19th March, on this day

721 BC 1st recorded lunar eclipse; Location, Babylon
1227 Count Ugolino of Segna elected Pope Gregory IX
1279 A Mongolian victory in the Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China
1452 Frederick III of Hapsburg crowned Roman German Emperor
1524 Giovanni de Varrazano of France sights land around area of Carolinas
1540 Court of Holland names Amsterdam sheriff John Hubrechtsz a "heretic"
1563 Peace of Amboise; Rights for Huguenots
1571 Spanish troops occupy Manila
1628 Massachusetts colony founded by Englishmen
1644 200 members of Peking imperial family/court commit suicide
1682 Nationally Council accept independence of French church
1687 Explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, is murdered by his own men.
1702 James II's daughter Anne Stuart becomes queen of England
1748 English Naturalization Act passes granting Jews right to colonize US
1775 4 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy)
1775 Poland and Prussia sign trade agreement
1831 The City Bank of New York becomes the site of the first bank robbery in United States history ($245,000 taken).
1834 The six 'Tolpuddle Martyrs' who fought against the decline in agricultural wages, are sentenced to 7 years' transportation to Tasmania. A public outcry against their punishment gets them released after two years
1861 The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand.
1863 The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, was destroyed on her maiden voyage with cargo of munitions, medicines and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000. The wreck was discovered on the same day and month, exactly 102 years later by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
1865 Battle of Bentonville-Confederates retreat from Greenville NC
1866 Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die
1883 Jan Matzeliger invents 1st machine to manufacture entire shoes
1885 Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Saskatchewan
1895 Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service
1915 Pluto photographed for 1st time (although unknown at the time)
1916 Eight American planes take off in pursuit of Pancho Villa, the first United States air-combat mission in history.
1917 US Supreme Court upheld 8-hour work day for railroad employees (Adamson Act)
1918 Congress authorizes time zones and approves daylight saving time
1918 S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
1920 US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)

