29th March, on this day

502 Bourgundy King Gundobar delegates royal power
1461 The Battle of Towton in Yorkshire during the War of the Roses in England (Lancaster against York). More than 28,000 are killed. Henry VI's Lancastrian forces are beaten and the throne is claimed by Edward IV
1549 The city of Salvador da Bahia, first capital of Brazil, is founded.
1638 1st permanent white settlement in Delaware (Swedish Lutherans)
1673 English King Charles II accepts Test Act: Roman Catholic excluded of public functions
1792 King Gustav III of Sweden dies after being shot in the back at a midnight masquerade at Stockholm's Royal Opera 13 days earlier. He is succeeded by Gustav IV Adolf.
1795 Beethoven (24) debuts as pianist in Vienna
1798 Republic of Switzerland forms
1804 Thousands of Whites massacred in Haiti
1809 King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.
1814 Battle at Horseshoe Bend AL: Andrew Jackson beats Creek-Indians
1827 20,000 attend Ludwig von Beethovens burial in Vienna
1831 Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniak rebel against Turkey.
1847 12,000 US troops capture Vera Cruz, Mexico
1848 Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam
1849 Britain formally annexs Punjab after defeat of Sikhs in India
1852 Ohio makes it illegal for children under 18 and women to work more than 10 hours a day
1857 Sepoy Mangal Pandey of the 34th Regiment, Bengal Native Infantry revolts against the British rule in India and inspires a long-drawn War of Independence of 1857 also known as the Sepoy Mutiny.
1860 Dion Boucicault's "Colleen Bawn" premieres in New York NY
1864 Great Britain gives Isotope Islands back to Greece
1864 Union General Steeles troops reach Arkadelphia, AR
1865 Appomattox campaign, Virginia, 7582 killed
1865 Battle of Quaker Road, Virginia
1867 British North America Act (Canadian constitution) is passed
1867 Congress approves Lincoln Memorial
1871 Albert Hall is opened by Queen Victoria in London
1879 Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Kambula: British forces defeat 20,000 Zulus.
1884 First edition of Horse & Hound magazine
1886 A new fizzy drink is launched by graduate chemist John S Pemberton in Atlanta Georgia, USA. Described as an 'esteemed brain tonic and intellectual beverage' it is now better known as Coca-Cola
1897 Japan adopts Gold Standard
1912 Captain Robert Scott, blizzard-bound in a tent 18 km from the South Pole, makes last entry in his diary "the end cannot be far"
1932 Jack Benny debuts on radio
1934 Bank of Travail in Belgium, socialist worker's movement bankrupt
1935 French liner Normandie begins its maiden voyage
1936 Nazi propaganda claims 99% of Germans voted for Nazi candidates
1940 Joe Louis KOs Johnny Paycheck in 2 to retain heavyweight boxing titl
1940 Bank of England introduces thin metal strips into banknotes as an anti-forgery device
1941 British Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy forces intercept those of the Italian Regia Marina off the Peloponnesus coast of Greece in the Battle of Cape Matapan.
