19th May, on this day

715 St Gregory II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1506 Columbus selects his son Diego as sole heir
1515 George van Saksen-Meissen sells Friesland for 100,000 gold guilders to arch duke Charles
1535 French explorer Jacques Cartier sets sail on his second voyage to North America with three ships, 110 men, and Chief Donnacona's two sons (whom Cartier kidnapped during his first voyage).
1536 Anne Boleyn, second wife of King Henry VIII of England and mother of Elizabeth (the future Queen Elizabeth) is executed outside the Tower of London for alleged adultery
1547 Monarch Johan Frederik surrenders to Karel
1568 English queen Elizabeth I arrests Scottish queen Mary
1571 Miguel Lopez de Lagazpi founded Manilla in the Phillipines
1585 Spain confisquates English ships
1588 Spanish Armada sets sail for Lisbon, bound to England
1608 Matthias von Habsburgs army reaches Lieben, at Prague
1635 France declares war on Spain
1642 In America, the towns of Connecticut, Plymouth and New Haven form a Confederation of the United Colonies of New England as protection in the wars with the native Indians
1643 Battle at Rocroi/Allersheim: French army destroys Spanish army
1643 Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Harbor form United Colonies of New England
An Act declaring England a Commonwealth is passed by the Long Parliament. England would be a republic for the next eleven years.
1652 Spanish troops occupy Grevelingen
1662 Uniformity Act of England goes into effect
1749 George II grants charter to Ohio Company to settle Ohio Valley
1780 About midday, near-total darkness descends on much of New England to this day its cause is still unexplained
1792 Russian army enters Poland
1793 Netherlands captures French island of St Maarten (held until 1795)
1796 Game protection law restricts encroachment on Indian hunting grounds
1802 Napoleon Bonaparte creates the French Legion d'Honeur - an order of distinction for either civil or military service
1828 U.S. President John Quincy Adams signs the Tariff of 1828 into law, protecting wool manufacturers in the United States.
1848 México gives Texas to US, ending the war
1849 In England, Irishman William Hamilton is arrested for firing blank shots at Queen Victoria in London
1856 Senator Charles Sumner, Massachusetts, spoke out against slavery
1857 William Francis Channing and Moses G Farmer patents electric fire alarm
1863 Siege of Vicksburg, investment of city complete
1864 Last engagement in series of battles known as Spotsylvania
1864 Skirmish at Cassville, GA
1884 Ringling Brothers circus premieres
1885 1st mass production of shoes (Jan Matzeliger in Lynn, MA)
1885 German chancellor Bismarck takes possession of Cameroon and Togoland
1892 Charles Brady King invents pneumatic hammer
1893 Heavy rain washes "quick clay" into a deep valley, kills 111 (Norway)
1897 Oscar Wilde is released from Reading Gaol.
1898 Post Office authorizes use of postcards
1900 The Tonga Islands in the South Pacific Ocean (numbering around 170) become a British Protectorate
1902 Great Britain and Boers resume peace talks in Pretoria
1905 Italian King Victor Emmanuel and Swiss President open world's longest railroad tunnel (Simplon) links Iselle Italy and Brig Switzerland
1906 Federated Boys' Club (Boys' Club of America) organizes
1906 Joao Franco becomes Prime Minister of Spain with dictatorial powers
1906 The official opening by the King of Italy and the President of the Swiss Republic of the 20 kilometre Simplon rail tunnel linking Switzerland and Italy through the Alps
1913 Webb Alien Land-Holding Bill passes, forbidding Japs from owning land
1916 Escadrille Américaine (Lafayette) transfered to Verdun
1919 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Anatolian Black Sea coast, initiating what was later termed the Turkish War of Independence. The anniversary of this event is the official date of commemoration of the Pontic Greek Genocide in Greece and Cyprus
1921 Congress sharply curbs immigration, setting a national quota system
1922 Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union is established.
1923 KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies
1926 French air force bombs Damascus, Syria
1928 "Firedamp" explodes in Mather, PA coal mine killing 195 of 273 miners
1929 Cloudburst causes stampede in Yankee Stadium; 2 people crushed to death
