November, on this day
Gregory III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1095 On the last day of the Council
of Clermont, Pope Urban
II appoints Bishop Adhemar
of Le Puy and Count Raymond
IV of Toulouse to lead the First
Crusade to the Holy Land
of Edessa : Part of the Crusades
and his forces liberate Kruja
in Middle Albania and raise the Albanian flag.
1520 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand
Magellan sails around the southern tip of South America and reaches
a new ocean which he names the Pacific
1582 In Stratford-upon-Avon, William
Shakespeare and Anne
Hathaway pay a £40 bond for their marriage license.
1660 At Gresham
College, 12 men, including Christopher
Wilkins, and Sir Robert
Moray decide to found what is later known as the Royal
Indians massacre 138 Frenchmen, 35 French women, and 56 children
Rosalie, near the site of modern-day Natchez, Mississippi.
1785 The Treaty
of Hopewell is signed.
1795 US pays $800,000 and a frigate as tribute to Algiers and Tunis
of Argaon : between British under the command of General Arthur
Wellesley (later the Duke
of Wellington) and the forces of The
Rajah of Berar under Sindhia
Times in London is for the first time printed by automatic, steam
powered presses built by the German inventors Friedrich
Koenig and Andreas
Friedrich Bauer, signaling the beginning of the availability of
newspapers to a mass audience.
1821 Panama declares its independence from Spain and joins the Republic
1843 Hawaiian Independence Day : Britain and France formerly recognise
the independence of Hawaii
1853 Olympia established as capital of Washington Territory
1861 Confederate congress officially admits Missouri to the CSA
1862 In the Battle
of Cane Hill, Union troops under General John Blunt defeat General
1893 Women vote in a national election for the first time: the New
Zealand general election.
1895 The first American automobile race takes place over the 54 miles
from Chicago's Jackson Park to Evanston, Illinois. Frank
Duryea wins in approximately 10 hours.
1905 Irish political party Sinn
Fein is founded in Dublin by Arthur
1905 Mataafa impacted the north pier of the Duluth Ship Canal and
sank during a storm. Nine of 24 crewmen died of cold weather exposure
as Duluthians helplessly watched from shore
1907 In Haverhill,
Massachusetts, scrap-metal dealer Louis
B. Mayer opens his first movie theater.
1908 154 men die in coal mine explosion at Marianna, Pa
declares its independence from the Ottoman
War I : Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York
Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading.
voted for the union with the Kingdom of Romania.
1919 Viscountess (Nancy)
Astor becomes Britian's first woman MP, holding a safe Plymouth
seat for the Conservative Party in a by-election caused by her husband's
elevation to the peeraget
Ambush, Battle of the Irish
War of Independence.
1922 Capt Cyril Turner (RAF) gave 1st skywriting exhibition (NYC).
Turner spelled out "Hello USA. Call Vanderbilt 7200." 47,000
Richard E Byrd makes 1st South Pole flight
1935 Britain's first set of quads - Ann; Ernest; Michael and Paul
Miles born in Cambridgeshire
1942 Nearly 500 die in a fire that destroyed Coconut
Grove nightclub in Boston MA
Conference : U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime
Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meet in
Tehran, Iran to discuss war strategy
1944 Albania is liberated by the Albanian partisans.
1948 In the United States, the world's first polaroid
cameras go on sale in Boston, Massachussets - developed by Edwin Land
Cassidy" premiers on TV
1958 Chad becomes an autonomous republic within the French community
1958 Congo and Mauritania become autonomous members of French Community
1960 Mauritania gains independence from France
1963 1st million copy record prior to release "I
Want to Hold Your Hand"
1963 Beatles "She
Loves You" returns to number 1 on UK record chart
4 launched; 1st probe to fly by Mars
1965 In response to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson's call for "more
flags" in Vietnam, Philippines President Elect Ferdinand
Marcos announces he will send troops to help fight in South Vietnam.
1966 Coup in Burundi overthrows monarchy; a republic is declared
1967 In Britain, horse racing is suspended after an outbreak of foot
and mouth disease among cattle and there's a ban on the movement of
livestock around the country
1975 East Timor declares its independence from Portugal.
1979 The Mount
Erebus disaster : An Air New Zealand DC-10 crashes into Mount
Erebus on a sightseeing trip, killing all 257 people on board.
1982 Representatives from 88 countries gather in Geneva to discuss
world trade and ways to work toward aspects of free trade.
1984 Over 250 years after their deaths, William
Penn and his wife Hannah Callowhill Penn are made Honorary Citizens
of the United States.
1986 Reagan administration exceeds SALT
II arms limitations for 1st time
African Airways flight 295 crashes into the Indian Ocean, killing
all 159 people on-board.
1988 Picasso's "Acrobat
sells for $38.46 million
Revolution : In the face of protests, the Communist
Party of Czechoslovakia announces they will give up their monopoly
on political power.
