July, on this day
III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt
of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry
II of England.
of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral
of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at
1568 Dean of St Paul's Cathedral perfects a way to bottle beer
Years' War: The Siege
of Haarlem ends after seven months.
Civil War: An
early success for Royalist forces with a victory over Parliamentary
Army at Roundway Down
1787 US Congress establishes Northwest Territory (excludes slavery)
1793 French Revolution leader Jean
Paul Marat is stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday.
She is guillotined four days later
of the Vosges between French forces and those of Prussia and Austria
1832 Source of Mississippi River discovered (Henry
1836 US patent number 1 (after 9,957 unnumbered patents), for locomotive
1837 Queen Victoria becomes the first British monarch to live at Buckingham
Palace in London.
1854 US forces shell and burn San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua
1854 In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico, General Jose Maria Yanez stops
the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon.
mobs lynch blacks in NYC; about 1,000 die
Horace Greeley advises his readers to "Go west young man"
Barnum's museum burns down
Whymper becomes the first man to climb the Matterhorn - at his
7th attempt. Three of his climbing companions are killed during the
J Dunn, former slave, installed as lt governor of Louisiana
of Berlin amended terms of Treaty of San Stefano
1882 200 die as train derails near Tcherny, Russia
Marconi patents the radio
1908 4th modern Olympic games opens in London
of Virgin Mary appeared to children of Fatima, Portugal
1919 Race riots in Longview and Gregg counties Texas
1919 British airship
R34 lands back in Norfolk, England after making the first round
trip across the Atlantic to the United States and back again
II, the world's largest sailing vessel, is wrecked off the coast
of New Caledonia
1923 The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above
Hollywood, Los Angeles. It originally reads "Hollywoodland "
but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949.
reports in NY Times "TV would be a theater in every home"
1930 The first football World Cup kicks off in Montevideo, Uruguay
- with a total of 13 countries taking part. The first match is between
France and Mexico
1939 American singer Frank Sinatra makes his first record - From the
Bottom of My Heart
1941 World War II: Montenegrins
start popular uprising against the Axis Powers (Trinaestojulski ustanak).
1943 World War II: The greatest tank battle in history ends in defeat
for Germany - defeated by Russian forces at Kursk, south of Moscow.
More than 6,000 tanks are involved in the battle - at least 2,900
German tanks are destroyed
1955 Nightclub hostess Ruth
Ellis becomes last woman to be hanged in Britain - executed at
Holloway Prison for the murder of her lover David Blakely.
1960 In America, John F Kennedy wins the Democratic Party's nomination
in the run for the Presidency - beating Senator Lyndon Johnson.
1967 Race riots break out in Newark, 27 die
1969 Russia launches unmanned Luna
15 to Moon
Butterfield reveals the existence of the Nixon tapes to the special
Senate committee investigating the Watergate break in.
1977 NYC experiences 25 hr black-out. Police arrest more than 4,000
looters during a massive blackout caused by a power failure in the
city of New York.
Ginzburg sentenced by Soviet court to 8 years
1978 BBC bans Sex
Pistols "No One is Innocent"
Iacocca fired as Ford Motor President by chairman Henry
1978 Walter Poenisch completes swim of 207 km from Cuba to Florida
1985 Two simultaneous 'Live
Aid' concerts - in London, England and Philadelphia, USA raise
more than £50m for the victims of famine in Africa
1985 Vice President George
H.W. Bush became the Acting President for the day when President
Ronald Reagan underwent surgery to remove polyps from his colon.
1986 Commonwealth Games Committee bans South African-born athlete
Budd from running for England.
1987 Federal judge throws out Bette
Midler's $10 million suit against
Ford Motor Co, who used a sound alike voice for their TV commercials
Rabin becomes Prime Minister of Israel
1997 Diana, Princess
of Wales is criticised in the British media for taking her children
with her on holiday in St Tropez as a guest of Dodi
occurred on 13th July :
1396 Philip the
Good Duke of Burgundy
1527 John Dee London, alchemist/astrologer/mathematician
1793 John Clare Northamptonshire peasant poet (Shepard's Calendar)
1821 Nathan Bedford Forrest Tennessee, brilliant cavalry leader, Lt
1863 Emma Mary Wooley educator (Mary Anna Wells)
1894 Isaak Babel Russian short-story writer/dramatist (Red Calvary)
19-- Danitra Vance comedienne (SNL)
19-- Lois Kibbee actress (Edge of Night)
1901 Mickey "Toy Bulldog" Walker welterweight boxing champ
1906 Harry Sosnik Chicago, orch leader (Jack Carter Show, Your Hit
1913 Carolina Gisolf Holland, high jumper (Olympic-silver-1928)
1913 Dave Garroway Schnectady NY, TV host (Today Show)
1923 Susie Bond Louisville Ky, actress (Flo, Temperature Rising)
1926 Meyer Kupferman NYC, composer (In Fimi Tres)
1928 Bob Crane Waterbury Ct, actor (Hogan's Heroes)
1931 Bill Moor Toledo Oh, actor (Hanky Panky)
1934 Alexei S Yeliseyev cosmonaut (Soyuz 5, 8, 10)
1934 Wole Soyinka Nigeria, dramatist (Road, Kongi's Harvest)
1935 Jack Kemp (Rep-R-NY)/right-wing/US Secretary of Housing (1989-
1940 Patrick Stewart actor (Capt Picard-Star Trek Next Generation)
1940 Paul Prudhomme cajun chef
1941 Robert Forster Rochester NY, actor (Lady in Red, Alligator)
1942 Harrison Ford actor (Star Wars, Indiana Jones, Frantic)
1942 Roger McGuinn rocker (Byrds-Turn Turn Turn, Mr Tambourine Man)
1944 Erno Rubik Budapest, inventor (Rubik's cube)
1946 Richard "Cheech" Marin comedian (Cheech & Chong-Up
1948 Alf Hansen Norway, double sculls (Olympic-gold-1976)
1948 Daphne Maxwell Reid actress (Frank's Place)
1948 Don Sweet Vancouver, CFL, NFL place kicker (Montr‚al, Green
1950 George D "Pinky" Nelson Iowa, PhD/astro (STS 41C, STS
1951 Didi Conn Bkln NY, actress (Denise-Benson, Helen-The Practice)
1954 David Thompson NBA guard (Phoenix Suns, Seattle Supersonics)
1954 Louise Mandrell Corpus Christi Tx, country singer (Mandrell Sisters)
1956 Mark "Animal" Mendoza rocker (Twisted Sister-We're
Not Gonna Take It)
1963 Bobby Rock Houston Tx, rock drummer (Nelson-Love & Affection)
1963 Spud Webb NBA guard (Atlanta Hawks)
1966 Myong Hui Choe North Korea, gymnist (Olympic-1980)
1970 Steven J Brown Hackensack NJ, guitarist (Trixter-Give It To Me
Deaths which occurred
on July 13th:
1762 James Bradley 3rd Astronomer Royal, dies
1793 Jean Paul Marat French revolutionary, murdered by Charlotte Corday
1890 John C Fremont declared Republic of California, dies at 76
1955 Ruth Ellis hung
1961 Arnold Schoenberg Austrian-US composer (Second Quartet), dies
1973 Lon Chaney Jr actor (Hawkeye, Pistols 'n' Petticoats), dies at
1982 John Alexander actor, dies at 85