1929 General Feng Yu-Xiang of China declares war on Chiang Kai-Shek Government
1930 White woman win voting rights in South-Africa
1931 Ironclad cruiser Germany launched in Kiel
1934 Military coup by Colonel Damian Veltsjev in Bulgaria
1939 Churchill signs British-Russian anti-Nazi pact
1940 Amsterdam time becomes MET (Middle European Time)
1940 French counter attack at Péronne under General De Gaulle
1941 New Nazi battleship Bismarck leaves Gdynia, Poland
1943 Berlin is declared "Judenrien" (free of Jews)
1943 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt set Monday, May 1, 1944 as the date for the cross-English Channel landing (D-Day would later be delayed over a month due to bad weather).
1943 Churchill pledges England's full support to US against Japan
1944 German defense line in Italy collapsed
1950 New York Times reports of world's smallest and dumbest mechanical brain
1951 UN begins counter offensive in Korea
1953 Nuclear explosion in Nevada (fall-out in St George, UT)
1954 Postmaster General Summerfield approves CIA mail-opening project
1957 Adone Zoli forms Italian Government
1958 "South Pacific" soundtrack album goes to number 1 and stays 31 weeks
1958 Premiere of Harold Pinter's "Birthday Party" in London
1958 US and Canada form North American Air Defense Command (NORAD)
1959 Jan de Quay becomes premier of Netherlands
1960 Alan Freed and eight other DJs accused of taking radio payola
1960 Belgian parliament requires rest day for self-employed
1960 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 33,222mph
1961 Venera program: Venera 1 becomes the first man-made object to fly-by another planet by passing Venus (the probe had lost contact with Earth a month earlier and did not send back data).
1962 A birthday salute to U.S. President John F. Kennedy takes place at Madison Square Garden, New York. The highlight is Marilyn Monroe's infamous rendition of Happy Birthday
1962 Indonesian paratroopers land in New Guinea
1962 US performs nuclear test at Christmas Island (atmospheric)
1964 US diplomats find at least 40 secret microphones in the Moscow embassy
1965 Patricia R Harris named 1st US black female ambassador (Luxembourg)
1967 US bombs Hanoi
1967 USSR ratifies treaty with England and US banning nuclear weapons in space
1968 Pirate Radio Brumble of Northern England 1st heard
1971 USSR launches Mars 2, 1st spacecraft to crash land on Mars
1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1974 Valeri Giscard d'Estaing wins French presidential election
1975 Farm truck packed with wedding party struck by a train, killing 66 in truck, 40 miles south of Poona, India
1975 Junko Tabei is 1st woman to climb to the top of Mount Everest
1976 Gold ownership legalised in Australia
1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR
1977 "Smokey and the Bandit" premieres
1979 "In The Navy" by Village People hits number 3
1979 Guitarist Eric Clapton marries Patti Boyd
1980 Ringo and Barbara Bach are involved in a car crash
1982 Sophia Loren jailed in Naples for tax evasion
1983 NASA launches Intelsat V
1986 Anti-apartheid activist Hélène Pastoors sentenced to 10 years in South Africa
1988 Carlos Lehder Rivas, of Colombia's Medellín drug cartel, is convicted in Florida for smuggling more than 3 tons of cocaine into US 1
1989 Sue Ellen (Linda Gray) last appearance on Dallas
1991 Willy T Ribbs becomes 1st black driver to make Indianapolis 500
1991 Croatians vote for independence at their independence referendum.
1992 Amy Fisher shoots Mary Jo Buttafuoco in Massapequa, Long Island, New York
1992 Vice President Dan Quayle sites Murphy Brown as a poor example of family values
1992 Two doctors, who performed an autopsy on the body of American President John F Kennedy, confirm he had been killed by two bullets - one fired from above, one from behind
1993 All 132 passengers and crew are killed when a Boeing 727 crashes into a jungle mountain shortly before landing at Medellin, northwest Colombia
1994 Final Episode of "LA Law" after 8 year run
1994 Omar Sharif suffers a mild heart attack
1995 World's youngest doctor, Balamurali Ambati, 17, graduates Mount Sinai
1997 British Government controversially announces it is banning sports sponsorship by tobacco companies - but gives a temporary exemption for Formula One motor-racing, who's owner had donated £1m to the Labour Party only a few months earlier
2161 Syzygy: 8 of 9 planets aligned on same side of sun

