20th May, on this day

325 1st Christian ecumenical council opens at Nicæa, Asia Minor
526 Earthquake kills 250,000 in Antioch, Syria
685 The Battle of Dunnichen or Nechtansmere is fought between a Pictish army under King Bridei III and the invading Northumbrians under King Ecgfrith, who are decisively defeated.
1217 The Second Battle of Lincoln is fought near Lincoln, England, resulting in the defeat of Prince Louis of France by William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke.
1293 Earthquake strikes Kamakura Japan, 30,000 killed
1303 Treaty of Paris restores Gascony to British in Hundred Years War
1310 Shoes were made for both right and left feet
1347 Rienzo calls Rome for people's tribunal
1495 French King Charles VIII leaves Naples
1497 John Cabot sets sail from Bristol, England, on his ship Matthew looking for a route to the west (other documents give a 2 May date).
1498 Explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Calicut, southern India after discovering a route from the Atlantic via the southern tip of Africa
1501 Portuguese explorers discover an island in the Atlantic Ocean on Ascension Day and name it Ascension Island
1521 Ignatius Loyola seriously wounded by a cannon ball : Battle of Pampeluna
1524 Duke of Albany leaves Scotland
1570 Egidius Coppens publishes the first modern atlas, Abraham Ortelius' "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum"
1571 Venice, Spain and Pope Pius form anti-Turkish Saint League
1591 Spanish troops in Zutphen surrenders to Willem Louis/Mauritius
1609 Shakespeare's Sonnets first published in London, perhaps illicitly, by the publisher Thomas Thorpe.
1631 German army under earl Johann Tilly conquerors Maagdenburg
1639 Dorchester MA, forms 1st school funded by local taxes
1690 England passes Act of Grace, forgiving followers of James II
1704 Elias Neau forms school for slaves in New York
1774 Britain gives Québec, Labrador and territory north of the Ohio
1775 Citizens of Mecklenburg County, North Carolina declare independence of Britain
1784 England and Netherlands signs peace treaty (Peace of Paris)
1813 Napoleon Bonaparte leads his French troops into the Battle of Bautzen in Saxony, Germany, against the combined armies of Russia and Prussia. The battle ends the next day with a French victory.
1825 Charles X becomes King of France
1830 1st railroad timetable published in newspaper (Baltimore, US)
1840 In Britain, York Minster is badly damaged by fire
1845 HMS Erebus and HMS Terror with 134 men under John Franklin sail from the River Thames in England, beginning a disastrous expedition to find the Northwest Passage. All hands are lost.
1861 Cornerstone of University of Washington laid in Seattle
1861 Kentucky proclaims its neutrality in Civil War
1861 South Carolina becomes the last state to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy
1862 Homestead Act becomes law provides cheap land for settlement of West
1864 Battle at Ware Bottom Church, VA, 1,400 killed or injured
1864 Spotsylvania-campaign ends after 10,920 killed/injured person
1867 British parliament rejects John Stuart Mills law on women suffrage
1867 Royal Albert Hall foundation laid by Queen Victoria
1868 Republican National Convention, meets in Chicago, nominates Grant
1870 Second Chamber abolishes capital punishment
1874 Levi Strauss markets blue jeans with copper rivets, price $13.50 doz
1875 International Bureau of Weights and Measures established by treaty
1882 St Gotthard-railroad tunnel between Switzerland and Italy opens
1883 The eruption of Krakatoa begins, leading ultimately to the volcano's destruction three months later.
1891 First public display of Thomas Alva Edison's prototype kinetoscope (shown at Edison's Laboratory for a convention of the National Federation of Women's Clubs).
1892 George Sampson patents clothes dryer
1892 Triple Alliance between Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary forms
1895 1st commercial movie performance (153 Broadway, NYC)
1896 The six ton chandelier of the Palais Garnier falls on the crowd resulting in the death of one and the injury of many others.
1900 2nd modern Olympic games opens in Paris, France (lasted 5 months)
1902 US military occupation of Cuba (since Jan 1, 1899) ends. Cuba gains independence from the United States. Tomás Estrada Palma becomes the first President of Cuba.
1903 King Edward VII opens the Kew Bridge over the River Thames. Its proper name is the Edward VII Bridge
1910 Funeral for Britain's King Edward VII
1916 Codell, KS hit by tornado (also on same date in 1917 and 1918)
1917 Turkish Government authorizes Jews to return to Tel Aviv and Jaffa
1918 1st electrically propelled warship (the New Mexico)
1919 Volcano Keluit on Java, erupts killing 550
1920 The Weimarer Nationalversammlung, the national assembly of Germany's Weimar Republic, is permanently dissolved.
1922 "Egypt" sinks off Ushant after colliding with "Seine" killing 90
1923 British Prime Minister Bonar Law resigns because of ill-health and replaced by Stanley Baldwin
