July, on this day
as Caesar, co-ruler.
I proclaimed Roman emperor by his troops.
of Pistres of Charles
the Bald orders defensive measures against the Vikings.
of Ourique: The independence of Portugal from the Kingdom
of León and Castile declared after the battle against the
1261 The city of Constantinople is recaptured by Nicaean
forces under the command of Alexios Strategopoulos, thus re-establishing
the Byzantine Empire.
1360 Jews are expelled from Breslau, Silesia
de Belalcázar on his search of El Dorado found the City
of Santiago de Cali.
1538 The City of Guayaquil
is founded by the Spanish Conquistador Francisco
de Orellana and given the name Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad de
Santiago de Guayaquil.
II of France crowned.
1567 Don Diego de Losada founds the city of Santiago de Leon de Caracas,
modern-day Caracas, the capital city of Venezuela.
1593 France's Protestant King
Henri IV converts to Roman Catholic
VI of Scotland is crowned James I of England.
1670 Jews are expelled from Vienna Austria
Years War begins along Maine and Massachusetts border.
1729 North Carolina becomes royal colony
1755 The decision to deport the Acadians
takes place in Halifax. Thousands of Acadians are sent to the British
Colonies in America, France and England. Some later moved to Louisiana,
while others later resettled in New Brunswick.
Years' War: The island battery at Fortress
Louisbourg in Nova Scotia is silenced and all French warships
are destroyed or taken
1759 British capture Fort
Niagara from French (7 Years' War)
1775 Maryland issues currency depicting George III trampling Magna
1792 The Brunswick
Manifesto is issued to the population of Paris promising vengeance
if the French Royal Family is harmed.
1795 The first stone of the Pontcysyllte
Aqueduct is laid.
Nelson loses more than 300 men and his right arm during the failed
conquest attempt of Tenerife Island (Spain).
1799 French-Egyptian forces under Napolean I beat Turks at Battle
of Niagara Falls (Lundy's Lane); Americans defeat British
1814 English inventor George
Stephenson demonstrates the first steam engine
1832 1st railroad accident in US, Granite Railway, Quincy, Mass-1
1837 The first commercial use of an electric telegraph was successfully
demonstrated by William
Cooke and Charles
Wheatstone on 25 July 1837 between Euston and Camden Town in London.
Murietta, famous Californio bandit known as "Robin Hood of
El Dorado", is killed.
1861 American Civil War: The Crittenden-Johnson
Resolution is passed by the U.S. Congress stating that the war
is being fought to preserve the Union and not to end slavery.
1866 US Grant named 1st general of Army
1868 Territory of Wyoming created
1871 Carrousel patented by Wilhelm Schneider, Davenport, Iowa
1894 The First
Sino-Japanese War begins when the Japanese fire upon a Chinese
1897 Writer Jack
London sails to join the Klondike Gold Rush where he will write
his first successful stories.
1898 1st US troops land and occupy Puerto Rice, at Guanica Bay
1907 In England, Sir
Robert Baden-Powell begins an experimental camp on Brownsea Island
near Poole to test the feasibility of Scouting. Four days later he
forms then Boy Scout organisation
1907 Korea becomes a protectorate of Japan.
1909 French aviator Louis
Bleriot becomes first man to fly across Channel from a field near
Calais to Northfall Meadow near Dover Castle, England
proclaimed a French colonies
1916 Explosion at Lake Erie and Cleveland Waterworks
1917 World War I: Dutch spy Margarethe Zelle - known as exotic dancer
Hari - is sentenced to death
1918 Race riot in Chester Pennsylvania (3 blacks and 2 whites killed)
1920 First transatlantic two-way radio broadcast takes place.
Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS) is established.
1934 Nazis assassinate Austrian Chancellor Engelbert
Dollfuss in a failed coup attempt.
Guisan orders the Swiss Army to resist German invasion and make
1940 In US John Sigmund begins swimming for 89 hrs 46 mins in the
1943 World War II: Italian dictator Benito
Mussolini is forced to resign
1944 World War II: The Germans first use a jet fighter - the Messerschmitt
262 - in aerial combat
1944 World War II: Operation
Spring - One of the bloodiest days for Canadians during the war:
18,444 casualties, including 5,021 killed.
1946 1st bikini
is shown at a Paris fashion show
1946 The United States detonates an atomic bomb at Bikini Atoll in
the Pacific Ocean - Operation
1946 At Club 500 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Dean
Martin and Jerry
Lewis stage their first show as a comedy team.
1952 Commonwealth of Puerto Rico created
1956 Italian liner
Andrea Doria sank after colliding with the Stockholm
1956 Jordanians attack UN Palestine truce
1957 Monarchy in Tunisa abolished in favor of a republic
1959 A Hovercraft - the SRN
1 - makes its first English Channel crossing from Dover to Calais
in a little over two hours
1961 John F. Kennedy speech emphasizes that any attack on Berlin is
an attack on NATO.
1962 In London, the Buckingham
Palace Art Gallery officially opens to the public
1963 US, Russia and England sign nuclear test ban treaty
1964 Beatles' "Hard
Day's Night, A," album goes to number 1 and stays 1 for 14
1964 Race riot in Rochester, NY
1965 Folk-rock begins, Dylan uses electricity at Newport Folk Festival
release "You Can't Hurry Love"
1969 70,000 attend Seattle Pop Festival
1969 Vietnam War: US President Richard Nixon declares the Nixon
Doctrine, stating that the United States now expects its Asian
allies to take care of their own military defense. This was the start
of the "Vietnamization" of the war.
