13th March, on this day

483 St Felix III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
607 12th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
1138 German king Koenraad II von Hohenstaufen crowned
1519 Cortez lands in México
1560 Spanish fleet occupies Djerba, at Tripoli
1564 Cardinal Granvelle flees Brussels
1567 Battle at Oosterweel: Spanish troops destroy Geuzenleger
1569 Battle of Jarnac, Count of Anjou defeats Huguenots
1591 Battle at Tondibi: Moroccans army under Judar beats sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai
1634 Académie Française opens
1639 Cambridge College renamed Harvard for clergyman John Harvard
1656 Jews are denied the right to build a synagogue in New Amsterdam
1677 Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000
1735 1st US Moravian bishop, David Nitschmann, consecrated in Germany
1759 27th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
1781 Sir William Herschel sees "comet" (really discovered Uranus)
1790 John Martin, 1st American-born actor, performs in Philadelphia
1835 Charles Darwin departs Valparaiso for Andes crossing
1852 Uncle Sam cartoon figure made its debut in the New York Lantern weekly
1862 Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers effectively annulling the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 and setting the stage for the Emancipation Proclamation.
1865 US Confederate Congress calls on black slaves for field service
1868 Senate begins President Andrew Johnson impeachment trial
1869 Arkansas legislature passes anti-Klan law
1872 Formation of Scottish Football Association
1878 Oxford defeats Cambridge in their 1st golf match
1881 Assassination of Tsar Alexander II
1884 Siege of Khartoum Sudan begins
1884 US adopts Standard Time
1887 Chester Greenwood of Maine patents earmuffs
1894 First professional striptease at Divan Fayonau Music Hall in Paris
1894 J L Johnstone of England invents horse racing starting gate
1895 Spanish cruiser Reina Regente sinks off Gibraltar, 402 die
1900 In South Africa, British commander Lord Roberts captures the capital of the Orange Free State, Bloemfontein, from the Boers
1904 Bronze statue of Christ on Argentine-Chilian border dedicated
1913 Kansas legislature approves censorship of motion pictures
1918 American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms
1920 Wolfgang Kapp's coup attempt in Berlin fails
1921 Mongolia (formerly Outer Mongolia) declares independence from China
1923 Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures (New York NY)
1924 German Republic day
1925 Tennessee makes it unlawful to teach evolution
1927 The lance ceases to be an official weapon in the British Army
1928 450 die in St Franciso Valley Dam burst (California)
1930 Astronomer Clyde Tombaugh announces the discovery of the planet Pluto
1933 Banks reopen
1933 Josef Göbbels becomes German minister of Information and Propaganda
1935 Driving tests introduced in Great Britain
1938 Anschluß-Austria annexed by Nazi Germany
1940 Finland-Russian cease fire signed, Finland gives up Karelische
1941 A Bougne forms AGRA (Amis du Grand Reich Allemand)
1942 Julia Flikke, Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman colonel in US army
1943 Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight
1943 German forces liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków.
1944 USSR recognizes Italian Badoglio government
1951 2nd Dutch government of Drees forms
