14th March, on this day

1558 Ferdinand I appointed Holy Roman emperor
1590 Battle at Ivry: French King Henri IV beats Catholic League
1629 England granted a royal charter to Massachusetts Bay Colony
1644 England grants patent for Providence Plantations (now Rhode Island)
1647 Thirty Years' War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm.
1653 Johan van Galen beats English fleet at Livorno
1689 Scotland dismisses Willem III and Mary Stuart as king and queen
1734 Prince Willem KHF van Orange marries George II's daughter Mary Anne
1757 On-board the HMS Monarch, Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for neglecting his duty.
1794 Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin
1800 Luigi Chiaramonti crowned Pope Pius VII
1812 Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812
1826 General Congress of South American States assembles at Panamá
1836 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin leaves Australia
1862 Battle of New Bern NC: General Burnside conquers New Bern
1864 Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana
1869 Defeat of Titokowaru.
1885 Gilbert and Sullivan's opera "Mikado" premieres in London
1889 German Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his "Navigable Balloon"
1900 Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's laws of genetics
1900 US currency goes on gold standard
1903 The Hay-Herran Treaty, granting the United States the right to build the Panama Canal, is ratified by the United States Senate. The Colombian Senate would later reject the treaty.
1910 Lakeview Gusher, the largest U.S. oil well gusher near Bakersfield, California, vented to atmosphere.
1912 King Vittorio Emanuel III of Rome injured during assassination attempt
1913 John D Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation
1914 Serbia and Turkey sign peace treaty
1915 German cruiser SMS Dresden blows itself up near coast of Chile after fleeing the disastrous Battle of the Falkland Islands
1916 Battle of Verdun: German attack on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun
1918 1st concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched, San Francisco
1923 Allies accepts Vilnus taking East-Galicië in Poland
1923 German Supreme Court prohibits NSDAP
1923 President Warren G Harding became 1st President filing income tax report and pay taxes
1926 Costa Rica: the fall of a train into the Río Virilla killed 248 and injured 93.
1933 Civilian Conservation Corp, begins tree conservation
1933 Winston Churchill wants to boost air defense
1936 Federal Register, 1st magazine of the US government, publishes 1st issue
1937 Pope Pius XI publishes anti-Nazi-encyclical Mit brennender Sorge
1939 England draw with South Africa at Durban on the 10th day
1939 Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia
1940 27 killed, 15 injured when truck full of migrant workers collides with a train outside McAllen TX
1941 Nazi occupiers of Holland forbid Jewish owned companies
1941 Xavier Cugat and his Orchestraestra record "Babalu"
1942 John Bumstead and Orvan Hess became the first in the world to successfully treat a patient, Anne Miller, using penicillin.
1945 RAF bomb cuts railway link Hannover-Hamm
1946 Belgian government of Spaak, forms
1948 Freedom Train arrives in San Francisco
1950 FBI's "10 Most Wanted Fugitives" program begins
