15th November, on this day

655 Battle of Winwaed : Penda of Mercia is defeated by Oswiu of Northumbria
1315 Battle of Morgarten the Schweizer Eidgenossenschaft ambushes the army of Leopold I
1492 Christopher Columbus notes 1st recorded reference to tobacco
1492 In Spain, 6 Jews and 5 Conversos are accused of using black magic
1532 Commanded by Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conquistadors under Hernando de Soto meet Inca leader Atahualpa for the first time outside Cajamarca, arranging a meeting on the city plaza the following day
1533 Francisco Pizarro arrives in Cuzco, the capital of the Inca Empire.
1577 English explorer and navigator Sir Francis Drake begins his voyage to sail around the world
1660 1st kosher butcher (Asser Levy) licensed in NYC (New Amsterdam)
1715 Barrier Treaty, Austria cedes area to the Netherlands
1763 Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon begin surveying Mason-Dixon Line between Pennsylvania & Maryland
1777 In US, Articles of Confederation adopted by Continental Congress
1791 1st Catholic college in US, Georgetown, opens
1796 In America, John Adams defeats Thomas Jefferson by three votes in the US Presidential election. Jefferson becomes vice president
1806 1st US college magazine, Yale Literary Magazine, publishes 1st issue
1806 Explorer Zebulon Pike sights Pikes Peak
1824 Series of fires kills 10 (Edinburgh, Scotland)
1845 The opera "Maritana" is produced (London)
1848 Papal premier Count Rossi is assassinated
1854 In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is given the necessary royal concession.
1864 Union General William Tecumseh Sherman burns Atlanta, Georgia and starts Sherman's March to the Sea
1884 Colonisation of Africa organized at international conference in Berlin
1889 On the abdication of Pedro II, Brazil is proclaimed a republic
1899 Future British prime minister Winston Churchill is captured while covering the Boer War as a war correspondent for the English newspaper, the Morning Post. He later escapes and reaches British lines
1901 An electronic hearing aid is given a patent in New York
1920 Free City of Danzig established under League of Nations protection
1920 League of Nations holds 1st meeting, in Geneva
1926 In US, NBC on-air debut with a radio network of 24 stations
1932 Walt Disney Art School created
1935 Commonwealth of Phillipines inaugurated. Manuel L. Quezon is inaugurated as the second president of the Philippines
1938 1st telecast of an unscheduled event (fire), W2XBT, NY
1939 Nazis begin mass murder of Warsaw, Jews
1939 In US, Social Security Administration approves 1st unemployment check
1940 1st 75,000 men called to armed forces duty during peacetime
1941 SS chief Heinrich Himmler orders the arrest and deportation to concentration camps of all homosexuals in Germany, with the exception of certain top Nazi officials.
1942 The Battle of Guadalcanal ends in a decisive Allied victory.
1943 German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies were to be put "on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps". (see Porajmos)
1948 William Lyon Mackenzie King retires as PM of Canada. King had the longest combined time (3 terms, 22 years in total) as Premier in Commonwealth of Nations history
1949 Nathuram Godse and Narayan Apte are executed for assassinating Mahatma Gandhi
1950 1st Negro player in organized hockey-Arthur Dorrington signed
1954 1st regularly scheduled commercial flights over North Pole begins
1956 New York premiere of Elvis Presley's first film: 'Love Me Tender'
1957 US sentences Soviet spy Rudolf Ivanovich Abel to 30 years & $3,000
1959 Richard Hickock and Perry Smith kill Clutter Family
1960 The Polaris missile is test launched
1965 Craig Breedlove sets land speed record (600.601 mph-966.57 kph)
