9th July, on this day

455 Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
1191 Richard I (the Lionheart) marries Berengaria. Although Queen of England, she never set foot on English soil
1357 Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor assists laying the foundation stone of Charles Bridge in Prague
1540 Henry VIII divorces his fourth wife. Anne of Cleves - nicknamed the Flanders' Mare - after just six months of marriage
1541 Estevão da Gama departs Massawa, leaving behind 400 matchlock men and 150 slaves under his brother Christovão da Gama, with orders to assist the Emperor of Ethiopia defeat Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi who has invaded his Empire.
1595 Johannes Kepler inscribes geometric solid construction of universe
1755 British General E Braddock mortally wounded during French and Indian War
1776 Dec of Ind read aloud to Gen Washington's troops in NY
1789 In Versailles, the National Assembly reconstitutes itself as the National Constituent Assembly and begins preparations for a French constitution.
1790 Russo-Swedish War: Second Battle of Svensksund - In the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures a third of the Russian fleet.
1793 Act Against Slavery passed in Upper Canada and importation of slaves into Lower Canada is prohibited.
1810 Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire.
Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Prince de Benevente becomes Prime Minister of France.
1816 Argentina declares independence from Spain
1846 Capt Montgomery claims Yerba Buena (SF) for US
1850 President Zachary Taylor dies and Millard Fillmore becomes the 13th President of the United States.
1853 Adm Perry and US Navy visit Japan
1862 Gen John Hunt Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Ky
1863 Union troops enter Port Hudson: Siege of Port Hudson ends
1867 An unsuccessful expedition led by E.D Young set out to search for Dr David Livingstone (Scottish Missionary and explorer).
1868 The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified guaranteeing African Americans full citizenship and all persons in the United States due process of law.
1872 The first doughnut cutter patented in America by a sea captain, John Blondel. He is said to have invented the hole so he could put the doughnut over the handle of the ships' wheel while steering
1877 The first Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Championship. The only competition, the men's singles title, is won by Spencer Gore - beating fellow British player W.C.Marshall in three sets
1878 Corncob pipe patented (Henry Tibbe)
1893 Daniel H Williams performs "world's 1st successful heart coperation"
1900 In England, Queen Victoria gives the Royal Assent to the Australian Federation Bill which sets up of the Commonwealth of Australia in January 1901
1910 Walter Brookins becomes 1st to pilot an airplane to 1 mile altitude
1915 Germany surrenders South West Africa to Union of South Africa
1916 1st cargo submarine to cross the Atlantic arrives in US from Germany
1917 British warship "Vanguard" explodes at Scapa Flow killing 800
1918 101 killed and 171 injured in worst US train wreck, Nashville, Tenn
1921 Maulana Muhammad Ali Johar delivered his famous speech at Khilafat Conference, Karachi.
1922 18 year old American swimmer Johnny Weismuller becomes the first person to cover 100 metres in less than a minute in a new world record time of 58.6 seconds
1938 In Britain, the civilian population is issued with gas masks in case of war with Germany
