9th January, on this day

1296 Earl Floris V signs accord with French king
1317 Phillips V, the Tall, crowned king of France
1349 700 Jews of Basel Switzerland, burned alive in their houses
1493 1st sight of manatees (by Christopher Columbus)
1522 Adriaan F Boeyens of Utrecht elected only Dutch/last non-Italian pope (Adrian VI) 1558 Geneva becomes independent from Berne canton, Switzerland
1570 Tsar Ivan the terrible kills 1000-2000 residents of Novgorod
1718 France declares war on Spain
1760 Afghans defeat Marathas in battle of Barari Ghat
1788 Connecticut becomes 5th state
1792 Russia and Turkey sign Peace of Jassy
1793 Jean Pierre Blanchard makes 1st balloon flight in North America (Philadelphia)
1799 Income Tax introduced in UK
1806 Lord Horatio Nelson is buried at St. Paul's Cathedral in London
1811 1st Women's Golf Tournament held
1812 Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon
1834 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin arrives in Port San Julian, Patagonia
1839 Daguerrotype photo process announced at French Academy of Science
1839 Thomas Henderson measures 1st stellar parallax (Alpha Centauri)
1847 1st San Francisco newspaper published (California Star)
1848 1st commercial bank in San Francisco established
1848 People's uprising in Palermo Sicily
1854 Astor Library opens in New York City NY
1855 Clipper Guiding Star disappears in Atlantic, 480 dies
1857 7.9 earthquake shakes Fort Tejon CA
1861 In a precursor to the start of the Civil War in America, a Union merchant ship, the ‘Star of the West’, is fired upon as it tries to bring supplies to Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor
1861 Mississippi becomes 2nd state to secede
1862 Battle of Fort Hindman, AR (Arkansas Post)
1863 -Jan 11th] Battle of Arkansas Post AR (Fort Hindman)
1866 Fisk University establishes
1879 Cheyenne prisoners led by Dull Knife revolt at Fort Robinson
1879 Kirland Warbler discovered on Andros Island in Bahamas
1894 "Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze" released in movie theaters
1900 The Italian football club, S.S. Lazio, is founded in Rome
1903 Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota established
1905 According to the Julian calendar, which was in use at the time, Russian workers stage a march on the Winter Palace, which ends in a massacre of the workers, signalling the beginning of 1905 Russian Revolution. The day came to be known as 'Bloody Sunday'
1908 Muir Woods National Monument, California established
1908 Frans Schollaert succeeds De Trooz as premier of Belgium
1909 Ernest Shackleton reaches 88º23' south
1912 US marines invade Honduras
1917 In Mesopotamia, British troops under the command of Sir Frederick Maude launch an offensive against Turkish forces at Khadairi Bend
1922 Rotterdam metal strike ends
1923 Juan de la Cierva makes 1st autogiro (helicopter) flight, Spain
1925 German Postal Minister A Höfle resigns due to corruption
1927 Dmitri Shostakovich's Octet opus 11, premieres in Moscow
1927 Fire in Laurier Palace cinema in Montréal, 78 children died
1928 Eugene O'Neill's "Marco Millions" premieres in New York City NY
1933 Amsterdam confectionery worker go on strike against wage reduction
1936 Semi-automatic rifles adopted by US army
1936 Noël Coward's "Astonished Heart" premieres in London
1937 Italian regime bans marriages between Italians and Abyssinians
1940 2 German officers make emergency landing in Belgium
1941 Maiden flight by Canada's Avro Lancaster military plane
1941 6,000 Jews exterminated in pogrom in Bucharest Romania
1942 US Joint Chiefs of Staff created
1943 Japanese government in Java limits sale and use of motorcars
1945 US soldiers led by General Douglas MacArthur invade Philippines
2 German officers make emergency landing in Belgium
1951 Life After Tomorrow, 1st film to receive an "X" rating, premieres
