July, on this day
1456 A retrial
verdict acquits Joan
of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death.
colonisation of the Americas: First known exchange between Europeans
and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in New Brunswick.
1543 French troops invade Luxembourg.
of Nemours abolishes tolerance to Protestants in France.
1668 Isaac Newton receives MA from Trinity College, Cambridge
Revolutionary War: Battle
The U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the 'war.'
Singh's men take up their positions outside Lahore.
of Tilsit between France, Prussia and Russia ends the Fourth
1814 The world's first authentic historical novel, 'Waverley' by Sir
Walter Scott, is published
1846 American troops occupy Monterey and Yerba Buena, thus beginning
the United States conquest of California.
1862 Land Grant Act endows state colleges with federal land
1863 1st military draft by US (exemptions cost $100)
1865 4 Lincoln assassination conspirators, including Mary
1883 The puppet character, Pinocchio,
first appears in print. Carlo Lorenzini, under his pen name of Collodi,
writes the cautionary children's story but is paid only 12 weeks'
rent for the rights to what is to become one of the world's most popular
1890 In America, the first execution by electric chair is carried
out in New York
1891 Travellers cheque patented
The Revolutionary Philippine Brotherhood is established leading to
the fall of the Spanish Empire in Asia.
1898 Hawaii becomes the 50th state of the USA.
White Fleet leaves SF Bay
Lambert Chambers beats Dora Boothby 6-0, 6-0 in a record
25 minutes for Wimbeldon championship
1915 World War I: End of First
Battle of the Isonzo.
1915 A Great
Gorge and International Railway trolley with an extreme overload
of 157 passengers crashed near Queenston, Ontario, killing 15.
1917 Russian Revolution:
Prince Georgy Yevgenyevich Lvov forms Provisional
Government in Russia after the deposing of the Tsar Nicholas II.
1927 Christopher Stone becomes first Britain's first radio disc jockey
1929 In Italy, the Vatican in the centre of Rome becomes a sovereign
1930 Construction begins on Boulder
Elizabeth Ryan wins her 12th Wimbeldon doubles championship
1937 In Britain, the Peel Report on the future of Palestine, recommends
the setting up of separate Arab and Jewish states
Polo Bridge Incident - Japanese forces invade Beijing, China.
1941 US forces land in Iceland to forestall Nazi invasion
1941 Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops.
1946 Mother Frances
Xavier Cabrini canonized as 1st American saint
1946 Howard Hughes nearly dies when his XF-11 spy plane prototype
crashes in a Beverly Hills neighborhood.
1947 Alleged and disputed Roswell
1948 6 female reservists become 1st women sworn into regular US Navy
premiers on NBC radio; also a TV series in 1951 and 1967
1953 Che Guevara set out on a trip through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador,
Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador.
party founded in Tanzania
1955 In Britain, the first episode of the television police drama
of Dock Green starring actor Jack Warner as London policeman George
Dixon. The programme runs for 367 episodes during the next 21 years
1956 7 Army trucks loaded with dynamite explode in the middle of Cali,
Columbia killing 1,100-1,200, destroyimg 2,000 buildings
1958 President Eisenhower signs Alaska statehood bill
1959 14:28 UT Venus
occults the star Regulus. This rare event was used to determine
the diameter of Venus and the structure of the Venusian atmosphere.
1960 USSR shoots down a US aircraft over Barents sea
Redding records "Respect"
1967 British group The Beatles release All You Need Is Love which
was recorded during the first live European television link-up
1967 England's round-the-world yachtsman Sir
Francis Chichester is knighted by Queen
1968 Rock group "The
1969 Canada's House of Commons approves
equality of French-English language
1972 Billie Jean King beats Evonne Goolagong to win Wimbeldon
1973 1st all-US women's Wimbeldon, Billie Jean King beats Chris Evert
1973 78 drown as flash flood sweeps a bus into a river (India)
1974 In football's World Cup final, West Germany beat Holland 2-1
2 goes into orbit around Mars
1978 Martina Navratilova captures Wimbledon defeating Chris Evert
1978 Solomon Islands gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1980 Institution of sharia
1980 The Safra
massacre in Lebanon.
1980 Jim King completes riding Miracle Strip Roller coaster 368 hours
1981 In Britain, the Church of England decides that divorcees are
allowed to re-marry in a church ceremony
1982 In London, an intruder in Buckingham Palace - Michael
Fagan - breaks into the bedroom of Queen Elizabeth II and asks
her for a cigarette while sitting on the end of her bed. The incident
reveals a serious flaw in Palace security
1983 11 year old Samantha
Smith of Manchester, Maine, leaves for USSR
1984 5 die in a train crash in Williston, Vt
1985 German tennis player Boris Becker, an unseeded 17 year old, becomes
the youngest player to win the men's singles championship at Wimbledon
1986 IBM-PC DOS Version 3.2 (updated) released
1987 Lt Col Oliver North began public testimony at Iran-Contra hearing
1988 Soviet Union launches Phobos 1 to probe Martian moon (unsuccessful)
1990 In football, England goalkeeper Peter
Shilton plays the last of his 125 games for his country in the
World Cup third-place play-off against Italy in Bari
1990 Martina Navratilova beats Zina
Garrison for rec 9th Wimbeldon title
Agreement ended ten-day independence war in Slovenia against the
rest of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Stich beats Boris Becker for Wimbeldon championship
1994 North Yemeni forces capture Aden to bring an end to the two-month
2002 A scandal broke out in the United Kingdom when news reports alleged
MI6 of sheltering Abu
Qatada, the supposed European Al Qaeda leader.
series of four terrorist explosions occur on London's transport system
killing 56 people, including four suicide bombers.