1951 During Korean War, US/UN forces recapture Seoul
1951 Earthquake at Euskirchen, Germany
1953 Nikita Khrushchev succeeds Malenkov as Secretary of Communist Party
1954 Braves Henry Aaron homers in his 1st exhibition game
1955 Prince Mahemdra becomes king of Nepal
1957 Indonesian government of Sastroamidjojo resigns
1958 RIAA (Recording Industry Association of American)is created and certifies 1st gold record (Perry Como's Catch A Falling Star)
1958 South Africa government disallows ANC
1958 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1958 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
1960 14 die in a train crash in Bakersfield. CA
1961 Publication of the New English Bible
1962 Disarmament conference opens in Geneva without France
1964 In Dallas, Texas, Jack Ruby is found guilty of killing Lee Harvey Oswald - the alleged assassin of US President John F Kennedy, and sentenced to death. He dies in prison in 1967
1965 Israeli cabinet approves diplomatic relations with West Germany
1967 JFK's body moved from temporary grave to a permanent memorial
1968 CBS TV suspends Radio Free Europe free advertising because RFE doesn't make it clear it is sponsored by the CIA
1968 POM performs atmospheric nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
1971 Barbra Streisand appears on "The Burt Bacharach Special" on CBS TV
1971 South Vietnamese troops flee Laos
1971 The Rolling Stones leave England for France to escape taxes
1973 Liam Cosgrave appointed president of Ireland
1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1978 Marines terminate Molukse action in Province house (1 dead)
1978 The Israeli Defense Force invades and occupies southern Lebanon, in Operation Litani
1979 In China, a Hawker Siddeley Trident crashes into a factory near Beijing, killing at least 200.
1980 Members of the US Olympic boxing team are among the 87 killed in a plane crash in Warsaw
1983 OPEC cut oil prices for 1st time in 23 years
1984 Gerry Adams, head of Sinn Féin, is seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in central Belfast. n
1986 European Space Agency's Giotto flies by Halley's Comet (605 km)
1990 Mikhail S Gorbachev becomes president of the Soviet Congress
1991 British Court of Appeal frees "Birmingham 6" who had been unjustly sentenced in August 1975 to life imprisonment
1991 Emir of Kuwait returns to Kuwait City, after the Iraqis leave
1992 Soviet newspaper "Pravda" suspends publication
1994 Mexican banker/billionaire Alfredo Harp Helu kidnapped
1994 Soyuz TM-21 launches with V Dezyurov, G Strekalov and N Thagard
1995 1st time 13 people in space. Astronaut Norman Thagard becomes the first American astronaut to ride to space on-board a Russian launch vehicle.
1996 Joseph O'Connor, operator of the Devon trawler Pescado, which sank in 1991 with the loss of 6 lives, is jailed for 3 years
1997 Iranian military plane crashes, killing 80
1997 President Clinton trips and tears up his knee requiring surgery
1998 An earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale hits southeastern Iran.
2005 Cedar Revolution, where one million Lebanese went into the streets of Beirut to demonstrate against the Syrian military presence in Lebanon, and against the government, following the assassination of Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.

