16th November, on this day

534 A second and final revision of the Codex Justinianus is published.
1384 Jadwiga is crowned King of Poland, although she is a woman.
1491 An auto de fe, held in the Brasero de la Dehesa outside of Ávila, concludes the case of the Holy Child of La Guardia with the public execution of several Jewish and converso suspects.
1532 Pizarro seizes Incan emperor Atahualpa after victory at Cajamarca
1632 The Battle of Lützen, where King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden is killed.
1676 1st colonial prison organised, Nantucket, Massachusetts
1724 Notorious English highwayman Jack Sheppard is hanged in front of a crowd of 200,000 at Tyburn
1776 Hessians capture Fort Washington, Manhattan
1776 The United Provinces (Low Countries) recognize the independence of the United States.
1798 Kentucky becomes 1st state to nullify an act of Congress
1805 Battle of Schöngrabern : Russian forces under Bagration delay the pursuit by French troops under Murat.
1821 American Old West : Missouri trader William Becknell arrives in Santa Fe, New Mexico over a route that became known as the Santa Fe Trail
1824 Explorers Hamilton Hume and William H Hovell discover Australia's Murray River - the longest river in the country
1828 In America, Andrew Jackson defeats John Quincy Adams to become the next President of the United States
1841 N.E. Guerin of NY patents cork-filled life preserver
1849 A Russian court sentences Fyodor Dostoevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group; his sentence is later commuted to hard labor.
1857 Second relief of Lucknow : The most Victoria Crosses won in a single day with 24.
1863 Battle of Campbell's Station near Knoxville, Tennessee. Confederate troops unsuccessfully attack Union forces.
1864 Union Gen William T Sherman begins march to the sea during Civil War
Canadian rebel leader of the Métis and "Father of Manitoba", Louis Riel is executed for treason.
1894 6,000 Armenians massacred by Turks in Kurdistan
1901 3 autos race on Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, fastest speed achieved by Henry Fournier who drives a mile in 51 4/5 seconds
1905 Count Sergei Witte is appointed Prime Minister of Russia
1907 Oklahoma becomes 46th state
1907 Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania sister ship of RMS Lusitania, sets sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
1908 Arturo Tuscanini begins conducting NY's Metropolitan Opera
1914 The Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially opens.
1918 Hungarian People's Republic declared
1920 Postage meter 1st used in US in lieu of postage stamps
1920 Bolsheviks defeat the White Russians in the Crimea ending Russia's Civil War
1933 Roosevelt establishes diplomatic relations with USSR
1938 LSD is first synthesized by Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland.
1940 In response to Germany's leveling of Coventry, England two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.
1940 In occupied Poland, the Nazis close off the Warsaw Ghetto from the outside world.
1943 American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.
1944 Dueren, Germany is completely destroyed by Allied bombers.
1945 The United States Army secretly admits 88 German scientists and engineers to help in the development of rocket technology.
1945 UNESCO is founded.
1945 Yeshiva College (University), chartered in NY, 1st US Jewish College
1950 UN gets US government approval to issue postage stamps
1955 1st speed-boat to exceed 200 mph (322 kph) (D.M. Campbell)
1957 Ed Gein butchers last victim
1959 Rodgers and Hammerstein musical 'The Sound of Music' opens on Broadway
1965 1st public announcement about Walt Disney World
1965 Venera 3 launched, 1st to land on another planet (crashes into Venus)
1966 Dr Sam Sheppard freed after 9 years in jail, by a jury
1973 John Lennon releases "Mind Games" album
1973 Skylab 4 launched into Earth orbit with a crew of three astronauts from Cape Canaveral, Florida for an 84-day mission
1973 U.S. President Richard Nixon signs the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act into law, authorizing the construction of the Alaska Pipeline.
1974 1st intentional interstellar radio message sent, Arecibo telescope towards M 41, a cluster of stars some 25,000 light years away
1987 Lisa Bonet marries Lenny Kravitz
1988 Benazir Bhutto wins 1st free Pakistani elections in 11 years
1988 Estonia declares sovereignty in internal affairs
1989 A death squad composed of El Salvadoran army troops kills six Jesuit priests and two others at Jose Simeon Canas University.
1989 UNESCO adopts the Seville Statement on Violence at the twenty-fifth session of its General Conference.
1990 Manuel Noriega claims US denied him a fair trial
1995 In Britain, the Queen mother, aged 95, has hip replacement surgery in London
1996 Mother Teresa receives honorary US citizenship.
1996 The Jumbotron at Buffalo's HSBC Arena falls to the ice hours before a hockey game; no one is injured.
1997 After nearly 18 years of incarceration, the People's Republic of China releases Wei Jingsheng, a pro-democracy dissident, from jail for medical reasons.
2000 Bill Clinton becomes the first U.S. President to visit Vietnam since the end of the Vietnam War.
2004 X-43A scramjet becomes the fastest air-breathing jet flying at nearly Mach 10 at approx. 11,200 km/h or 3.11 km/s.