1926 Belgian Government of Jaspar takes power
1926 Congress passes Air Commerce Act, licensing of pilots and planes
1926 Thomas Edison says Americans prefer silent movies over talkies
1927 At 07:52 Charles Lindbergh takes off from Roosevelt Field in Long Island, New York, on the world's first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean, touching down at Le Bourget Field in Paris at 22:22 the next day.
1927 Saudi Arabia becomes independent of Great Britain (Treaty of Jedda)
1930 1st airplane catapulted from a dirigible, Charles Nicholson, pilot
1932 Amelia Earhart leaves Newfoundland 1st woman fly solo across Atlantic
1932 Engelbert Dollfuss becomes chancellor of Austria
1939 Pan Am begins regular transatlantic airmail and passenger service across the North Atlantic
1940 General Guderians tanks reach The Channel (British expeditionary army)
1940 Igor Sikorsky unveils his helicopter invention
1940 The first prisoners arrive at a new concentration camp at Auschwitz.
1941 Archer's "The Christian Calendar and the Gregorian Reform" published
1941 Germany invades Crete
1942 US Navy 1st permitted black recruits to serve
1943 French, British and US victory parade in Tunis, Tunisia
1944 US Communist Party dissolves
1944 World War II: Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt when a bomb explodes in his military headquarters during a staff meeting. All those involved - including many senior German officers - are rounded up and executed.
1948 1st use of Israeli Air Force and 1st war victory, defeating Syrian army
1949 In the United States of America, the Armed Forces Security Agency (predecessor to the National Security Agency) is established.
1949 Kuomintang regime declare Taiwan is under the martial law.
1954 Chiang Kai-shek becomes president of Nationalist China
1955 Argentine parliament accepts separation of church and state
1956 The first hydrogen bomb to be dropped from the air is exploded by America over Bikini Atoll in the South Pacific
1956 Jordan government of Samir resigns
1958 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
1959 Ford wins battle with Chrysler to call its new car "Falcon"
1959 Japanese-Americans regain their citizenship
1961 Mauritania adopts constitution
1961 White mob attacks "Freedom Riders" in Montgomery AL
1963 Sukarno appointed President of Indonesia
1965 Pakistani Boeing 720-B crashes at Cairo Egypt, killing 121
1967 10,000 demonstrate against war in Vietnam
1967 BBC bans Beatle's "A Day in the Life" (drug references)
1969 US troop capture Hill 937/Hamburger Hill Vietnam
1970 100,000 march in New York supporting US policies in Vietnam
1970 2 die in a NYC subway accident
1970 The Beatles' "Let it Be" movie premieres in UK
1971 Pentagon reports blacks constitute 11% of US soldiers in SE Asia
1974 Soyuz 14 returns to Earth
1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
1977 "Beatlemania" opens on Broadway
1978 3 PFLP members kill a cop near El Al airlines in Orly Airport, Paris France
1978 US launches Pioneer Venus 1; produces 1st global radar map of Venus
1980 Drummer Peter Criss quits Kiss
1980 Fire in nursing home in Kingston Jamaica, kills 157
1980 The Canadian province of Quebec votes against a proposal to negotiate its independence from the rest of Canada
1983 First publications of the discovery of the virus that causes AIDS in the journal Science by Luc Montagnier and Robert Gallo individually.
1983 Larry Holmes beats Tim Witherspoon in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
1985 FBI arrests John A Walker Jr, convicted of spying for USSR
1985 Israel exchanges 1150 Lebanese/Palestinian prisoners for 3 Israeli soldiers
1985 Larry Holmes beats Carl Williams in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1985 US began broadcasts to Cuba on Radio Marti
1989 Chinese authorities impose martial law in the capital, Beijing, after student-led protests bring millions of people onto the streets setting the scene for the Tiananmen Square massacre
1990 Hubble Space Telescope sends 1st photographs from space
1990 The first post-Communist presidential and parliamentary elections are held in Romania.
1991 Soviet parliament approves law allowing citizens to travel abroad
1992 India launches its 1st satellite independently
1992 Rap singer raps 597 syllables in 55.12 seconds
1993 Britain finally ratifies the Maastricht Treaty which allows greater co-operation between members of the European Union
1993 10 meter meteor comes within 150,000 km of Earth (1993KA)
1993 274th and final "Cheers" on NBC
1993 Ukraine Premier Leonid Koetsjma resigns
1995 CBS News fires co-anchor Connie Chung
1998 Saudi Arabia releases two British nurses who have been jailed for the murder of their colleague
2002 The independence of East Timor is recognized by Portugal, formally ending 23 years of Indonesian rule and 3 years of provisional UN administration (Portugal itself was the former colonizer of East Timor until 1976).