1952 Belgian Pholien government resigns
1952 Karel Sys wins European heavyweight boxing title
1953 Korean ferryboat "Chang Tyong-Ho" sank off Pusan killing 249
1956 Samir el-Rifai forms government in Jordan
1957 Checheno-Ingush ASSR reformed in RSFSR
1957 Karachayevo-Cherkess Autonomous Region reestablished in RSFSR
1957 British Prime Minister Anthony Eden resigns due to ill health. Eden's premiership had been in decline since his controversial handling of the 'Suez Crisis'. You can hear two important speeches from the Crisis in our Great Speeches area
1957 Dutch Newspaper Society expels communist daily paper "Truth"
1959 In America, the first episode of the TV series Rawhide, starting Clint Eastwood, is shown
1959 Dam across Tera River, Spain, collapses after heavy winter rains, 135 die
1960 Building of Aswan dam in Egypt, begins
1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 Mao Tse-tung writes his poem "Reply to Comrade Kuo Mo-jo"
1964 Anti-US rioting breaks out in the Panamá Canal Zone
1965 "Beatles' '65" album goes number 1 and stays for 9 weeks
1966 Polish government denies exit visa to Cardinal Wyszynski revisionism
1968 Surveyor 7 space probe soft lands on the Moon
1969 Concorde jetliner's 1st test flight (Bristol England)
1970 Constitution of Singapore enacted
1972 Billionaire Howard Hughes said Clifford Irving's biography is a fake
1972 The cruise liner Queen Elizabeth catches fire and sinks in the harbour at Hong Kong
1972 After three months of unsuccessful negotiations, Britain’s coal miners go on strike for the first time in almost fifty years
1973 Luna 21 launched to Moon
1975 600 employees of Royal Canadian Mint go on strike
1976 Sylvester Stallone starts filming 'Rocky'
1978 Commonwealth of Northern Marianas established
1980 63 beheaded in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
1981 Francisco Balsamao elected President of Portugal
1982 5.9 earthquake in New England and Canada; 1st since 1855
1983 British PM Margaret Thatcher visits the Falkland Islands
1986 British defence secretary Michael Heseltine resigns from the Cabinet of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher over the 'Westland Affair'
1987 New Nicaraguan constitution takes effect
1987 Chinese/Vietnamese border fights, 1500 killed
1991 Baker and Aziz meet in Geneva; talks fail to defuse the gulf crisis
1995 Ecuador and Peru involve in boundary fight
1995 Worker accidentally cuts electrical wires at Newark Airport
1997 Heart attacks sends Frank Sinatra back to hospital
1997 Round-The-World yachtsman Tony Bullimore is rescued after spending 4 days in the Pacific Ocean after his boat capsized
1998 Northern Ireland Secretary Dr Mo Mowlam makes a controversial visit to the Maze Prison in Belfast, Northern Ireland to talk to Loyalist and Republican terrorists
1998 Anatoly Solovyov and Pavel Vinogradov spacewalk record 3 hours 8 minutes
1998 Decapitated head of Danish Little Mermaid is returned
2001 Shenzhou 2, an unmanned Chinese spacecraft, is launched.
2002 The United States Department of Justice announces it is going to pursue a criminal investigation of Enron.
2005 -The signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, commonly known as the Naivasha Agreement between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement rebel group in Naivasha, Kenya.
2005 Elections are held to replace Yasser Arafat as head of the Palestine Liberation Organization. He is succeeded by Rawhi Fattouh
2005 Voting in the Palestinian Presidential Elections draws to a close. Early exit polls indicate that Mahmoud Abbas has won a significant majority
2006 The Phantom of the Opera surpasses the record set by Cats for the title of longest running show on Broadway.
2007 An AerianTur-M Antonov An-26 crashes in Balad, Iraq. The Islamic Army in Iraq claims to have shot it down

