June, on this day
767 St Paul I ends
his reign as Catholic Pope
1098 Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha
Council of Lyons (13th ecumenical council) opens
1389 Ottoman and Serbian armies fight the bloody Battle
of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern
Europe (see Vidovdan).
V elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1635 French colony of Guadeloupe established in the Caribbean
of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians, the biggest battle
in the 17th century, starts.
1682 Champagne is invented by Dom Perignon - a blind Benedictine cellerman
at Hautevilliers Abbey
1709 Peter the Great defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle
1770 Quakers open a school for blacks in Philadelphia
1776 Charleston, SC repulses British sea attack
Hickey, Continental Army private and bodyguard to General George
Washington, was hanged for mutiny and sedition.
of Monmouth fought between the American Continental Army under
George Washington and the British Army led by Sir Henry Clinton.
1778 Mary Ludwig Hayes "Molly
Pitcher" aids American patriots
1807 Second British invasion; John
Whitelock lands at Ensenada on an attempt to recapture Buenos
Aires and is defeated by the fierce resistance of the locals.
1820 Tomato is proven nonpoisonous
1838 Queen Victoria is crowned Queen of England at Westminster Abbey
in London at the age
1841 The Théâtre
de l'Académie Royale de Musique in Paris premieres the
1859 1st dog show held (Newcastle-on-Tyne, England)
1861 Leipzig Observatory discovers short-period (6.2 yrs) Comet
1862 Day 4 of the 7 Days-Battle of Savage's Station
1865 The Army
of the Potomac is disbanded
Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan.
1881 Secret treaty between Austria and Serbia.
1886 First scheduled Canadian transcontinental passenger train departs
from Montreal, Quebec for Port Moody, British Columbia.
1894 Labor Day established as a federal employees holiday
1902 US Congress passes the Isthmian Canal Act which authorises the
President to buy the rights of the French Panama Company and to acquire
from Colombia perpetual control of the canal zone
1904 The SS
Norge Runs aground and sinks
1905 Unrest spreads through the Russian Navy following a mutiny by
sailors on board the Russian battleship Potemkin
1909 1st French air show, Concours d'Avation opens
1914 Assassination of the heir to the throne of Austria, Archduke
Ferdinand and his wife, Sophia, in Sarajevo by a Serbian Nationalist,Gavrilo
Princip. This incident precipitated a war with Serbia, eventually
1919 Germany and the Allies sign the Peace Treaty
of Versailles - officially ending the First World War
1919 Harry S Truman married Elizabeth
Virginia Wallace in Independence
1919 Treaty of Versailles ending WW I signed
1922 The Irish
Civil War begins with the shelling of the Four Courts in Dublin
by Free State forces.
1924 Tornado strikes Sandusky Ohio and Lorain Ohio, killing 93
1928 Friedrich Schmiedl attempted rocket mail in Austria (unsucessful)
1930 English engineer Frank
Whittle patents the jet engine
1935 The first 'Rupert
Bear' cartoon appears in the Daily Express newspaper - drawn by
Albert Bestall who had taken over from the character's creator, Mary
1936 The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern
1939 Pan Am opens southern route transatlantic air service (Dixie
1940 Romania cedes Bessarabia to Soviet Union
1945 Polish Provisional Govt of National Unity set up by Soviets
Enrico de Nicola becomes 1st president of Italy
1950 North Korean forces capture Seoul, South Korea
1950 The United States football team, mostly containing part-timers,
causes a World Cup upset by beating England 1-0 during the World Cup
group matches in Brazil
'n' Andy" premiers on CBS TV
1956 1st atomic reactor built for private research operates Chicago
break out in Poznan, Poland, 38 die
1956 The hit musical film The
King and I starring Yul Brynner goes on general release throughout
the Unites States of America
1964 Organization for Afo-American Unity forms in NY by Malcolm
1965 1st US ground combat forces in Vietnam authorized by President
1967 Israel annexes East Jerusalem.
1967 George Harrison is fined for speeding
1968 Daniel Ellsberg indicted for leaking Pentagon
riots begin in New York City.
1971 Supreme Court overturns draft evasion conviction of Muhammad
1973 Elections are held for the Northern Ireland Assembly, which will
lead to power-sharing between unionists and nationalists in Northern
Ireland for the first time.
1974 Fall of earth and rocks kill 200. (Quebrada Blanca Canyon, Columbia)
1974 Wings release "Band
on the Run" and "Zoo Gang" in UK
1975 David Bowie releases "Fame"
1975 Golfer Lee
Trevino is struck by lightning at Western Open (Ill)
1976 The Angolan court sentenced US and UK mercenaries to death sentences
and prison terms in the Luanda
1978 UNICEF chooses rock group Kansas as ambassadors of goodwill
man claiming reverse discrimination when application was rejected
Supreme Court orders Cal medical school to admit Allan Bakke a white
1982 Prince Charles and Lady Di name their baby "William"
1983 The Mianus
River Bridge collapses over the Mianus River in Connecticut, killing
3 drivers in their vehicles.
1986 British group Wham play their farewell concert at Wembley Stadium
1988 The worst confined-space industrial accident in U.S. history
occurs at a metal-plating plant in Auburn, Indiana, killing five.
