3rd November, on this day

644 Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim caliph, is killed by a Persian slave in Medina.
1394 Jews are expelled from France by Charles VI the Mad
1493 Explorer Christopher Columbus, on his second voyage of discovery, sights land (now Dominican Republic, West Indies) after sailing across the Atlantic
1620 Great Patent granted to Plymouth Colony
1679 Great panic occurs in Europe over the close approach of a comet
1762 Spain acquires Louisiana
1783 John Austin, a highwayman, is the last to be publicly hanged at London's Tyburn gallows.
1783 Washington orders the Continental Army disbanded
1793 French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges is guillotined.
1812 Napoleonic armies defeated at Battle of Vyazma
1817 The Bank of Montreal, Canada's oldest chartered bank, opens in Montreal, Quebec.
1820 Cuenca, Ecuador declares independence
1838 The Times of India, the world's largest circulated English language daily broadsheet newspaper is founded as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce.
1839 1st opium war - 2 British frigates engage several Chinese junks
1843 The statue of English Admiral Horatio Nelson is put on top of Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square, London
1848 A greatly revised constitution, drafted by Johan Rudolf Thorbecke, severely limiting the powers of the Dutch monarchy, and strengthening the powers of the parliament and the ministers, is proclaimed. This constitution is still in effect today.
1856 A British fleet bombs Canton.
1867 Italian revolutionary leader Guiseppe Garibaldi is defeated and captured by French and Papal forces at Mentana
1868 United States presidential election, 1868 : Ulysses Grant (R) wins presidential election over Horatio Seymour (D)
1883 Race riots in Danville, Virginia (4 blacks killed)
1883 American Old West : Self-described "Black Bart the poet" gets away with his last stagecoach robbery, but leaves an incriminating clue that eventually leads to his capture.
1885 Tacoma vigilantes drive out Chinese, burn their homes and businesses
1888 Jack the Ripper kills last victim
1896 United States presidential election, 1896 : William McKinley (R) defeats William Jennings Bryan (D) for President
1899 Jim Jeffries retains heavyweight boxing title over Sailor Tom Sharkey
1900 1st US national automobile show opens at Madison Square Garden (NYC)
1903 With the encouragement of the United States, Panama proclaims itself independent from Colombia. US President Theodore Roosevelt had wanted the United States to build the Panama Canal, but was not willing to pay what Colombia asked.
1905 Csar Nicholas II of Russia signs a document of amnesty for the political prisoners.
1908 United States presidential election, 1908 : Republican William Howard Taft wins the Presidential election in the USA defeating Democrat William Jennings Bryan
1911 Chevrolet officially enters the automobile market in competition with the Ford Model T.
1913 The United States introduces an income tax.
1916 Treaty establishes British suzerainty over Qatar
1918 Austria-Hungary enters into an armistice with the World War I Allies, and the Habsburg-ruled empire dissolves.
1918 Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I
1920 Eugene O'Neill's "Emperor Jones" opens at Provincetown Playhouse, NY
1927 Tropical storm flooding kills 84 in Winooski River Valley (Vt)
1930 Getúlio Dornelles Vargas became Head of the Provisional Government in Brazil after a bloodless coup on October 24.