9th January 2006

Human bird flu spreads in Turkey

India 'loses 10m female births'

Iraqi ministry bombing kills 28

9th January 2007

US Somali air strikes 'kill many'

Baghdad fighting 'kills dozens'

Iraq crash kills Turkish workers

9th January 2008

South Asia hit by food shortages

Iran says US video was fabricated

Primary comebacks ignite US race

9th January 2009

UN agency to resume Gaza aid work

Saudi tanker 'freed off Somalia'

US job losses hit record in 2008

9th January 2010

Migrants evacuated from Italian town

Snow brings travel chaos in Germany

Russia avalanche kills 5 climbers

Birthdates which occurred on 9th January :

1554 Gregory XV [Alessandro Ludovisi], Roman Catholic pope (1621-23)
1574 Christoph Buel composer
1620 Johann Weichmann composer
1695 John E Loovens lawyer
1699 Robert J Pothier French lawyer
1728 Thomas Warton poet laureate of England (Pleasures of Melancholy)
1748 Stefan Paluselli composer
1790 Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom Swedish poet (Lycksalighetens)
1803 Christopher Gustavus Memminger Secretary Treasurer (Confederacy) died in 1888
1815 William Jackson composer
1816 John Palmer Usher Secretary Interior (Union) died in 1889
1820 Pavel Krizkovsky composer
1822 John Porter Hatch volunteers Brevet Major General (Union), died in 1901
1829 Thomas William Robertson England, playwright (Caste)
1829 Adolf von Schlagintweit German explorer (Tarimbekken)
1832 Esquire Maurits A de Savornin Lohman Dutch Governor of Suriname
1839 John Knowles Paine Portland ME, composer
1843 Christiaan A Ulder Curaçao, composer (waltzes/tumbas)
1851 Giuseppi Gallignani composer
1851 Luis Coloma Spanish jesuit/writer/theologian (Pequeñeces, Boy)
1856 Anton Askerc Slavic priest/poet (Primoz Trubar)
1856 Lizette Woodworth Reese US poet (Branch of May, Tears)
1856 Stevan Mokranjac composer
1857 Henry B Fuller American writer (Under the Skylights)
1859 Carrie Lane Chapman Catt women's rights leader/founder (League of Women Voters)
1859 Frederik Pijper Dutch vicar/church historian (The Monasteries)
1866 Albert Baertsoen Flemish painter/etcher
1867 Jacques Urlus Dutch tenor (Opera of Leipzig, Song of the Earth)
1870 Joseph B Strauss civil engineer/builder (Golden Gate Bridge)
1871 Charles Kortright British cricket player
1873 Hayyim Nahman Bialik Rädi Ukraine, Hebrew poet/translator
1876 Hans Bethge writer
1879 John Broadus Watson behaviorist psychologist
1881 Lascelles Abercrombie English poet/critic (Revaluations)
1881 Giovanni Papini Italy, writer (Il Diavolo)
1890 Karel Capek Czechoslovakia, writer (R U R ); coined the word "robot"
1890 Kurt Tucholsky German journalist/writer (Panther Tiger & Co)
1891 August Gailit Estonia, writer (Ekke Moor)
1894 Henryk Stazewski Polish abstract painter/graphic artist
1897 Luis Gianneo composer
1898 Gracie Fields [Stansfield], England, music hall/vaudeville performer
1898 Vilma Banky Budapest Hungary, silent screen actress (Eagle, Rebel)
1899 Alexander Tcherepnin St Petersburg Russia, composer
19-- Melissa Morgan actress (Brittany-Young & Restless)
19-- Pat Dunbar heavy metal rocker (Mind Funk-Sugar Ain't So Sweet, Fire)
1900 Joseph Frederick Wagner composer
1901 Chic Young cartoonist (Blondie)