1943 Operation Husky - Allied forces perform an amphibious invasion of Sicily.
1944 Battle of Normandy - British and Canadian forces capture Caen, France.
1944 Battle of Saipan - Americans take Saipan.
1947 Britain's Princess Elizabeth and Lt Philip Mountbatten's engagement
1948 Pakistan issued first set of Postage stamp, having image of Constituent Assembly, Jinnah International Airport (Quaid-e-Azam International Airport), Shahi Fort.
1951 In America, during the McCarthy Communist purge, crime novelist Dashiell Hammett is jailed for contempt for refusing to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee
1951 Pres Truman asked Congress to formally end state of war with Germany
1953 1st helicopter passenger service (NYC)
1954 Australia's 24 year old golfer Peter Thomson becomes the youngest winner of the Open Golf Championship
1955 The Russell-Einstein Manifesto was released by Bertrand Russell in London.
1955 Bill Haley & His Comets' "Rock Around the Clock" tops billboards chart
1957 Discovery of element 102 (Nobelium) announced
1958 Giant splash caused by fall of 90 million tons of rock and ice
into Lituya Bay, Alaska washes 1,800 feet up the mountain
1960 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev warns the United States against intervention in Cuba
1964 British group The Animals reach the UK Number One with The House Of The Rising Sun
1972 1st tour of Paul McCartney and Wings (France)
1973 9th Maccabiah games opens in Tel Aviv, Israel
1976 Uganda asks UN to condemn Israeli hostage rescue raid on Entebbe
1978 American Nazi Party, holds a rally at Marquette Park, Chicago
1978 Nearly 100,000 demonstrators march on Wash DC for ERA
1979 Voyager 2 flies past Jupiter
1979 A car bomb destroys a Renault owned by famed "Nazi hunters" Serge and Beate Klarsfeld at their home in France. A note purportedly from ODESSA claims responsibility.
1980 7 die in a stampede to see the pope in Brazil
1980 Walt Disney's "The Fox and The Hound" released
1981 The Jacksons begin a 36-city tour
1982 Margaret Thatcher begins her 2nd term as British prime minster
1982 Pan Am Boeing 727 crashes in Kenner, La, killing 153
1984 In Britain, lightning sets fire to York Minster - the 700 year old building suffering severe damage
1986 Attorney General's Com on Pornography links hard-core porn to sex crimes
1986 The New Zealand Parliament passes the Homosexual Law Reform Act legalising homosexuality in New Zealand.
1988 "Facts of Life," Lisa Whelchel weds Steve Cauble
1989 Two bombs explode in Mecca, killing one pilgrim and wounding 16 others.
1989 1st time Wimbeldon has both men and women's final on same day, Boris Becker beats Stefan Edberg and Steffi Graf beats Martina Navratilova
1991 The International Olympic Committee lifts its 21 year old boycott of South Africa
1997 American heavyweight boxer Mike Tyson is fined 3 million dollars and has his licence revoked for a year for biting off part of Evander Holyfield's ear during their world title fight in June
1999 Days of student protests begins after Iranian police and hardliners attack a student dormitory of University of Tehran.
2002 The African Union was established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The first chairman was Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.
2006 At least 122 people are killed after a Sibir Airlines Airbus A310 passenger jet, carrying 200 passengers on board veers off the runway while landing at Irkutsk Airport in Siberia in wet conditions.