1951 Israel demands DM 6.2 billion compensation from Germany
1954 Viet Minh General Giap opens assault on That Bien Phu
1955 Bir BSD Mahendra succeeds Tribhubana as king of Nepal
1957 Bloody battles after anti-Batista demonstration in Havana, Cuba
1958 Govt troops land in Sumatra Indonesia
1961 Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes president of US Communist Party
1961 JFK sets up the Alliance for Progress
1961 Landslide in USSR, kills 145
1961 Pablo Picasso (79) marries his model Jacqueline Rocque (37)
1962 Yugoslavia grants 1,000 prisoners amnesty
1963 2 Russian reconnaissance flights over Alaska
1964 Turkey threatens Cyprus with armed attack
1965 Beatles' "Eight Days a Week" single goes number 1 and stays for 2 weeks
1965 Jeff Beck replaces Eric Clapton of the Yardbirds
1967 Congo sentences ex-premier Moïse Tsjombe to death
1968 Beatles release "Lady Madonna" in the UK
1969 Apollo 9 returns to Earth
1970 Digital Equipment Corp introduces PDP-11 minicomputer
1970 San Francisco city employees begin 4-day strike
1973 Syria adopts constitution
1974 Charles de Gaulle Airport opens near Paris France
1978 South Moluccan gunmen seize 70 hostages in a Dutch Government building
1979 European Monetary System is established, ECU created
1979 Gairy dictatorship in Grenada overthrown by New Jewel Movement
1980 Ford Motor Co found innocent in death of 3 women in a fiery Pinto
1981 Attempt on Pope John Paul II by Mehemet Ali Agca
1985 Funeral services held for Konstantin Chernenko (Moscow)
1986 Microsoft has its Initial public offering.
1986 Soyuz T-15 carries 2 cosmonauts to Soviet space station Mir
1986 Space probe Giotto encounters Halley's Comet
1987 John Gotti is acquitted of racketeering
1989 A geomagnetic storm caused the collapse of the Hydro-Québec power grid. Six million people were left without power for nine hours.
1989 FDA orders recall of all Chilean fruit in US
1989 US space shuttle STS-29 launched
1990 Nicholoas Braithwaite elected premier of Grenada
1991 Exxon pays $1-billion dollars in fines and cleanup of Valdez oil spill (Prince William Sound, Alaska)
1992 570 die in a Turkish earthquake
1992 Martina Navratilova and Judy Nelson settle their galamony suit
1993 Blizzard of '93 hits north-east US
1994 33.3% of Austria votes for ultra-right FPÖ
1994 Cuba Gooding Jr (26) weds Sara Kapfer (26)
1994 Oil tank/airship crash at Bosporus (huge fire/15+ killed)
1994 President Mangope of Bophuthaswana deposed
1995 Anti-fascist Kazakhstan anti-parliament forms
1995 Hungarian Forint devalued 9%
1995 Istanbul police shoot dead 16 Alawitische demonstrators
1996 Lone gunman Thomas Hamilton shoots dead 16 children and their teacher at Dunblane Primary School in Scotland before turning the gun on himself
1997 India's Missionaries of Charity chooses Sister Nirmala to succeed Mother Teresa as its leader.
1997 The Phoenix lights were seen over Phoenix, Arizona, & were seen by hundreds of people, and millions on television. And are now, hotly debated in controversy.
2003 Human evolution: The journal Nature reports that 350,000-year-old upright-walking human footprints have been found in Italy.
2005 Terry Ratzmann shoots and kills six members of the Living Church of God and the minister at Sheraton Inn in Brookfield, Wisconsin before killing himself.
2007 The Bank of England launched a new £20 note, featuring the Scottish economist Adam Smith. It was the first note in the new Series F banknotes

