19th November, on this day

461 St Hilary begins his reign as Catholic Pope
496 St Gelasius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
498 Anastasius II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1095 The Council of Clermont, called by Pope Urban II to discuss sending the First Crusade to the Holy Land, begins.
1493 Christopher Columbus, on his 2nd voyage, goes ashore on an island he first saw the day before. He names it San Juan Bautista (later renamed Puerto Rico).
1620 Pilgrim Fathers' ship, The Mayflower arrives off Cape Cod , Massachusetts
1644 1st Protestant ministry society in New England
1794 Jay Treaty, 1st US extradition treaty, signed with Great Britain
1850 Alfred Tennyson is appointed Poet Laureate
1863 US President Abraham Lincoln delivers his famous Gettysburg address declaring Government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish the earth
1874 William Marcy "Boss" Tweed, of Tammany Hall (NYC) convicted of defrauding the city of $6M, sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment
1889 Table tennis is invented by engineer James Gibb and his family when hitting champagne corks across the table with the lids of cigar boxes

1903 Carrie Nation attempts to address the Senate
1906 London selected to host 1908 Olympics
1916 Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures (the company later became one of the most successful independent filmmakers).
1919 US Senate rejects (55-39) Treaty of Versailles and League of Nations
1946 Afghanistan, Iceland and Sweden join the United Nations.
1947 In Britain, Queen Elizabeth II's husband, Prince Phillip is created Duke of Edinburgh
1947 200" mirror arrives at Mt Palomar
1949 Prince Rainier III coronation in Monaco
1950 US General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes supreme commander of NATO-Europe
1955 National Review publishes its first issue.
1959 Ford cancels the Edsel
1960 The world's first jet-enginned vertical take off and landing aircraft (VTOL), made by the British Hawker Siddeley Company, is flown for the first time
1968 Army coup seizes power in Mali
1969 Brazilian footballer Pele scores 1000th goal in his 909th professional football match
1969 Apollo 12's Conrad and Bean become 3rd and 4th humans on the Moon
1969 American soldiers go on trial charged with murdering more than 50 Vietnamese in the village of Mi Lai
1969 Mohawk Airlines Flight 411, a scheduled domestic passenger service between Albany and Glens Falls, New York crashed into Pilot Knob Mountain, killing all 14 passengers and crew on board
1971 Fort Wilderness opens
1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, when he meets with Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and speaks before the Knesset in Jerusalem, seeking a permanent peace settlement
1977 TAP Portugal Flight 425 Boeing 727 crashes in Madeira islands killing 130.
1979 Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini orders the release of 13 female and black American hostages being held at the US Embassy in Tehran
1979 Chuck Berry released from prison on income tax evasion
1980 CBS TV bans Calvin Klein's jeans ad featuring Brooke Shields
1984 More than 500 people are killed and 10,000 homes are destroyed in an explosion at a PEMEX chemicals factory in Mexico City
1985 Pennzoil wins a $10.53 billion USD verdict against Texaco, in the largest civil verdict in the history of the United States, stemming from Texaco executing a contract to buy Getty Oil after Pennzoil had entered into an unsigned, yet still binding, buyout contract with Getty.
1985 President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for 1st time
1987 A 1931 Bugatti Royale car is sold at auction for £5.5million
1988 Serbian communist representative and future Serbian and Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic publicly declared that Serbia was under attack from Albanian separatism in Kosovo as well as internal treachery within Yugoslavia and foreign conspiracy to destroy Serbia and Yugoslavia.
1988 LA Law's Corbin Bernsen marries actress Amanda Pays
1989 US beats Trinidad, 1-0 qualifying for the 1990 world soccer cup finals. It was US' 1st qualification since 1950
1990 Nato and Warsaw Pact members officially end the 'Cold War' by signing a weapons limitation treaty in Paris
1990 Pop group Milli Vanilli are stripped of their Grammy Award because the duo did not sing at all on the Girl You Know It’s True album. Session musicians had provided all the vocals.
1990 Greyhound files reorganization plan so they can be traded publicly
1990 Iraq announces it will free all German hostages
1994 First National Lottery draw in England
1995 16 people are killed in a bomb attack on the Egyptian Embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan
1997 Police confiscate indecent videos and pictures of children in a series of raids on the homes and offices of British pop star Gary Glitter
1997 In Des Moines, Iowa, Bobbi McCaughey gives birth to septuplets in the second known case where all seven babies were born alive. They would go on to become the first set of septuplets to survive infancy, with all seven alive in 2008.
1998 Lewinsky scandal : The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee begins impeachment hearings against US President Bill Clinton.
1998 Vincent van Gogh's Portrait of the Artist Without Beard sells at auction for US$71.5 million.
1999 Shenzhou 1: The People's Republic of China launches its first Shenzhou spacecraft.
1999 In Istanbul, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe ends a two-day summit by calling for a political settlement in Chechnya and adopting a Charter for European Security.
2005 US Marines allegedly commit a massacre on 24 citizens in the town of Haditha in Iraq.

