14th July, on this day

1223 Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father, Philip II of France.
1698 The Darien scheme begins with five ships, bearing about 1,200 people, departing Leith for the Isthmus of Panama.
1714 Battle of Aland, Russian fleet overpowers larger Swedish fleet
1766 In Britain, the official opening of the Grand Junction Canal
1769 The de Portolá Expedition establishes a base in California, and sets out to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California).
1771 Mission San Antonio de Padua founded in California
1789 The Bastille, the state prison in Paris, is stormed by citizens of the city and burned to the ground
1790 French Revolution: Citizens of Paris celebrate the constitutional monarchy and national reconciliation in the Fête de la Fédération.
1791 The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England.
1798 1st direct federal tax on the states-on dwellings, land and slaves
1798 Sedition Act prohibits "false, scandalous and malicious" writing against US govt
1832 Opium exempted from federal tariff duty
1850 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration
1853 Commodore Perry requests trade relations between US and Japan
1853 President Franklin Pierce opens 1st industrial exposition (NY)
1865 First ascent of the Matterhorn by Edward Whymper and party, four of whom died on the descent.
1867 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel first demonstrates the use of dynamite in a quarry at Redhill in Surrey.
1868 Tape measure enclosed in a circular case patented, AJ Fellows, Ct
1888 The world's first record company, the North American Phonograph Company is founded in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, by businessman Jesse L Lippincott
1902 The Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta.
1914 1st patent for liquid-fueled rocket design granted (Dr R Goddard)
1914 Robert Hutchins Goddard patents a liquid-fuel rocket motor
1921 Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti convicted in Dedham Mass, of
killing their shoe company's paymaster
1933 Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political parties are outlawed except the Nazi Party
1940 Lithuania becomes the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic
1940 World War II: Britain faces the threat of a German invasion by forming the Home Guard - a part-time volunteer army comprising men too old for national service
1943 In Joplin, Missouri, George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of a black American.
1946 Dr Benjamin Spock publishes his famous baby bible - Baby and Child Care - which becomes a worldwide bestseller. 28 years later he says he no longer supports his own theories on how to look after children
1948 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot near to the Italian Parliament.
1951 1st colour telecast of a sporting event (CBS-horse race)
1951 Citation becomes 1st horse to win $1,000,000 in races
1955 2 killed, many dazed when lightning strikes Ascott racetrack, England
1957 Soviet steamer "Eshghbad" sinks in Caspian Sea, drowning 270
1958 Iraqi Revolution: In Iraq the monarchy is overthrown by Arab nationalists and Abdul Karim Kassem becomes the nation's new leader.
1959 1st atomic powered cruiser, the Long Beach, Quincy Mass
1960 Fire raging through a Guatemala City, Guatemala insane
asylum kills 225, severly injuring 300
1965 US Mariner IV, 1st Mars probe, passes at 6,100 miles (9,800 km)
1966 Richard Speck rapes and kills 8 nurses in a Chicago dormitory
1966 Actress Brigitte Bardot is married for a third time - to German industrialist Gunther Sachs
1967 Abortion is legalised in Britain.
1967 Surveyor 4 launched to Moon; explodes just before landing
1969 "Futbol War" between El Salvador and Honduras begins
1969 The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
1973 Phil Everly storms off stage declaring an end to the Everly Brothers
1974 Bundy victms Janice Ott and Denise Naslund disappear, Lk Sammamish, WA
1975 EPCOT Center (Florida) plans announced
1976 Jimmy Carter wins Democratic presidential nomination in NY
1978 Anatoly Shcharansky convicted of anti-Soviet agitation
1978 Allen Ginsburg completes "Plutonian Ode," blocks trainload of fissile
material headed for Rockwell's nuclear bomb trigger factory, Colorado
1986 Richard W Miller became 1st FBI agent convicted of espionage
1987 Lt Col Oliver North concludes 6 days of Congressional testimony
1987 Steve Miller's star is unveiled on Hollywood's Walk of Fame
1987 Taiwan ends 37 years of martial law
1988 200,000 demonstrate in Soviet Armenia for incorporation of Nagorno-Karabak
1989 The 16th James Bond movies "Licence to Kill" premiers
1997 Convicted murderer and former London gangster Reggie Kray marries Roberta Jones at Maidstone Prison in Kent.
2002 During Bastille Day celebrations, French President Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed.
2007 Russia withdraws from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.

