poet/short-story writer (E Binddstouw)
1821 Sir George Williams England, founder YMCA
1844 Henry John Heinz founded prepared-foods company (57 varieties)
1872 Harlan Fiske Stone NH, Supreme Court (1925-41) Chief Justice (41-46)
1884 Eleanor Roosevelt 1st lady/crusader
1885 Fran‡ois Mauriac France, novelist/poet/playwright (Nobel 1952)
1896 Roman Jakobson linguist/Slavic scholar (Fundamentals of Language)
1897 Gen Nathan F Twining USAF (Neither Liberty nor Safety)
1897 George Preston Marshall NFL team owner (Washington Redskins)
19-- Bill Randolph Detroit Mich, actor (Comedy Zone, Trauma Center)
19-- Brad Maule actor (Dr Tony Jones-General Hospital)
19-- Gail Brown actress (Another World)
19-- Mark Goodman vee-jay (MTV)
1900 Cal Hubbard NFL tackle (Giants, Packers, Pittsburgh Pirates)
1902 Leon Belasco Odessa Russia, actor (Lucky Partners, My Sister Eileen)
1906 Earl "Dutch" Clark Colo, NFL hall of fame QB (Spartans, Detroit)
1910 Joseph Alsop political newspaper columnist (Men Around the President)
1914 Edward J Day US Postmaster General (1961)
1918 Jerome Robbins choreographer/composer (Tony-West Side Story)
1919 Art Blakey Pitts Pa, drummer (Billy Eckstine Band)
1925 Elmore Leonard American writer (Glitz, Mr Majestyk)
1925 Nancy Guild LA Calif, actress (Where Was I?)
1930 Harry Glass German DR, 1st E German Olympic medalist (bronze-1956)
1932 Dottie West Tenn, country singer (Here Comes My Baby)
1936 Charles Gordon Fullerton Roch, USAF/ast (STS T-1, T-3, T-5, 3, 51F)
1937 Ron Leibman NYC, actor (Norma Rae, Where's Poppa?, Beauty & Beast)
1943 Gene Watson country singer (Heartaches, Love & Stuff)
1944 Rodney Marsh athlete
1946 Felton Perry actor (Magnum Force, Sudden Death)
1946 Sawao Kato Japan, gymnast (Olympic-gold-1968, 72, 76)
1948 Daryl Hall rocker/songwriter (Hall & Oates-Sara Smile)
1950 Catlin Adams LA Calif, actress (Ms Loomis-Square Pegs)
1953 David Morse Beverly Mass, actor (St Elsewhere, House, Inside Moves)
1962 Joan Cusack Evanston Ill, comedienne (SNL)
1962 Leslie Landon LA Calif, actress (Etta Plum-Little House on Prairie)
1969 Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands
1971 Luke Perry Mansfield Ohio, actor (Dillon-Beverly Hill 90210)
1975 Kellie Martin actress (Life Goes On)


Deaths which occurred on October 11:
1779 General Casimir Pulaski dies
1809 Meriwether Lewis capt of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies at 35
1959 Bert Bell NFL hall of famer, dies at 64
1961 Leonard "Chico" Marx (Marx Brothers), dies at 74
1977 Dr Mason Gross professor (Think Fast, 2 for the Money), dies at 66
1985 Orson Welles dies at 70 of a heart attack
1985 Tex Williams country-western singer, dies at 68 of cancer
1986 Norm Cash 1st baseman (Detroit Tigers), dies at 51
1988 Waylon Flowers puppeteer, dies at 48
1990 Douglas Edwards WW II correspondant, dies of cancer at 73
1991 Redd Foxx comedian, dies at 68 from a heart attack

Golden Link 1/ On this day 11th October

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Golden Link 3/ On this day 11th October