3rd July, on this day

324 Battle of Adrianople Constantine I defeats Licinius, who flees to Byzantium
683 St Leo II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
987 Hugh Capet is crowned King of France, the first of the Capetian dynasty which ruled France till the French Revolution in 1792.
1250 Louis IX of France is captured by Baibars' Mamluk army at the Battle of Fariskur while he is in Egypt conducting the Seventh Crusade; he later has to ransom himself.
1608 French explorer Samuel Champlain founds the city of Quebec
1754 George Washington surrenders to French, Ft Necessity (7 Years' War)
1767 Pitcairn Island is discovered by Midshipman Robert Pitcairn on an expeditionary voyage commanded by Philip Carteret.
1767 Norway's oldest newspaper still in print, Adresseavisen, is founded (first edition published this date).
1775 During the American Revolution, General George Washington takes command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts
1778 British forces massacre 360 men, women and children in Wyoming, Pa
1778 Prussia declares war on Austria.
1806 Michael Keens exhibits 1st cultivated strawberry
1814 Americans capture Fort Erie, Canada
1816 French frigate "Medusa" runs aground off Cap Blanc. Gross
incompetence kills 150 in calm seas
1819 1st savings bank in US (Bank of Savings in NYC) opens its doors
1839 1st state normal school in US opens, Lexington, Mass, with 3 students
1841 John Couch Adams decides to determine the position of an unknown
planet by irregularities it causes in the motion of Uranus
1844 The last pair of Great Auks is killed.
1848 Slaves freed in Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands)
1849 The French entered Rome in order to restore Pope Pius IX to power. This would prove a major obstacle to Italian unification.
1861 Pony Express arrives in SF with overland letters from NY
1863 The end of the battle of Gettysburg with defeat for the Confederate Army by the Union Army commanded by General Meade
1866 Austro-Prussian War is decided at the Battle of Königgratz, resulting in Prussia taking over as the prominent German nation from Austria.
1884 Dow Jones published its 1st stock average.
1886 Karl Benz officially unveils the Benz Patent Motorwagen - the first purpose-built automobile.
1886 The New York Tribune becomes the first newspaper to use a linotype machine, eliminating typesetting by hand.
1890 Idaho admitted as 43rd US state
1898 Captain Joshua Slocum arrives at Rhode Island, USA aboard his 36ft sloop 'Spray' to become the first man to complete a round the world solo voyage - which began April 24, 1895
1898 US Navy defeats Spanish fleet in Santiago harbor, Cuba
1905 At least 6,000 people are killed by Russian troops in the town of Odessa to restore order during a general strike
1913 Common tern banded in Maine; found dead in 1919 in Africa (1st bird
known to have crossed the Atlantic
1915 US military forces occupy Haiti, remain until 1934
1916 1st of 3 fatal shark attacks occurred near NJ shore (4 die)
1920 First RAF air display takes place at Hendon near London
1928 A policeman's helmet and a bunch of roses are among the pictures shown on John Logie Baird's first colour television test transmission at Baird Studios, in London
1934 FDIC pays off 1st insured depositors, Fon du Lac Bank, East Peoria IL
1938 World speed record for a steam railway locomotive is set in England, by the Mallard, which reaches a speed of 126 mph.(203 km/h)
1939 Ernst Heinkel demonstrates 800-kph rocket plane to Hitler
1940 British warships destroy the French fleet to prevent their ships falling into German hands. More than 1,000 French sailors are killed
1944 Russian troops liberate the Belarus capital, Minsk from the Germans
1947 252,288 people (record) pass through Grand Central Station, NYC
1950 1st time US and North Korean forces clash in the Korean War
1954 End of food rationing in Britain - almost 9 years since the end of World War II. Smithfield Meat Market in London opens at midnight instead of 6am to cope with the demand for beef
1958 "The Andy Williams Show" premiers on ABC (later on CBS and NBC)
1962 Algerian Revolution against French ends (Algeria gains ind on 7/5)
1966 Race riots in Omaha, Nebraska
1967 "News at 10" premieres on British TV
1969 78,000 attend Newport Jazz Festival, Newport, RI
1969 Rolling Stones' guitarist Brian Jones is found drowned in his swimming pool
1969 The biggest explosion in the history of rocketry occurs when the Soviet N1 rocket explodes and subsequently destroys its launchpad.
1970 A British Dan-Air De Havilland Comet chartered jetliner crashes into mountains north of Barcelona, Spain killing 113 people.
1974 Soyuz 14 carries 2 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 3
1974 Don Revie is appointed manager of the England football team
1976 Israel launches rescue of 103 Air France crew and passengers being held at Entebbe Airport in Uganda by pro-Palestinian hijackers
1979 US President Jimmy Carter signs the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul.
1982 Martina Navratilova defeats Chris Evert Lloyd at Wimbeldon
1983 Calvin Smith of US becomes fastest man alive (9.93 s for 100 m)
1983 John McEnroe regains men's singles title at Wimbledon
1984 Dolphin rocket launched off San Clemente Island
1986 President Reagan presided over relighting of renovated Statue of Liberty
1987 2 men became 1st hot-air balloon travelers to cross Atlantic
1987 German war criminal Klaus Barbie - the 'butcher of Lyon'- is jailed for life for crimes against humanity
1988 American warship USS Vincennes, patrolling in the Gulf during the Iran-Iraq war, mistakes an Iranian civil airliner for a bomber and shoots it down - killing all 290 people on board
1989 Supreme Court rules states do not have to provide funds for abortions
1989 The movie "Batman," set record of quickest $100 million (10 days)
1994 The deadliest day in Texas traffic history, according to the Texas Department of Public Safety. Forty six people were killed in crashes.
1996 British Prime Minister John Major announces that, after 700 years, the Stone of Scone - the ancient symbol of Scottish kings - is to be removed from Westminster Abbey in London and returned to Scotland
2004 Official opening of Bangkok's metro system.
2005 The national law legalising same-sex marriage takes effect in Spain.  