19th May 2006

Guantanamo inmates attack guards

Top Taleban 'arrested'

Deep-sea fish stocks 'plundered'

19th May 2007

Signs of change in Iraq - Blair

Palestinians agree Gaza ceasefire

Dubai ruler in vast charity gift

19th May 2008

Burma to mourn cyclone's victims

Thousands flee S Africa attacks

Forum seeks to ban cluster bombs

19th May 2009

Obama moves to curb car emissions

Sri Lanka leader hails 'victory'

Scientists hail stunning fossil

19th May 2010

Afghan insurgents hit Bagram base

Curfew in Bangkok after surrender

Shares hit by German short-selling ban

Birthdates which occurred on 19th May :

1469 Giovanni della Robbia Italian sculptor
1611 Innocent XI [Benedetto Odescalchi] Italy, 240th Roman Catholic Pope (1676-89)
1616 Johann Jacob Froberger German singer/organist/composer
1746 Johann Friedrich Peter composer
1755 Gabriele Prota composer
1762 Johann G Fichte German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre)
1770 Antoine-Charles Glachant composer
1795 Johns Hopkins philanthropist, founded Johns Hopkins University
1808 Samuel Jameson Gholson Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1883
1812 Felix Kirk Zollicoffer Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
1815 John Gross Barnard Brevet Major General (Union Army), died in 1882
1828 Adin Ballou Underwood Brevet Major General (Union volunteers)
1839 Alice Mary Smith composer
1858 Roland Napoleon Bonaparte French officer/traveller (Surinam)
1859 Nellie Melba [Heal Mitchell] Australian soprano (Peach Melba)
1860 Victor E Orlando Italy's premier (1917-19)
1864 Carl Ethan Akeley US, naturalist, developed animal mount process
1869 Jules Poncelet Belgian minister of State
1873 Federico Gerdes Tacna Perú, orchestraestra director
1874 Gilbert Laird Jessop cricketer (The Croucher)
1876 Saint-Georges de Bouchélier French author (Le Rois Sans Couronne)
1878 Adam von Ahn Carse composer
1879 Lord Waldorf Astor England, 2nd viscount (C)/publisher (London Observer)
1879 Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor US/England's feminist/ex of Waldorf Astor
1880 Allard R Hulshoff architect of Amsterdam (1924)
1883 Henricus Keuls Dutch lawyer/poet (Dancing Lamp)
1884 Arthur Meulemans Belgian composer (Adriaan Brouwer) (or 5/10)
1890 Ho Chi Minh trail blazer/leader of Vietnam (1946, 1969)
1892 Konstatin G Paustovski Russian author (Povestj Zjizni)
1895 Albert Hay Malotte composer
1895 Cecil Gray composer
1896 Michael Balcon Birmingham England, producer/father of Jill Balcon
1899 Leonid Maksimovich Leonov novelist/playwright
19-- Tim Waldrip Spokane WA, actor (Casey-American Dream)
1901 Ivo Cruz composer
1904 Anthony Bushell Kent England, actor (Journey's End)
1904 Sven Thofelt Sweden, pentathlete (Olympics-gold-1928)