13th March 2006

Milosevic 'took the wrong drugs'

Work commences on 9/11 memorial

Europe's skills fall behind Asia

13th March 2007

Tsvangirai in Zimbabwe hospital

Britons seized in Ethiopia freed

Iran condemns Hollywood epic

13th March 2008

Blast on Ethiopia-Eritrea border

Kenyans ill in 'toxic waste' leak

Kidnapped Iraqi archbishop dead

13th March 2009

US drops 'enemy combatant' term

Switzerland eases banking secrecy

Drone 'kills 24 Pakistan Taleban'

13th March 2010

30 killed in Afghan bomb blasts

Suicide bomber in rickshaw hits checkpoint

Bloodshed blights Acapulco resort

Birthdates which occurred on 13th March :

1548 Sasbout Vosmeer Dutch Catholic theologist/apostole
1599 Johannes Berchmans Dutch Jesuit/saint
1615 Innocent XII [Antonio Pignatelli] Pope (1691-1700)
1696 Louis F A D Duke de Richelieu French marshal
1700 James Kent composer
1700 Michel Blavet composer
1712 Isfrid Kayser composer
1733 Joseph Priestly England, clergyman/scientist (discovered oxygen)
1741 Jozef II arch duke of Austria/Roman Catholic German emperor (1765-90)
1744 David Allan Scottish painter
1746 Maurus Haberhauer composer
1752 Josef Reicha composer
1764 Charles Earl Grey (Whig), British Prime Minister (1830-34)
1767 Heinrich Domnich composer
1768 Charles Louis WJ van Keverberg Dutch civil servant
1770 Daniel Lambert England, giant (weighed 739 lbs (334 kg) at death)
1779 Oliver Shaw composer
1781 Karl F Schinkel German architect/painter/writer (Schloss Tegel)
1798 Abigail Powers Fillmore 1st lady-Millard Fillmore (1850-53)
1818 Albion Parris Howe Brevet Major General (Union Army), died in 1897
1820 Louis Herbert Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
1822 Moritz Grave von Strachwitz German poet
1832 Alberto Randegger composer
1850 Emilio Serrano y Ruiz composer
1855 Percival "Percy" Lowell US astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto)
1858 Maximilien Luce French painter
1859 Ivo Bligh cricketer [Lord Darnley] England captain vs Australia 1882-83
1860 Hugo Filipp Jakob Wolf Windisch-Gräz Austria, composer
1862 Vasily Mikhaylovich Metallov composer
1872 Oswald Garrison Villard American journalist
1875 Maria E G "Lizzy" Ansingh Dutch painter (Caught Sultane)
1881 Balthazar H Verhagen Netherlands/South African dramatist/writer
1883 Enrico Toselli composer
1884 Emanuel Stickelberger Swiss writer (Bluthochzeit)
1884 Oskar Loerke German writer (Longest Day-1926)
1884 Sir Hugh S Walpole New Zealand, novelist/critic/dramatist (Jeremy, Maradick at 40)
1886 Henri D Gagnebin Swiss organist
1886 John "Home Run" Baker hall of famer (hit 2 homeruns in 1911 world series)
1887 Carlos Isamitt composer
1890 Frank Thieß writer
1890 Michael Taube composer
1892 Alec Rowley composer
1892 Janet Flanner journalist (New Yorker)
1896 Dorothy Aldis writer
1897 Marcel Thiry Belgian poet (Statue of Fatigue)
1897 William Herald Australia, swimmer (Olympics-1920)
1898 Josie Sedgwick Texas, actress (Son of Oklahoma)
1899 Pancho Vladigerov composer
1901 Paul Fix Dobbs Ferry NY, actor (Rifleman)
1904 Henry Iliffe Cozens pilot
1907 Albert Hughes Williams teacher/historian
