8th July, on this day

1099 First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on.
1283 War of the Sicilian Vespers: Battle of Malta
1497 Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama sets sail from Lisbon in search of a sea route to India
1579 Our Lady of Kazan, a holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church, was discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan.
1663 King Charles II of England granted a charter to Rhode Island
1680 The first confirmed tornado in America kills a servant at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1693 NYC authorizes 1st police uniforms in American colonies
1709 Peter the Great, at the head of a 50,000 strong Russian Army, defeats Charles XII of Sweden's 20,000 troops at the Battle of Poltava. Less than 2,000 Swedish soldier escape
1716 Great Northern War: Battle of Dynekilen
1758 French forces hold Fort Carillon against British at Ticonderoga, New York.
1760 French and Indian War: Battle of Restigouche - British defeat French forces in last naval battle in New France.
1775 The Olive Branch Petition is adopted by the Continental Congress of the Thirteen Colonies.
1776 Col John Nixon gave 1st public reading of Dec of Independence
1776 The first ringing of the Liberty Bell in America
1777 Vt becomes 1st state abolishing slavery, adopts male sufferage
1796 US State Dept issues 1st American passport
1797 1st US senator (William Blount of Tennessee) expelled by impeachment
1801 Battle of Algeciras: Franco-Spanish victory
1805 American Bill Richmond knocks out Jack Holmes, Kilburn Wells, England
1822 Chippewas turn over huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom.
1835 Liberty Bell cracks (again)
1864 The Shinsengumi sabotage the Choshu-han shishi's planned attack on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya, this event is known as Ikedaya Jiken.
1870 Congress authorizes registration of trademarks
1870 Gov Holden of NC declares Casswell County in a state of insurrection
1874 The Mounties begin their March West.
1876 White terrorists attack Black Republicans in Hamburg SC, killing 5
1884 In Britain, the founding of the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children
1889 In boxing, John L Sullivan defeats Jake Kilrain in Mississippi, USA after a total of 75 rounds. Its the last bare-knuckle heavyweight title contest
1889 Wall Street Journal begins publishing
1891 Future president Harding marries Florence K DeWolfe in Marion, Ohio
1892 St. John's, Newfoundland was devastated in the Great Fire of 1892.
1896 William Jennings Bryan "cross of gold" speech at Dem convention
1898 The shooting death of crime boss Soapy Smith releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.
1907 The first of the Ziegfeld Follies - spectacular music and dancing shows - is performed on Broadway at the Jardin de Paris, New York, produced by Florence Ziegfeld
1911 Nan Aspinwall is 1st woman to make solo transcontin. trip by horse
1923 Harding becomes 1st sitting president to visit Alaska (Metlakahtla)
1932 Depression low point of Dow Jones Industrial Average, 41.22
1943 World War II: French resistance leader Jean Moulin, known as 'Max', is executed by the Gestapo.
1947 Demolition begins in NYC for UN HQ in NYC
1947 Reports are broadcast that a UFO has crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico.
1950 General Douglas MacArthur named commander-in-chief, UN forces in Korea
1950 Leroy Deans awarded 1st Order of Purple Heart in Korea
1956 Fritz Moravec reaches the peak of Gasherbrum II (8,035 m).
1961 The first women's singles final at Wimbledon between two English players - Angela Mortimer beating Christine Truman in three sets.
1961 Portuguese steamer "Save" breaks up off Mozambique, 227 die
1965 Ronald Biggs, one of the Great Train Robbers, scales the wall of Wandsworth Prison in London using a rope ladder and escapes after serving just 15 months of his jail sentence. He is later found living in Brazil
1966 King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi was deposed by his son Prince Charles Ndizi.
1967 Billie Jean King concludes Wimbeldon sweep (singles, doubles and mix)
1969 Thor Heyerdahl and reed raft Ra II land in Barbados 57 days from Morocco
1969 US troop withdrawal begins in Vietnam
1975 Quake damages over 2,000 temples in Pagan, Burma. 20-foot-high
seated Buddha of Thandawgya decapitated
1977 Sabra Starr finishes longest recorded belly dance (100 hrs)
1978 Mountaineers Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler become the first to climb Mount Everest entirely without additional oxygen
1978 Bjorn Borg of Sweden won 3rd consecutive title at Wimbledon
1978 Pioneer-Venus 2 Multi-probe launched to Venus
1979 Voyager 2 takes 1st ever photo of Jupiter's satellite Adrastea (J14)
1982 Porn star John Holmes convicted of receiving stolen property
1982 Assassination attempt against former Iraqi president Saddam Hussein in Dujail.
1984 John McEnroe beats Jimmy Connors for Wimbeldon singles
1986 Farthest thrown object-an "Aerobie" flying ring, 383 m (1,257')
1987 Kitty Dukakis, revealed addiction to amphetamines for 26 years
1988 Stevie Wonder announces he will run for mayor of Detroit in 1992
1990 Italy beats England in soccer's World Cup to win third place
1990 Stefan Edberg beats Boris Becker for Wimbeldon title
1992 Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe creates the office of High Commissioner on National Minorities.
1996 A man wielding a machete attacks several children, parents and a teacher at a primary school in Wolverhampton, England. Teacher Lisa Potts, later awarded for her bravery, is badly injured protecting the children
1997 NATO invites the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland to join the alliance in 1999.
1999 Allen Lee Davis is executed by electrocution by the state of Florida, the last use of the electric chair for capital punishment in Florida.
2003 Sudan Airways Flight 39, with 116 people on board, crashes in Sudan; the only survivor is a two-year-old child.