1909 Bruce Bennett Tacoma WA, actor (Before I Hang, Sahara)
1909 Schlomo Joffe composer
1910 Alan Melville cricketer (graceful South African batsman 1938-49)
1913 Albert Hardy photographer
1913 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy President of India
1915 Pol Pot dictator/mass murderer
1918 Florence Chadwick swimmer (1st to swim English Channel both ways)
1919 Betty Jameson Norman OK, LPGA golfer (1947 US Women's Open)
1921 Charles van de Reve slavic (Belief of Kameraden)
1921 Daniel Gelin Angers France, Maria Schneider's dad, actor (Obsession)
1921 Karel van het Reve Dutch Slavist (Comrade's Religion)
1922 David McLean Akron OH, actor (Tate-Tate)
1924 Sandy Galbraith Wilson composer
1925 Malcolm X [Little] Omaha NE, assassinated leader of black muslims
1926 Paul Cooper composer
1928 Anthony C B Chapman England, sports car builder/autoracer (Formula 1)
1929 Harvey Cox US theologist (Secular City)
1929 Michael Adamis composer
1930 Hans Kox composer
1930 Lorraine Hansberry playwright (Raisin in the Sun)
1931 Eric Davidson comedy scriptwriter
1931 Ruben Radica composer
1934 David Sinclair actor (Love & Hate)
1934 James Charles Lehrer Wichita KS, news anchor (McNeil-Lehrer Report)
1934 Jan Wijn Dutch pianist
1935 David Hartman Pawtucket RI, TV personality (Good Morning America)
1935 F R Fries writer
1936 Elisabeth Schwartz Austria, pairs figure skater (Olympics-gold-1956)
1937 Sanne Sannes Dutch photographer
1938 James H Bilbray (Representative-D-NV)
1938 Marilyn Chris Brooklyn NY, actress (Wanda Wolek-One Life to Live)
1939 17th Earl of Pembroke English landowner/director (Emily)
1939 Francis R Scobee Cle Elum WA, USAF/astronaut (STS 41C, 51L-Chal disaster)
1939 James Fox England, actor (Greystoke)
1939 James Fox London England, actor (Greystoke)
1939 Nancy Kwan Hong Kong, actress (Flower Drum Song, World of Suzie Wong)
1939 Richard Lowe Teitelbaum composer
1939 Tomasz Sikorski composer
1940 Carlos Diegues actor (Xica)
1940 Frank Lorenzo airline executive (Continental, Texas Air, Eastern)
1940 Joan Staley playmate (November 1958)
1940 Mickey Newbury rocker
1941 Jane Brody writer/nutritionist
1941 Jimmy Hoffa Jr son of Jimmy Hoffa/Teamster union leader
1941 Marc-Antonio Consoli composer
1941 Nora Ephron New York NY, novelist/screenwriter/director (Sleepless in Seattle, You've Got Mail, Michael, Heartburn)
1942 Gary Kildall creator of CP/M
1942 James Topping author of CP/M
1945 Peter Townshend England, rock guitarist/vocalist/composer (The Who-Tommy)
1946 Diedre Lenihan Atlanta GA, actress (Wendy-Needles & Pins)
1946 Mary Bryan LPGA golfer
1946 Michele Placido Foggia Italy, actor (La Lupa, Poliziotti)
1946 Phillip Rudd Melbourne Australia, rock drummer (AC/DC-Rock 'n Roll Damnation)
