13th July, on this day

574 John III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1174 William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.
1558 Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines.
1568 Dean of St Paul's Cathedral perfects a way to bottle beer
1573 Eighty Years' War: The Siege of Haarlem ends after seven months.
1643 English Civil War: An early success for Royalist forces with a victory over Parliamentary Army at Roundway Down
1787 US Congress establishes Northwest Territory (excludes slavery)
1793 French Revolution leader Jean Paul Marat is stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday. She is guillotined four days later
1794 Battle of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
1832 Source of Mississippi River discovered (Henry R Schoolcraft)
1836 US patent number 1 (after 9,957 unnumbered patents), for locomotive wheels
1837 Queen Victoria becomes the first British monarch to live at Buckingham Palace in London.
1854 US forces shell and burn San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua
1854 In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico, General Jose Maria Yanez stops the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon.
1863 Anti-draft mobs lynch blacks in NYC; about 1,000 die
1865 Horace Greeley advises his readers to "Go west young man"
1865 PT Barnum's museum burns down
1865 Edward Whymper becomes the first man to climb the Matterhorn - at his 7th attempt. Three of his climbing companions are killed during the descent.
1868 Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as lt governor of Louisiana
1878 Treaty of Berlin amended terms of Treaty of San Stefano
1882 200 die as train derails near Tcherny, Russia
1898 Guglielmo Marconi patents the radio
1908 4th modern Olympic games opens in London
1917 Vision of Virgin Mary appeared to children of Fatima, Portugal
1919 Race riots in Longview and Gregg counties Texas
1919 British airship R34 lands back in Norfolk, England after making the first round trip across the Atlantic to the United States and back again
1922 France II, the world's largest sailing vessel, is wrecked off the coast of New Caledonia
1923 The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles. It originally reads "Hollywoodland " but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949.
1930 Sarnoff reports in NY Times "TV would be a theater in every home"
1930 The first football World Cup kicks off in Montevideo, Uruguay - with a total of 13 countries taking part. The first match is between France and Mexico
1939 American singer Frank Sinatra makes his first record - From the Bottom of My Heart
1941 World War II: Montenegrins start popular uprising against the Axis Powers (Trinaestojulski ustanak).
1943 World War II: The greatest tank battle in history ends in defeat for Germany - defeated by Russian forces at Kursk, south of Moscow. More than 6,000 tanks are involved in the battle - at least 2,900 German tanks are destroyed
1955 Nightclub hostess Ruth Ellis becomes last woman to be hanged in Britain - executed at Holloway Prison for the murder of her lover David Blakely.
1960 In America, John F Kennedy wins the Democratic Party's nomination in the run for the Presidency - beating Senator Lyndon Johnson.
1967 Race riots break out in Newark, 27 die
1969 Russia launches unmanned Luna 15 to Moon
1973 Alexander Butterfield reveals the existence of the Nixon tapes to the special Senate committee investigating the Watergate break in.
1977 NYC experiences 25 hr black-out. Police arrest more than 4,000 looters during a massive blackout caused by a power failure in the city of New York.
1978 Alexander Ginzburg sentenced by Soviet court to 8 years
1978 BBC bans Sex Pistols "No One is Innocent"
1978 Lee Iacocca fired as Ford Motor President by chairman Henry Ford II
1978 Walter Poenisch completes swim of 207 km from Cuba to Florida
1985 Two simultaneous 'Live Aid' concerts - in London, England and Philadelphia, USA raise more than £50m for the victims of famine in Africa
1985 Vice President George H.W. Bush became the Acting President for the day when President Ronald Reagan underwent surgery to remove polyps from his colon.
1986 Commonwealth Games Committee bans South African-born athlete Zola Budd from running for England.
1987 Federal judge throws out Bette Midler's $10 million suit against
Ford Motor Co, who used a sound alike voice for their TV commercials
1992 Yitzhak Rabin becomes Prime Minister of Israel
1997 Diana, Princess of Wales is criticised in the British media for taking her children with her on holiday in St Tropez as a guest of Dodi Al Fayed.