November 16th 2005

Iraq probes US phosphorus weapons

China has first bird flu fatality

Annan calls for digital bridges

November 16th 2006

Congo poll loser rejects result

Iraq ministry hostages 'tortured'

France searches N Korean vessel

November 16th 2007

Bangladesh cyclone kills 600

Russia cult in cave siege

IPCC to warn of 'abrupt' warming

November 16th 2008

Iraq cabinet backs US troops deal

New bridge collapses in Kashmir

Air strike kills Gaza militants

November 16th 2009

Gunmen kill 12 in Iraqi village

Afghan market attack 'kills 10'

UN chief urges unity over hunger

November 16th 2010

Haiti protester shot dead by UN peacekeepers

Russian rage at Bout extradition

Prince William to marry

November 16th 2011

Birthdates which occurred on November 16th:

42 -BC- Tiberius Cesar 2nd Roman emperor (14-37 AD)
1766 Rodolphe Kreutzer France, composer/virtuoso violinist (Paris Conserv)
1873 W(illiam) C(hristopher) Handy Alabama, jazz star (St Louis Blues)
1888 Burnet Corwin Tuthill NYC, composer (Laurentia)
1888 Clinton Golden Pennsylvania founder (United Steelworkers of America)
1889 George S Kaufman Pittsburgh PA, playwright (This is Show Business)
1895 Michael Arlen Armenia, English writer (An American Verdict)
1895 Paul Hindemith Hanau Germany, composer (Tutti Funtchen)
1896 Lawrence Tibbett Bakersfield CA, baritone (Metropolitan 1923-50)
1899 Mary Margaret McBride Paris MO, radio personality (WOR-AM, NYC)
19-- Charles Jay Hammer actor (Guiding Light)
19-- Dan Shor NYC, actor (Blue & Gray, Cagney & Lacey)
19-- Eddie Castrodad actor (Alan-Dads)
19-- Jay Kerr Del Rio TX, actor (Wizards & Warriors)
1904 Eddie Condon Goodland IN, jazz guitarist (Eddie Condon's Floor Show)
1908 Burgess Meredith Cleveland Ohio, actor (Mr Novak, Penguin-Batman, Rocky)
1916 Daws Butler Toledo Ohio, cartoon voice (Elroy Jetson)
1922 Royal Dano NYC, actor (Red Badge of Courage, Cocaine Wars, House II)
1928 Clu Gulager Holdenville OK, actor (Virginian, Survivors, Tall Man)
1930 Chinua Achebe Nigerian writer (Christmas in Biafra)
1933 Guy Stockwell NYC, actor (Chris-Adventures in Paradise)
1935 Elizabeth Drew journalist (Politics & Money: The Road to Corruption)
1941 Ann Dore McLaughlin US Secretary of Labor (1987- )
1942 Donna McKechnie Pontiac Michigan, actress/dancer (Company)
1944 Joanna Pettet London, actress (Knots Landing, Cry of the Innocent)
1945 Martine van Hamel Belgium, ballerina (NYC Ballet Co)
1948 Steve Railsback actor (Blue Monkey, Green Monkey, Escape 2000)
1950 Carl J Meade Illinois, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 38, sk:STS-50)
1950 David Leisure actor (Joe Isuzu, Airplane, Charley-Empty Nest)
1953 Griff Rhys Jones British humorist/actor (Morons From Outer Space)
1958 Marg Helgenberger North Bend NB, actress (China Beach, Ryan's Hope)
1963 Zina Garrison Houston, tennis player (1988 Olympics Gold, Bronze)
1966 Tammy Lauren San Diego CA, actress (Angie, Out of the Blue)
1966 Tricia Cast Medford NY, actress (Amanda-Bad News Bear, Young & Restless)
1967 Lisa Bonet San Francisco CA, actress (Cosby Show, Different World, Angel Heart)
1969 Bryan Abrams vocalist (Color Me Badd-I Want to Sex You Up)
1970 Martha Plimpton actress (Goonies, Mosquito Coast)
1971 Donald Wolf computer game creator
1979 Michael Faustino actor (brother of David)

Deaths which occurred on November 16th:
1885 Louis Riel French rebel who fought against Canada, executed at 41
1960 Clark Gable dies at 59
1961 Sam Rayburn Speaker of the House for 17 years, dies
1965 Alexander King writer (Jack Paar Show), dies at 66
1981 Enid Markey actress (Aunt Violet-Bringing Up Buddy), dies at 85
2006 Economist Milton Friedman dies aged 94

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