23rd November, on this day

800 Charlemagne arrives at Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Pope Leo III
1227 Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Piast dukes at Gasawa
1248 Conquest of Seville by the Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile
1499 Pretender to the throne Perkin Warbeck is hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from the Tower of London. He had invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV of England
1531 The Second war of Kappel results in the dissolution of the Protestant alliance in Switzerland
1644 Areopagitica, a pamphlet decrying censorship, and written by John Milton is published
1654 French mathematician, scientist, and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense, mystical vision that marks him for life
1765 People of Frederick County, MD refuse to pay England's Stamp tax
1808 Battle of Tudela : battle of the Peninsular War which resulted in the victory of the French under Marshal Lannes against the Spanish
1832 French take Antwerp in liberation of Belgium
1835 Henry Burden patents Horseshoe manufacturing machine, Troy, NY
1837 Battle of Saint-Denis : Part of the Lower Canada Rebellion
1844 Independence of the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from Denmark.
1852 Just past midnight, a sharp jolt causes Lake Merced to drop 30' (9m)
1852 Britain's first four pillar boxes come into service on the Channel Island of Jersey. The idea comes from English novelist Anthony Trollope who worked for the General Post Office in London before becoming a writer
1863 Third Battle of Chattanooga : Confederate forces are defeated by the Union Army at Chattanooga in Tennesse
1863 Patent granted for a process of making colour photographs
1867 The Manchester Martyrs were hanged in Manchester, England for rescuing two Irish men from jail
1868 Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome colour photo process
1876 Corrupt Tammany Hall leader William Marcy Tweed (better known as Boss Tweed) is delivered to authorities in New York City after being captured in Spain.
1889 In America, the world's first 'juke box' is installed in a bar in Palais Royal Hotel, San Francisco
1890 King William III of the Netherlands dies without a male heir and a special law is passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to become his heir.
1890 General elections in Italy.
1903 Enrico Caruso US debut (Metropolitan Opera House, NY) in "Rigoletto"
1903 Colorado Governor James Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners' strike.
1904 3rd Olympic games close in St Louis
1905 British Liberal Party leader Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman advocates Home Rule for Ireland - by instalments - in a controversial speech in Scotland
1906 Italian operatic tenor Enrico Caruso is fined $10 for sexual harassment
1910 Execution of wife-poisoner Dr Hawley Harvey Crippen - hanged at Pentonville Prison in London
1914 World War I : End of Battle of Ypres
1914 Mexican Revolution : The last of U.S. forces withdraw from Veracruz, occupied seven months earlier in response to the Tampico Affair.
1921 US President Warren Harding closes a loophole in the American prohibition laws by banning doctors from prescribing alcohol for medicinal purposes
1934 An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis
1936 1st issue of Life, picture magazine created by Henry R Luce
1940 Romania becomes a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis Powers
1942 Steward Poon Lim set adrift for 133 days after his boat was torpedoed
1943 US forces seized control of Tarawa and Makin from Japanese
1943 The Deutsche Opernhaus on Bismarckstraße in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg is destroyed. It will eventually be rebuilt in 1961 and be called the Deutsche Oper Berlin.
1948 Lens to provide zoom effects patented by FG Back
1954 For the first time, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the peak it reached just before the 1929 crash
1955 British transfer Cocos (Keeling) Isands in Indian Ocean to Australia
1956 In Britain, the introduction of petrol rationing prompted by the Egyptian blockade of the Suez Canal - the main oil route from the Middle East to Europe
1959 General Charles de Gaulle, President of France, declares in a speech in Strasbourg his vision for a "Europe, from the Atlantic to the Urals."
1960 Tiros 2, a weather satellite is launched
1963 JFK's body, lay in repose in East Room of White House
1963 In Britain, the BBC transmits the first episode of a new children's drama, Dr Who. The title role is played by actor William Hartnell. His female assistant is played by Carole Ann Ford
1964 Beatles release "I Feel Fine" and "She's a Woman"
1971 China People's Republic seated in UN Security Council
1976 British comedians Eric Morecambe and Ernie Wise receive the Order of the British Empire (OBE) from Queen Elizabeth IIl
1976 Apneist Jacques Mayol is the first man to reach a depth of 100 m undersea without breathing equipment.
1977 European weather satellite Meteosat 1 launched from Cape Canaveral
1979 In Dublin, Ireland, Irish Republican Army member Thomas McMahon is sentenced to life in prison for the assassination of Lord Mountbatten
1980 4,800 die in series of earthquakes that devastated southern Italy
1981 Iran-Contra Affair : Ronald Reagan signs the top secret National Security Decision Directive 17 (NSDD-17), giving the Central Intelligence Agency the authority to recruit and support Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
1985 EgyptAir Flight 648 : 58 die as Egyptian commandos storm hijacked Egyptair jet in Malta
1985 Retired CIA analyst Larry Wu-tai Chin, arrested of spying for China
1988 South Africa: Botha reprieves Sharpeville Six
1989 Pilots Union give up sympathy strike against Eastern Airlines
1990 The first all woman expedition to the south pole (3 Americans, 1 Japanese and 12 Russians), sets off from Antarctica on the 1st leg of a 70 day, 1287 kilometre ski trek.
1993 Rachel Whiteread wins both the £20,000 Turner Prize award for best British modern artist and the £40,000 K Foundation art award for the worst artist of the year.
1996 Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 is hijacked, then crashes into the Indian Ocean off the coast of Comoros after running out of fuel, killing 123.
1996 The Republic of Angola officially joins the World Trade Organization
1997 The financial world faces more turmoil as one of Japan's leading stockbroking firms, Yamaichi Securities, collapses with debts of £30 billion
1998 Agreement between Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen and his rival, prince Norodom Ranariddh
2001 Convention on Cybercrime is signed in Budapest, Hungary.
2003 Georgian president Eduard Shevardnadze resigns following weeks of mass protests over flawed elections.
2005 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, elected president of Liberia, is the first woman to lead an African country
2007 MS Explorer, a cruise liner carrying 154 people, sank in the Antarctic Ocean south of Argentina after hitting an iceberg near the South Shetland Islands.