1902 Rudolph Bing opera manager (New York Metropolitan Opera)
1902 Jose Maria Escrivá de Balaguer y Albás Spanish priest (Opus Dei)
1904 George Balanchine dancer/choreographer/ballet producer
1908 Simone de Beauvoir France, author (Mandarins, 2nd Sex)
1909 Herva Nelli soprano
1910 Dick Henry Jurgen bandleader
1911 Richard Selwyn Francis Schiling professor of occupational health
1911 Stafford William Somerfield British newspaper editor
1912 Ralph Tubbs architect
1913 Richard Milhouse Nixon Yorba Linda CA, (R) 37th President (1969-74)
1913 Lavad "Dr Hepcat" Durst vocal/piano
1913 Peter John Norton naval diplomat/artist
1914 Derek Allhusen England, equestrian (Olympics-gold-1968)
1914 Kenny (Klook) Clarke Pittsburgh PA, jazz/drummer, composer (Epistrop)
1914 Gypsy Rose Lee [Rose Hovick], Seattle, burlesque actress (Gypsy)
1915 Anita Louise New York City NY, actress (My Friend Flicka)
1915 Fernando Lamas Buenos Aires Argentina, actor ("You look marvelous")
1915 Les Paul guitarist/inventor (Les Paul Guitar)
1916 Vic Mizzy Brooklyn NY, orchestra leader (Don Rickles Show)
1916 Alain Bernardin impressario (Crazy Horse Saloon)
1917 Herbert Lom Czech, actor (Pink Panther Strikes Again, Dorian Gray)
1921 Seymour Barab composer
1922 Ahmed Sékou Touré President of Guinea (1957-84)
1922 Har G Khorana India/Canada bio-chemist (Nobel 1968)
1924 Julián B Coco Curaçao guitarist/bassist (Utrecht Symphony Orchestra)
1925 Lee Van Cleef New Jersey, actor (For a Few Dollars More, Escape from New York)
1925 Abdelhamid Benhadugah novelist
1928 Judith Krantz New York New York, author (Scruples, I'll Take Manhattan, Princess Daisy, Dazzle)
1928 Domenico Modugno Italy, rocker (Polignano A Mare)
1928 Fernand J St Germain (Representative-D-RI, 1961- )
1929 Heiner Muller dramatist
1931 Algi[rda]s [Jonas] Budrys Prussia, sci-fi author (Man of Earth)
1931 Geoffrey Wragg British reorganizer
1933 Robert Garcia (Representative-D-New York, 1978- )
1933 Sonia Garmers [Justina], Curaçao, author (Dear Queen)
1934 Bart Starr NFL quarterback/coach (Green Bay)
1935 Bob Denver New Rochelle NY, actor (Dobie Gillis, Gilligan's Island)
1935 Dick Enberg Mt Clemens MI, sportscaster (Where's Huddles)
1935 Kenneth "Buddy" Scott blues guitarist/Singer
1936 Peter Fletcher music teacher
1937 K Schlesinger writer
1938 Aad Kosto Dutch theologist/actor/assistant secretary of Justice
1940 Jimmy Boyd McComb MO, actor/singer (Howard-Bachelor Father)
1940 Barbara Buczek composer
1941 Joan Baez Staten Island, folk singer/human rights advocate
1941 Susannah York London, actress (A Man for All Seasons, Tom Jones)
1942 K Callan Dallas TX, actress (This House Possessed, Splendor in the Grass, Martha-Lois & Clark)
1943 Dick Yount rocker (Harpers Bizarre)
1943 Kathryn Walker Philadelphia PA, actress (Beacon Hill, Barbara-Another World)
1943 Kenneth Kelley US singer (Manhattans, One Life to Live)
1943 Rob Hoeke Dutch pianist/singer (Drinking on My Bed)
1944 Scott Engel vocalist (Walker Brothers-Sun Ain't Gonna Shine Anymore)
1944 Jimmy Page London England, rock guitarist (Led Zeppelin-Stairway to Heaven)
1945 Frank J Biondi Jr president (HBO)
1945 Harun Farocki actor/director (Nicht loeschbares Feur)