20th May 2006

Iraqi parliament approves Cabinet

Three Gorges dam wall completed

Immigration Office migrants row

20th May 2007

Israeli jets strike Hamas in Gaza

Blast kills six in southern Peru

E Timor's new president sworn in

20th May 2008

Scores killed by illegal alcohol

Bush apology for Koran shooting

Fire at Berlin orchestra's home

20th May 2009

Indonesia air crash kills scores

Car bomb kills dozens in Baghdad

Irish church knew abuse 'endemic'

20th May 2010

Scientists make 'artificial life'

Volcano landslide: 54 'dead' in DR Congo

Five masterpieces stolen in Paris

Birthdates which occurred on 20th May :

1364 Henry Percy [Harry Hotspur], British soldier/politican
1470 Pietro Bembo cardinal/theologian
1537 Hieronymus Fabricius Ab Aquapend Italy, physician (De Formato Foetu)
1547 Melchior Bischoff composer
1554 Paulo Bellasio composer
1593 Jacob Jordaens Flemish barok artist
1743 [François D] Toussaint L'Ouverture (à Breda), leader (Haiti)
1750 Stephen Girard bailed out US bonds during War of 1812
1754 Hans Gram composer
1759 William Thornton architect (Capitol building, Washington DC)
1764 J Gottfried Schadow German sculptor/cartoonist/lithographer
1768 Dolley Dandridge Payne Madison US 1st lady (1809-17)
1772 William Congreve English officer (design fire rocket)
1799 Honoré de Balzac France, novelist (Pere Goriot, Human Comedy)
1806 John Stuart Mill UK, philosopher/political economist/Utilitarian
1812 Gustav Adolf Mankell composer
1815 Barthélémy Menn Swiss graphic artist/painter
1818 William George Fargo founder (Wells Fargo)
1822 Emile Erckmann [E-Chatrian] French writer (Waterloo)
1822 Frédéric Passy French economist/pacifist; co-winner of 1st Nobel Peace Prize (1901)
1825 Antoinette Brown Blackwell clergy (1st ordained US female minister)
1828 James William Reilly Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1905
1830 Amalia princess of Saxon-Weimar-Eisenach/wife of prince Henry
1830 Hector H Malot French writer (Without Family)
1841 Sara Louisa Oberholtz social reformer, anti-smoking advocate
1844 Henri Julien Felix Rousseau French ambassador/painter (The Dream)
1850 Eaton Faning composer
1851 Emile Berliner Germany, inventor (flat phonograph record)
1851 Rose Hawthorne Lathrop US, nun/daughter of Nathaniel Hawthorne
1856 Henri E Cross [Delacroix] French painter
1872 Albert Steinrück German actor (Golem)
1874 Folkert E Posthuma Dutch minister of Agriculture/Industry
1876 John Owen Jones composer
1881 Wladyslaw Sikorski premier Poland (WWII general)
1882 Sigrid Undset Norway, novelist (Kristin Lavransdatter, Nobel 1928)
1883 Paul Arntzenius painter/graphic artist/etcher
1889 Felix Arndt composer
1889 Margery Allingham detective story writer
1889 William Lawther union leader
1890 Beniamino Gigli Italy, tenor (Enzo-La Gioconde)