1941 1st performance of Benjamin Britten's "Symphony da Requiem"
1942 The Bombing of Lübeck in World War II was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city.
1942 British cruiser HMS Trinidad torpedoes itself in the Barents Sea
1942 British destroyer Campbeltown explodes in St-Nazaire; 400 Germans die
1943 Meat, butter and cheese rationed in US during WWII (784 gram/week, 2 kilogram for GI's
1945 The last German flying bomb lands on London
1949 Turkey recognizes Israel
1951 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg convicted of espionage
1959 "Some Like it Hot" with Marilyn Monroe and Jack Lemmon premieres
1960 Darius Milhaud's 9th Symphony, premieres
1961 After a 4½ year trial Nelson Mandela is acquitted on treason charge
1962 Argentine President Frondizi flees from the army
1966 Muhammad Ali beats George Chuvalo in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1967 France launches its first nuclear submarine
1968 Students seize building at Bowie State College
1969 Communist New People's Army found in Philippines
1970 Manchester City wins 10th Europe Cup
1971 1st Lieutenant William L Calley Jr found guilty in My Lai (Vietnam) massacre
1971 Chile President Allende nationalizes banks/copper mines
1971 A Los Angeles, California jury recommends the death penalty for Charles Manson and three female followers.
1971 Conrad Van Emde Boas becomes West Europe's 1st sexology professor
1971 Development of a serum hepatitis vaccine for children announced
1972 Queen Elizabeth II opens the Tutankhaman Exhibition at the British Museum
1973 Last US troops leave Vietnam, 9 years after Tonkin Gulf Resolution
1974 Mariner 10's, 1st fly-by of Mercury, returns photos
1976 8 Ohio National Guardsmen indicted for shooting 4 Kent State students
1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR
1981 The running of the first London marathon - with around 7,000 entrants
1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalitinsk USSR
1985 Christos Sartzetakis elected President of Greece
1986 Beatle records officially go on sale in Russia
1987 Yitzhak Shamir re-elected chairman of right wing Herut Party
1988 US Congress discontinues aid to Nicaraguan contras
1989 1st US private commercial rocket takes suborbital test flight (New Mexico)
1989 I M Pei's pyramidal entrance to the Louvre opens in Paris France
1989 Michael Milken, junk bond king, indicted in New York for racketeering
1990 NYC's Zodiac killer shoots 2nd victim, Germaine Montenesdro
1994 Serbs and Croats signed a cease-fire to end the war in Croatia
1997 Actor Harry Hamlin weds actress Lisa Rinna
1997 Cambridge scientist Sir Stephen Hawking warns that any contact with alien life forms will be a 'nasty' experience
1999 The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at 10006.78 – above the 10,000 mark for the first time ever.
2004 Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia join NATO as full members.
2004 The Republic of Ireland becomes the first country in the world to ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants.
2008 Earth Hour goes international