1946 Leo Gullotta actor (Sinbad of the 7 Seas)
1948 William Cowsill Newport RI, rock guitarist/vocals (Cowsills-We Can Fly)
1948 Paul King rocker (Blue Oyster Cult)
195- Margaret Klenck actress (One Life to Live, As The World Turns)
1950 David Johansen [Buster Poindexter], NY, singer (Hot! Hot! Hot!)
1950 Rio Reiser rock singer
1951 Crystal Gayle Kentucky, country singer (Don't it make my brown eyes blue)
1951 Rosalyn Kind Brooklyn, singer (½ sister of Barbra Streisand)
1952 Eveline L Herfkens Dutch MP (PvdA)
1954 Lance Hoppens rocker (Orleans-Still the One, Dance With Me)
1956 Kimberly Beck Hilton Glendale CA, actress (Kim-Peyton Place)
1956 David Smith cricketer (England lefty batsman in 2 Tests vs West Indies 1986)
1959 Otis Nixon US baseball outfielder (Boston Red Sox, Texas Rangers)
1960 David Peoples Augusta ME, Nike golfer (1991 Buick Southern Open)
1960 Lisa Walters Prince Rupert BC, LPGA golfer (Itoki Hawaiian-1992, 93)
1962 Phil Lewis London England, rock vocalist (LA Guns-It's Over Now)
1964 Stan Javier S P de Macoris Dominican Republic, outfielder (Oakland A's, San Francisco Giants)
1965 [Tyrone] Muggsy Bogues NBA guard (Charlotte Hornets, San Francisco Warriors, Washington Bullets)
1965 Atsuo Kudo hockey defenseman (Team Japan 1998)
1965 Carin Garbarra East Orange NJ, soccer forward (Olympics-96)
1965 Cindy Brooks East Hampton CT, rower (Olympics-96)
1965 Darren Bennett NFL punter (San Diego Chargers)
1965 Georg Franz Straubing Germany, hockey forward (Team Germany, Landshut)
1965 Vincent Brown NFL inside linebacker (New England Patriots)
1966 Jimmie Jones defensive end/defensive tackle (Philadelphia Eagles)
1967 Dave Matthews singer/musician (Dave Matthews Band)
1967 Dave Mcllwain Seaforth, NHL center (Pittsburgh Penguins)
1967 Jamie Huscroft Creston, NHL defenseman (Calgary Flames)
1968 Jimmy Adams cricketer (prolific West Indian lefty bat since 1992)
1968 Katie Anderson Kingston Jamaica, Canada 100m hurdler (Olympics-7th-92, 96)
1968 Mardi Lunn Liverpool Sydney Australia, golfer (1991 Thailand Open)
1969 Domingo Jean Dominican/US baseball pitcher (Houston Astros)
1969 Johanna Ikonen ice hockey defenseman (Finland, Olympics-98)
1970 Graciela Schutt El Paso TX, WPVA volleyballer (Deerfield-25th-1995)
1971 Bill Schroeder NFL wide receiver (Green Bay Packers-Super Bowl XXXI)
1971 Elizabeth Punsalan Syracuse NY, dance skater (& Swallow, Olympics-15-94)
1971 Scott Thornton London, NHL left wing (Edmonton Oilers)
1972 Eddie Mason NFL linebacker (New York Jets)
1972 Jay Powell Meridian MS, pitcher (Florida Marlins)
1972 Kristie Hicks Bardstown KY, Miss Kentucky-America (1995)
1973 Aaron Holbert US baseball infielder (St Louis Cardinals)
1973 Ronald Hamming soccer player (FC Groningen, Fortuna Sittard)
1974 Craig Wishart cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman vs South Africa 1995)
1974 Jamain Stephens NFL offensive tackle (Pittsburgh Steelers)
1975 Justin Huish Fountain Valley CA, archer (Olympics-gold-1996)
1975 Mariano Friedick Tarzana CA, pursuit cyclist (Olympics-96)
1976 Amy Safe Australian rower (Olympics-96)
1976 Radek Bonk Koprivnice Czechoslovakia, NHL center (Ottawa Senators, Team Czechoslovakia)
1979 Lavinia Magruder Miss Vermont Teen-USA (1996)


