12th July, on this day

100BC Birth of Roman Emperor Gaius Julius Caesar
526 St Felix IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1191 Richard the Lionheart takes the city of Acre during the Third Crusade
1290 Jews are expelled from England by order of King Edward I
1543 Henry VIII marries his sixth and final wife, Catherine Parr at Hampton Court Palace
1580 Ostrog Bible, the first printed Bible in a Slavic language, is published.
1641 A Treaty of Offensive and Defensive Alliance is signed by Portugal and the Dutch Republic. The treaty had no effect in the Portuguese colonies (Brazil and Angola) that were under Dutch rule since it wasn't respected by both parties.
1690 Orangeman's yearly celebration (The battle of the Orange) - Actually "Battle of the Boyne" ( 1 July 1690), when Protestant had victory in Ireland
1691 Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) England, William III beats James II
1730 Josiah Wedgwood, English pottery designer, is born at Burslem in Staffordshire.
1774 Citizens of Carlisle, Penn. pass a declaration of independence
1794 English admiral Horatio Nelson loses his right eye during the siege of Calvi in Corsica
1801 Battle of Algeciras: The French navy are defeated by the British Royal Navy
1804 Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a duel.
1806 Sixteen German imperial states leave the Holy Roman Empire and form the Confederation of the Rhine.
1812 US forces led by Gen Hull invade Canada (War of 1812)
1817 1st flower show held (Dannybrook, County Cork, Ireland)
1859 Paper bag manufacturing machine patented by William Goodale, Mass
1862 US Congress authorizes Medal of Honor
1870 London's Victoria Embankment, built by Sir J W Bazalgette, is opened by the Prince of Wales, later Edward VII
1882 1st ocean pier in US completed, Washington, DC
1906 In France, the guilty verdict against army officer Captain Alfred Dreyfus for treason is annulled and he is restored to his rank and regiment
1909 US 16th Amendment approved (power to tax incomes)
1912 1st foreign feature film exhibited in US-"Queen Elizabeth"-NYC
1917 The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
1918 Japanese Imperial Navy battle ship Kawachi blew up at Shunan, western Honshu, Japan, killing at least 621.
1920 US President Woodrow Wilson officially opens the Panama Canal - six years after the first ship sailed through it
1920 Lithuania and USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuuania becomes independent
1928 1st televised tennis match
1930 Australian cricketer Don Bradman sets a new test record with an innings of 334 against England at Leeds - 309 scored in one day.
1933 US Congress passes 1st minimum wage law
1941 British and Russians sign a mutual assistance treaty in Moscow against Germany
1943 Battle of Prokhorovka - German and Soviet forces engage in largest tank engagement of all time.
1948 1st jets to fly across the Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires)
1950 ILTF re-admit Germany and Japan in Davis Cup, Poland andHungary withdraw
1951 Mob tries to keep black family from moving into all-white Cicero Ill
1957 1st US President to fly in helicopter-Dwight Eisenhower
1960 Congo, Chad and Central African Republic declare independence
1960 Echo I, 1st passive satellite launched
1960 USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs
1960 Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
1962 1st time 2 manned crafts in space (USSR)
1962 Rolling Stones 1st performance (Marquee Club, London)
1966 Race riot in Chicago
1967 23 die in Newark race rebellion
1967 Blacks in Newark, riot, 26 killed, 1500 injured and over 1000 arrested
1969 Tony Jacklin becomes the first British golfer since 1951 to win the Open.
1970 Janis Joplin debuts in Kentucky
1970 Explorer Thor Heyerdahl and his crew cross the Atlantic in 57 days aboard a boat made entirely of papyrus.
1971 Juan Corona, indicted for 25 murders
1973 A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.
1975 São Tomé and Príncipe gains independence from Portugal (Nat'l Day)
1977 1st free flight test of space shuttle Enterprise
1979 Kiribati (Gilbert and Ellice Is) gains independence from Britain
1982 FEMA promises survivors of a nuclear war will get their mail
1985 Doctors discover a cancerous growth in President Reagan's colon
1988 USSR launches Phobos II for Martian orbit
1996 Prince Charles and Diana, Princess of Wales, agree the terms of their divorce - ending their 15 year marriage
2006 Hezbollah initiates Operation True Promise.

