18th July, on this day

390 -BC- Battle of Allia-Gauls inflict heavy casualties on Romans
64 The Great Fire of Rome during the reign of Emperor Nero destroys almost two thirds of the city. Nero blames the fire on Christians
1334 The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundational stone laid for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone.
1536 Pope's authority declared void in England
1656 Polish-Lithuanian forces clashes with Sweden and its Brandenburg allies in the start of what is to be known as The Battle of Warsaw which ends in a decisive Swedish victory.
1716 Jews are expelled from Brussels, Belgium
1753 Lemuel Haynes, escapes from slaveholder in Framingham Mass
1814 British capture Prairie du Chien (Wisc)
1853 1st train to cross the US-Canada boundary, Portland, Me.-Montreal, PQ
1857 Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war on the French.
1863 American Civil War: Battle of Fort Wagner/Morris Island - The first formal African American military unit, the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, unsuccessfully assaults Confederate-held Battery Wagner but their valiant fighting still proves the worth of African American soldiers during the war.
1870 The First Vatican Council decrees the dogma of papal infallibility.
1872 Britain introduces secret ballot voting
1901 In London, Earl Russell goes before his Peers in the House of Lords charged with bigamy. He pleads guilty but says he believes his divorce and re-marriage in Nevada, USA are valid. Earl Russell is sentenced to 3 months in prison.
1918 US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive in WW I
1919 Unveiling of the Cenataph in Whitehall, London - a World War I memorial designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens
1925 German politician Adolf Hitler publishes the first volume of his personal manifesto Mein Kampf.
1931 1st air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched
1932 US and Canada signed a treaty to develop St Lawrence Seaway
1934 Official opening of the Mersey Tunnel in Liverpool.
1936 Spanish Civil War begans, General Francisco Franco led uprising
1938 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrives in Ireland-left NY for Califormia
1940 1st successful helicopter flight, Stratford, Ct
1942 1st legal NJ horse race in 50 years; Garden State Park track opens
1942 Messerschmitt Me 262 Schwalbe, 1st jet fighter, takes 1st flight
1944 Hideki Tojo resigns as Prime Minister of Japan due to numerous setbacks in the war effort.
1947 In Britain, Parliament passes the Indian Independance Bill
1947 Convicted Nazi war criminal Rudolf Hess, once deputy to German Fuhrer Adolf Hitler, is moved to Spandau Prison in Berlin.
1947 US receives UN trusteeship over Pacific Islands
1951 Jersey Joe Walcott at 37 becomes oldest to win heavyweight champion
with KO of Ezzard Charles in 5
1951 Uruguay accepts its constitution
1955 1st electric power generated from atomic energy sold commercially
1964 Race riot in Harlem (NYC); riots spread to Bedford-Stuyvesant (Bkln)
1965 Zond 3 launched to fly by Moon, enters solar orbit
1966 Carl Sagan turns 1 billion seconds old
1966 Gemini 10 launched
1968 Intel incorporates
1969 American Senator Edward Kennedy crashes his car into Chappaquiddick River near Martha's Vineyard on the USA's east coast. Kennedy escapes, but his companion, Mary Jo Kopechne
1969 Mary Jo Kopechne and Sen Kennedy plunge off Chappaquiddick bridge
1972 200,000 attend Mt Pocono rock festival in Penns
1974 World's tallest structure, 646-m Polish radio mast, completed
1975 Former British MP John Stonehouse is flown back from Australia to face charges relating to his attempt to falsify his own death.
1978 Egyptian and Israeli officials begin 2 days of talks
1980 Billy Joel's "Glass Houses" album tops US chart
1980 Rohini 1, 1st Indian satellite, launches into orbit
1982 268 campesinos ("peasants" or "country people") are slain in the Plan de Sánchez massacre in Ríos Montt's Guatemala.
1984 On a Wednesday in America, a gunman massacres 20 people at a MacDonalds' restaurant in California - blaming it on the fact that 'I don't like Mondays'.
1984 Beverly Lynn Burns becomes first woman Boeing 747 airline captain in the world.
1986 Videotapes released showing Titanic's sunken remains
1992 The ten victims of the La Cantuta massacre disappeared from their university in Lima.
1994 More than 100 are killed by car bomb in the main Jewish centre in Buenos Aires, Argentina
1995 On the Caribbean island of Montserrat, the Soufriere Hills volcano erupts. Over the course of several years, it devastates the island, destroying the capital and forcing most of the population to flee.
1996 Storms provoke severe flooding on the Saguenay River, beginning one of Québec's costliest natural disasters ever.
1997 All 230 passengers and crew on board a TWA Jumbo Jet are killed when it explodes over the Atlantic Ocean shortly after leaving New York bound for Paris.

