November, on this day
1333 Flood of the
River, causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine
of Aragon (later Henry
VIII's wife) meets Arthur
Tudor, Henry VIII's older brother - they would later marry
Years' War : In Flanders, Spain captures Antwerp (after three
days the city was nearly destroyed).
1677 The future Mary
II of England marries William,
Prince of Orange. They would later be known as William
1737 The Teatro
di San Carlo is inaugurated - oldest continuously active theatre
1791 The Western
Confederacy of American Indians win a major victory over the United
States in the Battle
of the Wabash.
1825 The Erie
Canal is completed with Governor
DeWitt Clinton performing the Wedding of The Waters ceremony in
New York Harbour.
1839 The Newport
Rising is the last large-scale armed rebellion against authority
in mainland Britain.
1842 Abraham Lincoln marries Mary
Todd in Springfield, Ill
1845 1st nationally observed uniform election day in US
1852 For the first time in its history, journalists are allowed into
the House of Commons to report debates
1852 Count Camillo
Benso di Cavour becomes the prime minister of Piedmont-Sardinia,
which soon expands to become Italy.
1854 Lighthouse established on Alcatraz Island
States presidential election, 1856 : Democrat James
Buchanan wins the US presidential election defeating Republican
of Washington founded in Seattle
gun patented (Richard J Gatling)
of Johnsonville - Confederate troops bombard a Union supply base
and destroy millions of dollars in material.
1866 Kingdom of Italy annexes Venetia
1867 90 kegs of powder used to get rock from Telegraph Hill for seawall
1873 Dentist John Beers of San Francisco patents the gold
1875 "Pacific" collides with "Orpheus" off Cape
Flattery, Wash, 236 dies
and John Ritty patent 1st cash register, to combat stealing by
bartenders in their Dayton, Ohio saloon
1890 Great Britain proclaims Zanzibar as a protectorate
& South London Railway : London's first deep-level tube railway
opens between King William Street and Stockwell.
1909 The opera "Il
Segreto di Susanna" is produced (Munich)
1914 The first Fashion Show is organised by Edna
Woolman Chase of Vogue Magazine at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel in New
1918 40,000 sailors take over the port in Kiel in the German
1921 The Sturmabteilung
or SA is formally formed by Adolf
1921 Japanese Prime Minister Hara
Takashi is assassinated in Tokyo.
unknown soldier is buried in the Altare
della Patria (Fatherland Altar) in Rome.
Carter discovers tomb of Tutankhamen in the Valley
of the Kings
Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming is elected as the first female governor
in the United States.
1929 Violinist Yehudi
Menuhin makes his London debut aged 12
Olympics awarded to Helsinki, Finland
1939 1st air conditioned automobile (Packard) exhibited, Chicago,
1939 U.S. President Franklin
D. Roosevelt orders the United States Customs Service to implement
Act of 1939, allowing cash-and-carry purchases of weapons by belligerents
Battle of El Alamein - Disobeying a direct order by Adolf Hitler,
General Field Marshal Erwin
Rommel leads his forces on a five-month retreat.
1946 UN Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation formed
States presidential election, 1952 : Republican Dwight
D. Eisenhower defeats Democrat Adlai
Stevenson (correctly predicted by the UNIVAC computer).
1952 The US
National Security Agency is founded
1952 8.25 Richter scale earthquake in Kamchatka.
1956 Soviet troops enter Hungary to end the Hungarian
revolution that started on October 23. Thousands are killed, more
are wounded, and nearly a quarter million leave the country.
1956 Israel captures Straits of Tiran from Egypt and Israeli troops
reach Suez Canal
1957 2nd Soviet Earth-satellite launched
1962 In a test of the Nike-Hercules
air defense missile, Shot Dominic-Tightrope is successfully detonated
69,000 feet above Johnston
Island. It would also be the final atmospheric nuclear test ever
conducted by the United States.
Lennon utters his infamous "Rattle your jewellery" line
at the Royal Command Variety Performance ("The people in the
cheaper seats, clap your hands... and if the rest of you would just
rattle your jewelry.")
1965 Lee Breedlove sets female land speed record (308.56 MPH)
of Arno River (Italy) destroys countless art works
- The United States turns control of the Binh
Thuy Air Base in the Mekong Delta over to South Vietnam.
a 13 year old feral child was found in Los Angeles, California having
been locked in her bedroom for most of her life.
1973 The Netherlands experiences the first Car
Free Sunday caused by the 1973
oil crisis. Highways are deserted and are solely used by cyclists
and roller skaters.