14th July 2006

Israel hits Hezbollah HQ

India warns Pakistan over terror

Chirac warns of 'African flood'

14th July 2007

Russia suspends arms control pact

Deadly attack on Pakistani troops

Forbidden City Starbucks closes

14th July 2008

UN to withdraw staff from Darfur

Turkey charges 86 for 'coup plot'

US moves to bolster lending firms

14th July 2009

Kenya seizes coffin-stashed ivory

Strike hits India tea and tourism

Chechnya ambush leaves 4 dead

14th July 2010

US soldiers die in Afghanistan as Nato toll soars

Fatal Philippine storm cuts power

Gunmen attack two Yemen offices

Birthdates which occurred on 14th July :

1486 Andrea del Sarto Italy, painter (Recollets)
1602 Jules Mazarin France, cardinal, French 1st Minister (1642-61)
1834 James Abbott McNeill Whistler artist (Whistler's Mother)
1857 Maytag invented washing machine
1858 Emmeline Pankhurst England, found (Women's Social & Political Union)
1862 Florence Bascom US, 1st American woman PhD
1862 Gustav Klimt Austria, Art Nouveau painter
1865 Annie Jones Virginia, bearded lady
1869 Owen Wister US, novelist (The Virginian)
1874 'Abbas II last khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt (1892-1914)
1880 Donald Meek Glasgow Scotland, actor (Stage Fair, Stagecoach)
1890 Ossip Zadkine sculptor (The Destroyed City)
1893 Spencer Williams Vidalia La, actor (Andy-Amos 'n' Andy)
1895 Cliff Edwards "Ukulele Ike", Hannibal Mo, singer (54th Street Revue)
1895 Frank Raymond Leavis British literary critic (Culture & Environment)
19-- William Gay Espy actor (Mitch Blake-Another World)
1901 George Tobias NYC, actor (Abner Kravitz-Bewitched)
1903 Irving Stone US, author (Love is Eternal, Lust for Life)
1903 Ken Murray NYC, comedian (Ken Murray Show, Judy Garland Show)
1904 Isaac Bashevis Singer Yiddish novelist (Enemies-Nobel 1978)
1906 Tom Carvel ice cream mogul (Carvels)
1909 Annabella [Suzanne G Charpentier], Paris, actress (Dinner at Ritz)
1910 William Hanna animator (Hanna-Barbera)
1911 Terry-Thomas England, actor (It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World)
1912 Woodrow Wilson "Woodie" Guthrie folk singer (This Land Is Your Land)
1913 Gerald R Ford [Leslie King], 41st VP (1973-74), 38th pres (R-1974-77)
1917 Douglas Edwards Alda Okla, newscaster (CBS Evening News, FYI)
1918 Arthur Laurents NYC, playwright (West Side Story, Gypsy)
1918 Ingmar Bergman Uppsala Sweden, director (Cries & Whispers)
1918 Jay Wright Forrester invented random-access magnetic core memory
1919 Lino Ventura Italy, actor (Happy New Year, Pain in the A--)
1923 Dale Robertson Harrah Ok, actor (Death Valley Days, Walter-Dynasty)
1923 Frances Lear Larchmont NY, Woman's magazine publisher (Lears)
1926 Harry Dean Stanton actor (Alien, Cool Hand Luke, Alien)
1927 John Chancellor Chicago Ill, news anchor (NBC, VOA)
1928 Nancy Olson Milwaukee, actress (Absent-Minded Professor, Pollyanna)
1928 Pierre Olaf Cauderan France, actor (Kraft Music Hall)
1930 Polly Bergen Knoxville Tn, actress (Rhoda-Winds of War, Baby Talk)
1931 Donald Eugene Webb Okla City, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
1931 Robert Stephens Bristol England, actor (Uncle Kurt-Holocaust)
1932 Roosevelt Grier Cuthbert Ga, NFLer (NY Giants)/actor (Movin' On)
1933 Robert Bourassa Montr‚al, premier of Qu‚bec (1970-76, 1985- )
1934 Leo Joseph Koury Pitts, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
1936 Gloria Lambert Worcester Mass, singer (Sing Along With Mitch)
1936 Robert F Overmyer Lorain Ohio, Col USMC/astronaut (STS 5, STS 51B)
1943 Lynn Loring NYC, actress (Patty-Fair Exchange, Barbara-FBI)
1947 Steve Stone Cleveland Ohio, sportscaster (Monday Night Baseball)
1948 Tommy Matola rock manager/CEO (CBS records)
1952 Chris Cross rock singer (Arthur)
1952 Eric Laneuville New Orleans La, actor (Larry-Room 222, St Elsewhere)
1952 Jerry Houser LA Calif, actor (Slapshot, Summer of '42, Class of '44)
1952 Stan Shaw Chic Ill, actor (Mississippi, Roots Next Generation)
1961 Jackie Earle Haley Northridge Calif, actor (Breaking Away)
1970 Missy Gold Great Falls Mont, actress (Katie-Benson)
1977 Princess Victoria Ingrid Alic‚a D‚sir‚e, heir apparent of Sweden


Deaths which occurred on July 14th:
1958 King Faisal II PM of Iraq, assassinated at Baghdad
1968 Westbrook Van Voorhis announcer (March of Time), dies at 64
1970 Preston Foster actor (Waterfront, Gunslinger), dies at 69
1973 Clarence White guitarist (Byrds), killed by a car
1979 George De Witt TV host (Name that Tune), dies at 56
1984 Kenny Delmar comedian (School House), dies at 74

Golden Link 1/ On this day 14th July

Golden Link 2/ On this day 14th July

Golden Link 3/ On this day 14th July