1907 Dona Maria Pia de Braganca pretender to the Portuguese throne
1907 Frank Wilcox DeSoto MO, actor (John-Beverly Hillbillies)
1907 Oscar Brink latinist
1908 Helen Sinclair Glatz musician
1908 Paul Stewart New York NY, actor (Top Secret USA, Deadline)
1908 Walter Annenberg Milwaukee WI, publisher (Triangle-TV Guide)
1909 Gilbert Inglefield Mayor of London (1967-68)
1910 Sammy Kaye Lakewood OH, orchestra leader (Sammy Kaye Show)
1911 Jose Ardevol composer
1911 L[aFayette] Ron Hubbard sci-fi writer/Scientologist (Dianetics)
1912 Ernst Hess composer
1912 Igor Youskevitch dancer
1912 James Friell political cartoonist
1913 Tessie O'Shea Cardiff Wales, actress (Entertainers)
1913 William J Casey headed CIA during Iran-contra scandal (1981-87)
1914 Carl-Olof Anderberg composer
1916 (Corinne) Lindy (Claiborne) Boggs (Representative-Democrat-LA, 1973- )
1917 Ina Ray Hutton Chicago IL, orchestra leader (Ina Ray Hutton Show)
1917 Maria Vlamynck Flemish author
1918 Faye Glenn Abdellan US government official (health services)
1918 George McAfee NFL halfback (Chicago Bears)
1920 Frans van der Elst Flemish attorney/MP (Volksunie)
1921 Allan Jaffee comic strip cartoonist/illustrator (MAD Magazine)
1921 Cyril Poole cricketer (England batsman against India 1951-52)
1922 Brun Smith cricketer (New Zealand right-handed batsman of late 1940's)
1922 Jim Rodger sports writer
1925 Anthony Milner composer
1925 Bertha Tickey Dinuba CA, softball pitcher (Hall of Fame 1973)
1925 Roy Haynes US jazz drummer (Trio Music with Chick Corea)
1926 Frederick Hemming McClintock criminologist
1926 Raúl Alfonsín Argentine President (1983-89)
1927 Charles Sickman Corsen Dutch Antillean poet
1929 J D Slater writer
1929 Peter Breck Rochester NY, actor (Black Saddle, Big Valley, Benji)
1929 Walter Medio race horse trainer
1929 Will Eisma composer
1930 Doug Harvey hockey star (3 time James Norris winner)
1930 Liz Anderson C & W singer
1931 Marc Dessauvage Flemish architect
1931 Rosalind Elias Lowell MA, mezzo-soprano (Grimgerde-Die Walkuere)
1931 Wolfgang Kohlhaase Berlin, actor/director/writer (Solo Sunday)
1933 Frank H Murkowski (Senator-Republican-AK, 1981- )
1933 Mike Stoller composer (Lieber & Stoller-Hound Dog, Charlie Brown)
1935 Don Nute Connellsville PA (Denver University), actor
1936 Clarence Nash animation voice (Donald Duck)
1937 Fofo I F Sunia (Representative-Democrat-American Samoa, 1981- )
1938 Hans-Joachim Hespos composer
1938 Jean-Claude Risset composer
1938 Joseph Bellino footballer (1960 Heisman Trophy)
1938 Patricia W Amicone educator/midwife
1939 Neil Sedaka Brooklyn NY, singer/songwriter (Breaking Up is Hard to Do)
1943 Andre Techine director/writer (Scene of the Crime, Rendez-Vous)
1943 Stephen Vincent Benet writer
1947 Lesley Collier British ballet dancer
1947 Tomas Hinojosa jockey
1950 Bernard Julien cricketer (West Indies left-arm pace all-rounder mid-70's)
1950 Danny Kirwan London, rock guitarist (Fleetwood Mac)
1950 Joe Bugner Hungarian/British/Australian boxer (European Champion 1971)
1950 Robert S Woods Maywood CA, actor (Bo-One Life to Live, Deadly Love)
