November, on this day
308 The Congress
: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of
the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius
to be Augusti,
while rival contender Constantine
I is declared Caesar of Britain and Gaul
Silverius ends his reign as Can
Lateran Council (12th ecumenical council) opens in Rome defining
the doctrine of transubstantiation,
the process by which bread and wine are transformed into the body
and blood of Christ
of Granada : Louis
XII of France and Ferdinand
II of Aragon agree to divide the Kingdom
of Naples between them.
1620 In what is now Provincetown Harbor near Cape Cod, the Mayflower
Compact is signed on the Mayflower, establishing the basic laws
for the Plymouth Colony. (Old Style date; November 21 per New Style
1634 Following pressure from Anglican bishop John
Irish House of Commons passes "An Act for the Punishment
for the Vice of Buggery".
1647 In US, Massachusetts passes 1st US compulsory school attendance
1648 Dutch and French agree to divide St
Maarten, Leeward Islands
Battle of Khotyn in Ukraine, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces
under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this
battle, rockets of Kazimierz
Siemienowicz were successfully used.
Leibniz demonstrated integral calculus
for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function.
Blake, alias Blueskin, a highwayman known for attacking "Thief-Taker
General" (and thief) Jonathan
Wild at the Old Bailey, is hanged in London.
1778 British forces take St. Lucia in the West Indies from the French
1778 Iroquois Indians in NY kill 40 in the Cherry
1790 Chrysanthemums are introduced into England from China
of Dürenstein : 8000 French troops attempted to slow the
retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.
Colombia declares independence from Spain
1831 In Jerusalem, Virginia, Nat
Turner is hanged after inciting a violent slave uprising.
1860 1st Jewish wedding in Buenos Aires, Argentina
1862 The opera "La
Forza Del Destino" is produced (St Petersburg, Russia)
1864 Sherman's March
to the Sea : Union General William
Tecumseh Sherman begins burning Atlanta, Georgia to the ground
in preparation for his march south.
of Sinchula is signed in which Bhutan ceded the areas east of
the Teesta River to the British East India Company.
Edwards Walker, 1st Army female surgeon, awarded Medal of Honor
1880 Australian Bushranger Ned
Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol.
1887 Anarchist Haymarket
Fischer and George
Engel are executed.
1887 In Britain, work starts on building the Manchester
1889 Washington admitted as 42nd state
becomes part of the Cape Colony
1911 The Great
Blue Norther of 11/11/11 : Many cities in the U.S. Midwest broke
their record highs and lows on the same day as a strong cold front
War I ends : Germany signs an armistice agreement with the Allies
in a railroad car outside of Compiègne in France. The war officially
stops at 11:00 (The eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh
1918 Emperor Charles
I of Austria relinquishes power.
1919 The Centralia
Massacre in Centralia, Washington results the deaths of four members
of the American Legion and the lynching of a local leader of the IWW.
1919 Britain introduces a two
minute silence to remember those who died in World War I at the
11th hour of the 11th day of 11th month
1921 President Harding dedicates Tomb
of Unknown Soldier
1921 In Britain, the first British Royal
Legion Poppy Day
1922 Largest US flag displayed (150' X 90') expanded in 1939 (270'
Armstrong records 1st of Hot Five and Hot Seven recordings
Millikan announces discovery of cosmic rays
1926 U.S. Route
66 is established.
1930 Patent number US1781541 was awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó
Szilárd for their invention, the Einstein
Black Blizzard" 1st great dust storm in the Great Plains
1935 Explorer 2 balloon sets altitude record of 72,000 feet over SD
1939 In US, Kate
Smith 1st sings Irving Berlin's "God Bless America"
1940 Blizzard strikes midwestern US killing over 100
1940 The Willys-Overland Company starts production of an all-purpose
four-wheel drive 'Jeep'
for the US Army - the name derived from the letters GP (general purpose)
of Taranto : The Royal Navy launches the first aircraft carrier
strike in history, on the Italian fleet at Taranto.
1940 The German cruiser Atlantis
captures top secret British mail, and sends it to Japan.