13th July 2006

Lebanon seeks Israeli ceasefire

Police detain 300 in Mumbai probe

3-in-1 HIV pill is licensed in US

13th July 2007

Mosque protests across Pakistan

Czech castration raises worries

'Indian register' for pregnancies

13th July 2008

US suffers heavy Afghan losses

Deadly blast hits Afghan market

Sudanese rally to support leader

13th July 2009

Europe gas pipeline deal agreed

The Afghan ship-container 'massacre'

Accident at Delhi Metro site

13th July 2010

Landslides hit south-west China

3 UK soldiers 'killed by rogue Afghan'

French MPs vote to ban full veil

Birthdates which occurred on 13th July :

1396 Philip the Good Duke of Burgundy
1527 John Dee London, alchemist/astrologer/mathematician
1793 John Clare Northamptonshire peasant poet (Shepard's Calendar)
1821 Nathan Bedford Forrest Tennessee, brilliant cavalry leader, Lt Gen
1863 Emma Mary Wooley educator (Mary Anna Wells)
1894 Isaak Babel Russian short-story writer/dramatist (Red Calvary)
19-- Danitra Vance comedienne (SNL)
19-- Lois Kibbee actress (Edge of Night)
1901 Mickey "Toy Bulldog" Walker welterweight boxing champ (1922-26)
1906 Harry Sosnik Chicago, orch leader (Jack Carter Show, Your Hit Parade)
1913 Carolina Gisolf Holland, high jumper (Olympic-silver-1928)
1913 Dave Garroway Schnectady NY, TV host (Today Show)
1923 Susie Bond Louisville Ky, actress (Flo, Temperature Rising)
1926 Meyer Kupferman NYC, composer (In Fimi Tres)
1928 Bob Crane Waterbury Ct, actor (Hogan's Heroes)
1931 Bill Moor Toledo Oh, actor (Hanky Panky)
1934 Alexei S Yeliseyev cosmonaut (Soyuz 5, 8, 10)
1934 Wole Soyinka Nigeria, dramatist (Road, Kongi's Harvest)
1935 Jack Kemp (Rep-R-NY)/right-wing/US Secretary of Housing (1989- )
1940 Patrick Stewart actor (Capt Picard-Star Trek Next Generation)
1940 Paul Prudhomme cajun chef
1941 Robert Forster Rochester NY, actor (Lady in Red, Alligator)
1942 Harrison Ford actor (Star Wars, Indiana Jones, Frantic)
1942 Roger McGuinn rocker (Byrds-Turn Turn Turn, Mr Tambourine Man)
1944 Erno Rubik Budapest, inventor (Rubik's cube)
1946 Richard "Cheech" Marin comedian (Cheech & Chong-Up in Smoke)
1948 Alf Hansen Norway, double sculls (Olympic-gold-1976)
1948 Daphne Maxwell Reid actress (Frank's Place)
1948 Don Sweet Vancouver, CFL, NFL place kicker (Montr‚al, Green Bay)
1950 George D "Pinky" Nelson Iowa, PhD/astro (STS 41C, STS 61-C, STS-26)
1951 Didi Conn Bkln NY, actress (Denise-Benson, Helen-The Practice)
1954 David Thompson NBA guard (Phoenix Suns, Seattle Supersonics)
1954 Louise Mandrell Corpus Christi Tx, country singer (Mandrell Sisters)
1956 Mark "Animal" Mendoza rocker (Twisted Sister-We're Not Gonna Take It)
1963 Bobby Rock Houston Tx, rock drummer (Nelson-Love & Affection)
1963 Spud Webb NBA guard (Atlanta Hawks)
1966 Myong Hui Choe North Korea, gymnist (Olympic-1980)
1970 Steven J Brown Hackensack NJ, guitarist (Trixter-Give It To Me Good)


Deaths which occurred on July 13th:
1762 James Bradley 3rd Astronomer Royal, dies
1793 Jean Paul Marat French revolutionary, murdered by Charlotte Corday
1890 John C Fremont declared Republic of California, dies at 76
1955 Ruth Ellis hung
1961 Arnold Schoenberg Austrian-US composer (Second Quartet), dies at 86
1973 Lon Chaney Jr actor (Hawkeye, Pistols 'n' Petticoats), dies at 67
1982 John Alexander actor, dies at 85

Golden Link 1/ On this day 13th July

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