November, on this day
buried by Mt Vesuvius : eruption started on August 24, 79, however
the archeological excavations of Pompeii suggest that it was buried
more than 2 months later on 1st Nov
996 Emperor Otto
III issues a deed to Gottschalk, Bishop of Freising, which is
known document using the name Ostarrîchi (Austria in Old High
John of England begins imprisoning Jews
1348 The anti-royalist Union
of Valencia attacks the Jews of Murviedro because they are serfs
King of Valencia and thus "royalists".
paintings on ceiling of
Sistine Chapel, 1st exhibited
Shakespeare's tragedy "Othello"
1611 Shakespeare's romantic comedy "The
Tempest" 1st presented
1612 (22 October
of Troubles in Russia: Moscow,
Kitai-gorod, is captured by Russian troops under command of Dmitry
1623 Fire at Plymouth, Massachusetts destroys several buildings
1683 The British crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.
earthquake kills more than 50,000
Act went into effect in the British colonies
1776 Mission San
Juan Capistrano founded in California
1784 Maryland grants citizenship to Lafayette
and his descendants
1787 1st free school in NYC (African Free School) opens
Burke publishes Reflections
on the Revolution in France, in which he predicts that the French
Revolution will end in a disaster.
Adams is 1st President to live in the White
Bonaparte invades Austria during the War
of the Third Coalition.
of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the
defeat of France, in the Napoleonic
1834 1st published reference to poker (as Mississippi riverboat game)
1848 1st US women's medical school opens in Boston
1861 US President Abraham
Lincoln appoints George
B. McClellan as the commander of the Union Army, replacing the
aged General Winfield
1870 US Weather Bureau makes its first official meteorological forecast
at 24 locations
1876 New Zealand's provincial government system is dissolved.
1894 Vaccine for diphtheria announced by Dr Roux of Paris
1894 In Russia, the death of Alexander
II becomes Tsar
1896 A picture showing the unclad (bare) breasts of a woman appears
Geographic magazine for the first time.
1910 1st issue of "The Crisis" published by editor W
E B Du Bois
1911 The first dropping of a bomb from an airplane in combat, during
1914 World War I: British warships 'Good Hope' and 'Monmouth' are
sunk by a German fleet at the Battle
Miliukov delivers in the State
Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating
the downfall of the Boris
Street Wreck : 97 die in NYC subway's worst accident
Empire abolished : the last sultan Mehmed
1928 1st celebration of Author's Day
Zeppelin sets airship distance record of 6384 km
1928 The Law on the Adoption and Implementation of the Turkish
Alphabet, replacing the version of the Arabic alphabet previously
used, comes into force in Turkey.
part of the British Isles, issue their own stamps
von Braun named head of German liquid-fuel rocket program
1936 Mussolini describes alliance between Italy and Germany as an
execute Pastor Paul
Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community (including
beats War Admiral in a match race at Pimlico
1939 1st animal - rabbit - conceived by artificial insemination displayed
1939 1st jet plane, Heinkel
He 178, demonstrated to German Air Ministry
1940 In France, archaeologists discover a prehistoric painting in
a cave at Lascaux
in the Dordogne.
1940 1st US air raid shelter, Fleetwood, Pa
1941 American photographer Ansel
Adams takes a picture of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez,
New Mexico that would become one of the most famous images in
the history of photography.
H Johnson publishes 1st issue of Negro Digest
Offensive begins during the Guadalcanal Campaign and ends on November
of Empress Augusta Bay, United States Marines, the 3rd Marine
Division, land on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
1943 In support of the landings on Bougainville,
U.S. aircraft carrier forces attack the huge Japanese base at Rabaul.
1944 Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
1943 Dim-out ban lifted in San Francisco Bay area
1944 Britain's Home
Guard, formed in 1939 to fight the expected German invasion, is
ordered to disband.
1945 In Britain, it is announced that all available evidence supports
the theory that German Fuhrer Adolf Hitler has committed suicide in
1945 1st issue of Ebony magazine published by John
1945 The official North Korean newspaper, Rodong
Sinmun, is first published under the name Chongro. Australia joins
the United Nations.
1946 In London, the first Royal Command Performance in public cinema
at the 'Empire', Leicester Square.
1946 Charles S Johnson becomes 1st black President of Fisk University
1946 West German state of Niedersachsen formed
1947 1st Aloha Week Parade held in Hawaii
1947 UN trusteeship for Nauru granted to Australia, NZ and UK
1948 Off southern
Manchuria, 6,000 people are killed as a Chinese merchant ship
explodes and sinks.
1950 Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio
Torresola and Oscar
Collazo attempt to assassinate US President Harry
S. Truman at Blair House.
1950 Premium Bonds first go on sale in Britain with the winning numbers
picked at random by a machine with the acronym 'ERNIE'.