1894 Adela Rogers St John journalist/author (Foreign Correspondent)
1895 Reginald J "R" Mitchell English aviation manufacturer (Spitfire)
1899 Estelle Taylor [Boylan] Wilmington DE, actress (8 Commandments)
1899 John M Harlan Chicago IL, 91st Supreme Court justice (1955-71)
19-- Jay Schellen rocker (Hurricane-I'm On To You)
19-- Pete McClanahan rocker (Warrior Soul-Last Decade of The Century)
1901 Max Euwe Netherlands, world chess champion (1935-37)
1901 Otto Waldis Austria, actor (Port of Hell, Unknown World)
1902 Hans Sahl writer
1903 Jerzy Fitelberg composer
1904 Russell Hardie Buffalo NY, actor (Sequoia, In Old Kentucky)
1905 Gerrit Achterberg Dutch poet (Sailing)
1905 Harry Campion statistician/founder (British Central Statistical Office)
1908 Jimmy [James Maitland] Stewart Indiana PA, actor (Mr Smith Goes to Washington, It's a Wonderful Life)
1909 Edward Moss Hutchinson educationalist
1909 John Arkell director of administration (BBC)
1911 Annie M G Schmidt writer (Fam Doorsnee, Jip & Janneke)
1911 Gardner F[rancis] Fox US, sci-fi author (Kothar-Barbarian Swordsman)
1912 Joseph Proce 3rd victim of NYC's Zodiac killer (survives)
1913 Henry Cadbury Brown architect
1913 Ion Dumitrescu composer
1913 William Hewlett cofounder of Hewlett-Packard Co
1915 Moshe Dayan Israeli general/minister of Defense
1915 Peter Copley actor (Victim, King & Country)
1916 Cornelie Coposu politician
1916 John McIntyre theologian
1916 Owen Chadwick chancellor (U of East Anglia)
1917 Enyss Djemil composer
1917 Richard Charles Cobb historian
1919 George Gobel Chicago IL, comedian/TV personality (I Love My Wife)
1920 Betty Driver England, actress (Coronation St, Pardon the Expression, Penny Paradise)
1920 John Cruickshank banker
1920 William Simpson British trade union leader
1921 John Harrison British Vice Admiral/surgeon
1921 John Marchi (Representative-R-NY)
1921 W Borchert writer
1922 Clifford Butler vice chancellor (Loughborough University of Technology)
1923 Edith Fellows Boston MA, actress (Pennies From Heaven, City Streets)
1923 Hugh Beach British General
1923 Samuel Selvon author
1924 Peter Shore MP (Labour)
1925 D French Slaughter Jr (Representative-R-VA, 1985- )
1926 John Lucarotti scriptwriter
1926 Vic Ames rocker (Ames Brothers)
1927 [Harold] Bud Grant Wisconsin, CFL/NFL player/coach (Winnipeg Blue Bombers, Minnesota Vikings)
1927 David Frederick Barlow composer
1927 David Hedison Providence RI, actor (Colbys, Voyage to Bottom of Sea)
1927 Walter Aschaffenburg composer
1928 David Berriman CEO (Rose Thomson Young group of Lloyds Trustees)
1929 André Carolus Cirino Suriname/Indian poet
1930 James McEachin Pennert NC, actor (Harry-Tenafly)
1930 Robert Bunyard Commandant (British Police Staff College)
1931 Chiharu Igaya Japan, slalom (Olympics-silver-1956)
1933 Constance Towers actress (Capitol, Shock Corridor, Naked Kiss)