29th March 2006

World marvels at total eclipse

Deaths in Joburg building blaze

Ex-defence chief Weinberger dies

29th March 2007

Senate backs Iraq withdrawal date

Helicopters fire on Somali market

Ancient wreath returns to Greece

29th March 2008

Fatal shelling at Somali market

Dozens missing in Tanzania mines

Hope for end to Russia cave siege

29th March 2009

Gunman kills six at US care home

Major cyber spy network uncovered

Ivorian stampede kills 19

29th March 2010

Moscow Metro hit by deadly suicide bombings

Death penalty for 17 Indians in UAE

China jails Rio Tinto executives

Birthdates which occurred on 29th March :

1484 Johann Spangenberg composer
1519 Carlo Caraffa Italian cardinal
1561 Santorio Sanctorius Trieste Italy, physician/burned at stake/heretic
1602 John Lightfoot English theologist/literary (Horae Hebraicae)
1616 Johann Erasmus Kindermann composer
1636 Esaias Reusner composer
1725 Joseph Franz Xaver Dominik Stalder composer
1752 Edward Jones composer
1790 John Tyler Charles County VA, (D/W) 10th President (1841-1845)
1799 Edward Stanley Earl Derby (C), British Prime Minister (1852, 1858-59, 1866-68)
1813 John Letcher Governor (Confederacy), died in 1884
1816 James Gallant Spears Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1869
1817 Constantine S Aksakov Russian historian/poet
1819 Edwin Drake drilled 1st productive US oil well
1819 Isaac Mayer Wise rabbi, founded American Hebrew Congregations
1821 Joshua Thomas Owen Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1887
1822 Joseph Quinaux Belgian painter
1826 Wilhelm Liebknecht German MP (social-democratic)
1829 Ritta & Christina Siamese twins, in Sardinia
1829 Robert Emmet Rodes Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
1831 Amelia Barr writer
1848 Aleksei Kuropatkin Russian General/minister of War
1867 Cy [Denton True] Young Gilmore OH, winningest pitcher (511 wins, 1890-1911)
1869 Ales Hrdlicka US, anthropologist/curator (US National Museum)
1869 Edwin Lutyens architect, London
1871 Tom Hayward cricketer (great England batsman of the Golden Age)
1875 Lou Henry Hoover 1st lady-Herbert Hoover (1929-33)
1875 Paul Rubens composer
1876 Jan Ingenhoven composer
1876 Joseph Schmidlin German church historian/antifascist
1883 Donald Dexter Van Slyke US chemist (Micromanometric analysis)
1886 Gustaf Adolf Tiburtius Bengtsson composer
1888 Adrianus M de Jong Dutch writer (World Tour of Bulletje & Bonestaak)
1888 James E Casey founder (United Parcel Service)
1889 Howard Lindsay Waterford NY, playwright/actor/director (State of Union)
1889 Warner Baxter Columbus OH, actor (In Old Arizona, Cisco Kid)
1891 Ivan Goll writer
1892 József Mindszenty [Joseph Prehm], Hungarian cardinal
1895 Ernest Jünger German philosopher (Anschwellender Bocksgesang)
1898 Cecil Lewis airman/writer
19-- Brenda Brock Beaumont TX, actress (Brenda-One Life to Live)
1901 Frans U Kailas Finnish poet
1902 Marcel Aymé French writer (Jument Verte)
1902 Onslow Stevens Los Angeles CA, actor (Mr Fisher-This is the Life)
1902 Sir William Walton Oldham Lancashire England, composer (Troilus & Cressida, Wise Virgins)
1905 Annunzio Mantovani Venice Italy, orchestra leader (Mantovani)
1906 E Power Biggs Westcliff-on-Sea England, organist/composer (CBS)
1908 Arthur O'Connell New York NY, actor (Mr Peepers, Second Hundred Years)
1908 Dennis O'Keefe Fort Madison IA, actor/director (T-Men, Fighting Seabees)