1950 Pope Pius
XII claims Papal
Infallibility when he formally defines
the dogma of the Assumption
1951 American soldiers are exposed to an atomic explosion for training
purposes in Desert
Rock, Nevada. Participation was not voluntary.
1951 Jet magazine founded by John
Ivy - The United States successfully detonates the first large
hydrogen bomb, codenamed "Mike" ["M" for megaton],
in the Eniwetok atoll, located in the Marshall Islands in the central
Pacific Ocean. The explosion had a yield of 10 megatons.
1952 Fusion occurred for the 1st time on Earth
1954 The Front
de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian
War of Independence.
1955 The bombing of United
Airlines Flight 629 occurs near Longmont, Colorado, killing all
39 passengers and five crew members aboard the Douglas DC-6B airliner.
1956 Formation of Indian state of Andhra
Pradesh with its capital as Hyderabad, formerly known as Nizam
1956 Formation of Kerala
state in India.
1956 Indian states of Punjab, Patiala & PEPSU merge as Punjab
government of Hungary withdraws from Warsaw Pact
1960 Benelux treaty goes into effect
1960 While campaigning for President of the United States, John
F. Kennedy announces his idea of the Peace
1962 Greece enters the European Common Market
1962 USSR launches Mars
1; radio contact lost before arrival at Mars
1963 The Arecibo
Observatory in Arecibo, Puerto Rico, with the largest radio telescope
ever constructed, officially opens
1963 The pop group 'The
Rolling Stones' release their first single: 'I
Wanna Be Your Man'.
1965 Trackless trolley plunged into Nile River drowning 74 (Cairo
1968 US pro soccer 14 teams merged into 1 all star team
1969 Beatles' "Abbey
Road," album goes to number 1 and stays 11 weeks
1968 The Motion
Picture Association of America's film
rating system is officially introduced, originating with the ratings
G, M, R, and X.
1970 Discotheque in Grenoble, France burns, all exits padlocked and
1972 At least 10,000 people are killed and a further 5 million are
left homeless when a tidal wave hits the coast of India.
Scanda : Leon
Jaworski is appointed as the new Watergate Special Prosecutor.
1974 Fire kills 189 in less than 25 minutes at Sao Paulo, Brazil
Carter is elected US President.
Is (Kiribati) obtains internal self-government from Britain
1979 Federal government made $1.5 billion loan to Chrysler
1979 Tanker Burmah Agate off Galveston Bay, Texas, spills 10.7 m gallons
of oil, in US's worst oil spill disaster
& Barbuda gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1982 In Britain, a new terrestrial television channel, Channel
Four begins transmitting its first programme - the word game 'Countdown'
becomes the first Asian automobile company to produce cars in the
United States with the opening of their factory in Marysville, Ohio.
The Honda Accord is the first car produced there.
1985 Nostalgia Television begins on cable
1987 22,000 run in NYC Marathon (won by Ibrahim Hussein of Kenya 2h11m1s)
1988 Actor Jeff
Goldblum and actress Geena
Davis wed in Las Vegas
1988 Staten Island ferry gets 1st pay phones
1989 Scandinavian Airlines System bans smoking on many flights
1990 Last of Margaret
Thatcher's original cabinet resigns, Deputy PM Sir Geoffrey
1990 Rhetoric escalates as Bush likens Saddam to Hitler
1990 Sandra Miller awarded $100 for Mike Tyson fondling her breasts
1991 Three faculty, and one staff member of the department of physics
and astronomy, were killed, along with one administrator, when physics
graduate student Gang
Lu went on a shooting rampage at the University of Iowa.
1993 The Maastricht
Treaty takes effect, formally establishing the European
$7B pandemic bird flu plan
quake heli-copter 'fired upon'
paid to bombing victims
issues Lebanon 'plot' warning
dead in Turkey flash floods
uranium risk 'ignored'
in Iraq 'continue to fall'
states 'offer Iran uranium'
Africans riot over bad services
calls for urgent aid for Congo
halts US anti-drugs work
offer for Spanish exiles
cargo jet crash kills 11
from India oil blaze rises
in Chinese manufacturing
'target of Greece bombs'
channel off air after raid
candidates in final vote push
occurred on November 1st:
Cellini sculptor/goldsmith/writer (Perseus)
1607 Georg Philipp Harsdorfer Nurenberg Germany, poet (Poetischer
1762 Spencer Perceval (Tory), British PM (1809-12)
1782 Viscount Goderich (Tory), British PM (1827-28)
1798 Sir Benjamin Lee Baronet Guinness, Irish brewer/Dublin mayor
1815 Crawford Williamson Long surgeon/pioneer (use of ether)
1848 WH Smith opens
its first railway bookstall at Euston Station in London.