1933 Danny Aiello New York NY, actor (Moonstruck, Do the Right Thing)
1934 Alexei A Leonov cosmonaut (Voskhod 2, Apollo-Soyuz)
1936 Anthony Zerbe Long Beach CA, actor (Harry-O, Centennial, They Call Me Mr Tibbs)
1937 Dave Hill Jackson MI, PGA golfer (1967 Memphis)
1937 Lord "Benjie" Earl of Iveagh British brewer (Guinness)/large landowner
1937 Teddy Randazzo song writer (I'm on the Outside Looking In)
1938 Alan Smithers British professor
1938 Christina Bass-Kaiser Dutch 3K speed skater (Olympics-gold-1972)
1939 Gro Harlem Brundtland Norway, PM/feminist/conservatist
1940 Sadaharu Oh of Yomiuri Giants (Japan), hit 868 career homeruns
1940 Shorty Long soul singer/pianist (Here Comes the Judge)
1940 Stan Mikita NHL center (led NHL in scoring 4 times)
1941 Goh Chok Sole premier of Singapore (1990- )
1941 Maria Liberia-Peters premier of Dutch Antilles (198?-93)
1942 Jill "Paula" Jackson McCamey TX, singer (Paul & Paula-Hey Paula)
1942 Lynn Davies long jumper
1942 Simon Keswick British financier/merchant (Hong Kong)
1943 Deryck Murray cricket wicket-keeper (West Indian 1963-80)
1943 Ian Vallance CEO (British Telecom)
1943 Tison Street composer
1944 Boudouin de Groot Dutch singer (Good night mister president)
1944 Cipa Dichter Rio de Janeiro Brazil, pianist/wife of Misha Dichter
1944 David M Walker Columbus GA, Captain USN/astronaut (STS 51-A 30, 53, 69)
1944 Joe Cocker Sheffield England, rock vocalist (You are so Beautiful, Little Help From My Friends)
1944 Keith Fletcher cricket captain (Essex & England)
1945 Harold E Ford (Representative-D-TN, 1975- )
1945 Lord Hollick CEO (MAI)
1945 Nikolai Nikolayevich Fefelov Russian colonel/cosmonaut
1945 Wally Herger (Representative-R-CA)
1946 Bakhaavaa Buidaa Mongolia, wrestler (Olympics-silver-1972) disqualified
1946 Cher [Cherilyn Sarkisian LaPierre] El Centro CA, rocker/actress (I Got You Babe, Jack Lalane, Mask)
1946 Craig Patrick NHL coach
1947 Iain Vallance CEO (British Telecom)
1948 John Amiel director (Queen of Hearts, Tune in Tomorrow)
1948 John R McKernan Jr (Representative-R-ME, 1983-86/Governor-ME)
1948 Samuel Gejdenson (Representative-D-CT, 1981- )
1949 Dave Thomas St Catharines Ontario, comedian (SCTV, Grace Under Fire)
1949 Nick Joe Rahall II (Representative-D-WV, 1977- )
1951 Michael D Crapo (Representative-R-ID)
1951 Thomas D Akers St Louis MO, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 41, 49, 61, 79)
1951 William Cullen Bryant actor (Hell Squad)
1952 Warren Cann Victoria British Columbia, rock drummer (Ultravox)
1954 Galina Vasilyevna Amelkina Russia, doctor/cosmonaut
1954 James Henderson country singer (Black Oak Arkansas)
1955 Nigel Griffiths MP (Labour)
1955 Steve George rock keyboardist (Mr Mister)
1956 Andrew Hilditch cricketer (Australian opening bat 1979-85)
1956 Tomas Smid Czechoslovakia, tennis star
1958 Jane Wiedlin Oconomowoc WI, singer/guitarist (GoGos, Fur, Rush Hour)