November 23rd 2005

China city waits for toxic deluge

Iranian MPs reject oil minister

Spain arrests 10 terror suspects

November 23rd 2006

Baghdad bombings leave 150 dead

Ethiopia 'ready for Islamist war'

Afghan drug crop to flood Europe

November 23rd 2007

Deadly blast hits Baghdad market

Stricken Antarctic ship evacuated

Brazil shock at woman's jail rape

November 23rd 2008

Jail terms for Israeli neo-Nazis

Beheadings in Guatemala jail riot

4 Policemen killed 'on way to help'

November 23rd 2009

21 die in Philippines political violence

Russia weapons depot blast kills 8

7 soldiers killed in Afghanistan

November 23rd 2010

S Korea warns North after clash

Chile bus crash kills at least 19

Pakistan collapse kills 14 women

November 23rd 2011

Birthdates which occurred on November 23rd:

912 Otto I (the Great) German king, Holy Roman emperor (962-73)
1221 Alfonso X (the Wise) king of Castile & Leon (1252)
1553 Prospero Alpini Italy, botanist/physician (De Medocoma Aegyptorum)
1749 Edward Rutledge (Gov-SC) signed Declaration of Independence
1804 Franklin Pierce 14th President (1853-1857)
1837 Javan der Waals Holland, physicist (Cont of Liquid & Gaseous States)
1859 Billy the Kid [William H Bonney], criminal
1860 Karl Branting Sweden, statesman/diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize 1921)
1862 Alberto Williams Buenos Aires Argentina, composer (Etrerno Reposo)
1876 Manuel de Falla C diz Spain, composer (El Amor Brujo)
1883 Jose Clemente Orozco Mexico, painter (Epic of Culture in New World)
1887 Boris Karloff [William H Pratt], Dulwich England, actor (Frankenstein)
1888 Harpo Marx [Adolph] NYC, actor/comedian (Marx brothers)
1894 Ture Persson Sweden, sprinter (Olympic-silver-1912)
19-- Dave Ellefson rock bassist (Megadeth-Rust in Peace)
19-- George Deloy Uruguay, actor (Ken-St Elsewhere, 9 to 5, Gen Hospital)
19-- Jerry verDorn actor (Ross-Guiding Light)
19-- Lucinda Fisher East Bourne UK, actress (One Life to Live)
1903 Victor Jory actor (Gone with the Wind, Papillon, Dodge City)
1915 Ellen Drew [Terry Ray], Kansas City MO, actress (Isle of Dead)
1915 John Dehner Staten Is NY, actor (Big Hawaii, Bare Essence)
1917 George O'Hanlon Brooklyn NY, actor (Calvin-Life of Riley, George Jetson)
1917 Michael Gough Malaya, actor (Search for the Nile)
1920 Paul Celan Romanian poet (Collected Prose)
1926 Don Gordon Los Angeles CA, actor (Prentiss-Lucan)
1928 Jerry Bock US, Broadway composer (Fiddler on the Roof)
1930 Robert Easton Milwaukee, actor (Someone Up There Likes Me)
1930 William E Brock (Sen-D- )/US Secretary of Labor (1985-87)
1931 Yevgeni Grischin USSR, 500m/1500m speed skater (Oly-gold-1956, 60)
1933 Hayes Jenkins US, figure skater (Olympic-gold-1956)
1933 Krzysztof Penderecki Debica Poland, composer (Hiroshima Threnody)
1935 Vladislav N Volkov cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 11)
1938 Oscar Robertson NBA guard (Cin, Milwaukee, Olympic-gold-1960)
1939 Susan Anspach NYC, actress (Grace-Yellow Rose, Blume in Love)
1940 Gosta Pettersson Sweden, cyclist (Olympic-silver-1968)
1943 Andrew Goodman civil rights worker, murdered in 1964
1945 Steve Landesberg Bronx NY, comedian/actor (Barney Miller)
1951 Bernd Landvoigt German DR, coxless pairs (Olympics-gold-1976)
1951 David Rappaport London England, 3'11" actor (Wizard, Time Bandits)
1951 Jorg Landvoigt German DR, coxless pairs (Olympics-gold-1976)
1952 Francie Larrieu Smith US, track runner (AAU 1 mile-1979)
1956 Michael Brainard LA, actor (Joey Martin-All My Children)
1956 Shane Gould Australia, 200m/400m freestyle swimmer (Oly-gold-1972)
1958 David Wallace Miami, actor (General Hospital, Babysitter, Humongus)
1959 Maxwell Caulfield Derbyshire England, actor (Miles-The Colbys)
1964 Boyd Kestner actor (Outsiders)


Deaths which occurred on November 23rd:
1914 Elbrige Gerry VP (of Gerrymander fame), dies at 70
1962 Gloria Gordon actress (My Friend Irma), dies at 81
1972 Marie Wilson actress (My Friend Irma), dies at 56
1973 Paul Newlan actor (Capt Grey-M Squad)
1976 Andre Malraux France, novelist/art historian/puplic office. ("The Voices of Silence"), dies at 75
1979 Merle Oberon actress (Assignment Foreign Legion), dies at 68
1982 Rev Grady Nutt actor (Hee Haw), dies at 47
1990 Bo Diaz catcher, crushed to death by a satellite dish, at 37
1990 Roald Dahl British short story writer, dies at 74
1991 Freddie Mercury lead singer of Queen, dies of aids at 46

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