1972 US health officials concede blacks were used as guinea pigs in
40 year syphillis experiment
1973 George Harrison pays 1,000,000 tax on his Bangladesh concert
1973 USSR launches Mars
Chorus Line," longest-running Broadway show (6,137), premiers
1978 The world's first test tube baby, Louise
Joy Brown, is born at Oldham General Hospital in the north of
1978 The Cerro
Maravilla Incident occurs.
2 encounters Saturn
1983 1st nonhuman primate (baboon) conceived in a lab dish, San Antonio
July: 37 Tamil political prisoners at the Welikada high security
prison in Colombo were massacred by the fellow Sinhalese prisoners.
1984 Cosmonaut Svetlana
Savitskaya became 1st woman to walk in space
1985 Spokeswoman for Rock
Hudson confirmed he had AIDS
1987 USSR launches Kosmos 1870, 15-ton Earth-study satellite
1990 US Ambassador tells Iraq, US won't take sides in Iraq-Kuwait
1992 25th Olympic Summer games opens in Barcelona, Spain
1993 Israel launches
a massive attack against Lebanon in what the Israelis call Operation
Accountability, and the Lebanese call Seven-Day
1993 The St
James Church massacre occurs in Kenilworth, Cape Town, South Africa.
1994 Israel and Jordan sign the Washington
Declaration, which formally ends the state of war that has existed
between the nations since 1948.
1995 A gas bottle exploded in station Saint Michel of line B of the
RER (Paris regional train network). Eight were killed and 80 wounded.
1997 K.R. Narayanan
is sworn-in as India's 10th president and the first Dalit— formerly
called "untouchable"— to hold this office.
France Flight 4590, a Concorde supersonic passenger jet, F-BTSC,
crashes just after takeoff from Paris killing all 109 aboard and 4
on the ground.
Patil is sworn in as India's first woman president
'to control Lebanon strip'
unveils Baghdad security boost
vote to bankrupt Yukos
to boost EU-Libya links
bomb strikes football fans
site faces fraud claim
Congo boat accident 'kills 42'
die in Gaza City explosion
forces Qantas plane to land
baby panda born from frozen sperm
veteran Patch dies aged 111
recreates Channel crossing
Hayward 'negotiating exit deal'
bombing kills one in Bangkok
in 'kills French hostage'
occurred on 25th July :
975 Thietmar bishop
of Merseburg, German chronicler
1575 Christoph Scheiner Germany, astronomer
1775 Anna Symmes Harrison 1st lady
1840 Flora Adams Darling founded Daughters of American Revolution
1848 Arthur Earl Balfour (C), British PM (1902-05) (Balfour Declaration)
1883 Alfredo Casella Turin Italy, composer (La Giara)
1884 Davidson Black Canada, doctor of anatomy (identified Peking Man)
1894 Walter Brennan Swampscott Mass, actress (Real McCoys, At Gun
1899 Ralph Dumke Indiana, actor (Movieland Quiz)
19-- Ken Swofford DuQuoin Ill, actor (Quentin-Fame)
1902 Eric Hoffer longshoreman/author (True Believer)
1905 Elias Canetti Bulgarian/British novelist/essayist (Nobel 1981)
1907 Jack Gilford NYC, actor (Save the Tiger, Cocoon, Arthur 2)
1924 Estelle Getty NYC, actress (Sophia Petrillo-Golden Girls)
1924 Frank Church (Sen-D-Id)
1925 Jerry Paris SF Calif, director/actor (Jerry-Dick Van Dyke Show)
1927 Midge Decter St Paul Minn, anti woman's lib (Liberated Woman...)
1930 Maureen Forrester Montreal Canada, contralto (Ressurection Symphony)
1932 Paul J Weitz Erie Pennsylvania, astronaut (Skylab 2, STS 6)
1935 Adnan Khashoggi billionaire/arms dealer
1935 Barbara Harris actress (Plaza Suite, Family Plot)
1935 Laurent Terzieff Paris France, actor (Pharoah-Moses the Law Giver)
1940 John Pennel pole vaulter (James E Sullivan Award-1963)
1941 Nate Thurmond NBA star (Cleveland Cavaliers)
1943 Janet Margolin NYC, actress (Take the Money & Run, David
1943 Jim McCarty rocker (The Yardbirds-For Your Love)
1945 Donna Theodore Broadway singer (Hollywood Talent Scouts)
1948 Steve Goodman Chicago, singer/songwriter (Somebody Elses Trouble)
1954 Lynn Frederick Middlesex England, actress (Schizophrenia)
1954 Walter Payton NFL running back (Chicago Bears)
1955 Iman model/David Bowie's girlfriend/actress (Star Trek VI)
1957 Bogdan Musiol German DR, bobsled (Olympic-bronze-1980)
1961 Katherine Kelly Lang LA Calif, actress (Brooke-Bold & Beautiful)
1975 Jay R Ferguson Jr Dallas Tx, actor (Taylor Newton-Evening Shade)
1978 Louise Brown Oldham England, world's 1st `test tube baby'
1990 Evan James Springsteen son of Bruce
Deaths which occurred on July 25th:
1616 Andreas Libavius German alchemist, dies
1934 Engelbert Dollfuss Austrian chancellor assassinated by nazis
1959 Dr Isaac Halevi Herzog chief rabbi of Israel (1936-59), dies
1981 Ian Martin actor (Uncle Bill-O'Neills), dies at 69
1986 Vincente Minnelli movie director, dies in LA at 76
1987 Malcolm Baldrige Secretary of Commerce, dies of internal injuries