1950 Steve Hill country vocalist (A Winning Hand)
1950 William H Macy Miami FL, actor (Homicide, Water Engine)
1951 Fred Berry St Louis MO, actor (Rerun-What's Happening)
1952 Wolfgang Hihm composer
1953 Andy Bean Lafayette GA, PGA golfer (Western 1978, Kemper 1978)
1953 Deborah Raffin Los Angeles CA, actress (Ransom, Demon, 40 Carats)
1954 Robin Duke Toronto Canada, comedienne (Saturday Night Live, SCTV, Club Paradise)
1955 Glenne Headly New London CT, actress (Dick Tracy, Making Mr Right)
1955 Olga Rukavishnikova USSR, pentathlete (Olympics-silver-1980)
1955 Patricia J Engfer general manager (Hyatt Regency-Orlando)
1956 Dana Delany New York NY, actress (Colleen McMurphy-China Beach, Exit to Eden)
1958 Debi Nicolle Johnson Torrance CA, playmate (October, 1984)
1958 Rick A Lazio (Representative-Republican-NY)
1959 Dirk Wellham cricketer (century on New South Wales debut & Australian debut)
1959 Ronnie Rogers guitarist (T'Pau-Heart & Soul)
1960 Adam Clayton Oxfordshire, rock bassist (U2-I Will Follow)
1961 Cor Lems soccer player (ADO The Hague/Dordrecht '90)
1962 Liane Tooth Sydney New South Wales Australia, field hockey forward (Olympics-96)
1963 Mariano Duncan S P de Macoris Dominican Republic, infielder (New York Yankees)
1963 Vance Johnson NFL wide receiver (Denver Broncos)
1964 Will Clark New Orleans LA, infielder (Texas Rangers)
1966 Akira Nogami wrestler (NJPW)
1966 Tine Scheuer-Larsen Denmark, tennis star
1967 Colleen Rosensteel South Greensburg PA, heavyweight judoka (Olympics-96)
1967 Satu Huotari ice hockey defenseman (Finland, Olympics-98)
1968 Christopher Collett New York NY, actor (Manhattan Project)
1969 Chris Zorich NFL defensive tackle (Chicago Bears)
1969 Kevin Kaminski Churchbridge Saskatchewan, NHL center (Washington Capitals)
1971 Curtis Conway NFL wide receiver/kick returner (Chicago Bears)
1971 Li Chen Changsha China, tennis star (1995 Futures-Austin TX)
1971 Paul Henderson Australian 100 meter/200 meter (Olympics-96)
1971 Ralf Kleinmann WLAF kicker/punter (Frankfurt Galaxy)
1971 Robert Samuels cricketer (West Indies Test opening batsman vs New Zealand 1996)
1971 Ryan Hayden Indianapolis IN, 400 meter hurdler
1971 Tony Vinson NFL running back (Atlanta Falcons, Lon Monarchs, Baltimore Ravens)
1971 Tracy Wells actress (Heather-Mr Belvedere)
1972 Avrom Smith WLAF RB (London Monarchs)
1972 Brian Saxton NFL tight end (New York Giants)
1972 Rickey Brady NFL tight end (New Orleans Saints)
1972 Ryan McCoy WLAF LB (London Monarchs)
1972 Shea Olliff Augusta GA, Miss Georgia-America (1996)
1972 Trent Dilfer NFL quarterback (Tampa Bay Buccaneers)
1973 Ann Coale Miss Maryland-USA (1997)
1973 Bobby Jackson NBA guard (Denver Nuggets)
1973 Dan Wilkinson NFL defensive tackle (Cincinnati Bengals)
1973 Edgar Davids Dutch soccer player (Ajax, AC Milan)
1973 Trezelle Jenkins NFL tackle (Kansas City Chiefs)
1974 André Batista Santos "Vampeta" (Brazilian) soccer player (PSV)
1974 Corinna Broiz Garberville CO, lightweight judoka (Olympics-96)
1974 Thomas Enqvist Stockholm Sweden, tennis star (1991 Wimbledon junior boys)
1975 Landon Wilson St Louis, NHL right wing (Colorado Avalanche)