1947 Jerry Hyman Brooklyn NY, rock singer/trombonist (Blood Sweat & Tears)
1948 Grace Jones [Mendoza] Spanishtown Jamaica, singer/actress (Vamp)
1948 Jean-Pierre Haignere France, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-17)
1948 Tom Scott Los Angeles CA, saxophonist/bandleader (Pat Sajak Show)
1949 Dusty Hill rocker (ZZ Top)
1951 Joey Ramone [Jeffrey Hyman] Forest Hills NY, punk rocker (Ramones-Baby I Love You)
1952 Barbara Loomis rocker (BT Express)
1953 Henry Lascelles English grandson of princess Mary
1954 Rick Cerone Newark NJ, catcher (Yankees/Red Sox/Mets/Expos)
1955 Ed Whitson pitcher (New York Yankees, San Diego Padres)
1955 Pierre J Thuot Groton CT, Lieutenant Commander USN/astronaut (STS 36, 49, 62)
1956 Althea Gwyn WBL center (New York Stars)
1956 Martyn Ware rocker (Heaven 17-Electric Dreams)
1956 Steven Ford East Grand Rapids MI, actor (When Harry Met Sally, Young & Restless)/son of President Gerald Ford
1957 Bill Laimbeer NBA center (Cleveland Cavaliers, Detroit Pistons)
1957 Sophia Crawford London England, actress (Power Rangers)
1959 Nicole Brown Simpson Frankford Germany, Mrs OJ Simpson (murdered in 1994)
1961 Lisa Rathgber Hillsboro IL, bowler (LPBT Rookie of Year 1980)
1961 Lisa Wagner bowler (3-time LPBT Player of Year, Bowler of Decade)
1962 Iain Harvie Scottish rock guitarist (Nothing Ever Happens)
1963 Rebecca Bradley LPGA golfer
1963 Yazz [Yasmin Evans] Mrs Simon La Bon/rocker (Fine Time, The One Way is Up)
1964 Michael Dean Standly Abilene TX, PGA golfer (1993 Freeport-McMoRan)
1965 Edward Odumbe cricketer (Kenyan pace bowler 1996 World Cup)
1965 Joshua Rifkind actor (Marshall Chronicles)
1966 Keith Jennings NFL tight end (Chicago Bears)
1966 Marc Bureau Trois Rivieres, NHL center (Montréal Canadiens)
1967 John Friesz NFL quarterback (Seattle Seahawks)
1967 Turk Wendell Pittsfield MA, pitcher (Chicago Cubs)
1968 James Parrish NFL outside linebacker (Pittsburgh Steelers)
1968 Jeanne Basone Brubank CA, wrestler (Hollywood-GLOW)
1968 Mark Janssens Surrey, NHL center (Hartford Whalers)
1968 Paul Justin NFL quarterback (Indianapolis Colts)
1969 Cecile Ulbrich Tucker Warren ME, rower (Olympics-96)
1969 David Wharton Warminster PA, US Olympic swimmer (Olympics-silver-88)
1969 Kevin Scott WLAF cornerback (Scotland Claymores)
1969 Richard Dumas NBA forward (Philadelphia 76ers)
1971 Darryl Morrison NFL safety (Washington Redskins)
1971 Lori Ann Mundt Yorkton Saskatchawan, volleyball player (Olympics-96)
1972 Ronald Williams CFL running back (Winnipeg Blue Bombers)
1972 Willie Brown NFL/WLAF linebacker (Seattle Seahawks. Rhein Fire)
1973 Andreas Johansson Hofors Sweden, NHL forward (Pittsburgh Penguins, New York Islanders)
1976 Kevin Garnett NBA forward (Minnesota Timberwolves)