Day Blizzard : An unexpected blizzard kills 144 in U.S. Midwest.
1942 During WW II Germany completes their occupation of France
1952 In California, American inventors John
Mullin and Wayne Johnson demonstrate the world's first video recorder
1960 A military coup against President Ngo
Dinh Diem of South Vietnam was crushed.
1962 Kuwait's National Assembly ratifies the Constitution
Brian Epstein and Ed
Sullivan sign a 3 show contract for the Beatles
1965 Rhodesia proclaimed independence from Britain by PM Ian
12 launched on 4-day flight
1967 In a propaganda ceremony in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, three American
prisoners of war are released by the Viet Cong and turned over to
"new left" antiwar activist Tom
1968 John Lennon and Yoko Ono appear nude on cover of "2
1968 Maldives (in Indian Ocean) become a republic
Morrison arrested on an airplane by the FBI for drunkenness
1972 US Army turns over Long
Bihn base to South Vietnamese army
1975 Angola gains independence from Portugal
1975 1st elected PM removed in 200 years : Australian
constitutional crisis of 1975 : Australian Governor-General Sir
Kerr dismisses the government of Gough
Whitlam and commissions Malcolm
Fraser as caretaker Prime Minister, and announces a general election
to be held in early December.
1982 Solidarity leader Lech
Walesa is let out of jail in Poland
1983 President Reagan became 1st US President to address Japan's legislature
is found guilty of segregating schools and housing
1987 Van Gogh's "Irises" sells for record $53.6 M at auction
1988 Oldest known insect fossils (390 million years) reported in Science
Synod votes for Ordination of women in the UK
1997 In Britain, the Labour Party admits to accepting a £1m
donation from Formula One boss Bernie
Ecclestone, but claims it will be repaid and that it had nothing
to do with the Government's decision to exempt motor racing from the
ban on tobacco-related sports sponsorship
disaster : 155 skiers and snowboarders die when a cable car catches
fire in an alpine tunnel.
2001 Journalists Pierre
Sutton and Volker
Handloik are killed in Afghanistan during an attack on the convoy
they were traveling on top off.
Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior dedicated at the National
War Memorial, Wellington.
Arafat is confirmed dead by the Palestine Liberation Organization,
of unidentified causes. Mahmoud
Abbas is elected chairman of the PLO minutes later.
2006 The New Zealand war memorial monument was unveiled by Her Majesty
Queen Elizabeth II in London, United Kingdom, commemorating the loss
of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army.
occurred on November 11th:
1050 Henry IV Holy
Roman emperor (1036-1106)
1636 Yen Jo-chu Chinese scholar of Ch'ing dynasty
1744 Abigail Smith Adams 2nd 1st lady
1748 Charles IV king of Spain (1788-1808)
1771 Ephraim McDowell surgeon (pioneered abdominal surgery)
1821 Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky Russia, novelist (Crime &
1836 Thomas Bailey Aldrich US, author/editor (Story of a Bad Boy)
1864 Alfred Hermann Fried Germany, pacifist (Nobel 1911)
1869 Victor Emmanuel III king of Italy (1900-46)/Ethiopia
1872 Frederick A Stock Julich, Germany, conductor (Theodore Thomas
1883 Ernest Ansermet Vevey Switzerland, conductor (Ruilles de Printemps)
1885 George S Patton general "Old Blood & Guts"
1896 Charles "Lucky" Luciano Sicily, NYC Mafia gangster
1898 Rene Clair director (I Married a Witch)
1899 Harold "Pie" Traynor baseball hall of fame 3rd baseman
1899 Pat O'Brien Milwaukee, actor (Knute Rockne, Angels with Dirty
19-- Anne-Marie Martin Toronto Canada, actress (Dori Doreau-Sledge
19-- Mic Michaels rocker (Europe-The Final Countdown)