1978 Iranian troops fire on anti-Shah student protesters by Tehran
Iran hostage crisis begins : 3,000 Iranian radicals, mostly students,
invade the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and take 90 hostages (53 of whom
are American). They demand that the United States send the former
Shah back to Iran to stand trial.
States presidential election, 1980 : Governor Ronald
Reagan of California defeats incumbent Democratic President Jimmy
Carter in a landslide victory, exactly 1 year after the beginning
of the Iran hostage crisis.
1981 Columbia shuttle launch scrubbed with 31 secs remaining
1984 Nicaragua holds 1st free elections in 56 years; Sandinistas win
Steinberg, battered into coma by her adoptive father
1990 Iraq says it is preparing for a "dangerous war"
1990 Secretary of State James Baker visits US troops in Saudi Arabia
1991 Mid East peace conference ends in Madrid Spain 1993 A China
Airlines Boeing 747 overran Runway 13 at Hong Kong's Kai Tak International
Airport while landing during a typhoon, injuring 22 people
1994 In Britain, 400 years' shipbuilding comes to an end at the Swann
Hunter Shipyard with the launch of the Royal Naval Frigate ' Richmond'
1994 San Francisco: First conference that focusses exclusively on
the subject of the commercial potential of the World
1995 Israeli prime minister Yitzhak
Rabin is assassinated by an extremist Orthodox Israeli.
2002 Chinese authorities arrest cyber-dissident He
Depu for signing pro-democracy letter to the 16th Communist Party
2003 The most powerful solar flare as observed by satellite instrumentation
occurred on November 4th:
1650 William III
of Orange, king of England (1689-1702)
1862 Eden Phillpotts England, novelist/poet/playwright (Red Madymaynes)
1873 GE Moore English philosopher (Ethics)
1876 James Fraser designed buffalo nickel
1879 Will Rogers Oologah Indian Territory (Oklahoma), humorist
1886 Ian Wolfe Canton IL, actor (Diary of a Madman, Wizards &
19-- Barbara Howard Chicago IL, actress (Robin-Falcon Crest)
19-- Frank Dicostanzo CT, rocker (Steelheart-She's Gone)
1900 Luigi Lucioni Italian, landscape painter (opera stars)
1906 Bob Considine sports columnist (Bob Feller Story)
1909 Ciro Alegria Peru, novelist (Golden Serpent)
1912 Pauline Trigere fashion designer (Bell Bottoms)
1913 Gig Young St Cloud MN, actor (They Shoot Horses Don't They)
1916 Walter Cronkite St Joseph MO, news anchor (CBS Evening News 1962-81)
1918 Art Carney Mount Vernon NY, actor (Ed Norton-Honeymooners)
1918 Cameron Mitchell Dallastown PA, actor (Buck-High Chaparral)
1919 Martin Balsam NYC, actor (Murray-Archie Bunker's Place, Catch
1929 Jimmy Piersall baseball player (Red Sox, Senators, Indians)
1930 Doris Roberts St Louis MO, actress (Angie, Maggie, Emmy 1983)
1930 Kate Reid London England, actress (Heaven Help Us)
1931 Darla Hood Leedey OK, singer/actress (Little Rascals)
1932 Noam Pitlik Philadelphia PA, actor/director (Sanford & Son,
1937 Loretta Swit Passaic NJ, actress (Hotlips Houlihan-M*A*S*H)
1947 Aleksandr Tkachev USSR, parallel bars gymnast (Olympic-gold-1980)
1947 Alexei Ulanov USSR, pairs figure skater (Olympic-gold-1972, 76)
1949 Berlinda Tolbert Charlotte NC, actor (Jenny-Jeffersons)
1950 Markie Post [Marjorie], Palo Alto Cal, actress (Christine-Night
1954 Chris Difford guitarist/vocalist (Squeeze-Tempted)
1955 Peter Boynton Maine, actor (Tonio-As the World Turns)
1962 Ralph Macchio Huntington NY, actor (Karate Kid, 8 is Enough)
1966 Kool Rock [Damon Wimbley], rapper (Fat Boys-Jail House Rock)
1966 Petra Verkaik Los Angeles CA, playmate (Dec, 1989)
1975 Heather Tom actress (Victoria-Young & Restless)
1979 Daisy Eagan Brooklyn NY, actress (Secret Garden)
Deaths which occurred on November 4th:
1984 Merie Earle actress (Maude-Waltons), dies of uremic poisoning
1987 Raphael Soyer artist (Depression scenes in NYC), dies at 87
1995 Yitzhak Rabin IDF Chief of Staff, diplomat and the fifth Prime
Minister of the State of Israel, dies at 73