1921 Italian Fascists shoot from the Parenzana train at a group of children in Strunjan (Slovenia): two children are killed, two mangled, three wounded
1927 Bloody battles between communists and Nazis in Berlin
1930 Nakagawa Soen accepted as a student of Katsube Keigaku Roshi
1931 Nevada legalises gambling
1932 The official opening of the Sydney Harbour Bridge in Australia - the world's longest single-span arch bridge
1937 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
1940 Failed British air raid on German base at Sylt
1940 French government of Daladier, falls
1941 Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestraestra record "Green Eyes" and "Maria Elena"
1942 FDR orders men between 45 and 64 to register for non military duty
1943 Airship Canadian Star torpedoed and sinks
1943 Frank Nitti, Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone committed suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard.
1944 Nazi forces occupy Hungary.
1945 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan
1945 Adolf Hitler issues Nero Decree: destruction of German facilities
1945 British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine)
1945 US Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure
1946 French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion become overseas departments
1946 Nicolai Schwernik succeeds Kalinin as President of USSR
1947 Belgian government of Spaak, forms
1947 Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek conquers Jenan
1949 1st museum devoted exclusively to atomic energy, Oak Ridge TN
1951 Herman Wouk's "Caine Mutiny" is published
1953 Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real" premieres in New York NY
1954 1st color telecast of a prize fight, Giardello vs Troy in Madison Square Garden, New York NY
1954 1st rocket-driven sled on rails was tested in Alamogordo NM
1958 Britain's 1st planetarium opens at Madame Tussaud's in London
1962 Algerian War of Independence: A ceasefire takes effect.
1964 Sean Connery's 1st day of shooting on "Goldfinger"
1965 Chivu Stoica becomes President of the Council of Romanian People's Republic and Nicolae Ceausescu appointed 1st Secretary of Romanian communist party
1965 Indonesia nationalizes all foreign oil companies
1966 Belgium government of Vanden Boeynants begins
1967 French Somaliland (Djibouti) votes to continue association with France
1968 Howard University students seize administration building
1969 British invade Anguilla
1969 Collapse of 385 metre tall TV-mast at Emley Moor, UK, because of icing.
1969 Chicago 8 indicted in aftermath of Chicago Democratic convention
1970 West German Chancellor Willy Brandt and East German Premier Willi Stoph meet
1972 India and Bangladesh sign friendship treaty
1974 Jefferson Starship begins their 1st tour
1976 Princess Margaret separates from the Earl of Snowdon, after 16 years
1977 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1978 50,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against neutron bomb
1978 UN Security Council Resolution 425 and 426 were passed, calling upon Israel immediately to cease its military action and withdraw its forces from all Lebanese territory (Operation Litani), and established the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL).
1979 The United States House of Representatives begins broadcasting its day-to-day business via the cable television network C-SPAN.
1981 2 workers killed in space shuttle Columbia accident
1982 National Guard jet tanker crashes killing 27
1982 Falklands War: Argentines land on South Georgia Island, precipitating war.
1984 Mobil oil tanker spills 200,000 gallons into Columbia River
1986 Buckingham Palace announces the engagement of Queen Elizabeth II's son Prince Andrew to Sarah Ferguson (later to become Duke and Duchess of York
1987 Hassanali inaugurated as President of Trinidad and Tobago
1988 Two British soldiers in civilian clothes blunder into an IRA funeral in Northern Ireland and are kicked and beaten to death
1989 Boeing V-22 Osprey VTOL aircraft makes maiden flight
1992 British Prince Andrew and Princess Sarah Ferguson announce separation
1994 Largest omelet (1,383² ft) made with 160,000 eggs in Yokohama Japan
1995 5 die by poison gas in Japanese subway
1995 Finland Social-Democratic Party wins parliamentary election
1996 Winnie Mandela divorces Nelson after 38 years of marrage
1997 Supreme Court hears Internet indecency arguments
2004 Äänekoski bus disaster - A semi-trailer truck and a bus crash head-on in Äänekoski, Finland. 24 people are killed and 13 injured.
2004 A Swedish DC-3 shot down by a Russian MiG-15 in the 1950s is finally recovered after years of work. The remains of the crew are left in place, pending further investigations.
2004 Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian is shot just before the country's presidential election on March 20. See 3-19 Shooting Incident.

19th March 2006

Iraq in civil war, says former PM

France general strike threatened

Google ordered to hand over data

19th March 2007

Bush calls for patience on Iraq

USS Cole suspect 'admits guilt'

Siberian mine explosion kills 61

19th March 2008

Bush speech hails Iraq 'victory'

Vietnam 'hub for illegal timber'

Serbia's neighbours accept Kosovo

19th March 2009

Austrian Fritzl sentenced to life

French unions claim 3m on street

Pope's first giant Mass in Africa

19th March 2010

Fresh Israeli air strikes wound 11

Jjudge rejects Ground Zero dust pay-out deal

Human rights activist killed

Birthdates which occurred on 19th March :