1909 Moon Mullican hillbilly pianist (7 Nights of Rock)
1909 Yvonne Waegemans Flemish writer (Gnome Patjoepelke)
1911 Philip Ahn Los Angeles CA, actor (Master Kan-Kung Fu)
1913 Jack Jones British trade unionist (CH)
1913 Niall MacGinnis Dublin Ireland, actor (Curse of the Demon)
1913 Phil Foster Brooklyn NY, comedian (Frank De Fazio-Laverne & Shirley)
1914 Chapman Pincher British journalist/author (about secret service)
1915 George Chisholm Scottish jazz trombonist
1916 Eugene J McCarthy Watkins MN, (Senator-Democrat-MN, Presidential candidate 1968)
1916 John Paul Governor-General (Bahamas)
1917 Arthur Knight CEO (Courtaulds)
1917 Man O'War racehorse (winner of 20 out of 21 races & $249,465)
1918 John Read CEO (TSB Group)
1918 Pearl Bailey Newport News VA, singer (Hello Dolly)
1918 Sam Walton billionaire CEO (Wal-Mart)
1919 Eileen Heckart Columbus OH, actress (Doll's House, Trauma Center)
1921 Hugh Neill Lord-Lieutenant (South Yorkshire)
1921 Sam Loxton cricketer (flamboyant Australian batsman of late 40's)
1923 Julia Montgomery Walsh political consultant/writer
1924 Jules de Corte blind Dutch ballad singer
1925 Emlen Tunnell NFL safety (Giants, Packers)
1925 Lord Justice Beldam
1927 Arthur Ravenel Jr (Representative-Republican-SC)
1927 John McLaughlin TV commentator (McLaughlin Group)
1927 John Vane FRS/pharmacologist
1927 Lord Ross
1928 Vaclav Felix composer
1929 Robert E Rodes led Jackson's flank at Chancellorsville, Major General
1929 Ronald Clive Williams actor/comedian
1929 Sheila Kitzinger author, anthropologist & child birth educator
1930 Donny Conn rocker (Playmates)
1930 G R Sunderam cricket pace bowler (2 Tests India vs New Zealand 1955-56)
1930 Hugh Edward Conway Seymour marquis of Hertford
1930 Marquess of Hertford
1931 Evelyn de Rothschild English banker/multi-millionaire
1931 James Weatherhead moderator (General Assembly of Church of Scotland)
1931 Lord Tebbit British CH
1931 Sylvia Law British town planner
1934 Ernstalbrecht Stiebler composer
1935 Ruby Murray Irish pop singer (Softly Softly)
1936 Richard Rodney Bennett Broadstairs Kent England, composer
1937 Anne Stoddart diplomat
1937 Billy Carter Plains GA, brother of President Carter
1938 Bert de Vries Dutch minister of Social Affairs (CDA)
1938 Margaret Howard British broadcaster
1939 Hanumant Singh cricketer (14 Tests for India-century on debut)
1939 Nancy Kwan Hong Kong, actress (Flower Drum Song, Night Creature)
1940 Raymond Davis US rock vocalist (Funkadelic-Knee Deep)
1941 Terence Hill Venice Italy, actor (Super Fuzz, They Call Me Trinity)
1942 Larry Pressler (Senator-Republican-SD, 1979- )
1943 Eric Idle South Shields Durham England, comedian/actor (Monty Python)
1943 John Major British Prime Minister (C, 1990-97)
1943 Vangelis [Evangelos Papathanassiou] Valos Greece, composer/keyboardist (Chariots of Fire)
1944 Denny McLain Detroit Tiger pitcher (1968 American League MVP/Cy Young/31 wins)
1944 James Diggle FBA, classicist
1944 John Suchet British TV journalist (Independent TV News)
1945 Julie Goodyear British actress (Bet Lynch-Coronation Street)
1945 Walt "Clyde" Frazier NBA guard (New York Knicks)
1945 Willem Ruis Dutch TV host (Willem Ruis Show)
1946 Bruce Weber director (Broken Noses)
1946 Ronald Farrow radio producer/priest
1947 Aleksandr Stepenovich Viktorenko cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-3, 8, 14, 20)
1947 Bobby Kimball [Robert Toteaux] Vinton LA, rocker (Toto-Roseanna. Africa)