14th March 2006

Israel captures jailed militant

Top US evangelist targets Islam

Google set for court in data spat

14th March 2007

Stocks plunge in global sell-off

EU reopens talks with Syrians

Pole who saved WWII Jews honoured

14th March 2008

Deaths reported in Tibet protests

Bear Stearns gets emergency funds

Queen opens new Heathrow terminal

14th March 2009

G20 make pledge to restore growth

Sri Lanka troops 'kill 18 rebels'

Vietnam bus plunge 'kills 10'

14th March 2010

US consulate in Mexico : 3 killed

Deadly avalanche hits Canada rally

Obama aide condemns Israeli homes plan

Birthdates which occurred on 14th March :

1623 Adam-Nicolas Gascon composer
1681 Georg Philipp Telemann Magdeburg Germany, late baroque composer
1692 Peter Musschenbroek Dutch physician/physicist (Leyden jar)
1726 Josef Antonin Stepan composer
1727 Johann Gottlieb Goldberg composer
1755 Pierre-Louis Couperin composer
1782 Thomas Hart Benton (Representative), "Old Bullion"
1795 Rubert Lucas Pearsall composer
1800 James Bogardus US inventor/builder (made cast-iron buildings)
1803 F G Klopstock writer
1804 Johann Strauss the Elder Viennese violinist/composer (Radetzky March)
1808 Catharinus Putnam Buckingham Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
1815 Josephine Lang composer
1816 Montgomery Dent Corse Alexandria VA, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1895
1820 Victor Emmanuel II King of Sardinia (1849-61)/Italy (1861-78)
1821 Jens Worsaae Denmark, archaeologist
1823 Roswell Sabine Ripley Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1887
1826 William Fisk Sherwin composer
1829 Charles Charlesworth England (dies at 7 of old age)
1831 Leon Leopold Lewandoski composer
1833 John Sappington Marmaduke Major General (Confederate Army)
1833 Lucy Hobbs Taylor 1st US woman dentist (1866)
1835 Giovanni V Schiaparelli Italian astronomer (Mars)
1835 Manuel Fernandez Caballero composer
1837 Charles Ammi Cutter US librarian (Expansive classification/originated Cutter system)
1844 King Umberto I of Italy (1878-1900)
1847 Antonio de Castro Alves Brazilian poet (Espumas Flutuantes)
1854 Paul Ehrlich Germany, bacteriologist (Nobel-1908)
1854 Thomas Riley Marshall (D) 28th Vice President (1913-21)
1862 Vilhelm FK Bjerknes Norwegian/US physicist/meteorology
1864 [John] Casey Jones RR engineer (Ballad of Casey Jones)
1873 Joannes DJ Aengenent sociologist/bishop of Haarlem (1928-35)
1874 Anton F Philips president-director of Philips
1874 Mary Carr Philadelphia PA, actress (Forbidden Trail, Pack Up Your Troubles)
1875 Isadore Gilbert Mudge US, librarian/author/bibliographer (Thackeray Dictionary)
1875 Norman Houstoun O'Neill composer
1878 Carel T Scharten Dutch poet/writer (Forces of the Future)
1879 Albert Einstein Ulm Germany, (E=mc²/Theory of Relativity, Nobel 1921)
1880 Oscar (Bachigaloupi) Tourniaire actor/director (Pink Kate)
1883 Juan Manen composer
1884 Albert Egges van Giffen Dutch archaeologist
1884 Winter Haynes Watts composer
1887 George Creten Belgian sculptor/painter
1887 Lawrence Collingwood composer
1891 John P Strijbos Dutch writer (Wandering through South-Africa)
1892 Olive Netta Parsons co-founder (Collet's Bookshop)
1894 Josef Schelb composer
1895 Frans Ganshof Belgian historian
19-- Imhotep Gary Byrd radio personality (WLIB-NY)
19-- Tamara Tunie Bouquette Philadelphia PA, actress (Jessica-As the World Turns)
19-- Tim Rossovich Palo Alto CA, actor (When the Whistle Blows)