1503 Benedetto Varchi Italy, humanist/historian (Storia Fiorentina)
1589 William Bradford Governor of Plymouth colony for 30 years (baptized)
1593 Georges de la Tour French painter
1601 Alonzo Cano Spanish painter/sculptor (Cathedral Granada)
1604 Johan IV composer/king of Portugal (1640-56)
1610 Hasegawa Tohaku Japanese painter
1629 Aleksei M Romanov 1st Romanov tsar of Russia
1673 Pedro Vaz Rego composer
1715 Charles-Joseph van Helmont composer
1716 Guillaume Coustou Jr French sculptor (Mausolée du Dauphin)
1721 Tobias Smollett Scottish writer, baptized
1728 Pieter-Jozef Verhaghen Flemish (court)painter
1734 Thomas McKean US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence)
1740 Johann Georg Roser composer
1740 Joseph F Weigl Germany, violin cellist
1742 Zacharias H Alewijn Dutch literary/poet
1745 Nicolas Sejan composer
1752 Jose Mauricio composer
1767 Leonhard von Call composer
1777 Anton R Falck Dutch minister of Education/diplomat
1785 Pierre-Joseph-Guillaume Zimmermann composer
1809 Fredrik Pacius composer
1813 David Livingstone Scotland, explorer (found by Stanley in Africa)
1816 Johannes Josephus Hermanus Verhulst composer
1817 Lewis Henry Little Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
1819 David Henry Williams Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1891
1821 Francis Barretto Spinola Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
1821 Sir Richard Burton explorer/translator (Arabian Nights)
1821 William Allingham Irish poet (Laurence Bloomfield in Ireland)
1823 Cornelis A van Sypesteyn Dutch Governor of Surinam (1873-82)
1827 Alexander Shaler Brevet Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1911
1837 Robert Daniel Johnston Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1919
1844 Ulrika "Minna" Cant-Johnstown Finnish playwright (Kovan onnen lapsia)
1845 Willem H de Beaufort Dutch historian/politician
1847 Constantin Dimitrescu composer
1848 Wyatt Earp Monmouth IL, marshall-fought in Gunfight at the OK Corral
1851 Roque Sáenz Peña President of Argentina (1910-14)
1860 William Jennings Bryan "The Great Commoner" orator/statesman
1871 Joseph McGinnity Rock Island IL, baseball pitcher (New York Giants)
1871 Schofield Haigh cricketer ("Sunshine of the Yorkshire 11")
1872 Sergei Diaghilev Gruzino Novgorod Russia, ballet director
1873 Max Reger Brand Bavaria, composer/pianist/professor (Leipzig University)
1874 Arthur Hoyt Georgetown CO, actor (Gold Dust Gertie, Goldie Get Along)
1879 Joseph Haas German (opera) composer (Tobias Wunderlich)
1882 Gaston Lachaise US sculptor (Standing Woman)
1883 Josef Matthais Hauer composer
1883 Joseph W Stilwell US General (China)
1888 Josef Albers German/US graphic artist/painter/writer (Bauhaus)
1889 Manoel II last king of Portugal (1908-10)
1891 Earl Warren California, (Governor-Republican-CA)/14th supreme court chief justice (1953-69)
1892 Robert Denzler composer
1892 Siegfried T Bok neurobiologist/anatomist (Cybernetica)
1894 Jackie "Moms" Mabley Brevard SC, comedienne (Merv Griffin Show)
1897 Betty Compson Beaver UT, actress (Millionaire Kid, Mad Youth)
1897 L O'Flaherty writer
1900 [Jean] Frédéric Joliot-Curie French physicist (Nobel 1935)