1930 1st vehicular tunnel to a foreign country (Detroit-Windsor) opens
1930 Bank of Italy becomes Bank of America
1931 1st commercially produced synthetic rubber manufactured
1935 George II returns to Greece and regains monarchy
1936 United States presidential election, 1936 : President Franklin D. Roosevelt wins landslide victory over Alfred M Landon (R)
1941 English broadcaster Roy Plomley conceives the idea for 'Desert Island Discs'. The programme is first broadcast on BBC Radio in January 1942
1942 The Battle of El Alamein - the British Eighth Army, commanded by General Bernard Montgomery, breaks through the German front line having taken 9000 prisoners and destroyed 300 tanks
1942 The Koli Point action begins during the Guadalcanal Campaign and ends on November 12.
1943 500 aircraft of the U.S. 8th Air Force devastate Wilhelmshafen harbour in Germany.
1944 Two supreme commanders of the Slovak National Uprising, Generals Ján Golian and Rudolf Viest are captured, tortured and later executed by German forces
1952 Clarence Birdseye markets frozen peas
1953 In US, 1st live colour coast-to-coast telecast (NYC)
1954 Linus Pauling wins Nobel Chemistry Prize
1955 1st virus crystallized (announced)
1955 Alabama woman bruised by a meteor
1955 Australia takes control of the Cocos Islands
1956 "Wizard of Oz" 1st televised (CBS-TV)
1957 Sputnik program : The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 2. On board is the first animal to enter orbit: a dog named Laika.
1964 United States presidential election, 1964 : Incumbent U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson defeats Republican challenger Barry Goldwater with over 60 percent of the popular vote.
1964 Washington D.C. residents are able to vote in a presidential election for the first time
1967 Vietnam War : The Battle of Dak To begins.
1969 U.S. President Richard M. Nixon addresses the nation on television and radio, asking the "silent majority" to join him in solidarity on the Vietnam War effort and to support his policies.
1970 Salvador Allende inaugurated as President of Chile
1973 NASA launches the Mariner 10 toward Mercury, on March 29, 1974, becoming the first space probe to reach that planet.
1975 In Britain Queen Elizabeth II opens the North Sea pipeline - the first to be built underwater - bringing ashore 400,000 barrels a day to Grangemouth Refinery on the Firth of Forth in Scotland
1978 UK grants Dominica independence
1979 Greensboro massacre : Five members of the Communist Workers Party are shot dead and seven are wounded by a group of Klansmen and neo-Nazis during a "Death to the Klan" rally
1982 The Salang tunnel fire in Afghanistan kills up to 2,000+ people.
1983 Jesse Jackson launches his 1st campaign for Presidency (D)
1984 3,000 die in 3 day anti-Sikh riot in India
1984 Body of assassinated Indian PM Indira Gandhi cremated
1986 Iran-Contra Affair : The Lebanese magazine Ash-Shiraa reports that the United States has been selling weapons to Iran in secret in order to secure the release of seven American hostages held by pro-Iranian groups in Lebanon.
1986 The Federated States of Micronesia become independent from the United States of America.
1988 Sri Lankan Tamil mercenaries try to overthrow the Maldivian government. At President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom's request, the Indian military suppresses the coup attempt within 24 hours.
1988 Pakistan claims it downed Afghan warplane
1988 Soviet Union agrees to allow teaching of Hebrew
1988 Talk-show host Geraldo Rivera's nose is broken as Roy Innis brawls with skinheads at TV taping
1992 United States presidential election, 1992 : Bill Clinton defeats incumbent U.S. President George H.W. Bush and businessman H. Ross Perot.
1996 Death of Abdullah Çatli, leader of the Turkish ultra-nationalist organisation Grey Wolves in the Susurluk car-crash, which leads to the resignation of the Turkish Interior Minister, Mehmet Agar (a leader of the True Path Party, DYP).
2007 Pervez Musharraf declared emergency rule across Pakistan. He suspended the Constitution, imposed State of Emergency, and fired the chief justice of the Supreme Court.

November 3rd 2005

French PM holds riot crisis talks

New war fears in Horn of Africa

Former Cheney aide denies charges

November 3rd 2006

Gaza women killed in mosque siege

Scores of bodies found in Baghdad

IMF praises Latin America growth

November 3rd 2007

Musharraf imposes emergency rule

Iraq will arrest PKK rebels

Indonesian volcano erupts

November 3rd 2008

Seven dead in Baghdad bomb blasts

Pakistan warns US over missiles

Iran marks US embassy takeover

November 3rd 2009

Yemeni officers die in ambush

5 British soldiers shot dead

Fatal train crash

EU treaty passed

November 3rd 2010

Obama says US voters 'frustrated'

Federal Reserve to pump $600bn into US economy

Girl, age 10, has child in Spain

November 3rd 2011

Birthdates which occurred on November 3rd:

39 Lucan Cordova Spain, Latin poet (Bellum Civile)
1718 John Montague 4th Earl of Sandwich, inventor (sandwich)
1793 Stephen Fuller Austin colonized Texas
1794 William Cullen Bryant poet (Thanatopsis)
1801 Karl Baedeker Germany, published travel books
1879 Vilhjalmur Stefansson Canada, Arctic explorer/ethnologist
1880 Edmond Barrett heavyweight wrestler (Olympic-bronze-1908)
19-- Leonard Stone Salem Oregon, actor (Doc-Camp Runamuck)
19-- Peggy McCay actress (Days of our Life)
19-- Philip J Amelio II Sharon CT, actor (Kevin-Life With Lucy)
1901 Andre‚ Malraux France, novelist/art historian (L'Espoir)
1903 Walker Evans US, photographer (Fortune Magazine)
1908 Bronko Nagurski NFL fullback (Chicago Bears)
1909 James Reston columnist (NY Times)
1911 Vladimir Ussachevsky Hailar Manchuria, composer (Creation)
1918 Bob Feller pitcher (Cleveland Indian, 3 no-hitters)
1918 Russell B Long (D-Sen-La)
1919 Bert Freed NYC, actor (Rufe-Shane)
1922 Charles Bronson Pennsylvania, actor (Death Wish, Dirty Dozen)
1930 Ken Berry Moline IL, actor (F Troop, Mayberry RFD, Mama's Family)
1930 Lois Smith Topeka KS, actress (Reckless, Reuben Reuben)
1930 William H Dana pilot (X-15)
1931 Monica Vitti Rome Italy, actress (Tigers in Lipstick)
1933 Aneta Corsaut Jutchinson KS, actress (Helen Crump-Andy Griffith
1933 Ken Berry actor/dancer/TV personality (F Troop, Mayberry RFD)
1933 Louis W Sullivan US Secretary of Health & Human Services (1989- )
1933 Michael S Dukakis (D-Gov-MA) (1988 Presidentidential Candidate)
1935 Jeremy Brett actor (Adventures of Sherlock Holmes)
1936 Roy Emerson Australia, tennis player (Wimbledon '64, '65)
1937 Paula Wayne Hobart OK, actress
1939 Terrence McNally St Petersburg FL, playwright (Bad Habits)
1943 Ken Holtzman Cub/Oriole/Yankee pitcher (2 no-hitters)
1948 Lulu Glasgow Scotland, singer/actress (To Sir With Love)
1948 Tom Shales TV Critic (Washington Post)
1949 Larry Holmes heavyweight boxing champ (1978)
1949 Michael Evans Salisbury NC, actor (Lionel-All in the Family)
1949 Roswitha Krause USSR, 4 X 100m swimmer (Olympic-silver-1968)
1952 Roseanne Barr Arnold Salt Lake City, comedienne/TV star (Roseanne)
1953 Dennis Miller Pittsburgh PA, comedian/TV host (SNL, Dennis Miller Show)
1954 Adam Ant [Stuart Goddard], punk rocker (If I Strip For You)
1954 Kevin P Chilton Los Angeles CA, major USAF/astronaut (sk: STS-49)
1955 Phil Simms NFL quarterback (NY Giants, Superbowl 1986)
1959 Dolph Lundgren actor (Rocky IV)
1959 Timothy Patrick Murphy Hartford CT, actor (Dallas, Glitter)
1961 Karch Kiraly US volleyball player (Olympics-gold-1988)
1961 Kari Michaelsen NYC, actress (Katie-Gimme a Break)
1962 Kimberly Evenson Bremerhaven Germany, playmate (September, 1984)
1962 Marilyn rocker (You Don't Love Me)


Deaths which occurred on November 3rd:
1864 Antonio Gonsalves Dias Brazilian national poet, dies at sea
1926 Annie Oakley dies
1962 Harlow H Curtice President of General Motors (1953-8), dies at 69
1983 Alfredo Antonini conductor (Jane Froman Canteen), dies at 82
1990 Mary Martin actress (Peter Pan), dies at 76

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