July, on this day
of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple
and Rollo of Normandy.
of Shirakawa-den in Japan.
of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch) - a coalition
around the Flemish cities defeats the king of France's huge knightly
IV of Luxembourg elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1405 Chinese fleet commander Zheng He set sail to explore the world
for the first time.
1533 Pope Clement VII excommunicated England's King Henry VIII
Martin Frobisher sights Greenland.
of Orange defeats the deposed Catholic, King James II, at Battle
of the Boyne in Ireland
1735 Mathematical calculations suggest it was on this day that Pluto
moved from the ninth to the eighth most distant planet from the Sun
for the last time before 1979.
1740 Jews are expelled from Little Russia by order of Czarina Anne
1750 Halifax, Nova Scotia almost completely destroyed by fire.
1776 English explorer Captain
James Cook sets sail from Plymouth at the start of his third and
Necker dismissed as Finance Minister for France sparking the Storming
of the Bastille.
1792 Prussia army moves into French territory
1796 The U.S. takes possession of Detroit from Great Britain under
terms of the Jay
1798 The United
States Marine Corps is re-established; they had been disbanded
after the American Revolutionary War.
1804 VP Aaron
Burr kills Alex Hamilton in a pistol duel near Weehawken
1811 Italian scientist Amedeo
Avogadro publishes his memoir about molecular content of gases.
1812 US invades Canada (Detroit frontier)
writes "In the Cottage Where Burns Was Born," "Lines
in the Highlands," and "The Gadfly"
1848 In London, the official opening of Waterloo
Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens is published.
1864 Confederate forces led by Gen J Early begin invasion of Wash
1882 The British Mediterranean fleet begins the Bombardment
of Alexandria in Egypt as part of the 1882
1893 The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi
1895 The brothers Lumière
show film for scientists.
August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen to try to reach the North
pole by balloon. He later crashes and dies.
1902 British Prime Minister Lord
Salisbury retires and is succeeded by his nephew, Arthur Balfour
1905 Black intellectuals and activists organize Niagara
1914 Babe Ruth debuts in Major league baseball.
1921 Truce called in the
Irish War of Independence
1921 Mongolia gains independence from China
1922 Hollywood Bowl opens.
1934 FDR became 1st pres to travel through Panama Canal
of Poles in Volhynia
1943 German and Italian troops launch a counter-attack on Allied forces
1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt says he will run for a fourth term as President
of the United States.
Exodus 1947 heads to Palestine from France.
1950 In Britain, the first appearance on television of children's
1955 Congress authorizes all US currency to say "In
God We Trust"
1960 Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Upper Volta and Niger declare independence
1962 1st transatlantic TV transmission via satellite (Telstar I)
1962 American Fred Baldasare becomes the first man to cross the English
Channel under the water (scuba)
1962 Cosmonaut Micolaev set then record longest space flight - 4 days
Rogers forms 1st Edition
1969 David Bowie releases "Space Oddity"
1969 Rolling Stones release "Honky Tonk Woman"
1971 Copper mines in Chile nationalized.
1973 A Brazilian Boeing 707 crashes near Paris on approach to Orly
Airport, killing 123 people of the 134 on-board.
1975 China's Terracotta
Army uncovered near the ancient capital of Xian.
More than 8,000 life sized warriors were buried around 206BC to guard
the tomb of the first Chinese Emperor.
1976 American singer Frank Sinatra marries for the sixth time - to
of Freedom awarded posthumously to Rev Martin Luther King Jr
1977 In Britain, Gay
News is fined £1,000 for publishing a poem portraying Jesus
as a homosexual
Alfaques Disaster: a truck carrying liquid gas crashes and explodes
at a coastal campsite in Tarragona, Spain killing 216 tourists.
1979 US Skylab
enters atmosphere over Australia and disintegrates
1980 American hostage Richard
I Queen freed by Iran
Coe of UK sets record for 1000 m, 2:12.18
1982 Italy beats West Germany 3-1 for soccer's 12th World Cup in Madrid
1983 A Boeing 727 crashes into hilly terrain after a tail strike in
Cuenca, Ecuador, claiming 119 lives.
1987 According to the United Nations, the world population crossed
the 5,000,000,000 (5 billion) mark.
1988 Mike Tyson hires Donald Trump as an advisor
1990 NYC police arrest "Dartman" (stabbed over 50 women
1991 A Nationair DC-8 crashed during an emergency landing at Jeddah,
Saudi Arabia, killing 261. The Canadian charter was ferrying Hajj
pilgrims on behalf of Nigeria Airways.
1995 Full diplomatic relations are established between the United
States and Vietnam.
Genocide: Serb army from Yugoslavia and Bosnia, capture the Bosniak
town of Srebrenica. More than eight thousands inhabitants are murdered.