1900 Roy Roberts Tampa FL, actor (Petticoat Junction, Lucy Show)
1901 Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart Dutch Minister of Justice (Nobel 1954)
1901 Jo Mielziner Paris France, set designer (Carousel, Death of a Salesman)
1903 Benjamin M Telders President of Dutch Liberal States Party
1903 James Bullock colliery manager
1904 John J Sirica US federal judge (Watergate hearings)
1904 Tadeusz Zygfryd Kassern composer
1905 Albert Speer German architect/minister of Armament (NSDAP)
1906 Adolf Eichmann Ruhr Germany, Nazi Gestapo officer
1906 Normand Lockwood composer
1907 Cor Treslem [Cornelis L Melsert], actor/director (Willem van Oranje)
1907 Elizabeh LeFanu Maconochy composer
1907 Kent Smith New York NY, actor (Peyton Place, Invaders)
1907 Marc Vaubourgoin composer
1907 Nakagawa Soen Formosa, Zen teacher (Rinzai line)
1909 Louis Hayward Johannesburg South Africa, actor (Lone Wolf, Survivors)
1910 Sergei Nikolayevich Anokhin cosmonaut
1911 Kenneth Robinson politician/businessman
1912 Adolf Galland fighter Pilot
1912 Russ Case Hamburg IA, orchestra leader (Julius La Rosa Show)
1913 William Chatterton cricketer (48 in only Test for England 1892)
1914 J Jay Berwanger 1st Heisman Trophy winner (1935)
1914 Patricia Morison actress (Peyton Place, Dressed to Kill)
1915 Norman Yardley England cricket captain (late 40's)
1916 Irving Wallace author (People's Almanac, The Man)
1917 Dino Lipatti composer
1919 Cornelis Berkhouwer Member of 2nd chamber (Dutch Liberal Party)
1923 Janine Dacosta French pianist
1923 Tige Andrews Brooklyn NY, actor (Captain Adam Greer-Mod Squad)
1925 Brent Scowcroft Ogden UT, Lieutenant General (USAF)/National Security Council
1927 Richie Ashburn baseball infielder (Philadelphia Phillies)/sportscaster
1928 Clive Van Ryneveld cricketer (South African all-rounder 1951-58)
1928 Hans Kung theologian
1928 Patrick McGoohan Astoria NY, actor (#6-Prisoner, Secret Agent)
1929 Herman van San composer
1929 Michael Ryan actor (John Randolph-Another World)
1929 Robert Muczynski composer
1930 Bill Henderson Chicago IL, jazz singer (Torpedo-Dreams)
1930 Ornette Coleman jazz composer (Downbeat Musician of Year 1966)
1931 Bill Hoskyns England, épée fencer (Olympics-silver-1964)
1932 Gay Robert Brewer Middletwon OH, PGA golfer (1972 Canadian)
1933 Philip Roth Newark NJ, novelist (Goodbye Columbus, Portnoy's Complaint)
1934 Börge Andersen Denmark, Danish Chess Champion (1967, 68)
1935 Burt Metcalfe Saskatchewan Canada, actor/director (Father of the Bride)
1935 Phyllis Newman Jersey City NJ, actress (Coming of Age, TW3)
1935 Renee Taylor New York NY, actress (Jack Paar Show, Mary Hartman, Nanny)
1936 Amancio D'Silva musician
1936 Ursula Andress Berne Switzerland, actress (Dr No, She, Sensuous Nurse)
1937 Clarence "Frogman" Henry musician (You Always Hurt the One You Love)
1939 Abbas Ali Baig cricketer (Indian bat 112 on debut vs England 1959)
1939 Joe Kapp NFL QB (Minnesota Vikings, Boston Patriots, Houston Oilers)
1941 Lord Vestey British food magnate/billionaire (Union International)
1942 David Minge (Representative-Democrat-MN)
1942 Jeff Neighbour US bassist (Joy of Cooking)
1942 Robin Luke rocker (Susie Darlin')