1947 Peter Hinchcliffe co-founder (Iceland Frozen Foods)
1948 Bud Cort New Rochelle NY, actor/director (Harold and Maude, Brewster McCloud, MASH)
1949 Michael Brecker jazz musician (The Brecker Brothers)
1949 Uton Dowe cricketer (West Indies pace bowler 1972-73 "Dowe shall not bowl")
1951 Barry Goudreau rocker
1951 Geoff Howarth cricketer (New Zealand captain early 80's)
1952 Teofilo Stevenson Cuba, heavyweight boxer (Olympics-gold-1972, 76, 80)
1954 Karen Anne Quinlan Scranton PA, famous comatose patient (right to die case)
1955 Christopher Lawford actor (Charlie Brent-All My Children)
1955 Dianne Kay Phoenix AZ, actress (Nancy-8 is Enough, Reggie, Glitter)
1955 Earl Campbell NFL running back (Houston, New Orleans, 1977 Heisman)
1955 Henry Bellingham MP
1956 Kurt Thomas US, gymnast (Olympics), actor (Gymkata)
1956 LaToya Jackson singer (If You Feel the Funk)/posed for Playboy
1956 Lisa J Allen TV reporter/lawyer
1956 Sue Fogleman LPGA golfer
1957 Christopher Lambert Great Neck Long Island NY, actor (Highlander, Subway, Greystoke, Why Me)
1958 Fiona Reynolds director/Council for Protection of Rural England
1959 Brad McCrimmon Dodsland, NHL defenseman (Hartford Whalers)
1959 Marina Sirtis London, actress (Deanna Troi-Star Trek: The Next Generation)
1961 Ane-Marie Sanches newscaster (Suriname TV/Radio)
1961 Mike Kingery St James MN, outfielder (Pittsburgh Pirates)
1962 Kirk Alan Triplett Moses Lake WA, PGA golfer (1992 Shell Houston-2nd)
1964 Elle Macpherson Sydney Australia, model (Sports Illustrated 1986, 87, 88)/actress (Sirens)
1964 Jill Goodacre Connick Lubbock TX, model (Victoria Secrets)
1966 Dwayne Harper NFL cornerback (San Diego Chargers)
1966 Eric Gunderson Portland OR, pitcher (Boston Red Sox)
1966 Robb Thomas NFL receiver (Seattle Seahawks, Tampa Bay Buccaneers)
1967 Brian Jordan Baltimore MD, outfielder (St Louis Cardinals)
1967 Jerry Olsavsky NFL linebacker (Pittsburgh Steelers)
1968 Chris Calloway NFL wide receiver (New York Giants)
1968 James Williams NFL tackle (Chicago Bears)
1969 [Jane] Kim[berly] Batten McRae GA, 400 meter hurdler (Olympics-silver-96)
1969 Darren Chandler WLAF receiver (Amsterdam Admirals)
1969 James Atkin rocker (EMF-Unbelievable)
1969 Jeff Blackshear guard (Baltimore Ravens)
1969 Jimmy Spencer NFL cornerback (New Orleans Saints, Cincinnati Bengals)
1969 Kai Nurminen Turku Finland, hockey forward (Team Finland)
1969 Perry Farrell rocker (Jane's Addiction, Porno For Pyros)
1971 Lennart van Reen son of author Ton v R/publisher Corrie Zelen
1971 Ryan Mark Lambert Cleveland OH, actor/singer (Kids Incorporated, Freeze Frame)
1972 Alex Ochoa Miami FL, outfielder (New York Mets)
1972 John Rothell Titusville FL, 400 meter hurdler
1972 Paul Michael Kent Australia, New Zealand breast-stroker (Olympics-96)
1972 Trevor Kidd Dugald Manitoba, NHL goalie (Calgary Flames)
1973 Brad Bridgewater US, 200 meter backstroke (Olympics-gold-96)
1973 John Oppio Sparks NV, double trap (Olympics-1996)
1973 Marc Overmars Dutch soccer player (Ajax)
1973 Mark Platt Peterborough Ontario, rower (Olympics-96)
1975 Christopher Yule hockey forward (Team Japan 1998)
1976 Jennifer Capriati Long Island NY, tennis pro (Federation Cup-1990, Olympics-gold-92)
1987 7th Golden Raspberry Awards: Howard the Duck wins
2334 Beverly Crusher Copernicus Luna, fictional doctor-Star Trek Next Generation
2336 Deanna Troi Betazed, fictional counsellor-Star Trek Next Generation