1966 Gemini XII returns to Earth
1966 Boeing 727 Pan Am Flight 708 crashes near Berlin, Germany, killing all three people on board.
1967 The only fatality of the X-15 program occurs during the 191st flight when Air Force test pilot Michael J. Adams loses control of his aircraft which is destroyed mid-air over the Mojave Desert.
1968 Operation Commando Hunt initiated. The goal was to interdict men and supplies on the Ho Chi Minh Trail, through Laos into South Vietnam.
1968 The Cunard flagship 'Queen Elizabeth' docks at Southampton for the last time. She was replaced by the new liner the QE2
1969 250,000 peacefully demonstrate in Wash DC against the Vietnam War
1969 Janis Joplin, accused of vulgar and indecent language in Tampa, FL
1969 The Soviet submarine K-19 collides with the American submarine USS Gato in the Barents Sea.
1969 ITV screen Britain's first commercial in colour - an advert for Birds Eye peas
1971 Intel releases world's first commercial single-chip microprocessor, the 4004
1972 Small Astronomy Satellite Explorer 48 launched to study gamma rays
1974 Ringo releases "Goodnight Vienna" and "Only You" in UK
1976 René Lévesque and the Parti Québécois take power to become the first Quebec government of the 20th century clearly in favour of independence.
1977 President Jimmy Carter welcomes Shah of Iran
1978 183 die as Icelandic Airlines DC-8 crashes in Colombo, Sri Lanka
1979 A package from the Unabomber Ted Kaczynski begins smoking in the cargo hold of a flight from Chicago to Washington, forcing the plane to make an emergency landing.
1979 ABC-TV announces it would broadcast nightly specials on Iran hostage
1979 British government identifies Sir Anthony Blunt as 4th man in Soviet spy ring
1980 Pope John Paul II began 5 day visit to West Germany,
1982 Funeral services held in Moscow's Red Square for Leonid Brezhnev
1983 An independent Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is unilaterally proclaimed - recognised only by Turkey
1983 The Greenham Common Women's Group mounts its first protest as cruise missiles arrive at the US airbase in Berkshire
1985 British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Irish Prime Minister Garret Fitzgerald sign the Anglo-Irish Agreement in Dublin
1987 Continental Airlines Flight 1713 : 28 of 82 aboard Continental Airlines DC-9 die in crash at Denver
1988 91 m radio telescope dish at Green Bank, WV collapses
1988 Israeli-Palestinian Conflict : An independent State of Palestine is proclaimed by the Palestinian National Council
1988 The first Fairtrade label, Max Havelaar, is launched in the Netherlands.
1988 Soviet space shuttle makes first and only unmanned maiden flight (2 orbits)
1989 "Batman" is released on video tape
1990 President Bush signs the Clear Air Act of 1990
1990 Producers confirm that Milli Vanilli didn't sing on their album
1991 Dow Jones average drops 120.31 points (5th largest dive)
1993 13 Cuban refugees land in Florida after stealing a crop-duster in Cuba.
1995 In Britain, Conservative Party chairman Brain Mawhinney is attacked by demonstrators throwing paint and flour as he leaves Westminster after the Queen's Speech
1999 Next transit of Mercury visible in North America
2000 A chartered Antonov AN-24 crashes after takeoff from Luanda, Angola killing more than 40 people
2002 Hu Jintao becomes general secretary of the Communist Party of China.
2003 The first day of the 2003 Istanbul Bombings takes place, to be followed by additional bombings on November 20.
2005 Boeing formally launches the stretched Boeing 747-8 variant with orders from Cargolux and Nippon Cargo Airlines.
2007 A devastating Cyclone named Sidr hit Bangladesh, killing an estimated 5000 people and destroyed the world's largest mangrove forest, Sundarbans.