3rd July 2006

Train crash kills 34 in Valencia

Israel rejects soldier deadline

Al-Qaeda 'bid to infiltrate MI5'

3rd July 2007

Clashes erupt at Pakistan mosque

Brazil launches slum reform drive

China 'buried smog death finding'

3rd July 2008

Betancourt reunited with family

Concorde crash trial for five

Denmark 'world's happiest nation'

3rd July 2009

Deadly military crash in Pakistan

Six killed in UK tower block blaze

Alaska Governor Palin to resign

3rd July 2010

DR Congo oil tanker blaze 'kills 220'

Korea airport bus crash kills 12

S African ex-police head corrupt

Birthdates which occurred on 3rd July :

1423 Louis XI king of France (1461-83)
1567 Samuel de Champlain explorer (Lake Champlain)
1731 Samuel Huntington (Gov-Ct), Continental Congress pres
1738 John Singleton Copley Mass, finest colonial American artist
1854 Leos Jan cek Hukvaldy Moravia Czech, composer (Foster Suite)
1861 Peter Jackson heavyweight, boxing hall of famer
1870 Richard B Bennett (C) 11th Canadian PM (1930-35)
1874 Sir Apirana Turupa Ngata Kawaka NZ, Maori political/cultural leader
1883 Alfred Korzybski Poland, scientist (Science & Sanity)
1883 Franz Kafka Czech, author (Metamorphosis, Trial, Amerika)
19-- Brian Fong Oahu Hawaii, actor (Fred Sing-Chase)
19-- Kurtwood Smith New Lisbon Wisc, actor (Renegades)
19-- Stephen Pearcy rock vocalist (Ratt-Round & Round)
1900 John Mason Brown Louisville Ky, critic (Tonight on Broadway)
1906 Francis Steegmuller US, biographer (Cocteau)
1906 George Sanders Russia, actor (All About Eve-Academy Award 1950)
1909 Earl L Butz US Secretary of Agriculture (1971-76); a real Butz
1909 Stavros Niachos Greece (Those Fabulous Greeks)
1913 Dorothy Kilgallen Chic Ill, columnist (What's My Line?)
1920 Louise Allbritton Okla City, actr (Celia-Stage Door, Got a Secret)
1925 Tony Curtis [Bernard Schwartz] Bronx NY, actor (Some Like it Hot)
1927 Ken Russell England, director (Crimes of Passion)
1930 Carlos Kleiber Berlin Germany, conductor (Bavarian State Orch 1968)
1930 Pete Fountain New Orleans, jazz clarinetist (Lawrence Welk 1957-59)
1935 Harrison H "Jack" Schmitt Santa Rita NM, astronaut (Apollo 17)
1937 Tom Stoppard playwright (Rosencrantz & Guildenstern-1968 Tony)
1939 Jay Tarses Balt Md, actor/writer (Open All Night, Duck Factory)
1940 Fontella Bass St Louis Mo, vocalist (Rescue Me)
1940 Lance Larson US, 100m freestyle swimmer (Olympic-silver-1960)
1941 Gloria Allred feminist attorney
1943 Geraldo Rivera aka Gerry Rivers, nosey newsman (Geraldo)
1943 Norman E Thagard Marianna Fl, MD/astronaut (STS 7, 51-B, 30, 42)
1945 Iain MacDonald-Smith England, yachtsman (Olympic-gold-1968)
1945 Michael Cole Madison Wisc, actor (Pete-Mod Squad)
1945 Mike Corby guitarist (Babys)
1947 Betty Buckley Big Springs Tx, actress (Abby-8 is Enough, 1776, Cats)
1948 Paul Berrere rocker (Little Feat-Truck Stop Girl)
1949 Jan Smithers N Hollywood Calif, actress (Bailey-WKRP)
1951 Jean-Claude Duvalier deposed Haitian president-for-life
1951 Richard Hadlee Christchurch, NZ, leading cricket bowler
1952 Alan Autry NFLer (Green Bay Packers)/actor (The Heat of the Night)
1955 Julia Lyndon Buffalo NY, playmate (August, 1977)
1957 Laura Branigan singer (Gloria)
1959 Stoyan Deltchev Bulgaria, horizontal bar gymnist (Olympic-gold-1980)
1961 Liz Stewart SF Calif, playmate (July, 1984)
1961 Vince Clarke England, rocker (Yaz-Situation, Only You)
1962 Tom Cruise Syracuse, actor (Risky Business, Color of Money, Rainman)
1964 Pia Reyes Manila Philipines, playmate (Nov, 1988)
1968 Jeff Phillips Westwood NJ, actor (Hart Jessup-Guiding Light)
1975 Keri Houlihan Penn, actress (Molly-Our House)


Deaths which occurred on July 3rd:
1969 Brian Jones of the Rolling Stones drowns to death at 25
1971 Jim Morrison rocker (Doors), dies of heart failure in Paris
1978 James Daly actor (Medical Center), dies at 59
1981 Ross Martin actor (Mr Lucky, Wild Wild West), dies at 61
1986 Rudy Vallee singer (Vagabond Dreams), dies at 84
1988 Gabe Dell actor, dies at 68 of leukemia
1989 Andrei Gromyko Soviet diplomat, dies just short of his 80th birthday
1989 Jim Backus actor (Magoo, Gilligan's Island), dies at 76 of pneumonia

Golden Link 1/ On this day 3rd July

Golden Link 2/ On this day 3rd July

Golden Link 3/ On this day 3rd July