1942 Ross Valory rocker (Journey)
1944 Joseph Celli composer
1944 Lynda Bird Johnson Robb LBJ's daughter
1944 Myung-Wha Chung Seoul Korea, cellist (Chung Sisters)
1945 Lisa Nicole Baker Detroit TX, playmate of the year (Nov 1966)
1946 Bigas Luna director/writer (Anguish)
1946 Mohammad Ilyas cricketer (Pakistani batsman in ten Tests 1964-69)
1946 Paul Atkinson rock guitarist (Zombies-Never Even Thought)
1946 Ruth Pointer singer (Pointer Sisters-I'm So Exicted)
1947 Earlie Fires jockey (Hialeah Park)
1947 Glenn Close Greenwich CT, actress (The Big Chill, Fatal Attraction)
1947 John Beckwith English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
1947 Vince Martino Schenectady NY, WLAF offensive assistant (Barcelona Dragons)
1948 Vintcent Van der Bijl Natal cricket bowler (superb 2 meter of 70's & 80's)
1949 Denny Albee Oklahoma City OK, actor (Dr Janssen-One Life to Live)
1952 Derek Longmuir Edinburgh Scotland, rock drummer (Bay City Rollers-Saturday Night)
1952 Warren Lees New Zealand cricket wicket-keeper (late 70's)
1953 Billy Sheehan rocker (Mr Big-Lean Into It)
1953 Hans Rinn German Democratic Republic, 2 man lugist (Olympics-gold-1976, 80)
1953 Ricky Wilson Athens GA, rock guitarist (B-52's-Rock Lobster, Love Shack)
1954 Charles Pinnell horse trainer
1955 [Walter] Bruce Willis PennsGrove NJ, actor (Moonlighting, Die Hard)
1956 Alina Castro Havana Cuba, daughter of Fidel
1957 Blake Passey horse trainer
1959 Shelly Burch Tucson AZ, actress (Delila-One Life to Live, Identity Crisis)
1959 Terry Hall rocker (Colourfield-Animal Liberation)
1966 Paul Devenport New Zealand, Canadian Tour golfer (1991 Texas Tour)
1968 Liam Jewell Toronto Ontario, kayaker (Olympics-96)
1968 Tyrone Hill NBA forward (Milwaukee Bucks)
1969 Arjan Vermeulen soccer player (Vitesse)
1969 Michael Bergin model (Coca Cola)/actor
1969 Scott Alexander Brownlee Hamilton New Zealand, rowing coxless 4 men (Olympics-96)
1970 Errol Refos soccer player (Feyenoord)
1970 Janne Laukenen Lahti Finland, NHL defenseman (Finland Olympics-B-98, Senators)
1970 Rick Mirer NFL quarterback (Seattle Seahawks, Chicago Bears)
1970 Sean Fleming CFL kicker (Edmonton Eskimos)
1971 Cory Fleming NFL wide receiver (Dallas Cowboys)
1971 Dalton James actor (My Father the Hero, Mark-Beverly Hills 90210)
1971 Kirk Botkin NFL tight end (New Orleans Saints, Pittsburgh Steelers)
1971 Louie Debrusk Cambridge, NHL left wing (Edmonton Oilers)
1971 Marty Moore NFL inside linebacker (New England Patriots)
1971 Taase Faumui NFL defensive linebacker (Pittsburgh Steelers)
1971 Whitney Hedgepeth 100 meter/200 meter backstroke (Olympics-2 silver-96)
1972 Maria Maunder St John's Newfoundland, rower (Olympics-96)
1973 John Michels NFL tackle (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31)
1974 Jennifer Lynn Drayton Saginaw MI, Miss Michigan-America (1996)
1974 John Coppinger El Paso TX, pitcher (Baltimore Orioles)
1975 Antonio Daniels NBA guard (Vancouver Grizzlies)
1976 Rachel Blanchard Toronto, actress (Cher Horowitz-Clueless)
1982 Che'Vonne Burton Miss Michigan Teen-USA (1997)/Miss Michigan-USA (2000)
1992 Henry & Angus Bernsen twin sons of Corbin Bernsen & Amanda Pays