1903 Molla Mustafa Barzani Iran, Kurd leader (KDP)
1905 Raymond Aron French sociologist/political scientist
1906 Ulvi Cemal Erkin composer
1907 Björn-Erik Höijer Swedish writer (Nu dansar Sara)
1908 Maurice (Jean Jacques) Merleau-Ponty French philosopher
1908 Nikolay Petrovich Rakov composer
1909 André Pieyre de Mandiargues French writer (Margin)
1911 Pete Piute [Morris Kaufman], New York NY, comedian (Village Barn)
1912 Les Brown Reinerton PA, orchestra leader (& his band of renown)
1913 Witold Rudzinski composer
1914 Fiorenzo Marini Italy, épée (Olympics-gold-1960)
1914 Henry Ralph Carr soldier
1914 Jiri Reinberger composer
1915 Alexander Brott composer
1915 Carlos Surinach Barcelona Spain, composer (Monte Carlo)
1915 Kenneth Rowntree painter
1917 Macha Louis Rosenthal critic/poet
1918 Dennis Patrick Philadelphia PA, actor (Dear Dead Delilah, Dallas, Rituals)
1919 Luther Henderson Jr Kansas City MO, orchestra leader (Polly Bergen Show)
1919 Max Shulman novelist (Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, Tender Trap)
1920 Dorothy Tyler-Odam Great Britain, high jumper (Olympics-silver-1936, 1948)
1920 Hank Ketcham cartoonist (Dennis the Menace)
1921 Lis Hartel Denmark, equestrian dressage (Olympics-silver-1952, 56)
1922 Colin Fletcher author (Walking Through Time)
1922 Les Baxter US, singer/orchestra leader/composer (Born Again)
1923 Diane Arbus photographer/innovator
1925 John Barrington Wain England, novelist/poet (Hurry on Down)
1925 John Wain England, novelist/poet (Hurry on Down)
1926 François d'Assise Morel composer
1927 Bill Rexford auto racer
1927 Joop F Wolff Dutch editor (Truth)/Dutch politician (CPN)
1928 Frank Borman Gary IN, astronaut (Gemini 7, Apollo 8)/CEO-Eastern Airlines
1929 Thomas Bell Jr race horse trainer
1930 Dieter Schnebel German vicar/composer
1930 Ray Flockton cricketer (prolific New South Wales batsman of 50's)
1931 Bob Goalby golfer (British Open-1968, Canadian Open-1968, New Zealand-1970)
1931 Phil Phillips [Baptiste] rock vocalist (Sea Of Love)
1933 Michael Caine [Maurice J Micklewhite] Bermondsey London England, actor (Blame it on Rio, Alfie, Educating Rita)
1933 Quincy Jones Jr Chicago IL, jazz & R&B producer/composer/singer (We Are The World)
1934 Eugene A Cernan Chicago IL, Captain USN/astronaut (Gemini 9, Apollo 10 17)
1934 Shirley Scott swing/blues organist (with Stanley Turrentine)
1935 Jo van den Booren composer
1936 Bob Charles Carterton New Zealand, PGA golfer (1963 Houston Open)
1937 Peter van der Merwe cricketer (South African captain of mid-1960's)
1938 Johnny Gleeson cricketer (mystery spinner for Australia 1966-72)
1939 Bertrand Blier Paris France, novelist/director (Going Places)
1939 William Benjamin Lenoir Miami FL, astronaut (STS-5)
1940 Eleanor Bron Stanmore Middlesex England, actress (Women in Love, Bedazzled)
1941 Wolfgang Petersen Emden Germany, actor (Shattered, Enemy Mine)
1942 Jerry Jeff Walker Oneonta NY, country singer (Mr Bojangles)
1942 John Whittaker English real estate developer (Peel Holdings)
1942 Rita Tushingham Liverpool England, actress (Green Eyes, Doctor Zhivago)
1943 Jim Pons Santa Monica CA, bassist (Turtles-Happy Together)
1944 Clyde Lee NBAer
1944 Peter Paul Zahl writer
1945 Herman[us J] van Veen Netherlands, cabareter/singer/composer/writer
1945 Michael Martin Murphey Dallas TX, country singer (Wildfire)
1945 Walter Parazaider Chicago IL, rock saxophonist (Chicago-If You Leave Me Now)