It is generally regarded to be the most horrific event in recent European
1995 A Cubana de Aviacion Antonov An-24 crashes into the Caribbean
off southeast Cuba killing 44 people.
1995 English actor Hugh
Grant is fined $750 by a court in Los Angeles court, put on probation
for two years and ordered to take an Aids Education Course after admitting
to lewd conduct with a prostitute
2006 209 people are killed in a series of bomb attacks in Mumbai,
occurred on 11th July :
1274 Robert the
Bruce Scotland, King (1328-1329)
1558 Robert Greene Elizabethan dramatist (Friar Bacon)
1754 Thomas Bowdler famous prude, bowdlerized Shakespeare
1767 John Quincy Adams Braintree, Mass, 6th Pres (D) (1825-1829)
1838 John Wanamaker merchant (Wanamakers Dept Store)
1851 Millieand Christine NC, siamese twins
1861 George William Norris (Rep-Neb)
1888 Dr Lyman Bryson Valentine Nebr, educator (UN Casebook)
1892 Thomas Mitchell NJ, academy award winning actor (Outlaw, Adventures)
1899 E.B. White writer (Charlotte's Web, Elements of Style)
19-- Bobbi Jordan Hardensburg Ky, actress (Tootsie-Blondie, Turnabout)
19-- Brett Somers New Brunswick Canada, actress (Blanche-Odd Couple)
19-- Jay Johnson Abernathy Texas, ventriloquist (Chuck-Soap)
19-- Rodney Saulsberry actor (Capitol)
1906 Harry Von Zell Indianapolis Ind, TV announcer (Burns & Allen)
1910 Irene Hervey LA Calif, actress (Aunt Meg-Honey West)
1915 Colin Purdie Kelly US, 1st US air hero during WW II
1915 Yul Brynner Sakhalin Is Japan, actor (King & I)
1916 Gough Whitlam (ALP) Australia, PM (1972-75)
1920 Yul Brynner actor (King & I, 10 Commandments)
1922 Gene Evans Hollbrook Az, actor (My Friend Flicka, Matt Helm,
1927 Herbert Blomstedt Springfield Mass, conductor (Oslo Phil 1954-61)
1929 Hermann Prey Berlin Germany, baritone (Wolfram-Tannhaser)
1931 Tab Hunter actor (Damn Yankees, Lust in the Dust, Battle Cry)
1931 Thurston Harris Indianapolis, vocalist (Little Bitty Pretty One)
1943 Susan Seaforth Hayes SF, actress (Days of our Life, Young &
1945 Deborah Harry singer (Blondie) actress (Videodrome, Hairspray)
1946 Beverly Todd Ohio, actress (Roots, Having Babies, Redd Foxx Show)
1947 Jeff Hanna rock vocalist (Nitty Gritty Dirt Band-Mr Bojangles)
1950 Bonnie Pointer singer (Pointer Sisters)
1953 Leon Spinks US, heavyweight boxing champ (1978, Olympic-gold-1976)
1953 Peter Bergman Guantanamo Bay Cuba, actor (Starland Vocal Band)
1955 Sergey Babinov USSR, ice hockey star (Olympic-gold-1972)
1956 Sela Ward actor (Hilary-Emerald Point NAS)
1957 Michael Rose rocker (Black Uhuru-Brutal, Positive)
1957 Pete Murphy rocker (Love Hysteria)
1958 Mark Lester Oxford England, actor (Oliver, Prince & Pauper)
1958 Ray Dodds rocker (Fairground Attraction-You Send Me)
1959 Richie Sambora guitarist (Bon Jovi-You Give Love a Bad Name)
1959 Suzanne Vega rocker (My Name is Luka)
1966 Mel Appleby rocker (Mel & Kim-Coming to America)
1977 Brandy Gold Northridge Calif, actress (Annie-Baby Makes 5)
Deaths which occurred
on July 11th:
1593 Giuseppe Arcimboldo 1st surrealist painter, dies (birth date
1804 Alex Hamilton killed by VP Aaron Burr in pistol duel near Weehawken
1909 Simon Newcomb celestial mechanics authority, dies
1937 George Gershwin composer (American in Paris), dies at 38
1965 Ray Collins actor (Halls of Ivy, Perry Mason), dies at 75
1971 Carleton Young actor (Court of Last Resorts), dies at 64
1973 Isabel Randolph actress (Mrs Nester-Our Miss Brooks), dies at
1980 Peggy Knudson acttress (April-So This is Hollywood), dies at
1987 Thomas F Waddell found of Gay olympics, dies of AIDS at 50
1989 Sir Laurence Olivier acting great, dies at 82