18th July 2006

Lebanon condemns Israel 'madness'

Java tsunami death toll increases

Migrants stuck in Malta stand-off

18th July 2007

Brazil jet disaster probe begins

Pakistan troops killed in ambush

US Senate rejects Iraq troop vote

18th July 2008

Somalis shot as they hand out aid

Cuba reforms turn to state land

Mandela celebrates 90th birthday

18th July 2009

China admits Uighur riot killing

New images of Moon landing sites

18th July 2010

Baghdad suicide bomber kills at least 43 people

China coal mine accidents 'killst 38',

14 killed in Albania bus crash

Birthdates which occurred on 18th July :

1635 Robert Hooke Isle of Wight, physicist (Micrographia)
1720 Gilbert White "father of British naturalists"
1796 Feargus O'Connor County Cork, leader of the English Chartists
1811 William Makepeace Thackeray England, Victorian novelist (Vanity Fair)
1848 William Gilbert Grace Victorian England's greatest cricketer
1853 Hendrik Antoon Lorentz Holland, physicist (Nobel 1902)
1865 Laurence Housman England, author/playwright (Victoria Regina)
1890 Charles Wilson Pres of General Motors (1940-53)/Sec of Def (1953-57)
1891 Gene Lockhart NYC, actor (Going My Way)
1894 Bernard Wagenaar Arnhem Holland, composer (3 Songs for the Chinese)
19-- Art Holiday Hartford Conn, actor (Eddie-The White Shadow)
19-- Danny Vaughn Staten Island NY, rocker (Tyketto-Wings)
19-- Susan Marie Snyder soap actress
1903 Chill Wills Seagoville Texas, actor (Fronteir Circus, Rounders)
1906 Clifford Odets US, dramatist (1961 Award of Merit-Golden Boy)
1906 S.I. Hayakawa (Sen-R-CA) educator (Language in Action)
1909 Andrei Gromyko USSR, diplomat/USSR President (1985-89) [7/5 OS]
1909 Harriet Nelson Des Moines, actress (Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet)
1910 Red Skelton comedian (Clem Kadiddlehopper, Freddie the Freeloader)
1911 Hume Cronyn London Ontario, actor (World According to Garp, Cocoon)
1913 Marvin Miller St Louis Mo, actor (Space Patrol, Millionaire)
1914 Mack Robinson US, 200m dash (Olympic-silver-1932)
1916 Harriet Hilliard Nelson singer/actress (Ozzie & Harriet)
1918 Jane Frazee Duluth Minn, actress/singer (Alice-Beulah)
1918 Nelson Mandela Qunu South Africa, political prisoner (ANC)
1918 Pamela Brown England, actress (Alice in Wonderland, Dracula)
1921 John H Glenn Jr Cambridge Ohio, Col USMC astronaut (Mer 6, Sen-D-Oh)
1924 Howard Roberts Burlington NJ, choral director (Leslie Uggams Show)
1924 Inge S”rensen Denmark, 200m breaststroke (Olympic-bronze-1936)
1925 Shirley Strickland de la Hunty Austria, 100m dash (Oly-bronze-1948)
1926 Jane Hylton London England, actress (Adv of Sir Lancelot)
1929 "Screamin Jay" Hawkins Cleveland, rocker (I Put a Spell on You)
1929 Dick Button commentator/figure skater (Olympic-gold-1948, 1952)
1933 R Murray Schafer Sarnia Ontario, Canada, composer (Patria)
1933 Yevgeny Yevtushenko Russia, poet (Bratsk Station)
1935 Tenley Albright US, doctor/figure skater (Olympic-gold-1956)
1938 Britt Leach Gadsen Ala, actor (Mickey-Spencer's Pilots)
1939 Brian Auger London, fusion keyboardist (Befour, Genesis)
1939 Dion DiMucci Bronx, rocker (Dion & the Belmonts-Teenager in Love)
1939 Hunter S Thompson writer (Fear & Loathing in Las Vegas)
1940 James Brolin LA Calif, actor (Dr Kiley-Marcus Welby, Peter-Hotel)
1940 Joseph Torre outfield/manager (Braves, Mets, 1971 NL MVP)
1941 Lonnie Mack Aurora Indiana, rocker (Baby What's Wrong)
1941 Marcia Jones Smoke Okla, 500m kayak (Olympic-bronze-1964)
1941 Martha Reeves Detroit Mich, singer (& the Vandellas-Dancing in St)
1943 Bobby Sherman Santa Monica Calif, singer (Shindig, Here Comes Brides)
1943 Calvin Peete black PGA golfer
1944 Jonelle Allen NYC, actress (Bessie-Palmerstown USA, Berringers)
1947 Ayn Rumen Bkln NY, actress (Janet-McLean Stevenson Show)
1947 Kurt Mann Roslyn NY, actor
1954 Ricky Skaggs singer (Toy Hearts, 2 Different Worlds)
1955 Teresa Ann Savoy London England, actress (Caligula)
1958 Nigel Twist rocker (The Alarm-In the Summertime)
1959 Audrey Landers Phila, actress (Afton-Dallas, Chorus Line)
1961 Elizabeth McGovern Evanston Ill, actress (Once Upon a Time in Amer)
1970 Patrick Dancy TV rocker (Guys Next Door-I Was Made For You)


Deaths which occurred on July 18th:
1374 Francesco Petrarch Italian poet, dies at 69
1650 Christoph Scheiner German astronomer, dies at 74
1872 Benito Ju rez Cuban justice/general (battle of Acapulco), dies at 66
1899 Horatio Alger Jr American clergyman & author, dies
1966 Bobby Fuller rocker (I Fought the Law), found dead
1969 Barbara Pepper actress (Doris Ziffel-Green Acres), dies at 57
1973 Jack Hawkins actor (Ben-Four Just Men), dies at 62
1984 James Oliver Huberty shot by police after killing 21 in McDonalds
1989 Rebecca Schaeffer actress (My Sister Sam) is shot by a fan at 21
1990 Karl Menninger psychatrist (Menninger Clinic), dies at 96 from cancer

Golden Link 1/ On this day 18th July

Golden Link 2/ On this day 18th July

Golden Link 3/ On this day 18th July