November 19th 2005

Quake pledges exceed aid target

Earthquake strikes off Indonesia

France 'needs ethnic statistics'

November 19th 2006

Kidnappers 'seize Iraqi minister'

Ex-KGB officer poisoning probed

African flood rescue gathers pace

November 19th 2007

Aid battle for Bangladesh victims

Iran nuclear work 'not worth war'

US prison system 'costly failure'

November 19th 2008

Al-Qaeda vows to hurt Obama's US

UN experts condemn Burma trials

UN makes record $7bn aid appeal

November 19th 2009

Suicide bomb kills 19 in Pakistani

Belgian PM named as EU president

World economies rebound

November 19th 2010

27 New Zealand miners missing

Key Nato summit opens in Lisbon

Gaza hit by Israeli air strikes

November 19th 2011

Birthdates which occurred on November 19th:

1600 Charles I king of England (1625-49); executed by Parliament
1752 George Rogers Clark frontier military leader in Revolutionary War
1770 Albert Bertel Thorvaldsen Copenhagen Denmark, sculptor (Dying Lion)
1805 Ferdinand de Lesseps France, diplomat (built Suez Canal)
1831 James A Garfield 20th President (March 4-Sept 19, 1881)
1859 Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov Russia, musician (Armenian Rhapsody)
1888 Jose Raul Capablanca Cuba, world chess champion (1921-27)
1899 Allen Tate US, poet (Mr Pope & Other Poems)
1899 Howard Thurman famous African
19-- Matt Sorum rock drummer (Guns 'n' Roses-Sweet Child of Mine)
1904 Nancy Carroll NYC, actress (Alice-Aldrich Family)
1905 Tommy Dorsey Mahanoy Plane PA, orchestra leader (Stage Show, Mahogany)
1917 Indira Gandhi Allahabad India, Indian PM (1966-77, 1980-84)
1919 Alan Young England, actor (Time Machine, Wilbur Post-Mr Ed)
1919 George Fenneman Peking China, TV announcer (You Bet Your Life)
1921 Roy Campanella Brooklyn Dodger catcher (NL MVP 1951/53/55)
1926 Jeane J Kirkpatrick US ambassador to UN (R)
1933 Larry King radio talk show host "143 Arivadechi" (Larry King Show)
1935 John F Welch Jr Salem MA, CEO (GE)
1936 Dick Cavett Kearney NB, talk show host (Dick Cavett Show)
1938 Ted Turner broadcasting mogul/owns (Atlanta Braves)/won America's Cup
1939 Garrick Utley Chicago IL, newscaster (1st Tuesday, NBC Weekend)
1941 Dan Haggerty Hollywood CA, actor (Grizzly Adams)
1942 Calvin Klein fashion designer (Calvin Klein Jeans)
1947 Bob Boone San Diego, catcher (Phillies, Angels)
1949 Ahmad Rashad (Bobby Moore) NFL receiver (Minnesota Vikings)/sportscaster
1949 Mickey Lee Davis Jr Tennessee, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
1954 Kathleen Quinlan Mill Valley Cal, actress (Rose Garden, Twilight Zone)
1956 Glynis O'Connor NYC, actress (California Dreaming, Ode to Billy Joe)
1956 Scott Jacoby Chicago IL, actor (Bad Ronald, Return to Horror High)
1957 Kathy Sanborn WBL guard (NY Stars)
1957 Otis J Anderson NFL running back (NY Giants, 1990 Superbowl MVP)
1957 Sharon Farrah WBL guard (NY Stars)
1960 "Lovely" Elizabeth Frankfurt KY, WWF's 1st lady of wrestling
1961 Meg Ryan Bethel CT, actress (When Harry Met Sally, As the World Turns)
1962 Jodie Foster Bronx NYC, actress (Taxi Driver, Accused)
1963 Justine Greiner Boston MA, playmate (February, 1984)
1963 Terry Farrell Cedar Rapids Iowa, actress (Laurie-Paper Dolls)
1969 Sarka Lukesov 1st playmate in Czechoslovkian Playboy (May, 1991)


Deaths which occurred on November 19th:
1828 Franz Schubert Austrian composer, died
1887 Emma Lazarus US poet ("Give us your tired & poor"), dies in NY at 38
1915 Joe Hill Labor leader, executed for murder
1971 Bill Stern sportscaster (Saturday Night Fights), dies at 64
1983 Peter Coffield Illinois, actor (Kevin-W.E.B.), dies at 37
1985 Stepin Fetchit 1st black star, dies of pneumonia at 83
1988 Christine Onassis heiress, dies of heart failure at 37

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