1900 Helena Konopacka Poland, discus thrower (Olympic-gold-1928)
1900 Hugh Scott (Sen-R-PA), minority whip
1900 John Longden West Indies, actor (Man From Interpol)
1901 Sam Spiegel producer (On the Waterfront, Bridge over River Kwai)
1904 Alger Hiss State Department official and spy
1909 Robert Ryan Chicago, actor (Billy Budd, Dirty Dozen, Longest
1910 Franz Kemser Germany, 4 man bobsled (Olympic-gold-1952)
1911 King Hussein of Jordan.
1911 Patric Knowles England, actor (Big Steal, Chisum)
1914 Howard Fast screenwriter (Rachel & the Stranger, Spartacus)
1914 Perry Bass
1915 William Proxmire (Sen-D-WI) (Golden Fleece Awards)
1918 Stubby Kaye NYC, actor (Guys & Dolls, Lil' Abner, Cat Ballou)
1922 Kurt Vonnegut Jr author (Slaughterhouse Five, Sirens of Titan)
1925 Jonathan Winters Dayton OH, comedian (J Winters Show, Mork &
1927 Mose Allison Mississippi, jazz artist (Black Country Suite)
1929 LaVern Baker Chicago, R&B vocalist (I Cried a Tear)
1934 Bibi Andersson Sweden, actress (Scenes From a Marriage)
1934 Paula Myers-Pope US, platform diver, 2 silver, 1 bronze (Oly
1936 Susan Kohner actress (Imitation of Life, Gene Krupa Story)
1937 Warner Wolf Wash DC, sportscaster (WABC-TV, WCBS-TV)
1938 John Reilly Chicago, actor (Sean-General Hospital, Dallas, Hamptons)
1938 Josef Odozil Czech, 1500m (Olympic-silver-1964)
1939 Claudia Boyarskikh USSR, 5K/10K cross country (Olympic-gold-1964)
1943 Jan Adamski Poland, International Chess Master (1976)
1944 Jesse Colin Young NY, rocker (The Youngbloods-Soul of a City
1945 Daniel Ortega Saavedra President of Nicaragua (1984- )
1945 Denise Alexander NYC, actress (General Hospital, Another World)
1951 Fuzzy Zoeller New Albany IN, PGA golfer (Masters 1981)
1953 Andy Partridge guitars/vocal (XTC-Oranges & Lemons)
1954 Gail Marquis WBL forward (NY Stars, Olympic-silver-1976)
1955 Jigme Singye Wangchuk king of Bhutan (1972- )
1956 Ian Craig Marsh rocker (Heaven 17-Electric Dreams)
1959 Vincent Irizarry Queens NY, actor (Guiding Light, Santa Barbara)
1960 Lisa Welch Semler Aberdeen MD, playmate (Sep, 1980)
1962 Demi Moore [Guynes], Roswell NM, actress (7th Sign, Blame it
1963 Vinnie Testaverde NFL quarterback (Tampa Bay Buckineers)
1964 Philip McKeon Westbury NY, actor (Tommy-Alice, Return to Horror
1965 Brian Wilson NYC, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
1968 Jo Kittsee Germany, rocker (Fuzzbox-Into Rescue)
1968 Wyatt Pauley Ecuador, rocker (Linear-I Never Felt This Way, Lies)
1970 Derry Brownson rock keyboardist (EMF-Unbelievable)
1970 Lee Parkin Starsky daughter of Ringo
1974 Leonardo DiCaprio LA, actor (Luke-Growing Pains)
Deaths which occurred on November 11th:
1831 Nat Turner former slave, led a violent insurrection, hanged in
1956 Victor Young orchestra leader (Milton Berle Show), dies at 56
1962 Rene Coty President of France, dies at 80
1973 Stringbean [David Akeman], banjoist/comedian (Hee Haw), dies
1974 Jane Ace comedian (Easy Aces), dies at 74
1975 Marty May (Fireball Fun For All), dies at 79
1984 Rev Martin Luther King Sr dies in Atlanta at 84
1986 Roger C Carmel actor (Mudd-Star Trek, Mothers-in-Law), dies at
1987 L T Coggeshall medical scientist (Secretary of HEW 1956-58),
dies at 86