1988 Mike Tyson sues to break contract with manager Bill
1990 In Britain, Prince Charles breaks his right arm after falling
from his pony during a game of polo
Software International Ltd. found guilty by a U.S. court of copyright
violation for copying the appearance and menu system of Lotus 1-2-3
in its competing spreadsheet program.
1992 The Constitution of Estonia is signed into law.
1994 Members of the Aum
Shinrikyo cult release sarin gas attack at Matsumoto, Japan, 7
persons killed, 660 injured.
1996 The Constitution
of Ukraine is signed into law.
1997 Mike Tyson vs Evander
Holyfield II - Tyson is disqualified in the 3rd round for biting
a piece from Holyfield's ear.
2000 Cuban exile
Elián González returns to Cuba following a Supreme
2001 U.S. Appeals Court overturns a lower court's order to break up
Microsoft in an antitrust case.
2004 Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by
the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the U.S.-led rule of that
2004 Estonia, Lithuania and Slovenia join the European
Exchange Rate Mechanism .
2005 A final design for Manhattan's Freedom
Tower is formally unveiled.
2006 The Republic of Montenegro was admitted as the 192nd Member of
the United Nations by General Assembly resolution 60/264.
occurred on 28th June :
1490 Albert Margrave
of Brandenburg, cardinal (attacked by Luther)
1491 Henry VIII of England (1509-47), Don't lose your head over him
1577 Peter Paul Rubens Siegen, Flemish Baroque painter (Circumcision)
1712 Jean Jacques Rousseau France, social contractor (Confessions)
1787 Sir Henry G W Smith leader of British-Indian forces
1824 Paul Broca France, brain surgeon/anthro (located speech center)
1831 Joseph Joachim Kittsee Germany, violinist (Hungarian Concerto)
1867 Luigi Pirandello Italy, writer (6 Characters-Nobel 1934)
1873 Alexis Carrel France, surgeon/sociologist/biologist (Nobel 1912)
1894 Lois Wilson Pitts Pa, actress (Alice-Aldrich Family)
19-- Don Dubbins Brooklyn, actor (Enchanted Island, The Fix)
19-- Maxine Stuart Deal NJ, actress (Executive Suite, Doctors' Hospital)
19-- Terry Ilous rocker (XYZ-Inside Out, Nice Day to Die)
1902 Pierre Brunet France, figure skater pair (Olympic-gold-1928,
1902 Richard Rodgers Hammels Station NY, composer (Rodgers & Hammerstein)
1903 Alan Bunce Westfield NJ, actor (Albert-Ethel & Albert)
1906 Maria Goeppert Mayer US atomic physicist (Nobel 1963)
1909 Eric Ambler suspense author (Epitaph for a Spy)
1926 Mel Brooks comedian/actor/director (Blazing Saddles, Spaceballs)
1942 Sjoukje Dijkstra Holland, figure skater (Olympic-gold-1964)
1945 David Knights bassist (Pocol Harum)
1946 Bruce Davison actor (Willard, High Risk)
1946 Gilda Radner Detroit, comedienne (SNL-Baba Wawa)
1946 John "Mike" Lounge Denver Colo, astr (STS 51-I, STS
26, STS 35)
1947 Patrick Kincaid who wrote the TODAY program; send him a card
1949 Don Baylor Texas, baseball player (1979 AL RBI leader)
1954 Ava Barber Knoxville Tn, country singer (Lawrence Welk Show)
1955 Nikolai Simyatov USSR, nordic skier (Olympic-3 golds-1976)
1958 Sergei Shakrai USSR, champion figure skater
1960 John Elway NFL QB (Denver Broncos)
1961 Jay Schroeder NFL quarterback (Wash Redskins, LA Raiders)
1961 Jeff Malone NBA guard (Washington Bullets)
1963 Andy Cousin rocker (All About Eve-All About Scarlet & Other
1966 John Cusack actor (Stand By Me, Sure Thing, Better Off Dead)
1966 Mary Stuart Masterson Houston Tx, actress (Some Kind of Wonderful)
1969 Danielle Brisebois Bkln NY, actress (Archie's Place, Big Bad
1969 Tichina Arnold NYC, actress (Ryan's Hope, Sharla-All My Children)
1970 Jack Stephen Burton actor (Chris-Out of this World, Days of Our
1971 Aileen Quinn actress (Annie)
Deaths which occurred
on June 28th:
1776 Thomas Hickey American sergeant convicted of treason, hanged
1836 James Madison 4th US pres, dies in Montpelier, Va
1889 Maria Mitchell 1st US woman astronomer, dies at 71
1909 Israel Durham Phillies president dies
1914 Archduke Ferdinand & wife Sofia of Austria assassinated (starts
1954 Red deer dies in Milwaukee Zoo at 26; oldest known deer
1962 Mickey Cochrane baseball hall of fame catcher, dies at 59
1963 Frank "Home Run" Baker (hit 2 HRs in 1911 world series)
dies at 77
1964 King Calder actor (Lt Grey-Martin Kane Private Eye), dies at
1971 Joseph Colombo mobster, shot dead at 48
1974 Frank Sutton actor (Sgt Carter-Gomer Pyle USMC), dies at 55
1975 Rod Serling writer/host (Twilight Zone, Night Gallery), dies
1980 Herbie Faye comedian (Doc, Phil Silvers Show), dies at 81
1985 James Craig actor, dies of lung cancer at 74