Deaths which occurred on January 09:
1324 Marco Polo Italian explorer, dies
1499 Johan Cicero elector of (Brandenburg, 1486-99), dies at 43
1514 Anna de Bretagne wife of Maximilian, dies at 36
1677 Aernout "Aert" van der Neer cartoonist/landscape painter, dies at 73
1679 Werner Fabricius composer, dies at 45
1798 Pedro Pablo Abarca d Bolea Earl of Aranda Spanish officer, dies at 79
1828 Pieter Hoen Dutch journalist/patriot (Neder-Rhijn), dies at 83
1843 Caroline Herschel "1st lady of astronomy", dies at 98 in Germany
1849 Jan Kops Dutch agriculturist/vicar, dies at 83
1853 Juan N Gallego Spanish poet/interpreter (El dos de Mayo), dies at 75
1854 Filippo Traetta [Philip Trajetta], Italian composer, dies at 77
1863 Ferdinand Huber composer, dies at 71
1878 Victor Emmanuel II king of Sardinia (1849-61)/Italy (1861-78), dies at 57
1879 Don Joaquin BF Espartero fieldmarshall/viceroy of Navarra, dies at 86
1886 Jakob Eduard Schmolzer composer, dies at 73
1893 Mohara Arab ivory/slave trader, dies in battle & is eaten
1902 Gustaaf Rolin-Jaequemyns Belgian lawyer/Interior minister, dies at 66
1904 Alfred Richard cricketer (6 & 0 in only Test for South Africa 1895-96), dies
1908 Abraham Goldfaden US Yiddish stage performer (Shulamis), dies at 67
1908 Wilhelm Busch writer, dies
1911 Edwin Arthur Jones composer, dies at 57
1923 Katherine Mansfield New Zealand/British writer (Dove's Nest), dies at 34
1927 Houston S Chamberlain British/German race theorist, dies at 71
1929 Heiner Müller writer, dies
1930 Edward W Buck Dutch/US editor (Ladies Home Journal), dies at 66
1931 Claude Anet [Jean Schopfer] French writer (La fille perdue), dies
1936 John Gilbert actor (Love, Downstairs), dies at 40
1939 Johann Strauss Austrian conductor/Royal ball director, dies at 72
1941 Ko Boezeman Dutch resistance fighter, dies
1943 Robin G Collingwood English philosopher (Roman Britain), dies at 53
1946 Countee Cullen US poet (Black Christ, One Way to Heaven), dies in New York City NY at 42
1947 Karl Mannheim sociologist (Diagnosis of Our Time), dies at 53
1947 Lambertus Zijl sculptor (Merchant Exchange-Amsterdam), dies at 80
1949 Amilcare Zanella composer, dies at 75
1953 Hans Aanrud Norwegian author (Storken), dies at 89
1957 Mary Carr Moore composer, dies at 83
1958 Paul Fechter German writer/historian (God's Magician), dies
1959 Paul Malengreau composer, dies at 71
1962 LeRoy B Shield US pianist/composer (Union Pacific Suite), dies at 68
1964 Halide Edib Adevar/Salih Turkish feminist (Handan), dies at about 80
1966 Haro Levoni Step'anyan composer, dies at 68
1968 Kokichi Tsuburaya Japanese marathoner (Olympics-bronze-1964), commits suicide
1968 Louis-François-Marie Aubert French composer (Habanera), dies at 90
1969 Ladislav Vycpalek composer, dies at 86
1972 Ted Shawn US dancer, dies at 80
1975 John Slater actor (Deadlock, 3 on a Spree), dies at 58
1975 Pierre Fresnay French actor (Monsieur Vincent), dies at 77
1977 Hal Sawyer TV host (Sawyer Views Hollywood), dies at 62
1977 Alexey Kozlovsky composer, dies at 71
1978 Eddie Gilbert cricket (Aboriginal Queensland quick got Don for a duck), dies
1979 Avery Claflin composer, dies at 80
1979 Sara Carter vocalist/guitarist (Carter Family), dies at 80
1981 Kazimierz Serocki composer, dies at 58
1984 Wolfgang Staudte German director (Ciske de Rat), dies at 77
1985 Don Brennan cricket wicketkeeper (England in 2 Tests 1951), dies
1987 Arthur Lake actor (Dagwood-Blondie), dies at 81
1992 Steve Brodie actor (Desperate, Bodyguard), dies of cancer at 72
1992 William JF "Bill" Naughton Irish/British playwright (Alfie), dies at 81
1993 Alois Brunner German/Syrian commandant of KZ-Lower Drancy, dies
1993 Felix Grucci fireworks expert, dies of Alzheimer's disease at 87
1994 Silas Hogan blues singer/guitarist, dies at 82
1995 Peter Cook English comic/actor (Peter n' Dud, Bedazzled), dies at 57
1995 Souphanouvong [Red Prince], President of Laos (1975-87), dies at 85
1996 Fearless Mary Nadia Wadia actress, dies at 88
1996 Kurt Schmucker German RFA minister of Economy (1963-66), dies
1996 Michael Lynn Synar politician, dies at 45
1997 Edward Osobka-Morawski prime minister of Poland (1945-47), dies
1997 Jesse [Marc Weidenfeld] White actor (Maytag repairman, Bedtime for Bonzo), dies at 77
1997 Junaidu ibn Buhari scholar, dies at 90
1998 Kenichi Fukui Japanese Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1981) dies at 79
1998 Michael Tippett British composer (Royal College of Music), dies at 93

Golden Link 1/ On this day 9th January

Golden Link 2/ On this day 9th January

Golden Link 3/ On this day 9th January