12th July 2006

Hezbollah warns Israel over raids

EU slashes overseas mobile costs

Pope's death cost Holy See $9m

12th July 2007

Bush says US can succeed in Iraq

Musharraf vows war on militants

US concern at al-Qaeda strength

12th July 2008

Zimbabwe hails sanctions failure

Militants kill Pakistani soldiers

Iran 'to target Israel, US bases'

12th July 2009

China flash flood kills 14 hikers

Metro bridge collapses in Delhi

12th July 2010

Swiss reject Polanski extradition

Israel admits flotilla 'mistakes'

8 injured in German tornado

Birthdates which occurred on 12th July :

100 -BC- Julius C‘sar Roman Emperor
1730 Josiah Wedgewood England, pottery designer/manufacturer
1817 Henry David Thoreau Concord Mass, naturalist/author/pacifist
1849 Sir William Osler Canada, physician/author (circulatory system)
1854 George Eastman Waterville NY, invented Kodak camera
1864 George Washington Carver studied the peanut
1868 Stefan George Germany, lyric poet (Algabal)
1884 Amedeo Modigliani Italy, painter/sculptor (Reclining Nude)
1895 Oscar Hammerstein II NYC, lyricist who worked with Richard Rodgers
1895 R Buckminster Fuller architect (invented geodesic dome)
19-- Gerald Gordon Chicago Ill, actor (Dr Morger-Highcliffe Manor)
19-- Jay Thomas Kermit Tx, DJ/actor (Mork & Mindy, Cheers, Murphy Brown)
19-- Jim B Baker Great Falls Mont, actor (Flo-Farley Waters)
19-- Lisa Pelikan Paris Fr, actress (Ghoulies, Jennifer, Studs Lonigan)
1904 Pablo Neruda Chile, poet (Residence on Earth-Nobel 1971)
1908 Milton Berle Harlem NYC, comedian (Uncle Miltie, Mr Television)
1909 Joey Faye NYC, comedian (Joey Faye's Follies)
1917 Andrew Wyeth US, painter (Christina's World)
1920 Keith Andes Ocean City NJ, actor (Farmer's Daughter, Away All Boats)
1922 Clark MacGregor politician (involved in Watergate)
1922 Mark O Hatfield (Sen-R-Ore)
1934 Harvey Lavan "Van" Cliburn Jr La, pianist (Tchaikovsky 1958)
1936 Jan Nemec Prague Czech, director (Diamonds of the Night)
1937 Bill Cosby Phila, actor/comedian (I Spy, Cosby, Leonard Part 6)
1942 Richard Stoltzman Omaha Nebraska, clarinetist (Tashi)
1943 Christie McVie rocker (Fleetwood Mac-Got A Hold on Me)
1943 Ernie Anastos Nashua NH, news anchor (WCBS, WABC)
1943 Paul Silas NBAer (Boston Celtic, Seattle SuperSonic)
1944 Denise Nicholas Detroit Mich, actress (Room 222, Baby I'm Back)
1948 Richard Simmons exercise guru (Deal-a-Meal)
1948 Walter Egan rocker (Not Shy, Fundamental Roll)
1950 Eric Carr drummer (Kiss-Beth)
1951 Cheryl Ladd Huron SD, actress (Charlie's Angels, Purple Hearts)
1956 Mel "Mary Ellen" Harris Bethlehm Pa, actress (Hope-30 Something)
1957 Buddy Foster actor (Hondo, Mayberry RFD)
1964 Judi Evans Cal, actress (Guiding Light, Adrienne-Days of our Life)


Deaths which occurred on July 12th:
1450 Jack Cade slain in a revolt against British King Henry VI
1976 Ted Mack TV host (Original Amateur Hour), dies at 72
1977 Ed Holmes actor (Growing Paynes, Once Upon a Tune), dies at 66
1979 Minnie Ripperton singer (Lovin' You), dies of cancer at 30
1980 John W Davis Pres (WV State college), dies at 92
1982 Kenneth More actor, dies of Parkinson disease at 67
1988 Joshua Logan Broadway producer, dies at 79 of palsy

Golden Link 1/ On this day 12th July

Golden Link 2/ On this day 12th July

Golden Link 3/ On this day 12th July