1958 Mike Engleman Sonoma CA, cyclist (Olympics-96)
1958 Ronald Prescot Reagan Los Angeles CA, President's son/TV host (Ron Reagan Show)
1959 Bronson Pinchot New York NY, actor (Perfect Strangers, Beverly Hills Cop)
1959 Peter Greene Brooklyn NY, producer (After Midnight)
1960 Susan Cowsill Newport RI, rock vocalist (Cowsills-We Can Fly)
1960 Tony Goldwyn Los Angeles CA, actor (Ghost, Kuffs, Traces of Red)
1961 Clive Allen WLAF kicker (London Monarchs)
1961 Kit Clarke rocker (Danny Wilson-Mary's Prayer)
1961 Nick Heyward guitar/vocals (Haircut 100-Favourite Shirts)
1961 Sally Quinlan LPGA golfer
1961 Vaughn Jefferis Matangi New Zealand, equestrian 3 day event (Olympics-bronze-96)
1962 Lydia Cheng New York NY, Ms Big Apple bodybuilder (1982) (Pumping Iron 2)
1962 Sylvie Rauch Munich German Federal Republic, nude model/actress
1963 Brian Nash Glendale CA, actor (Joel-Please Don't Eat Daisies)
1963 David Wells Torrance CA, pitcher (Baltimore Orioles, New York Yankees)
1963 Dipak Chudasama cricketer (Kenya opening batsman 1996 World Cup)
1964 Earl Charles Spencer Sandringham England, brother of Princess Diana
1964 Jeff Schwarz US baseball pitcher (California Angels, Chicago White Sox)
1964 Paul W Richards Scranton PA, astronaut
1964 Todd Peat WLAF guard (Frankfurt Galaxy)
1965 Bruno Marie-Rose French runner (world record 200 meter indoor)
1965 Fia Porter Mexia TX, actress (Audrey Ames-One Life to Live)
1965 Joe Cioe Cranston RI, Canadian Tour golfer (New Hampshire Open-1992, 93)
1965 Todd Stottlemyre Yakima WA, pitcher (St Louis Cardinals, Blue Jays)
1966 Lawyer Tillman NFL tight end (Green Bay Packers, Carolina Panthers)
1966 Liselotte Neumann Finspang Sweden, LPGA golfer (1988 US Women's Open)
1966 Mindy Cohn Los Angeles CA, actress (Facts of Life)
1966 Paolo Seganti actor (Damian-As the World Turns)
1967 Beate Reinstadler Stuttgart Germany, tennis star (1989 Futures Israel)
1968 Damon Mays NFL wide receiver (Pittsburgh Steelers)
1968 Phil Hansen NFL defensive end (Buffalo Bills)
1969 Alberto Mancini Argentina, tennis star
1969 Suzanne Lawrence Humble TX, Miss Texas-America (1991) (4th)
1970 Jason York Nepean, NHL defenseman (Anaheim Mighty Ducks)
1970 Missy Cress Burbank CA, female catcher (Colorado Silver Bullets)
1970 Niklas Andersson Kungalv Sweden, NHL forward (Team Sweden, New York Islanders)
1970 Terrell Brandon NBA guard (Cleveland Cavaliers, Milwaukee Bucks)
1971 Jonas Berqvist Angelhorn Sweden, hockey forward (Team Sweden, Olympics-98)
1971 Niklas Andersson Kungalv Sweden, NHL left wing (New York Islanders)
1971 Sandy Schreur Dutch soccer player (NEC)
1972 Michael Cox Hannibal MO, 1.5k runner
1974 Brandon Jessie tight end (New York Giants)
1977 Angela Goethals actress (VI Warshawski, Heartbreak Hotel)
1979 Tamika Thomas Miss Michigan Teen USA (1996)