Deaths which occurred on March 29th:
1058 Stephen IX [Frederik van Lotharingen], 1st Belgian Pope (1057-58), dies
1546 Cardinal Beaton English archbishop of St Andrews, murdered
1650 Cornelis Galle I Flemish engraver, dies at about 73
1655 Valerius Andreas Flemish historian, dies at 66
1697 Nikolaus Bruhns composer, dies
1745 Robert Walpole 1st British premier (1722-42), dies at 68
1788 Charles Wesley hymn writer, dies
1792 King Gustav III King of Sweden (1771-92), dies of wounds
1794 Marie-J-A-N C Condorcet mathematician (Theory of Comets), dies at 50
1802 Frederic Thieme composer, dies at 51
1826 J H Voß writer, dies at 75
1837 Maria Fitzherbert morganatic wife of King George IV, dies
1839 Bernardus JC Dibbets Dutch baron/General-Major (Maastricht), dies at 56
1847 Auguste De Polignac premier France, dies at 66
1848 John Jacob Astor chartered American Fur Company, dies at 84
1866 Menachem Mendel of Lubavitch Rabbi/Chassidic leader, dies
1880 Jakob Axel Josephson composer, dies at 62
1886 John Keble theologian, Bournemouth
1888 Charles-Henri Valentin Alkan composer, dies at 74
1891 Georges-Pierre Seurat French painter (Pointillism), dies at 31
1892 William Bowman English anatomist, dies at 75
1911 Felix Alexandre Guilmant composer, dies at 74
1912 Robert F Scott British pole explorer (Antarctica), dies
1917 Fran Gerbic composer, dies at 76
1924 Charles Villiers Stanford Irish composer/writer, dies at 71
1930 Anton Bettelheim writer, dies
1933 Alexander Schmuller Russian/Dutch violinist/conductor, dies at 52
1937 Karol Szymanowski Polish/Ukraine composer (Stabat Mater), dies at 54
1945 Karl T Sapper German geographer/geologist (Vulkankunde), dies at 79
1955 Everard Verachtert Flemish linguist (I Can Speak Nicely), dies at 81
1957 Joyce A L Cary English writer (Horse's Mouth), dies at 68
1959 Barthelemy Boganda Central African Republic's 1st President, dies
1959 Sara Wennerberg-Reuter composer, dies at 84
1963 Pola Gojawiczynska Polish author (Stolica), dies at 64
1964 Ted Collins pianist (Kate Smith Evening Hour), dies at 63
1966 Harry Daugherty trombonist (Spike Jones & City Slickers), dies at 50
1972 J Arthur Rank 1st Baron Rank, industrialist/film magnate
1974 Seton I Miller writer, dies at 71
1978 Jayasinghrao Mansinghrao Ghorpade cricketer (8 Tests for India), dies
1979 Melville Cooper TV panelist (I Got a Secret), dies at 82
1980 [Annunzio Paolo] Mantovani orchestra leader, dies at 74
1981 Eric Williams Prime Minister (Trinidad & Tobago), dies at 79
1982 Carl Orff German composer (Mouth, Antigonae), dies at 86
1982 Rudy Bond character actor (Streetcar Named Desire), dies of a heart attack at 68
1982 Walter Hallstein West German politician (CDU, H-doctrine), dies at 80
1983 Richard O'Brien actor (Rocky Horror Show), dies of cancer at 65
1986 Harry Ritz actor (3 Musketeers, On the Avenue), dies at 79
1989 Bernard Blier actor (Les Miserables, Women & War), dies at 73
1990 Germaine Montenesdro 2nd victim of NYC's Zodiac killer, shot dead
1991 Lee Atwater political strategist (R), dies of brain tumor at 40
1991 Matt Bennett actor (Hickey & Boggs), dies of brain tumor at 52
1992 Earl Spencer father of Lady Diana, dies at 68
1992 Paul [G J von] Henreid Austrian actor (Laszlo-Casablanca), dies at 84
1994 Bill Travers actor (Trio, Gorgo, Born Free), dies at 72
1994 Paul Grimault animator, dies at 89
1994 William Natcher (Representative-Democrat-KY), dies at 84
1995 Carl E Jefferson record company owner, dies at 74
1995 Eddie Williams Wiggins alto saxophone/comedian, dies at 78
1995 James Eric Storrar fighter Pilot, dies at 74
1995 John Elliott Terry film financier, dies at 82
1996 Maggie Donnelly bag lady, dies at 46
1997 Eddie Ryder actor (Slick Jones-General Hospital), dies at 74
1997 Ellen Clara Pollock actress (Wicked Lady, Fake), dies at 94

Golden Link 1/ On this day 29th March

Golden Link 2/ On this day 29th March

Golden Link 3/ On this day 29th March