Deaths which occurred on March 13th:
1202 Mieszko III the Elder, grand duke of Poland (1173-77, 1200-02), dies
1516 Vladislav II Jagiello king of Bohemia (1490-1516), dies at 60
1558 Jean Fernel French physician/physiologist, dies
1569 Louis Condé French prince/co-leader of Hugenot, dies in battle
1573 Michel de l'Hôpital chancellor of France (1560-68), dies at about 65
1619 Richard Burbage English actor (Shakespeare), dies
1716 Georg Gabriel Schutz composer, dies at 46
1756 Johann Melchior Conradi composer, dies at 81
1817 Matej Sojka composer, dies at 77
1837 Nikita P Panin Russian diplomat/minister of Foreign affairs, dies at 66
1839 Robert Gallenberg composer, dies at 55
1879 Adolf Anderssen German world champion chess (1851..66), dies at 60
1881 Alexander II Tsar of Russia, assassinated at 62
1890 Henry Wylde composer, dies at 67
1901 Benjamin Harrison 23rd President (1889-1893), dies in Indianapolis at 67
1903 Nicolas Beets [Hildebrand] Dutch writer (Camera Obscura), dies at 88
1906 Susan B[rownell] Anthony American suffragist, dies at 85
1911 Jacob M van Bemmelen Dutch physicist/chemist, dies at 80
1915 Sergei J Witte Dutch count/premier of Russia, dies at 65
1918 Karel Stecker composer, dies at 57
1918 William Courtleigh actor (Susie Snowflake), dies at 26
1930 Mary E W Freeman US writer (Pembroke), dies at 77
1934 Fritz Cortolezis composer, dies at 56
1938 Clarence S Darrow Scopes Monkey Trial attorney, dies in Chicago at 80
1941 A Coenradi Dutch resistance fighter, executed
1941 Bernard Ijzerdraat Dutch resistance fighter, executed
1941 E Hellendoorn Dutch resistance fighter, executed
1941 Isaak E Babel Russian writer (Zakat, Marija), executed at 46
1941 J Eyl Dutch resistance fighter, executed
1945 Herbert Bedford composer, dies at 78
1946 Abraham Bredius Dutch art historian (Rembrandt), dies at 90
1946 Thomas Frederick Dunhill composer, dies at 69
1946 Werner von Blomberg German minister of Reichswehr, dies at 67
1951 Alfred Hugenberg German Roman Catholic president-director of Krupp/media magnate, dies
1951 James I Wedgwood British theosophist/Catholic bishop, dies at 67
1955 Maharajadhiraja Tribhuvana Bir Bikram Yung Bahadur Shum Shere dies
1955 Yung Deva king of Nepal (191.-55), dies at about 48
1957 Lena Ashwell English actress/theatrical manager (Kingsway), dies at 84
1964 Kitty Genovese stabbed to death in Queens; 40 neighbors looked on
1965 George Calinescu Romanian author (Lauda Lucrorilor), dies at 65
1967 Frank Worrell West Indian cricketer, dies
1969 Felix Locher actor (Frankenstein's Daughter), dies at 86
1970 Rick Besoyan composer, dies at 45
1971 Piero Coppola composer, dies at 82
1971 Rockwell Kens US artist/painter/illustrator, dies at 88
1973 Stacy Harris actor (Door With No Name, Appointment with Danger), dies at 54
1974 Howard St John actor (Investigator, Dr Lewis-Hank), dies at 68
1974 Janos Prohaska actor (Andy Williams Show), dies at 52
1975 Ali Sastroamidjojo Indonesian attorney/minister/premier, dies at 71
1975 Ivo Andric Yugoslavian author (Nemiri-Nobel 1961), dies at 82
1975 Jean Del Val actor (Sainted Devil, Flying Deuces), dies at 83
1975 Ruth Schaumann German author/painter/sculptor, dies at 75
1976 Willy Alfredo [Willem Jue], Dutch comedian/poet, dies at 77
1977 Fanie Lou Hamer freedom fighter, dies
1977 Jan Patocka Czechoslovakian philosopher, dies in prison
1978 David McKinley Williams composer, dies at 91
1978 Ghulam Mustafa Guard cricketer (3 wickets in 2 Tests for India), dies
1980 Tauno Kullerve Pylkkanen composer, dies at 61
1982 Albert Weisser composer, dies at 64
1982 Wilfred Hawker Suriname Sergeant-Major, executed
1983 Louison Bobet French cyclist (Tour de France 1953-55), dies at 58
1983 Paul R Citroen Dutch sculptor, dies at 86
1984 Dick Whitington journalist/cricketer (South Australia & AIF bat), dies
1986 Alvaro Fayad Delgado Colombian guerilla leader (M-19), dies
1987 Bernhard Grzimek West German zoologist, dies at 77
1987 Finn Videro composer, dies at 80
1987 Gerald Moore England, pianist (Am I Too Loud), dies at 87
1988 Olive Carey actress (Affairs With a Stranger), dies at 92
1990 Bruno Bettelhelm Austrian/US psychoanalyst, commits suicide at 86
1991 Cor Witschge [Pipo the Clown], Dutch actor (Alicia), dies at 65
1991 Jimmy McPartland US, jazz cornetist, dies
1992 Clarence Wright singer, dies at 84
1992 Hans Redeker Dutch art critic (Algemeen Handelsblad), dies
1993 Ralph Smith Fults US gangster (Bonnie & Clyde gang), dies at 82
1994 Danny Barker US banjo player/guitarist (Bourbon St Black), dies at 85
1994 Edward James "Murt" O'Donoghue snooker player
1994 Sandra Paretti romantic novelist, dies at 59
1995 Abdul Ali Mazari Afghan shite leader, shot to death
1995 John Silverlight journalist, dies at 75
1995 Leo Kaplan lawyer (ASCAP), dies at 89
1995 Leon Day pitcher (Negro Leagues), dies of heart failure at 78
1995 Lorraine Macleod dancer (Girls Just Want to Have Fun), dies at 65
1995 P C J van Lierde Dutch vicar-general of Vatican (1951-91), dies at 87
1996 Brian Hulls television news cameraman, dies at 48
1996 Krzysztof Kieslowski film director, dies of heart attack at 54
1996 Lucio Fulci filem director, dies at 68
1996 Lucy Faithfull children's campaigner, dies at 85

Golden Link 1/ On this day 13th March

Golden Link 2/ On this day 13th March

Golden Link 3/ On this day 13th March