19th June, on this day

240 BC - Eratosthenes estimates circumference of Earth
1269 King Louis IX of France orders all Jews found in public without an identifying yellow badge to be fined ten livres of silver.
1306 The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven.
1586 English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island, NC
1754 Albany Congress held by 7 British colonies and Iroquois indians
1770 Emanuel Swedenborg reports the completion of the Second Coming of Christ in his work True Christian Religion
1778 Washington's troops finally leave Valley Forge
1807 Admiral Dmitry Senyavin destroys the Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Athos.
1816 Battle of Seven Oaks between North West Company and Hudson's Bay Company, near Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
1820 Conductor Ludwig Spohr becomes the first musician to use a baton to conduct an orchestra during a performance in England
1821 Decisive defeat of the Philikí Etaireía by the Ottomans at Dragasani (in Wallachia).
1829 Founding of the Metropolitan Police Force in London by British Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel
1835 New Orleans gives US govt Jackson Square to be used as a mint
1846 In America, the first official game of baseball is played at Hoboken, New Jersey
1850 Louise of the Netherlands marries Crown Prince Karl of Sweden-Norway.
1862 U.S. Congress prohibits slavery in United States territories, nullifying the Dred Scott Case.
1864 CSS "Alabama" sunk by USS "Kearsarge" off Cherbourg, France
1865 All slaves in Texas freed. The anniversary is still officially celebrated in Texas and 13 other contiguous states as Juneteenth.
1867 Maximilian I of the Mexican Empire is executed by a firing squad in Querétaro, Querétaro.
1870 After all of the Southern States are formally readmitted to the United States of America, the Confederate States of America ceases to exist.
1885 In America, the Statue of Liberty, a gift from France, arrives in New York
1910 In Germany, the launch of the first Zeppelin (airship) airliner. It crashes a week later
1910 Father's Day celebrated for 1st time (Spokane, Wash)
1917 After WW I King George V ordered members of British royal family to
dispense with German titles and surnames, they take the name Windsor
1931 1st photoelectric cell installed commercially West Haven Ct
1932 Hailstones kill 200 in Hunan Province, China PR
1938 "Olympian Flyer" express train crashes in Montana, killing 47
1940 "Brenda Starr," 1st cartoon strip by a woman, appears in Chicago
1943 Race riots occur in Beaumont, Texas.
1944 World War II: Battle of the Philippines Sea between US and Japanese fleets near the island of Saipan
1946 1st TV sports spectacular-Joe Louis vs Billy Conn
1947 1st plane (F-80) to exceed 600 mph (1004 kph)-Albert Boyd, Muroc Ca
1953 In New York, the execution in the electric chair of Ethel and Julius Rosenburg - found guilty of spying for the Russians
1961 Kuwait regains complete independence from Britain
1963 2 Russian space missions return to Earth
1963 Valentina Tereshkova 1st woman in space returns to Earth
1964 In America, the House of Representatives passes the Civil Rights Bill. It's passed by the US Senate on July 2
1967 Monterey Pop Festival in America - featuring Jimi Hendrix; Otis Redding; Janis Joplin and The Who
1967 Muhammad Ali is convicted for reusing induction in US Army
1967 Paul McCartney admits on TV that he took LSD
1968 50,000 participate in Solidarity Day March of Poor People's Campaign
1969 State troopers ordered to Cairo Ill, to quell racial disturbances
1970 In Britain, the Conservative Party wins the general election - Edward Heath becomes Prime Minister following the defeat of Labour leader Harold Wilson
1970 A Nikolayev and V Sevastyanov return after 18 days in Soyuz 9
1971 Mayor declares state of emergency in Columbus Ga, racial disturbance
1976 US Viking 1 goes into Martian orbit after 10-month flight from Earth
1977 Pope Paul VI makes 19th-cen bishop John Neumann 1st US male saint
1981 Boeing commercial Chinook 2-rotor helicopter is certified
1981 European Space Agency's Ariane carries 2 satellites into orbit
1981 Heaviest known orange (2.5 kg) exhibited, Nelspruit, S Africa
1981 India's APPLE satellite, 1st to be stabilized on 3 axes, launched
1987 ETA commits one of its most violent attacks, in which a bomb is set off in a supermarket, Hipercor, killing 21 and injuring 45.
1987 Geffen records sign their 1st artist (Donna Summer)
1987 Ben and Jerry Ice Cream and Grateful Dead's Jerry Garcia announce
new Ice Cream flavor, Cherry Garcia
1988 Danny Spitz, heavy metal artist (Anthrax), weds Valerie
1988 In Santa Barbara, CA, a team of 32 divers finish cycling underwater on a standard tricycle, to complete 116.66 mi in 75 hrs 20 mins
1991 2 of Mia Farrow's daughters arrested for shoplifting lingerie
1997 In Britain, William Hague becomes the youngest leader of the Conservative Party for 200 years - beating Kenneth Clarke in the election following the resignation of former Prime Minister John Major who lost the general election on May 1st, 1997
1999 Britain's Prince Edward, fourth child of Queen Elizabeth II, marries Sophie Rhys-Jones at Windsor Castle. The couple become the Duke and Duchess of Wessex
2006 Prime ministers of several northern European nations participate in a ceremonial "laying of the first stone" at the Svalbard Global Seed Vault in Spitsbergen, Norway.