Margaret Thatcher formally tenders her resignation to The Queen
and leaves Downing Street for the last time. John Major is elected
Kuan Yew steps down as the Prime Minister of Singapore, with Goh
Chok Tong succeeding him
Ossetia declares independence from Georgia
EU referendum, 1994 : Voters in Norway reject European Union membership
1994 In Portage, Wisconsin, convicted serial killer Jeffrey
Dahmer is clubbed to death by an inmate in the Columbia Correctional
1997 In the House of Commons, a large majority of MPs approve a Private
Member's Bill, introduced by Labour MP Michael
Foster, to ban fox hunting
Liberation Army, Albanian guerrilla group fighting for freedom
of Kosovo, presents in front of the people of Kosovo.
1998 The people of Albania voted for their new Constitution in a referendum
2000 Ukrainian politician Oleksander
Moroz begins the Cassette
Scandal by publicly accusing President Leonid Kuchma of involvement
in the murder of journalist Georgiy Gongadze.
2004 166 die in a coal mine accident at Chenjiashan, Tongchuan, Shanxi,
occurred on November 28th:
1628 John Bunyan
England, cleric/author (Pilgrim's Progress)
1632 Jean-Baptiste Lully Florence Italy, composer (Bellerophen)
1757 William Blake English poet/painter (Songs of Innocence &
1785 Achille-Charles duc de Broglie, French PM (1835-36)
1804 James O Eastland (sen)
1805 John Stephens US archeologist; founded study of Central America
1810 William Froude England, engineer, naval architect
1820 Friedrich Engels Germany, social philosopher; Marx's collaborator
1821 Nikolai Nekrasov Russia, poet/journalist (Who Can be Happy in
1829 Anton Rubinstein Vykhvatinetz Podolia, composer (Omitri Donskoy)
1866 Henry Bacon architect (Lincoln Memorial)
1881 Stefan Zweig Vienna Austria, poet/essayist/dramatist (Beware
1894 Brooks Atkinson drama critic (Broadway theater namesake)
1895 Jose Iturbi Valencia Spain, pianist (Pequena danza Espanola)
19-- Gloria Winters Los Angeles CA, actress (Babs-Life With Riley,
19-- Jimmy D'Anda rocker (Bulletboys-For the Love of Money)
19-- Matt Cameron Wash, rock vocalist (Soundgarden-Badmotorfinger)
1902 Victor Jory Dawson City Canada, actor (Kings Row, Manhunt)
1907 Alberto Moravia Italian writer (Indifferent Ones)
1908 Claude Levi-Strauss Belgium, social anthropologist (Structure
1916 Guy Lapebie France, 100K cyclist (Olympic-silver-1936)
1920 Cecilia Colledge England, figure skater, competed in Olympics
at 11 (1932)
1925 Gloria Grahame Los Angeles CA, actress (Sue-Rich Man Poor Man)
1925 Virginia Hewitt Shreveport La, actress (Carol-Space Patrol)
1929 Berry Gordy Jr Detroit, record company owner (Motown)
1931 Hope Lange Redding Ridge CT, actress (Ghost & Mrs Muir)
1936 Gary Hart (Sen-D-Colo), lover
1941 Laura Antonelli Pola Yugoslavia, actress (Wifemistress, Divine
1942 Paul Warfield NFL/WFL wide receiver (Cleveland, Miami, Memphis)
1943 Randy Newman singer (Short People, I Love LA, Raindrops)
1949 Alexander Godunov Russia, composer/dancer (Bolshoi) defected
1949 Paul Shaffer Thunder Bay Ont, orchestra leader (SNL, David Letterman)
1950 Ed Harris Tenafly NJ, actor (Right Stuff, Swing Shift, Walker,
1958 David Van Day rocker (Dollar-Loves Gotta Hold on Me)
1959 Judd Nelson actor (Breakfast Club)
1961 Jane Sibbett actress (Teddy Z)
1964 Cornelia Guest debutante (Debutante's Guide to Life)
1967 Vickie Smith Houston TX, playmate (May, 1992)
Deaths which occurred on November 28th:
1262 Shinran founder of Japan's True Pure Land Buddhist sect, dies
1827 Dov Baer Schneersohn Lubavitch leader/author (Imirei Binah),
1939 James A Naismith creator of basketball, dies at 78
1945 Dwight Davis donator of the Davis cup, dies
1960 Richard Wright dies at 52 in Paris France
1962 Queen Mother Wilhelmina of Netherlands, dies at 82
1963 Fred Uttal TV host (QED), dies at 55
1963 Karyn Kupcinet actress (Carol-Gertrude Berg Show), murdered at
1964 Charles Meredith actor (Court of Last Resort), dies at 70
1971 Wasfi Tal Jordan's PM, assassinated in Cairo
1976 Rosalind Russell dies at 68
1977 Trevor Bardette actor (Clanton-Legend of Wyatt Earp), dies at
1983 Christopher George actor, dies at 54 of a heart attack
1986 Herb Vigran actor (Ernest-Ed Wynn Show), dies at 76
1987 Choh Hao Li bio-chemist prof (isolated growth hormones), dies