9th July 2006

Passenger plane crashes in Russia

Dozens killed in Baghdad attacks

Gas pipeline begins in Venezuela

9th July 2007

US Iraq chief warns of long war

Iraq fears Turkey troop build-up

Mass Zimbabwe arrests over prices

9th July 2008

Iran missile test 'provocative'

Attack at US Istanbul consulate

Ambush kills Darfur peacekeepers

9th July 2009

Dozens killed in Iraqi bombings

World powers accept warming limit

Iran police tear gas protesters

9th July 2010

Spies swapped by US and Russia

Pakistan market attack kills 45

Iraq suicide bomb attack kills 5

Birthdates which occurred on 9th July :

1764 Ann Ward Radcliffe English Gothic novelist (The Italian)
1802 Thomas Davenport invented 1st coml electric motor
1819 Elias Howe Spencer Mass, invented sewing machine
1858 Franz Boas anthropologist/linguist (Mind of Primitive Man)
1864 Franz Miller becomes first Train Murderer
1878 H.V. Kaltenborn Milwaukee Wisc, newscaster (Who Said That?)
1879 Ottorino Respighi Bologna, Italy, composer (Pines of Rome)
1887 Samuel Eliot Morison historian (Admiral of the Ocean Sea)
19-- Kathleen Layman Houston Tx, actress (Casey-Heartland)
19-- Suzanne Rogers actress (Days of our Life)
19-- Tricky Lane rocker (Sweet F.A.-Stick To Your Guns)
1901 Barbara Cartland romance author (Camfield #69)
1901 Jester Hairston NC, actor (Thats My Mama, Rolly-Amen)
1905 Clarence Campbell Saskatchewan, 3rd NHL pres (1946-77)
1909 Jester Hairston actor (Riley-Amen)
1915 David Diamond Rochester NY, composer (Paderewski Prize-1943)
1916 Edward Heath (C) British PM (1970-74)
1917 Ted Steele Hartford Ct, orch leader (Cavalcade of Stars)
1924 Leonard Pennario Buffalo NY, pianist (LA Philharmonic)
1925 Alan Dale Bkln NY, singer (Alan Dale Show)
1927 Ed Ames Malden Mass, actor (Mingo-Daniel Boone)
1927 Leonard Patrick "Red" Kelly NHL hall of famer (Norris trophy)
1928 Vince Edwards Bkln NY, actor (Ben Casey, Matt Lincoln)
1929 Hassan II king of Morocco (1961- )
1929 Lee Hazelwood Ok, country singer/songwriter (Summer Wine, Jackson)
1930 Buddy Bregman Chicago, orch leader (Eddie Fisher Show)
1932 Donald Rumsfeld politician (involved in Watergate)
1935 Ronnie Burns Evanston Ill, adopted son of George Burns
1936 David Zinman NYC, conductor (Balt Symphony-1983)
1936 James Hampton actor (Teen Wolf, Amazing Howard Hughes, Hawmps)
1937 Clemon Daniels AFL player of year 1963, Half back (Oak, Dallas SF)
1937 David Hockney English artist (Pop Art)
1938 Brian Dennehy Ct, actor (Check is in the Mail, F/X, Cocoon, Ants)
1938 Paul Chihara Seattle Washington, US/Japanese composer
1939 James Hampton Okla City OK, actor (Bugler Dobbs-F Troop)
1939 Richard Roundtree New Rochelle NY, actor (Shaft, Roots)
1941 Karin von Aroldingen Germany, ballet dancer (NYC Ballet Co)
1941 Takehide Nakatani Japan, lightweight (Olympic-gold-1964)
1943 Bon Scott vocalist (AC/DC-Highway to Hell)
1943 John H Casper Greenville SC, Col USAF/astronaut (STS-36, sk:STS-50)
1946 Mitch Mitchell drummer (Jimi Hendrix Experience)
1947 O(renthal) J(ames) Simpson SF, NFL running back (Buf Bills)/actor
1952 John Tesh Garden City NY, TV host (Entertainment Tonight)
1954 Debbie Sledge Phila, vocalist (Sister Sledge-We are Family)
1955 Jimmy Smits NYC, actor (Victor-LA Law, Running Scared, Believers)
1956 Marc Almond rocker (Everything I Want Love to Be)
1956 Tom Hanks Concord, Calif, actor (Bossom Buddies, Big, Punchline)
1957 Kelly McGillis Newport Beach Ca, actress (Top Gun, Accused, Witness)
1958 Jimmy Smits NYC, actor (Victor Sifuentes-LA Law)
1959 Jim Kerr rocker (Simple Minds-Don't You Forget About Me)
1963 Pamela Annette Sanders Miami Florida, playmate (November, 1985)
1965 Frank Bello Bronx NY, rock bassist (Anthrax-Protest & Survive)
1971 Bobby Leslie TV rocker (Guys Next Door-I Was Made For You)
1971 Scott Grimes Lowell Mass, actor (Together We Stand)
1976 Fred Aaron Savage Ill, actor (Kevin-Wonder Years, Vice Versa)


Deaths which occurred on July 9th:
1755 British Gen. E Braddock mortally wounded during French & Indian War
1850 B b [Bah '¡ prophet] executed in Tabriz, Iran; Rahmat 16, 7
1850 Zachary Taylor 12th pres of US, dies in White House served 16 mo
1875 Francis Preston Blair Jr famed St Louis lawyer, dies at 54
1951 Harry Heilmann baseball hall of famer outfielder (Det), dies at 56
1968 Allyn Edwards host (One Minute Please, Mr Citizen), dies at 53
1968 John Indrisano actor (OK Crackerby), dies at 62
1977 Dr Loren Eiseley prof of Anthropology (Animal Secrets), dies at 69
1985 Rafael Campos actor (Ramon-Rhoda, Sancho-V), dies of cancer at 49
1988 Barbara Woodhouse dog trainer, dies at 78 of a stroke
1990 Howard Duff actor, dies at 76 of a heart attack

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