1853 Jose Santos Zelaya (L), ruler of Nicaragua (1893-1910)
1859 Charles Brantley Aycock (Gov-NC)
1871 Stephen Crane US, novelist/poet (Red Badge of Courage)
1878 Carlos Saavedra Lamas Argentina, jurist (Nobel Peace Prize 1936)
1880 Grantland Rice sportswriter (NY Herald Tribune 1914-30, Colliers
1880 Sholem Asch Poland, Yiddish novelist/playwright (Three Cities)
1886 Hermann Broch Austria, novelist (Sleepwalkers, Bewitchment)
1889 Philip John Noel-Baker statesman, disarmament advocate (Nobel
1890 James Barton NJ, Broadway actor (Tobacco Road, Iceman Cometh)
1892 Alexander Alekhine Russia, world chess champion (1927-46)
1896 Edmund Blunden English poet/critic (Undertones of War)
19-- Anna Stuart actress (Dana-Another World)
19-- Belita Moreno actress (Lydia Markham-Perfect Strangers)
19-- Helene Udy actress (As the World Turns)
19-- Lauren-Marie Taylor actress (Stacey-Loving)
19-- Mary Linda Rapeleye actress (As the World Turns)
1902 Eugen Jochum Babenhausen Bavaria, German conductor (Hamburg Orchestra)
1902 Nordahl Grieg Norwegian poet, dramatist, novelist (The Defeat)
1915 Michael Denison York England, actor (Importance of Being Earnest)
1919 John Secondari Rome Italy, newscaster (Open Hearing)
1920 James J Kilpatrick Oklahoma City OK, columnist (60 Minutes)
1922 Jeff Richards Portland Oregon, actor (Don't Go Near the Water)
1922 George S Irving Springfield MA, singer/actor (Dumplings)
1924 Victoria de los Angeles Spain, soprano (Mimi-La Boheme)
1929 Betsy Palmer E Chicago IN, actress (Mr Roberts, Friday the 13th)
1935 Gary Player South Africa, PGA golfer (US 1965, British 1959,68,74)
1937 Bill Anderson country singer (Still, From This Pen)
1939 Barbara Bosson Belle Vernon PA, actress (Fay-Hill St Blues, Hooperman)
1941 Robert Foxworth Houston TX, actor (Chase-Falcon Crest, Frankenstein)
1942 Larry Flynt magazine publisher (Hustler)
1942 Marcia Wallace Creston Iowa, actress (Carol-Bob Newhart Show)
1944 Keith Emerson England (Emerson, Lake & Palmer-Brain Salad
1949 Jeannie Berlin Los Angeles CA, actress (Heartbreak Kid, Portnoy's
1953 Jackie Zeman actress (Bobbie Spencer-General Hospital)
1953 Michael Zaslow actor (One Life to Live, Guiding Light)
1953 N Jan Davis Cocoa Beach Florida, PhD/astronaut (sk:STS-47)
1954 Ruben Guerrero Mexico, relay swimmer (Olympic-1968)
1958 Rachel Ticotin NYC, actress (Grace-For Love & Honor)
1959 Eddie MacDonald rocker (The Alarm-Knocking on Heaven's Door)
1960 Elizabeth Dennehy actress (Guiding Light)
1960 Fernando Valenzuela pitcher (Los Angeles Dodgers)
1960 Lyle Lovett country singer (Desert Rose Band, Give Back My Heart)
1961 Mags Furuholmen Norway, rocker (Aha-Take on Me)
1963 Rick Allen rocker (Def Leppard-Hysteria, Rock of Ages)
1964 Joe Leste San Diego Cal, rock vocalist (Bang Tango-Dancin' on
Deaths which occurred on November 1st:
1927 Florence Mills dancer/singer, dies at 32 in NYC
1947 Man O' War dies
1956 Lajos Asztalos International Chess Master (1950), dies at 67
1959 Gershon Agron mayor of Jerusalem, dies at 66
1961 Joan McCracken actress (Claudie The Story of a Marriage), dies
1963 Elsa Maxwell writer (Jack Paar Show), dies at 80
1963 Ngo Dinh Diem, South Vietnamese PM, assassinated in a military
1967 Benita Hume actress (Vicky-Thew Halls of Ivy), dies at 61
1975 Doro Merande actress (That Was The Week That Was), dies at 77
1982 James Broderick actor (Doug-Family), dies of cancer at 55
1982 King Vidor director, dies at 88 of a heart ailment
1984 Norman Krasna writer/director, dies of a heart attack at 74
1985 Phil Silvers comedic actor (Sgt Bilko), dies at 73 in his sleep
1986 Paul Frees animation voice (Bullwinkle), dies at 66
1987 Rene Levesque Quebec premier (1976-85), dies at 65
1994 Noah Beery Jr in California, actor (Rockford Files, Quest, Doc
Elliot), dies at 81
Link 1/ On this day 1st November
Link 2/ On this day 1st November
Link 3/ On this day 1st November