8th July 2006

Nobel winner is East Timor PM

Pope in Spain backs family values

EU says disputed Mexico vote fair

8th July 2007

'Foreign fighters' in Red Mosque

Terror fight 'may take 15 years'

Australia warns of Indonesia risk

8th July 2008

G8 moves against Mugabe allies

US and Czechs sign defence deal

EU includes aviation in CO2 curbs

8th July 2009

Drones 'kill dozens' in Pakistan

Twin car bombing hits Iraqi city

Saudi terror trials reach verdict

8th July 2010

Russia spies plead guilty in US

3 held in Norway 'al-Qaeda plot'

Solar-powered plane lands after 26-hour flight

Birthdates which occurred on 8th July :

1838 Count Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin invented rigid dirigibles
1839 John D Rockefeller US capitalist; founded Standard Oil
1867 K„the Kollwitz Germany, print maker/sculptor (Bauernkrieg)
1882 Percy Grainger Melbourne, composer/pianist/conductor (Hill Songs)
1893 Fritz Perls father of Gestalt therapy
1898 Alec Waugh London, novelist (Island in the Sun); brother of Evelyn
1898 Melville Ruick Boise Idaho, actor (Barton-City Hospital)
19-- Candy Roth traffic reporter (shadow traffic)
19-- Jeffrey Tambor SF Calif, actor (Jeffrey-Ropers, Hill Street Blues)
1900 George Antheil Trenton NJ, composer (Airplane Sonata)
1907 George W Romney (Gov-R-Mich)/US Secretary of HUD (1969-73)
1908 Louis Jordan Ark, alto saxman (Caldonia)
1908 Nelson A Rockefeller (Gov-R-NY) 41st VP (1974-77)
1913 Walter Kerr NY drama critic (Sad Clowns)
1914 Billy Eckstine jazz singer (Tenderly, A Fool in Love)
1915 Charles Hard Townes Greenville SC, physicist, developed lasers
1917 Faye Emerson Elizabeth La, actress (I've Got a Secret)
1917 Glenn Langan Denver Colo, actor (Amazing Colossal Man, Margie)
1918 Craig Stevens Liberty Mo, actor (Craig-Dallas, Peter Gunn)
1918 Nelson Mandela Transkei South Africa, jailed political activist
1920 Dolph Sweet NYC, actor (Gimme a Break, Trials of O'Brien)
1923 Harrison Dillard 110m dash/hurdler (Olympic-gold-1948, 52)
1928 Carol Henry Newark NJ, choreographer (Garry Moore Show)
1929 Shirley Ann Grau author (Keepers of the House)
1931 Jerry Vale singer (Arriverderci Roma)
1931 Roone Arledge TV executive (ABC)
1933 Marty Feldman London England, comedian (Young Frankenstein)
1935 John David Crow football player (Heisman Trophy 1957)
1935 Steve Lawrence Bkln, singer/actor (Go Away Little Girl, Lonely Guy)
1935 Vitaly I Sevastyanov USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 9 Soyuz 18B)
1937 Barbara Ann Loden actress (Ernie Kovac's Show)
1940 Marcia Rodd actress (Little Murders, T.R. Baskins)
1944 Daniel Morelon France, 7 amateur sprint wins (1966-1975)
1944 Jaimoe "Johnny" Johanson drummer (Allman Brothers)
1946 Cynthia Gregory LA, ballerina (NY Ballet Co)
1948 Kim Darby N Hollywood, actr (True Grit, Enola Gay, Rich Man Poor Man)
1948 Raffi children's singer (Baby Beluga)
1951 Andy Fletcher rocker (Depeche Mode-Just Can't Get Enough)
1951 Anjelica Huston actress (Prizzi's Honor, Ice Pirates)
1952 Ulrich Wehling German DR, cross country (Olympic-gold-1972, 76, 80)
1953 Jonathan Segal NYC, actor (Jonathan-Paper Chase)
1956 Russell Christian rocker (The Christians-Harvest the World)
1958 Kevin Bacon Phila Pa, actor (Diner, Footloose, She's Having a Baby)
1960 Valerie Pettiford NYC, actress (Sheila Price-One Life to Live)
1964 Maryalice Demler N Tonawanda NY, Miss NY-America (1991)
1969 Lori Hallier Victoria BC Canada, actress (Shannon-Santa Barbara)
1971 Wendy Benson NYC, actress (Meredith-As the World Turns)


Deaths which occurred on July 8th:
810 Pepin son of Charlemagne, king of Italy, dies (birth date unknown)
1957 Grace Goodhue Coolidge 1st lady, dies at 78
1957 William Cadbury chocolate maker, dies at 89
1959 Dale Buisand & Chester Ovnand 1st Americans killed in Vietnam War
1979 John Reed King TV host (Why?, Let's See), dies at 64
1981 Loring Smith actor (The Hartmans), dies at 86
1982 Isa Miranda actress, dies at 77 of infected bone fracture
1985 Phil Foster comedian (Frank De Fazio-Laverne & Shirley), dies at 72
1991 James Franciscus actor, dies at 57 of emphysema

Golden Link 1/ On this day 8th July

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Golden Link 3/ On this day 8th July