Deaths which occurred on March 19th:
1263 Hugo of St-Cher/a S Caro French cardinal, dies
1556 Lieven van der Maude [Ammonius], South Netherlands poet, dies at 70
1635 Pieter Christiaensz Bor Dutch historian, dies
1638 Paul Moreelse Dutch painter/master builder, dies at about 66
1644 Si Sang last Ming-emperor of China, commits suicide
1687 Rene-Robert Cavelier La Salle French explorer (Louisiana), murdered in what is now Texas at 43
1702 Willem III Henry [Dutch William], king of England/Scot, dies at 51
1721 Clement XI [Giovanni F Albani], Italian Pope (1700-21), dies at 71
1782 Adrien Trudo Sale composer, dies at 59
1782 Louis-Henry Paisible composer, dies at 33
1796 Stephen Storace composer, dies at 33
1797 Philip Hayes composer, dies at 58
1811 Frantisek Adam Mica composer, dies at 65
1845 George Augustus Kollmann composer, dies at 56
1850 Adalbert Gyrowetz composer, dies at 87
1862 F Wilhelm von Schadow German painter (Modern Vasari), dies at 73
1866 Louis Clapisson composer, dies at 57
1869 Guillaume Nerenburger Belgian General (triangulatie), dies at 64
1876 Jozef Stefani composer, dies at 75
1884 Alfonse Charles Renaud de Vilback composer, dies at 54
1893 Karel Komzak composer, dies at 69
1897 Antoine T d'Abbadie French explorer (Ethiopia), dies at 87
1898 Joao da Cruz Brazilian poet, dies at 26
1905 Makar Grigori Ekmalyan composer, dies at 49
1907 Thomas Bailey Aldrich US writer (Stillwater Tragedy), dies at 70
1913 John Thomas composer, dies at 87
1918 Willem H de Beaufort Dutch historian/liberal politician, dies at 73
1924 Charles Villiers Stanford Irish composer/author, dies at 71
1930 Arthur J Balfour British theologist/premier (1902-05), dies at 81
1934 Anthony J Block lawyer (Dutch strafproces), dies at 66
1936 John Larkin IV actor/writer (Charlie Chan in Panamá), dies at 63
1937 Horacio Quiroga Uruguayan author/poet, commits suicide at 58
1940 Gustaaf Sap Belgian minister of Economic Affairs, dies at 54
1943 Vicente Ripolles composer, dies at 75
1945 Fritz Fromm German supreme commander of Reserve army, executed
1946 Amir Hamzah Indonesian poet (Buah Rindu), dies at 35
1947 Willem F J Pijper Dutch composer/critic, dies at 52
1950 Edgar Rice Burroughs sci-fi author (Tarzan of the Apes), dies at 74
1951 H Zur Mühlen writer, dies
1954 Walter Braunfels composer, dies at 71
1958 Vernon Ransford cricketer (20 Tests for Australia, 1211 runs), dies
1961 Edric Cundell composer, dies at 68
1969 Theodor Schaefer composer, dies at 65
1971 Jan Greshoff Dutch poet/author/journalist (Last Things), dies at 82
1971 Mary Dorna Dutch author, dies at 79
1974 Anne Klien fashion designer, dies at 51
1974 Edward Platt actor (Chief-Get Smart), dies at 58
1974 Hertha Kuusinen Finnish communist/daughter of Otto K, dies at 70
1975 John A DeMott dies at 63
1976 George Sklavos composer, dies at 87
1976 Paul Kossoff rock guitarist (Free), dies of heart failure at 25
1979 Al Hodge actor (Captain Video), dies at 65
1979 Richard Beckinsale actor (Doing Time, Porridge, Lovers), dies at 31
1982 Alan Badel actor, dies of a heart attack at 58
1982 Randy Rhoads heavy metal guitarist (Ozzy Osbourne), dies in plane crash at 25
1987 Arch Oboler radio writer (Lights Out), dies at 77
1987 Emile Meyer actor (Young Jesse James, Lineup), dies
1987 Louis Broglie French physicist (Nobel 1929), dies at 94
1987 Tony Stratton-Smith journalist/record co CEO (Charisma), dies at 53
1991 John Russell Thomas NFL general manager (Detroit Lions), dies
1991 Ron Pagano dies after lengthy illness at 37
1991 Sunday Wilshin actor (Murder by Rope), dies at 86
1992 Cesare Danova actor (Cleopatra, Viva Las Vegas), dies from a heart attack at 66
1993 Barend P Tammeling journalist (Trouw, Peek on the North), dies at 58
1993 Jeff Ward drummer (9 Inch Nails), commits suicide at 30
1994 Giuseppe Diana Italian anti-mafia priest, murdered
1994 Jose Coronel Urtecho poet, dies at 87
1995 Fernand Lodewick literature historian (Literature), dies at 85
1995 Gerard Tebroke 5/10 km-dasher, dies at 45
1995 Kenneth Norman Joseph Loveless priest folk musician, dies at 83
1996 Christopher John Magenis Headington musician, dies at 65
1996 William Hutchinson Murray mountaineer/author, dies at 83
1997 Willem De Kooning artists (Abstract), dies of Alzheimer at 92

Golden Link 1/ On this day 19th March

Golden Link 2/ On this day 19th March

Golden Link 3/ On this day 19th March