1946 Jasper Carrott English comedian (Jane & the Lost City, Detectives)
1946 Steve Kanaly Burbank CA, actor (Fleshburn, Ray Krebbs-Dallas)
1946 Wes Unseld NBA all-star (Baltimore Bullets, MVP 1969)
1947 Billy Crystal Long Beach NY, comedian (Soap, Saturday Night Live, City Slickers)
1947 Jan [AJ] te Veldhuis Dutch MP (VVD)
1947 Janis Schmitt St Louis MO, playmate (February, 1978)
1947 Jimmy O'Rourke rocker
1947 William Jefferson (Representative-Democrat-LA)
1950 Michael Ford son of President Gerald & Betty Ford
1951 Rick Dees radio disc jock (KIIS Los Angeles)
1952 David Byrne guitarist/vocalist (Talking Heads-Burning Down the House)
1952 J Fred Muggs chimp (Today show)
1953 Tim McKee US, 400 meter medley swimmer (Olympics-silver-1972)
1954 Adrian Zmed Chicago IL, actor (TJ Hooker, Dance Fever)
1954 David La Croix race horse trainer
1954 Jann Browne country singer (Mexican Wind)
1955 Boon Gould rock guitarist (Level 42-Hot Water)
1956 Natalya Dmitriyevna Kuleshova Russia, cosmonaut
1956 Tessa Sanderson Kingston Jamaica, British javelin thrower (Olympics-gold-84)
1958 Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre Prince of Monaco/bobsledder (Olympics-1988)
1959 Patrick Dupond Paris France, dancer (La Bayadere)
1960 George Horvath Sweden, pentathlete (Olympics-1980)
1960 Helen Hopkins Donneybrook Australia, golfer (Australian International 1983)
1961 Gary Dell'Abate Uniondale Long Island New York, producer (Howard Stern Show, Private Parts)
1961 Grigoriy Kornev Russian speed walker (world record 5 km)
1961 Russell Todd actor (Jamie Frame-Another World)
1962 Kirby Puckett centerfielder (Minnesota Twins)
1963 Bruce Reid cricketer (brilliant left-arm Australia pace bowler 1985-92)
1963 Pedro Duque Madrid Spain, engineer/astronaut (STS 78 alternate, sk-95)
1964 Donald Evans NFL defensive end/tackle (New York Jets)
1964 Richard Migliore jockey
1965 John Stephenson cricketer (England opening bat in one Test vs Australia 1989)
1965 Kevin Brown Mcintyre GA, pitcher (Florida Marlins)
1966 Darcy Wakaluk Pincher Creek, NHL goalie (Dallas Stars)
1966 Tertius Bosch cricketer (South African pace bowler 1992)
1967 Edward M Fincke Pittsburgh PA, Captain USAF/astronaut
1967 Melissa Brennan Reeves Eatontown NJ, actress (Jennifer-Days of our Lives)
1967 Vijay Yadav cricketer (Indian wicket-keeper between More & Mongia)
1968 Megan Follows actress (Chase, Anne of Green Gables)
1969 Greg Biekert NFL linebacker (Oakland Raiders)
1969 Larry Johnson NBA forward (Charlotte Hornets, New York Knicks)
1969 Laura Leighton actress (Sydney-Melrose Place, The Other Woman)
1969 Ty[rel] Bennion Seattle WA, rower (Olympics-1996)
1970 Meredith Salenger actress (Dream a Little Dream, The Kiss)
1970 Thomas McLemore NFL tight end (Indianapolis Colts)
1971 Ernie Brown CFL defensive tackle (Calgary Stampeders)
1972 Antowain Smith running back (Buffalo Bills)
1972 Aris Brimanis Cleveland OH, NHL defenseman (Philadelphia Flyers)
1972 Clover Maitland Australian field hockey goal keeper (Olympics-96)
1972 Tom Barndt NFL/WLAF guard (Kansas City Chiefs, Scottish Claymores)
1973 Chris Sullivan defensive end (New England Patriots)
1974 Justine Joyce Australian rower (Olympics-96)
1976 Sarah Elizabeth Ulmer Auckland New Zealand, 3k independent pursuit cyclist (Olympics-96)
1982 Kate Maberly actress (Secret Garden)
1983 Jordan Taylor Hanson Tulsa OK, singer-Hanson (MMMBop)
1989 Oliver Bernsen son of Corbin Bernsen & Amanda Pays