Deaths which occurred on May 20th:
1277 John XXI [Petrus Juliani/Hispanus] Port Pope (1276-77), dies
1444 Bernardinus van Siena Italian saint, dies at 63
1449 Peter Prince/regent of Portugal/writer (Virtuosa Benfeitoria), dies
1471 Henry VI king of England (1422-61, 70-71)/France (1431-71), dies
1506 Christopher Columbus explorer, dies in poverty in Spain at 55
1509 Catharina Sforza Italian duchess of Forli, dies at 45
1597 Matthijs Heldt dies in battle
1622 Osman II sultan of Turkey (1618-22), dies
1648 Wladyslaw IV Wasa King of Poland, dies
1650 Francesco Sacrati composer, dies at 44
1669 Joris van der Hagen landscape painter, dies
1751 Domingo Miguel Bernaube Terradellas composer, dies at 38
1782 Carlo Giovanni Testori composer, dies at 68
1782 Christoph Gottlieb Schroter composer, dies at 82
1795 Ignác Martinovics Hungarian physicist/revolutionary, beheaded
1834 Marie-Joseph-Paul-Yves-Roch-Gilbert de Motier nobleman, dies
1834 Marquis de Lafayette French general, dies
1841 Joseph Blanco White theological writert, dies
1847 Mary Lamb writer, dies
1864 John Clare English poet (Little Trotty Wagtail), dies at 70
1875 Amalia wife of King Otto of Greece, dies at 58
1876 Harold grandson of English queen Victoria, dies at 8 days old
1876 Khristo Botev Bulgarian poet, dies
1880 Eugène prince the Ligne Belgian prince of Ambise, dies at 76
1883 William Chambers author/publisher, dies
1895 Ratu Agung-Agung Gdé Ngurah radja van Mataram, Lombok, dies
1896 Clara Josephine Wieck Schumann composer/pianist, dies at 76
1900 Gustav Heinrich Graben-Hoffman composer, dies at 80
1910 Jean-Baptiste Theodore Weckerlin composer, dies at 88
1911 E M Grace cricketer (one Test vs Australia 1880, 36 & 0), dies
1919 Jacob Verdam philosopher, dies
1923 Hans Goldschmidt German chemist, dies
1926 Dick Pougher cricketer (17 & 3-26 in only Test for England 1892), dies
1935 Ivans [Jacob van Schevichaven] lawyer/detective writer, dies at 68
1939 Joe Carr NFL hall of famer/NFL president (1921-39), dies at 59
1940 Amar Singh cricketer (of pneumonia Indian pace bowler 1932-36), dies
1940 Joris [Georges] van Severen Flem fascist/Member of parliament, dies
1956 André Eugene Maurice Charlot actor (Summer Storm), dies
1956 Max Beerbohm caricturist/writer (Yet Again), dies
1959 Alfred Schutz Austrian/US architect/philosopher, dies at 60
1968 Albert Hartkopf cricketer (one Test for Australia), dies
1968 Kees van Dongen Dutch/French painter, dies at 91
1969 Fred Sherman actor (Chain Lightning), dies after a stroke at 64
1969 Royal Beal actor (Death of a Salesman), dies of cancer, at 69
1972 Cornelis J van der Klauw Dutch biologist/zoologist, dies at 78
1972 Walter Winchell columnist/narrator (Untouchables), dies at 75
1975 Dame Barbara Hepworth English sculptor, dies in fire at 72
1975 Jacques Stehman composer, dies at 62
1980 Jack Walsh cricketer (at Wallsend)/commentator (NBN), dies
1984 Peter Bull British actor (Dr Doolittle), dies of a heart attack at 72
1985 George Memmoli actor (Earl-Hello Larry), dies at 46
1986 Bernard Naylor composer, dies at 78
1986 Willem Pée Belgian linguistic, dies at 83
1989 Anton Diffring actor (Zeppelin, Fahrenheit 451), dies at 70
1989 Gilda Radner comedienne (Saturday Night Live, Haunted Honeymoon), dies of ovarian cancer at 42
1989 John R Hicks English economist (Nobel 1972), dies
1991 Julian Orbon De Soto composer, dies at 65
1993 Max Klein inventor (paint by numbers), dies at 77
1994 Dallas Pratt collector, dies at 79
1994 Ronald Russell actor/manager (We Are Angels), dies at 83
1994 Vivien John artist, dies at 79
1996 Eric Davidson comedy scriptwriter, dies at 65
1996 George Malcolm Thomson journalist, dies at 96
1996 Jack Wyngaard dancer, dies at 37
1996 Janaki Ramachandran PM of Indian state of Tamil Nadu (1988), dies
1996 John Pertwee actor (Dr Who), dies at 76
1996 Julius Marmur biochemist/geneticist, dies at 70
1996 Lewis B Combs naval commander/civil engineer, dies at 101
1997 Virgilio Boat President of Colombia (1986-90), dies