19th June 2006

Italian bid to indict US soldier

Japan gains key whaling victory

Work begins on Arctic seed vault

19th June 2007

Baghdad truck bomb kills dozens

US, Israel vow to support Abbas

Taleban capture Afghan district

19th June 2008

Africa turns up heat on Zimbabwe

FBI holds 406 for mortgage fraud

Fragile ceasefire holds in Gaza

19th June 2009

Ayatollah demands end to protests

World hunger 'hits one billion'

Stanford charged with fraud in US

19th June 2010

Gunmen attack Yemen HQ

10 Turkish soldiers killed in 'PKK raid'

Scores die in China flash floods

Birthdates which occurred on 19th June :

1556 James VI of Scotland (1567-1625)/James I of England (1603-25)
1623 Blaise Pascal mathematician/physicist/religious writer
1764 Jos‚ Gervasio Artigas general/father of Uruguay
1764 Sir John Barrow England, founded Royal Geographical Society
1783 Thomas Sully US portrait painter (Queen Victoria)
1856 Elbert Hubbard US, editor/publisher/author (Message to Garcia)
1865 Dame May Whitty Liverpool England, actress (Mrs Minerva)
1877 Charles Coburn Macon Ga, actor (Acad-1943, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes)
1878 James M Kilroe priest of St Mary Star of the Sea, in the Bronx
1889 Enrico Celio pres of Switzerland
1896 Mrs Simpson [Bessie Wallis Warfield), Duchess of Windsor, divorcee
1897 Moe Howard comedian (3 Stooges)
1900 Laura Hobson NYC, TV writer/panelist (I've Got a Secret)
1902 Guy Lombardo London Ontario Canada, orch leader (Auld Lang Syne)
1903 Henry Louis Gehrig 1st baseman (NY Yankees) "Iron Horse"
1905 George Voskovec Czech, actor (Fred-Nero Wolfe, Peter-Skag)
1908 Mildred Natwick Balt Md, actress (She Wore a Yellow Ribbon)
1908 Quentin N Burdick (Sen-D-NC)
1909 Osamu Dazai Japan, novelist (Tsugaru, No Longer Human)
1912 Jerry Jerome Bkln NY, saxophonist (Words & Music)
1912 Martin Gabel Phila, TV host (With this Ring)
1914 Alan Cranston (Sen-D-CA) Pres candidate
1914 Harry Lauter White Plains NY, actor (Waterfront)
1914 Lester Flatt Earl Scrugg's partner (Beverly Hillbillies theme)
1918 Evelle Jansen Younger prosecutor of Charles Manson, Sirhan Sirhan
1919 Louis Jourdan Marselles France, actor (Gigi, Can-Can, Madame Bovary)
1919 Pauline Kael movie critic (NY Times)
1921 Howell Heflin (Sen-D-AL)
1922 Aage Neals Bohr Denmark, physicist/study atomic nucleus (Nobel 1975)
1924 Leo Nomellini NFL defensive tackle (SF 49ers)
1928 Nancy Marchand Buffalo NY, actress (Beacon Hill, Margaret-Lou Grant)
1932 Marisa Pavan actress (John Paul Jones, Solomon & Sheba, Rose Tattoo)
1932 Pier Angeli Italy (Sodom & Gomorrah, Vintage, Battle of the Bulge)
1933 Viktor I Patsayev USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 11)
1936 Gena Rowlands Cambria Wisc, actress (Gloria, Tempest, Brinks Job)
1938 Charles Gwathmey architect (5 Architects)
1941 Marlene Warfield Queens NY, actress (Victoria-Maude)
1942 Elaine "Spanky" McFarlane rocker (Spanky & Our Gang-Lazy Day)
1943 Malcolm McDowell actor (Clockwork Orange, Caligula)
1945 Tim Hovey LA Calif, actor (Queen Bee, Toy Tiger, Man Afraid)
1947 Phylicia Ayers-Allen Rashad Houston, actress (Clair-Bill Cosby)
1947 Salman Rushdie novelist (Midnight's Children, Satanic Verses)
1949 Kathleen Turner Springfield Mo, actress (Peggy Sue Got Married)
1950 Connie Forslund San Diego Calif, actress (Shining Season)
1951 Ann Wilson San Diego, singer (Heart-What About Love)
1959 Mark DeBarge rocker (DeBarge-Who's Johnny)
1962 Paula Julie Abdul Van Nuys Calif, singer/choreographer (Straight Up)
1973 Josie Davis actress (Charles in Charge)
1978 Garfield the Cat animated character "Big fat hairy deal"
1984 Emil Coleman orchestra leader (Arthur Murray Party)


Deaths which occurred on June 19th:
1867 Maximilian Mexican emperor, executed, Mexican republic restored
1939 Grace Abbott social worker (US Children Bureau), dies at 60
1953 Rosenbergs executed at Sing Sing, Julius takes 3 tries, Ethel 5
1962 Frank Borzage academy award winning director, dies at 69
1966 Ed Wynn comedian (Ed Wynn Show), dies at 86
1973 Roger Delgado actor (Adventures of Sir Francis Drake), dies at 53
1986 Len Bias 1st pick of Celtics, suffers fatal cocaine-induced seizure
1986 Murray P Haydon artificial heart recipient, dies in Louisville, Ky
1989 Hy Gardner newspaper columnist, dies at 80
1989 I.F. Stone author, dies at 81 of heart failure

Golden Link 1/ On this day 19th June

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Golden Link 3/ On this day 19th June