Deaths which occurred on May 19th:
0804 Alcuin of York English scholar, dies in Tours France at 69
0988 Dunstan[us] English archbishop of Canterbury, dies
1296 Celestine V [Pietro del Murrone] Pope (1294), dies
1536 Anne Boleyn Queen of England/wife of Henry VIII, beheaded
1536 Lord Rochford English brother of Anna Boleyn, beheaded
1647 Sebastian Vrancx Flemish painter (captain of vigilante), dies
1653 Carel Reyniersz Governor-General of Netherlands East Indies, dies at 48
1786 John Stanley composer, dies at 74
1795 Josiah Bartlett US physician/judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 65
1800 French Bosbeeck veterinarian/robber, hanged
1801 Herman H Vitringa politician (National Meetings), dies
1845 Maria EJ Versfelt mistress of General Moreau/marshal Ney, dies at 68
1864 Nathaniel Hawthorne US, writer (Scarlet Letter), dies
1872 Johan van Dale schoolmaster (New Dutch Language Wordbook), dies at 44
1876 Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer Dutch historian/politician, dies at 74
1887 Pieter Blussé van Alblas liberal minister of Finance, dies at 75
1890 Gus Kempis cricketer (South Africa's 1st Test), dies of fever at 24
1895 José J Marti y Perez Spanish/Cuban poet (Versos sencillos), dies
1901 Marthinus Wessels Pretorius 1st President Republic South-Africa, dies at 81
1903 Arthur Shrewsbury cricketer (1277 runs at 35 47 in 23 Tests), dies
1922 Heinrich I Quincke German internist (postural drainage), dies at 79
1924 Billy Zulch cricketer (South Africa batsman scored 2 Test centuries), dies
1928 Henry Franklin Belknap Gilbert composer, dies at 59
1928 Max Scheler German philosopher, dies at 53
1935 Charles Martin Tornow Loeffler French composer, dies at 74
1935 Thomas E Lawrence (of Arabia) dies in a motorcycle crash
1941 Werner Sombart Marxist economist (Händler und Heroes), dies at 78
1942 [Nicoline] Magdalene Anchor-Roll Norwegian author (Enken), dies at 69
1953 Damasco Berenguer y Fuste Spanish general/minister of War, dies at 79
1954 Aart A van Schelven church historian (Willem of Orange), dies at 73
1954 Charles Edward Ives US composer (Unanswered Question), dies at 79
1958 Bruno Sturmer composer, dies at 65
1958 Ronald Colman British actor (Prisoner of Zenda), dies at 67
1961 Joe Howard singer (Gay Nineties Revue), dies at 94
1965 Maria Dabrowska Polish writer (Znaki Zycia), dies
1966 Tortoise reportedly given to Tonga's king by Captain Cook (1773), dies
1969 Coleman Hawkins US jazz musician/composer, dies
1971 Bernard Wagenaar Netherlands/US composer, dies at 76
1971 Ogden Nash poet/TV panelist (Masquerade Party), dies at 68
1978 George Gladstone cricketer (one Test West Indies vs England 1930), dies
1983 Jean Rey Belgian minister, dies
1987 Alice B[radley] Sheldon sci-fi author (Byte Beautiful), dies at 71
1988 Virginia Farmer actresss (Cyrano de Bergerac), dies at 90
1989 Able J Herzberg Russian/Netherlands lawyer (Eichmann in Jerusalem), dies
1989 E Galgóczi writer, dies
1989 Robert Webber actor (Alex-Moonlighting), dies of ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/Lou Gehrig's disease) at 64
1989 Robert Weber character actor, dies of Lou Gehrig Disease at 64
1991 Douglas L Mays cartoonist (Punch), dies
1991 Rini Otte Dutch actress (Ergens in Nederland), dies at 74
1993 Nemesio Antunes Chilean painter, dies at 75
1993 Richard Murphy director (3 Stripes in the Sun), dies of stroke at 81
1993 S W Sohoni cricketer (4 Tests for India), dies
1994 Henry Morgan TV panalist (To Tell the Truth), dies of cancer at 74
1994 Jacqueline [Lee Bouvier] Kennedy Onassis 1st lady (1961-63), dies of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma at 64
1994 Jacques Cesar Ellul writer, dies at 82
1994 Luis Ocana Span cyclist (Tour de France 1973), commits suicide at 48
1996 Johnny "Guitar" Watson musician, dies at 61
1996 Margaret Rawlings actress (Roman Holiday), dies at 89
1997 Millie dog of President Bush (Millie's Book), dies at 12

Golden Link 1/ On this day 19th May

Golden Link 2/ On this day 19th May

Golden Link 3/ On this day 19th May