Deaths which occurred on March 14th:
0840 Eginhard French nobleman/biographer (Vita Karoli Magni), dies at 69
1272 Re Enzo Italian poet/son of Emp Frederik II von Hohenstaufen, dies
1298 Petrus Johannis Olivi South France theologist, dies
1490 Charles I Duke of Savoy, dies at 21
1559 Jacques d'Auchy Walloon baptist merchant, executed
1573 Claude II of Lotharingen, duke of Aumale/murdered Admiral Coligny, dies
1590 Philip van Egmont General/prince of Gavere, dies in battle at 30
1612 Philip Galle Flemish engraver, dies at about 74
1647 Frederik Hendrik count of Nassau/prince of Orange, dies at 63
1682 Jacob I van Ruysdael physician/landscape painter, dies at about 53
1757 John Byng English Admiral (Minorca), executed at 52
1760 Anton Filtz composer, dies at 26
1768 Vigilio Blasio Faitello composer, dies at 58
1801 Christian Friedrich Penzel composer, dies at 63
1803 Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock German poet, dies at 78
1811 August Henry Fitzroy English premier (1768-70), dies at 75
1861 Abraham Louis Niedermeyer composer, dies at 58
1883 Karl Marx German philosopher (Communist Manifesto), dies at 64
1899 Emile Erckmann French writer (Waterloo), dies at 76
1903 Johannes H Weissenbruch Dutch landscape painter, dies at 88
1925 Walter Camp father of American football, dies at 65
1932 George Eastman US industrialist (Kodak-camera), suicide at 77
1944 Pavel Grigor'yevich composer, dies at 66
1953 Klement Gottwald premier/President of Czechoslovakia, dies at 56
1954 Ludomir Michal Rogowski composer, dies at 72
1958 Eugeen Van de Velde Flemish musicologist/critic/composer, dies at 64
1961 Akiba Rubinstein Polish chess player (opening theorist), dies at 78
1968 Erwin Panofsky German/US art historian/iconologist, dies
1969 Ben Shahn US painter, dies at 70
1973 Murat B "Chic" Young US comic strip artist (Blondie), dies at 72
1975 Susan Hayward actress (Young & Willing), dies at 56
1976 Alberta Franklin silent screen actress, dies at 79
1976 Busby Berkeley US choreographer/director (Strike Up the Band), dies at 80
1976 Martha Saalfeldt writer, dies
1981 Ken Barrington cricketer (82 Tests for England, 6806 runs), dies
1981 René Clair French director (It Happened Tomorrow), dies at 82?
1982 Kirill Vladimirovich Molchanov composer, dies at 59
1983 Maurice Ronet actor (Circle of Love, Frantic, Sphinx), dies at 55
1984 Aurelio Peccei Italian businessman/CEO (Club Rome), dies at 75
1986 Benno Ammann composer, dies at 81
1986 Edith Atwater Chicago IL, actress (Phyllis-Love on a Rooftop), dies at 74
1986 Jozef Kresanek composer, dies at 73
1986 Marlin Perkins TV host (Wild Kingdom) at 80
1989 Edward Abbey (environmental author) dies after surgery at 62
1989 Zita Empress of Austria/Queen of Hungary, dies at 96
1991 Howard Ashman song writer (Under the Sea), dies of AIDs at 40
1991 Jef Houthuys Belgian union leader (ACV, 1968-87), dies at 68
1991 Jerome "Doc" Pomus lyricist (Save Last Dance for Me), dies at 65
1991 Robert Maroff dies at 57
1992 C V Wood Jr theme park developer (Disneyland), dies of cancer at 71
1992 Jean Poiret French actor/writer (La Cage aux Folles), dies at 65
1992 Ralph James actor (Orson-Mork & Mindy), dies at 67
1992 Steven Brian Pennell 1st execution in Delaware in 45 years, at 34
1994 Abdelkader Alloula Algerian playwright, murdered
1994 Sally Mary Caroline Belfrage writer, dies at 57
1995 Gerard Thomas Victory composer, dies at 73
1995 Johan W "Jo" van Marle CEO (KNVB, 1980-93), dies at 70
1995 William A Fowler US nuclear/astro-physicist (Nobel 1983), dies at 83
1996 Dewi Lorwerth Ellis Bebb rugby international/journalist, dies at 57
1996 Nico Kiasashvii professor of English Literature, dies at 69
1996 Vic Marshall chemist, dies at 74
1997 Fred Zinnemann (director) dies of heart attack at 89
1997 John Curtis Jr president/CEO (Luby's Cafe), commits suicide at 58

Golden Link 1/ On this day 14th March

Golden Link 2/ On this day 14th March

Golden Link 3/ On this day 14th March