November 15th 2005

Iraq detainees 'found starving'

Spain probes 'secret CIA flights'

Auditors reject EU accounts again

November 15th 2006

Dispute over Iraq hostage numbers

US soldier admits Iraq girl rape

Pakistan rape laws

Japan Tsunamis

November 15th 2007

Hundreds of Nigerian robbers shot

Canadian stun gun death video

'Murder charge' over fan's death

November 15th 2008

Lethal car bomb rocks Iraqi town

Dozens die in Burkina Faso crash

Gas blasts kill Romanian miners

November 15th 2009

Militants target Pakistan elders

Apec leaders drop climate target

US demands Afghan 'bribery court'

November 15th 2010

Dozens die in China high-rise fire

Delhi building collapse leaves many dead

Colombia military kills 13 rebels

November 15th 2011

Birthdates which occurred on November 15th:

1397 Nicholas V pope (1447-55); ended schism, founded Vatican Library
1708 William Pitt the Elder (Whig) UK PM (1756-61, 66-68) `Great Commoner'
1738 Sir William Herschel astronomer (discovered Uranus)
1815 John Banvard NYC, painted world's largest painting (3 mile canvas)
1862 Gerhart Hauptmann Germany, writer (Before Dawn-Nobel 1912)
1874 August Krogh Denmark, physiologist (Nobel-1920)
1879 Lewis Stone Worcester MA, actor (Prisoner of Zenda)
1881 Franklin P Adams Chicago IL, columnist (Information Please)
1882 Felix Frankfurter Vienna Austria, US supreme court justice (1939-62)
1886 Pedro Sanjuan San Sebastian, Spain, composer (Castilla)
1887 Georgia O'Keeffe Sun Prairie WI, painter (Cow's Skull)
1887 Marianne Moore St Louis, poet (Pulitzer-1951-Collected Poems)
1891 Erwin Rommel German field marshall (WW II-African campaign)
1891 W Averell Harriman US, (Gov-D-NY)/ambassador to USSR (1943-46)
1895 Ina Claire actress (Claudia, Ninotchka, Rebound)
1897 Sacheverell Sitwell English poet/writer (People's Palace)
19-- James Widdoes Pittsburgh PA, actor (Charles in Charge, Delta House)
19-- Judith Chapman Greenville SC, actress (Ryan's Hope)
19-- Margaret Reed actress (As The World Turns)
1905 Mantovani Venice Italy, orchestra leader (Mantovani)
1909 Don Large Canada, choral director (Wayne King)
1914 Jorge Bolet Havana Cuba, pianist (C'eurties Instituka)
1919 Carol Bruce Great Neck NY, actress (Lillian Carlson-WKRP)
1919 Joseph Albert Wapner La, judge (People's Court)
1922 Francesco Rosi Naples Italy, director (Lucky Luciano)
1923 Peter Hammond London England, actor (Buccaneers)
1925 Howard Baker (Sen-R-TN), presidential chief of staff
1929 Edward Asner Kansas City KS, actor (Mary Tyler Moore Show, Lou Grant)
1930 Whitman Mayo NYC, actor (Grady-Sanford & Son)
1931 John Kerr NYC, actor (South Pacific, Peyton Place, Pit & Pendulum)
1932 Petula Clark England, singer (Downtown, My Love)
1933 Barbara Carson Memphis TN, actress (Comedy Tonight, Carter Country)
1933 Jack Burns Boston MA, comedian (Burns & Schreiber)
1934 Joanna Barnes Boston, actress (Parent Trap, Spartacus, Goodbye Charlie)
1937 Yaphet Kotto NYC, actor (Brubaker, Alien, Raid on Entebbe)
1939 Erik Hansen Denmark, 1K kayak (Olympic-gold-1960)
1939 Thalmus Rasulala [Jack Crowder], Miami FL, actor (Blacula, Roots)
1940 Sam Waterston Cambridge MA, actor (Law & Order, Capricorn One, Heaven's Gate)
1942 Daniel Barenboim Buenos Aires Argentina, pianist/conductor
1945 Anni-Frid Lyngsdtad [Fryeda Anderson] Sweden, rocker (ABBA)
1946 Janet Lennon Culver City CA, singer (Lennon Sisters)
1954 Beverly D'Angelo Columbus Ohio, actress (Vacation, European Vacation)
1955 Oliver Conant NYC, actor (Summer of '42)
1956 Ashley Cox Dallas Texas, playmate (December, 1977)
1968 Brenda Alyce Bassett Kokomo Indiana, Miss Indiana-America (1991)
1968 James Brady Brooklyn NY, columnist (NY Post)
1970 Karin Von Breeschoteen Rotterdam Holland, Playmate (Sept, 1989)
1970 Mirjam Von Breeschoteen Rotterdam Holland, Playmate (Sept, 1989)
1977 Peter Mark Andrew Phillips 9th in sucession to British throne


Deaths which occurred on November 15th:
1280 Albertus Magnus German scholar, dies at 87
1630 Johann Kepler German astronomer, dies at 58
1897 John Mercer Langston dies at 67
1958 Tyrone Power actor, dies of a heart attack at 44
1963 Fritz Reiner conductor (Chicago Symphony Orchestra), dies at 74
1978 Margaret Mead anthropologist, dies in NY at 76
1983 John LeMesurier actor, dies at 71
1984 Baby Fae who received a baboon's heart, dies at California medical center

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