2005 Influenced by Live
8, the G8 leaders pledged to double 2004 levels of aid to Africa
from US$25 to US$50 billion by the year 2010.
2007 Worldwide performances by charity event Live
occurred on 7th July :
Jacquard invented programmable loom
1843 Camillo Golgi Italy, physician, cytologist (Nobel 1906)
1851 Lillien Jane Martin psychologist. found gerontology clinic
1860 Gustav Mahler Kalischat Bohemia Austria, composer/conductor (Titan)
1887 Marc Chagall Vitebsk Russia, artist (I & The Village)
1893 Vladimir Mayakovsky Soviet Georgia, poet (Ode to Revolution)
1899 George Cukor producer/director (Adam's Rib, Philadelphia Story)
19-- Arlene Harris Toronto Canada, comedienne (Stage 2 Revue)
19-- Charlotte Moore Herin Ill, actress (The News is the News)
19-- Cindy Eilbacher Saudi Arabia, (My Mother the Car, Young &
19-- Stanley Brock Bkln, actor (Ivan-He's the Mayor)
19-- Vanita Harbour actress (Rika Price-One Life to Live)
1902 James McCartney father of Beatle (Paul)
1906 Satchel Paige baseball pitcher, never look back
1907 Robert A Heinlein sci-fi author (Stranger in a Strange Land)
1908 Harriette Arnow Wayne Co, Ky, novelist (The Dollmaker)
1911 Eddie Mayehoff Balt Md, actor (Hour Glass, Doc Corkle)
1911 Gian Carlo Menotti Italy, composer (Amahl & Night Visitors)
1914 Eddie Mayehoff Baltimore, actor (Luv, How to Murder Your Wife)
1917 Elton Britt Marshall Ark, country singer (Sat Night Jamboree)
1917 Lawrence F O'Brien (Watergate conspirators broke into his office)
1919 William Kunstler defense attorney (Chicago 8)
1921 Ezzard Charles world heavyweight boxing champion (1950-51)
1922 Artie Malivn NYC, music director (Julie LaRosa, Steve Lawrence)
1922 Pierre Cardin Paris France, fashion designer (Unisex)
1923 Eduardo Fal£ Argentine guitarist (Zamba de Vargas)
1923 Jean Kerr Scranton Pa, novelist (Please Don't Eat the Daisies)
1927 Alan Dixon (Sen-D-Ill)
1927 Carl (Doc) Severinson Arlington Or, bandleader/trumpeter (Tonight)
1927 Charlie Louvin Rainsville Ala, country singer (Louvin Brothers)
1928 Colleen Summers Pasadena Calif, vocal overdubber
1928 Vincent Edwards actor (Dr Ben Casey, Death Stalk, Firehouse)
1933 Murray Halberg New Zealand, 5K runner (Olympic-gold-1960)
1940 Ringo Starr Beatles' drummer/actor (Magic Christian)
1945 Matti Salminen Turku Finland, bass player (King Philipp-Don Carlos)
1946 Jean LeClerc actor (Jeremy Hunter-All My Children)
1946 Jim Day Canada, equestrian show jumper (Olympic-gold-1968)
1946 Joe Spano SF Calif, actor (Henry Goldblume-Hill St Blues)
1948 Fred Brown NBAer (Seattle SuperSonic)
1949 Shelley Duvall Houston Tx, actress (Popeye, Faery Tale Theater)
1951 Roz Ryan Detroit Mich, actress (Amelia-Amen)
1959 Bill Campbell actor (The Rocketeer)
1959 Jessica Hahn evangelist rape victim/model (playboy)/actress
1960 Isabelle Boeri-B‚gard France, foils (Olympic-gold-1980)
1960 Ralph Sampson NBA center (Golden State Warriors, Houston Rockets)
1962 Clive "Doctor" Jackson rocker (Dr & the Medics-Laughing
1963 Perry Richardson SC, bassist (Firehouse-Love of a Lifetime)
1967 Jason R Rich Irvington NY, writer (Celebrity Teen Talk)
1969 Cree Summer actress (Freddie-Different World)
Deaths which occurred
on July 7th:
1647 Thomas Hooker clergyman, father of American democracy, dies
1939 James Deacon White ball player jumped teams in 1876 (Chi), dies
1967 Vivian Leigh Scarlet in Gone with the Wind, dies at 53
1970 Louise Harrison mother of Beatle George, dies
1970 Marjorie Rambeau actress (Primrose Path, Torch Song), dies at
1970 Sylvester Wiere comedian (Wiere Brothers-Ford Festival), dies
1973 Veronica Lake actress, dies at 58
1980 Reginald Gardiner actor (Great Dictator), dies at 77
1981 Keefe Brasselle actor (Be Our Guest), dies at 58
1982 Fred Stuthman actor (Henry Adler-Hello Larry), dies at 63
1984 Flora Robson actress, dies in her sleep at 82
1985 Patti McCarty actress, dies at 64
1990 Bill Cullen game show host (Price is Right), dies at 70 of cancer